Element of design Colour

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COLOUR THEORY It is the guidance for Colour mixing and to study the visual impacts of specific color combinations. :

COLOUR THEORY It is the guidance for Colour mixing and to study the visual impacts of specific color combinations.

1. Additive Colour (light) 2. Subtractive Colour (Pigment):

1. Additive Colour (light) 2. Subtractive Colour (Pigment)

1. Additive Colour An additive color model involves light produce directly from a source or illuminant of some kind. :

1. Additive Colour An additive color model involves light produce directly from a source or illuminant of some kind.

Additive Colour :

Additive Colour Primary Colour Red Yellow Blue Secondary Colour Yellow Magenta Cyan

Use of additive colour to create the visual impact Commonly found the additive light is the projected light used in plays, concerts, circus shows, night clubs, etc.). :

Use of additive colour to create the visual impact Commonly found the additive light is the projected light used in plays, concerts, circus shows, night clubs, etc.).

Computer monitors and televisions use a system called optical mixing The red, green, and blue pixels are there side-by-side. (Primary colout) When a green color appears, only the green pixels light up. When a cyan color appears, both green and blue pixels light up.(Secondary Colour) When white appears all the pixels light up. Because the pixels are so small and close together our eyes blend them together, having a similar effect as additive light.:

Computer monitors and televisions use a system called optical mixing The red , green , and blue pixels are there side-by-side. (Primary colout ) When a green color appears, only the green pixels light up. When a cyan color appears, both green and blue pixels light up.(Secondary Colour ) When white appears all the pixels light up. Because the pixels are so small and close together our eyes blend them together, having a similar effect as additive light.

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A subtractive color model explains the mixing of paints, dyes, inks, and natural colour . CMYK printing process In most color printing, the primary ink colors used are cyan , magenta , and yellow . Combinations of different amounts of the three inks can produce a wide range of colors and black is use to create the shades. 2. Subtractive Colour (Pigment)

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Colour separation

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RYB (Red, Yellow, Blue) is the set of subtractive primary colors used for mixing pigments. It is used in art and art education, particularly in painting, and designing layouts. 2. Subtractive Colour (Pigment)

Hue Intensity or saturation Value :

Hue Intensity or saturation Value

Hue: In Subtractive Colour a hue refers to a pure colour, without tint or shade. Intensity or saturation: Intensity or saturation is the brightness of a colour it is the richness of the colour. Value: Value is the lightness or darkness of a color. :

Hue: In Subtractive Colour a hue refers to a pure colour , without tint or shade. Intensity or saturation: Intensity or saturation is the brightness of a colour it is the richness of the colour . Value: Value is the lightness or darkness of a color.

Grayscale or Achromatic colour is a range of shades of gray without any colour. The darkest possible shade is black, The lightest possible shade is white, :

Grayscale or Achromatic colour is a range of shades of gray without any colour . The darkest possible shade is black , The lightest possible shade is white ,

As the number of tonal variation increase the depth in the picture also increase :

As the number of tonal variation increase the depth in the picture also increase

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1. Assignments Objective: Study of tints and shades Understanding of depth in composition.

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1. Assignments (Brief) Size of the paper : 1/4 imperial cartridge X 2 Need to explore any geometric shape Compose it in a 6” X 6” space. Depict movements by repeating the shapes (size of the shape may very,) Fill the shapes to depict Grayscale

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1. Assignments (sample)

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2. Colour whee Primary colour are the pure colour can’t create by mixing other colours Secondary colour are the Mixture of two primary colour Tertiary colour are the Mixture of primary and secondary colour

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2. Colour Schemes It is the combination of certain colours Color schemes are used to create Style and appeal Depict emotions Catch attention

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Style and appeal

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Depict emotions

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Catch attention

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A Monochromatic color scheme consists of different values (tints and shades) of one single color.

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Analogous color scheme Analogous colors are colours that are adjacent to each other on the color wheel. The combination of these colours give a bright and cheery effect in the area

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Complementary color scheme Complementary colors are colours that are opposite each other on the color wheel The high contrast between the colours creates a vibrant look

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Warm and cool color schemes The schemes suggest the warmness and coolness "warm" colours may have orange, yellow, and red-orange in it "Cool" colours are green, violet, light blue, etc

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Warm colour schemes Cool colour schemes

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2. Assignments Objective: Study of colour wheels Study of different Color schemes to represents Style and appeal, Depict emotions, Catch attention

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2. Assignments (Brief) Size of the paper : 1/4 imperial cartridge X 5 Box size: 1.5”X1.5”, Fill with colour to represent the scheme. Need to past different picture to explore various colour schemes. Develop an abstract composition by using the same picture and fill it with the found colours scheme.

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2. Assignments (steps) Analogous color scheme

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By Gautam Dutta

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