Principles of Design Balance

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G enerally the Principles of Design are implemented to organize the elements of design to express an IDEA. The expression, look, point of attraction, flow or movement are the results of the effective utilization of these Principles.


BALANCE The Visual Balance can be understood by observing the function of a Balance Beam. When objects are of equal weight, they are in balance. If there are several small items on one side, they can be balanced by a large object on the other side. Visual Balance also works in the same way It is to maintain the Visual Equilibrium in any design, if two or many opposite forces or different kind of elements are composed in such a way that all of them are balancing each other that actually creating a Visual Stability .

Different types of BALANCE found in Design:

Different types of BALANCE found in Design Symmetrical Balance Asymmetrical Balance Radial Balance

Symmetrical BALANCE :

Symmetrical BALANCE Symmetrical balance can defined as having equal "weight" on equal sides of an imaginary line. Its also known as formal balance . In such kind of balance the element can be placed equally on either side of the central axis Horizontally or Vertically

Symmetrical BALANCE :

Symmetrical BALANCE

Symmetrical BALANCE :

Symmetrical BALANCE

Symmetrical BALANCE :

Symmetrical BALANCE Approximate One kind of Symmetric Balance. Where the elements are balancing each other but the elements are not Identical in terms of form or colour around the center line

Symmetrical BALANCE :

Symmetrical BALANCE Approximate

Symmetrical BALANCE :

Symmetrical BALANCE Approximate


Asymmetrical BALANCE In such kind of balance there is no central demarcation, neither the elements have an equal weights rather several small items on one side are balanced by a large item on the other side. An asymmetric balance is more casual in nature Since there are different kind of elements so to create balance, need to depend on Colour , Shapes, Movement, Volume or texture … It is always challenging to design an asymmetrically balanced composition.

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Asymmetrical BALANCE In this photograph the balance is maintained by the distribution of colour , Blue in the top of the photograph is also visible through the rock and behind the tree . The moon is also balancing the upper blue pat of the sky This is an example of achieving balance by distributing colour . Black in the bottom is also balancing the sky and the huge rock. The rock shape in the left which create an upward tension is also balanced by the small tree

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Asymmetrical BALANCE

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Asymmetrical BALANCE Wassily Wassilyevich Kandinsky He is credited with painting of the first purely abstract works.

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Asymmetrical BALANCE

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Asymmetrical BALANCE Piet Mondrian He evolved a non-representational form which he termed Neo- Plasticism

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Radial BALANCE When all the elements radiate out from a center point in a circular fashion, it creates a Redial Balance Since all the elements are directing the eye to move towards the center so it is comparatively easy to create focal Point in the composition

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Objective: a. To understand the different types of Balance b. Use of colour and shape to create balance in a composition 1. Assignments

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1. Assignments (Brief) Size of the paper : 1/4 imperial cartridge Box size: 4”X4”, 2 box in each sheet total 3 sheet and six box Need to explore different types of balance (Symmetric, Asymmetric, Redial) Need to past the inspirational images

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1. Assignments (sample) Inspiration Radial Balance

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1. Assignments (sample) Inspiration Radial Balance

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By Gautam Dutta

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