Moringa Presentation

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“The hardest thing to see is what is in front of your eyes.”:

“The hardest thing to see is what is in front of your eyes.” - Goethe

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These leaves could save millions of lives.

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The Moringa Tree Moringa oleifera

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It is said that the Moringa tree originated in Northern India. Records show Moringa being used in Indian medicine some 5,000 years ago.

Varieties:

Varieties Thirteen Moringa species are known: M. oleifera M. arborea M. borziana M. concanensis M. drouhardii M. hildebrandtii M. longituba M. ovalifolia M. peregrina M. pygmaea M. rivae M. ruspoliana M. stenopetala

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Moringa Knowledge in the Ancient World

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Nutrition Disease Prevention Ointment Alley Cropping Fertilizer Erosion Control Water Purification Cosmetics Textile Printing Insecticide Fungicide Lubricants Tanning Leather Dye Fiber Products Fences Ornamentation & Shade Wind Barrier Cane Juice Clarifier Honey Production Condiment Cooking Oil Honey Clarifier Food Traditional medicine: Anemia Anxiety Asthma Blackheads Blood impurities Blood pressure Bronchitis Catarrh Chest congestion Cholera Colitis Conjunctivitis Cough Diabetes Diarrhea Dropsy Dysentery Eye and ear infections Fever Glandular swelling Gonorrhea Headaches Hysteria Intestinal worms Jaundice Lactation Malaria Pain in joints Pimples Pregnancy Psoriasis Respiratory disorders Scurvy Semen deficiency Skin infections Sore throat Sores Sprain Stomach ulcers Tuberculosis Tumor Urinary disorders Wounds Ancient World Knowledge Sources: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12

Scientific Knowledge:

Scientific Knowledge

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Nutritional Value

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Tiny leaves . Enormous Benefits. Gram-for-gram comparison of nutritional data 1 2 times the Protein of Yogurt 3 times the Potassium of Bananas 4 times the Calcium of Milk 4 times the Vitamin A of Carrots 7 times the Vitamin C of Oranges

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It’s like growing multi-vitamins at your doorstep. Zinc Vitamin A Vitamin B1 Vitamin B2 Vitamin B3 Vitamin C Calcium Chromium Copper Iron Magnesium Manganese Phosphorus Potassium Protein

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Rare for a plant source, Moringa leaves contain all the essential amino acids… ...to build strong, healthy bodies.

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Moringa even contains argenine and histidine — two amino acids especially important for infants.

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Fresh leaves and common foods 1 , Dried leaves 2

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Fresh leaves and common foods 1 , Dried leaves 2 Note : Iron from plants, including spinach and Moringa, is generally difficult for the body to absorb.

Common Names for Moringa:

English: Drumstick tree, (Horse)radish tree, Mother’s best friend, West Indian ben Spanish: Ben, Árbol del ben, Morango, Moringa French: Bèn ailé, Benzolive, Moringa Africa Benin: Patima, Ewé ilé Burkina Faso: Argentiga Cameroon: Paizlava, Djihiré Chad: Kag n’dongue Ethiopia: Aleko, Haleko Ghana: Yevu-ti, Zingerindende Kenya: Mronge Malawi: Cham’mwanba Mali: Névrédé Niger: Zôgla gandi Nigeria: Ewe ile, Bagaruwar maka Senegal: Neverday, Sap-Sap Somalia: Dangap Sudan: Ruwag Tanzania: Mlonge Togo: Baganlua, Yovovoti Zimbabwe: Mupulanga Asia Bangladesh: Sajina Burma: Dandalonbin Cambodia: Ben ailé India: Sahjan, Murunga, Moonga Indonesia: Kalor Pakistan: Suhanjna Philippines: Mulangai Sri Lanka: Murunga Taiwan: La Mu Thailand: Marum Vietnam: Chùm Ngây South and Central America, Caribbean Brazil: Cedro Colombia: Angela Costa Rica: Marango Cuba: Palo Jeringa Dominican Republic: Palo de aceiti El Salvador: Teberinto French Guiana: Saijhan Guadeloupe: Moloko Guatemala: Perlas Haiti: Benzolive Honduras: Maranga calalu Nicaragua: Marango Panama: Jacinto Puerto Rico: Resada Suriname: Kelor Trinidad: Saijan Oceania Fiji: Sajina Guam: Katdes Palau: Malungkai Common Names for Moringa (See more at: treesforlife.org/moringa/names)

