AN INDUSTRIAL REPORT ON TURBINE SHOP AT

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AN INDUSTRIAL REPORT ON TURBINE SHOP AT HARIDWAR:

AN INDUSTRIAL REPORT ON TURBINE SHOP AT HARIDWAR

COMPANY PROFILE:

COMPANY PROFILE A MAHARATNA PUBLIC SECTOR ENTERPRISE ESTABLISHED IN 1964 ENERGY-RELATED/INFRASTRUCTURE SECTOR POWER, TRANSMISSION, INDUSTRY, TRANSPORTATION, RENEWABLE ENERGY, OIL & GAS AND DEFENCE . QUALITY MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS (ISO9001:2008) ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS (ISO 14001:2004) OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & SAFETY MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS (OHSAS 18001:2007) HIGHLY SKILLED AND COMMITTED WORKFORCE OF 46,748 EMPLOYEES

MANUFACTURING PLANTS:

MANUFACTURING PLANTS BHEL Haridwar has two manufacturing plants:- Heavy Electrical Equipment Plant (HEEP) and Central Foundry Forge Plant (CFFP). HEEP includes design and manufacture of large steam and gas turbines, turbo generators, hydro turbines and generators, hydro turbines and generators, large AC/DC motors and so on. CFFP) is engaged in manufacture of Steel Castings: Upto 50 Tons Per Piece Wt & Steel Forgings: Upto 55 Tons Per Piece Wt.

MAJOR PRODUCTS :

MAJOR PRODUCTS Steam turbine Gas turbine Steam Generators HRSG- Heat recovery steam generator Transformers Locomotives Circuit Breakers Pumps Motors- BOTH AC AND DC, LT AND HT Generators

TURBINE SHOP – BLOCK 3:

TURBINE SHOP – BLOCK 3

GENERAL DETAILS OF BLOCK- 3:

GENERAL DETAILS OF BLOCK- 3 Steam Turbines, Gas Turbines and Turbines Blades Special Tooling for all products in the Tool Room located in the same block Consists of four Bays, namely, Bay-I and II of size 36x378 meters and 36x400 meters respectively and Bay-III and IV of size 24x402 meters and 24x381 metres respectively Facilities of EOT Cranes, compressed air, Steam, Overspeed Balancing Tunnel, indicating stands for steam turbine, rotors, one Test stand for testing 210 MW steam turbines .

DETAILS OF BAY- 1:

DETAILS OF BAY- 1 Size- 36x378 meters. Consists of following machines:- Hydraulic lifting platform CNC turning lathe Combustion chamber assembly platform

DETAILS OF BAY - 2:

DETAILS OF BAY - 2 Size:- 36x400 meters CNC creep feed grinding machine (Gas turbine m/c area) External broaching machine CNC facing lathe Wax melting equipment Gas turbine test bed

DETAILS OF BAY – 3 :

DETAILS OF BAY – 3 Size :-24x402 meters CNC stub borer CNC milling machine Universal milling machine CNC bed type milling machine CNC surface broaching machine

DETAILS OF BAY - 4:

DETAILS OF BAY - 4 Size:- 24x381 metres Turbine blade machining shop Heat treatment zone

GAS TURBINE:

GAS TURBINE

GAS TURBINE:

GAS TURBINE also called a combustion turbine, is a rotary engine that extracts energy from a flow of combustion gas. Energy is extracted in the form of shaft power, compressed air and thrust, in any combination, and used to power aircraft, trains, ships, generators, and even tanks

MANUFACTURING FACILITIES:

MANUFACTURING FACILITIES a) Hydraulic Lifting Platform: used for assembly and disassembly of G.T. Rotor. b) CNC Creep Feed Grinding M/c: grinds the hearth serration on rotor disc faces. c) External Broaching Machine: used to make groove on the outer dia of rotor discs for the fitting of moving blades on the discs. d) CNC Facing Lathe : used for facing rotor disc. e) CNC Turning Lathe: used to turn Tie Rods of Gas Turbine. f) Wax Melting Equipment: used to mix and melt Wax to arrest the blade movement during the blade tip machining of stator blade rings. g) Gas Turbine Test Bed: used to finally assemble the gas turbine. h) Combustion Chamber Assembly Platform: used for assembly of Combustion Chambers of Gas Turbine.