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Malnutrition Moringa Malnutrition map 13

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Nutrition • Disease Prevention • Ointment • Alley Cropping • Fertilizer • Erosion Control • Water Purification • Cosmetics • Textile Printing • Insecticide • Fungicide • Lubricants • Tanning Leather • Dye • Fiber Products • Fences • Ornamentation & Shade • Wind Barrier • Cane Juice Clarifier • Honey Production & Clarifier • Condiment • Cooking Oil • Food • Traditional medicine: Anemia • Anxiety • Asthma • Blackheads • Blood impurities • Blood pressure • Bronchitis • Catarrh • Chest congestion • Cholera • Colitis • Conjunctivitis • Cough • Diabetes • Diarrhea • Dropsy • Dysentery • Eye and ear infections • Fever • Glandular swelling • Gonorrhea • Headaches • Hysteria • Intestinal worms • Jaundice • Lactation • Malaria • Pain in joints • Pimples • Pregnancy • Psoriasis • Respiratory disorders • Scurvy • Semen deficiency • Skin infections • Sore throat • Sores • Sprain • Stomach ulcers • Tuberculosis • Tumor • Urinary disorders • Wounds Seeds : Water Purification Medicine Oil Gum : Medicine Leaves : Nutrition Medicine Trees: Alley Cropping Erosion Control Flowers: Medicine Pods: Nutrition Medicine Bark : Medicine Roots : Medicine Consider the Possibilities Consider the Possibilities Sources: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12

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Moringa’s Potential

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• Human Health • Livestock Fodder • Plant Growth Enhancer • Biogas

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Human Health

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Mr. Lowell Fuglie , Church World Service in Dakar AGADA (Alternative Action for African Development) Conducted by: Test in Senegal

Test in Senegal:

Test in Senegal Children maintained or increased weight and improved health. Pregnant women recovered from anemia and had babies with higher birth weights. Source: 2 Results:

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Research in Nicaragua

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Nikolaus Foidl Leonardo Mayorga

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Dr. Nadir Reyes Sánchez

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Intensive Cultivation

Livestock Fodder:

Livestock Fodder

Increases milk production 43% to 65%:

Increases daily weight gain up to 32% Increases milk production 43% to 65% Weight gain 14 , Milk production 15, 16

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Plant Growth Enhancer

Plant Growth Spray:

Plant Growth Spray Extract juice from green matter Dilute with 36 parts water Spray 25ml on each plant

Effects of Spray:

Effects of Spray Accelerates growth of young plants Plants are firmer, more resistant to pests and disease Longer life-span Heavier roots, stems and leaves Produce more fruit Larger fruit Increase in yield 20-35% Source: 14

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Biogas

Need for Studies:

Need for Studies Human Health Livestock Fodder Plant Growth Enhancer Biogas

How to Help:

How to Help Share this information with key decision-makers in your country. Promote field studies and clinical studies in your country. Share your findings with the rest of the world.