MANUFACTURING PROCESSES:

MANUFACTURING PROCESSES MACHINING: one of the most important material removal methods, in which power driven machine tools, such as lathes, milling machine and drill presses are used with sharp cutting tools to achieve the desired geometry. MAIN ASSEMBLY: Final assembly is done on test bed. Parts are assembled to make sub-assemblies. ROTOR ASSEMBLY: The rotor is assembled on Hydraulic Lifting Platform and sent to main assembly, where after checking clearances, it is sent for machining.

Slide 15:

COMBUSTION CHAMBER ASSEMBLY: This assembly is carried out on 3 tier platform installed for this purpose in Bay-I assembly. After machining of all components, ceramic tiles are fitted in flame tube. Burner and piping etc. is fitted in dome and combustion chamber is finally assembled. PAINTING, PRESERVATION AND PACKING: After testing, turbine is disassembled and inspected then the parts are painted and packed for final dispatch.

STEAM TURBINE:

STEAM TURBINE

MANUFACTURING PROCESSES :

MANUFACTURING PROCESSES The facilities and parts manufacturing of Steam Turbine are as follows: TURBINE CASING MACHINING SECTION: equipped with large size Planer, Drilling, Horizontal Boring, Vertical Boring, CNC Horizontal and Vertical Boring machines . ROTOR MACHINING SECTION : E quipped with large size machining tools like Turning Lathe, CNC Lathes, Horizontal Boring Machines, special purpose Fir tree Groove Milling Machine etc.

Slide 18:

ROTOR ASSEMBLY SECTION : Equipped with Indicating Stand, Small size Grinding, Milling, Drilling, machines, Press and other devices for fitting Rotors and Discs. TURBINE CASING ASSEMBLY SECTION : Machined casings are assembled and hydraulically tested by Reciprocating Pumps at two times the operating pressure. TEST STATION : Equipped with condensers, Ejector, Oil Pumps, Oil containers Steam Connections etc, required for testing. OVER SPEED VACUUM BALANCING TUNNEL: Vibration and frequency of rotor shaft is tested at very high speed of 4500rpm.

BLADE SHOP:

BLADE SHOP Turbine Blade Machining Shop is located in Bay-IV of Block-III. A batch production shop comprising of various kinds of CNC Machines and Machining Centers .

MANUFACTURING FACILITIES:

MANUFACTURING FACILITIES blade shop is divided into four distinct areas:- PLAIN MILLING SECTION: it prepares accurate reference surfaces on the blade blanks by milling and grinding operation. COPY MILLING SECTION: the semi blanks prepared from plain milling section are further machined by copy milling machines for concave and convex aero-dynamic profile forms. LP SECTION: this area deals with all types of free standing and forged blades for steam turbine compressor. POLISHING SECTION: blade contours are ground and polished to achieve the desired surface finish and other aerofoil requirements.

INSPECTION DEVICES:

INSPECTION DEVICES 3 D Coordinate Measuring Machines for taper and rhomboid checking. Moment weighing Equipment. Real time Frequency analyzer for checking frequency of free standing blades. Contour plotter for plotting of blade profile with various magnification. Magna spray crack detection equipment.

MANUFACTURING PROCESS :

MANUFACTURING PROCESS The manufacturing process of turbine blades primarily depends on the type of blade e.g. Bar type, Brazed type, Gas Turbine blade.

BAR TYPES BLADES:

BAR TYPES BLADES PROCESS / OPERATION MACHINE TOOL/EQUIPMENT U SED Blanking of area material Circular saw/band saw Sizing to rectangular shape Hor. Milling Machine Thickness grinding Surface grinder Rhomboid milling Duplex milling machine Taper grinding Surface grinder Grinding and polishing of profile Abrasive belt polishing m/c

BRAZED TYPE BLADES:

BRAZED TYPE BLADES PROCESS / OPERATION MACHINE TOOL/EQUIPMENT USED Cutting of drawn profile & spacer blank Hor. Milling machine Thickness grinding Surface grinder Cutting-off spacer Abrasive cutting Milling of width Duplex milling machine Grinding and polishing Abrasive belt polishing m/c

GAS TURBINE BLADES:

GAS TURBINE BLADES PROCESS / OPERATION MACHINE TOOL/EQUIPMENT USED Cerrobend casting Cerrobend casting equip. Root machining Hor. Machining center Length cutting Circular saw/hor. Milling m/c Tenon Hor. Milling m/c Grinding and polishing of fillet Abrasive belt polishing m/c

THANK YOU :

THANK YOU

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