Slide 50:

Trees for Life Journal Share your findings with the world at: www.TFLJournal.org

Consider the Possibilities:

Consider the Possibilities Nutrition • Disease Prevention • Ointment • Alley Cropping • Fertilizer • Erosion Control • Water Purification • Cosmetics • Textile Printing • Insecticide • Fungicide • Lubricants • Tanning Leather • Dye • Fiber Products • Fences • Ornamentation & Shade • Wind Barrier • Cane Juice Clarifier • Honey Production & Clarifier • Condiment • Cooking Oil • Food • Livestock Fodder • Plant Growth Enhancer • Biogas • Medicine: Anemia • Anxiety • Asthma • Blackheads • Blood impurities • Blood pressure • Bronchitis • Catarrh • Chest congestion • Cholera • Colitis • Conjunctivitis • Cough • Diabetes • Diarrhea • Dropsy • Dysentery • Eye and ear infections • Fever • Glandular swelling • Gonorrhea • Headaches • Hysteria • Intestinal worms • Jaundice • Lactation • Malaria • Pain in joints • Pimples • Pregnancy • Psoriasis • Respiratory disorders • Scurvy • Semen deficiency • Skin infections • Sore throat • Sores • Sprain • Stomach ulcers • Tuberculosis • Tumor • Urinary disorders • Wounds

References:

References Gopalan, C., B.V. Rama Sastri, and S.C. Balasubramanian. Nutritive value of Indian foods . Hyderabad, India: (National Institute of Nutrition), 1971 (revised and updated by B.S. Narasinga Rao, Y.G. Deosthale, and K.C. Pant, 1989). Fuglie, Lowell J., ed. The Miracle Tree—Moringa oleifera: Natural Nutrition for the Tropics. Training Manual. 2001. Church World Service, Dakar, Senegal. May 2002. Price, Martin L. “The Moringa Tree.” Educational Concerns for Hunger Organization (ECHO) Technical Note . 1985 (revised 2002). May 2002. <www.echotech.org/technical/technotes/moringabiomasa.pdf>. Saint Sauveur (de), Armelle. “Moringa exploitation in the world: State of knowledge and challenges.” Development Potential for Moringa Products. International Workshop, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, 29 Oct. - 2 Nov. 2001. Morton, Julia F. “The Horseradish Tree, Moringa pterygosperma (Moringaceae)—A Boon to Arid Lands?” Economic Botany . 45 (3), (1991): 318-333. IndianGyan: The Source for Alternative Medicines and Holistic Health. Home Remedies for Common Ailments. May 2002. <www.indiangyan.com/books/healthbooks/remedies/cataract.shtml>. Bakhru, H.K. Foods That heal: The Natural Way to Good Health. South Asia Books, 1995. New Crop Resource Online Program (NewCROP). “ Moringa Oleifera Lam.” 7 Jan.1998. Purdue U. Jan. 2005. <www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/duke_energy/Moringa_oleifera.html>. Sairam, T.V. Home remedies, Vol II: A Handbook of Herbal Cures for Commons Ailments . New Delhi, India: Penguin, 1999. M.S. Swaminathan Research Foundation. Moringa oleifera Lam, Moringaceae. May 2002. <www.mssrf.org./fris9809/ fris1157.html>. Participatory Development Resource Centre for Africa (PDRCA) Page. United Nations Volunteers. Aug. 2000. <www.unv.org/projects/pdrca/pdrca22.htm>. Home Truths Page. Morepen Laboratories. March 2002. <www.morepen.com/morepen/newsletter/hometruths.htm>. United Nations World Food Programme. Interactive Hunger Map. 2004. December 2004. <www.wfp.org/country_brief/hunger_map/map/hungermap_popup/map_popup.html>. Foidl, N., Makkar, H.P.S. and Becker, K. The potential of Moringa oleifera for agricultural and industrial uses. In: L.J. Fuglie (Ed.), The Miracle Tree: The Multiple Attributes of Moringa (pp. 45-76). Dakar, Senegal: Church World Service, 2001. Fuglie, L. New Uses of Moringa Studied in Nicaragua. ECHO Development Notes #68 , June, 2000. <http://www.echotech.org/network/modules.php?name=News&file=article&sid=194>. Reyes, S.N. Moringa oleifera and Cratylia argentea : potential fodder species for ruminants in Nicaragua. Doctoral thesis, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala. 2006.

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