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If the mechanical energy is used directly by machinery, such as a pump or grinding stones, the machine is usually called a windmill. If the mechanical energy is then converted to electricity, the machine is called a wind generator, wind turbine, wind power unit (WPU), wind energy converter (WEC), or aero generator.Wind Flow Throw Wing: Wind Flow Throw Wing Wind Turbine Classification : Wind Turbine Classification Wind turbines can be separated into two types based by the axis in which the turbine rotates. Turbines that rotate around a Horizontal axis are more common. Vertical-axis turbines are less frequently used.Slide 5: Types of Wind TurbineSlide 6: FARADAY’S LAW OF ELECTROMAGNETIC INDUCTION Faraday's law of induction describes a basic law of electromagnetism, which is involved in the working of transformers, inductors, and many forms of electrical generators. STATEMENT. WHENEVER THERE IS VARIATION OF MAGNETIC FLUX LINKED WITH A COIL AN EMF IS INDUCED IN IT OR AN EMF IS INDUCED IN A CONDUCTOR WHENEVER IT CUTS THE MAGNETIC FIELD Sizes and Applications : Sizes and ApplicationsTop Asian Electricity Generation And Consumption : Top Asian Electricity Generation And ConsumptionWind Power Classification in Pakistan: Wind Power Classification in PakistanWind Power Classification in Karachi, Sindh: Wind Power Classification in Karachi, Sindh Clean Distributed Generation Renewable for Homes, Farms, and Businesses : Clean Distributed Generation Renewable for Homes, Farms, and BusinessesConstruction Cost Of Wind Turbine Elements: Construction Cost Of Wind Turbine ElementsWhat are the Advantages?: What are the Advantages? Depending on the delivered fuel cost and the wind resource, the payback can be in the range of 2 – 4 years. The operating life of the wind turbine is 30+ years. A secondary benefit is a 70 – 90% drop in emissions, such as carbon dioxide and particulates. On a “per kWh” basis a small diesel generator produces 3 times the pollution of a coal power plant. Wind power has no pollution at all. Advantages of Wind Power: Advantages of Wind Power Environmental –No air pollution –No greenhouse gasses –Does not pollute water with mercury –No water needed for operations Resource Diversity & Conservation –Domestic energy source –Inexhaustible supply –Small, dispersed design reduces supply risk Cost Stability Economic Development –Expanding Wind Power development brings jobs to rural communities –Increased tax revenue –Purchase of goods & servicesFree-standing Wind Turbines: Free-standing Wind TurbinesWind Turbine can be build on the sea: Wind Turbine can be build on the seaModern Utility Scale Wind Turbines: Modern Utility Scale Wind TurbinesSlide 19: Generating Electricity One of the most popular uses of wind turbines is to generate electricity. To make electricity, the shaft of the turbine must be connected to an electrical generator. Through gearboxes, the generator converts the mechanical energy of the spinning turbine shaft into electricity. Generators are small and enough that they can be housed under an light aerodynamically designed cover at the top of the pole or tower. Wires running down the tower carry electricity to the grid, batteries or other appliances, where it is stored, and/or used.Slide 20: Wing Structure and Designing AFTER CUTTING THE PVC PIPE WE GET THESE WINGSSlide 21: Basic Materials & Constructional Procedure 1 Wind Potential Material. 2 Iron pipes (for Supporting the Stand 3 Insulated Magnetic Wire. 4 Magnets. 5 Lighting Material. 6 Hardware Material. 7 Insulation Liquid 1 Making a Wind Wing with Foundation. 2 Making an Alternator for Generating a Current. 3 Making a Power Supply. 4 Distribution of Supply .Components of Wind Turbine: Components of Wind Turbine Wind Turbine Layout: Wind Turbine LayoutComponents of a Wind Turbine System: Components of a Wind Turbine SystemOn-site Generation to Offset Demand: On-site Generation to Offset DemandWind speed depends on following Factors: Wind speed depends on following Factors energy = power x time and density Wind Speed Can be measure by Anemometer An Anemometer is a wind speed measuring device. For anyone interested in wind power, and using the wind to generate electricity for their home, an anemometer in an indispensable piece of equipment. Knowing the direction of the prevailing wind, the average wind speed at a particular location, and the strength of gusts is very useful when selecting and positioning a wind turbine generator optimally. For as little as £20-30 (in Pakistani rates 2500) you can purchase an accurate digital handheld anemometer that will display the wind speed in mph, kph, knots, or meters/sec.Wind power in Pakistan: Wind power in Pakistan Pakistan is building wind power plants Gharo, Keti Bandar and Bin Qasim in Sindh. The government of Pakistan decided to develop wind power energy sources due to problems supplying energy to the southern coastal regions of Sindh and Balochistan, the project was undertaken with assistance from the government of China. Five wind turbines in Jhimpir, 70km from Karachi are being developed by Zorlu Enerji Pakistan. Gharo Wind Power Plant Gharo Wind Power Plant is planned to be built in the persistently wind-swept corridor of Gharo, Sindh, Pakistan. This will be one of the first wind power project in Pakistan. The turbine manufacturer Fuhrländer of Germany and Access Energy Inc of United States have signed an agreement with Alternative Energy Development Board (AEDB) of Pakistan, to manufacture wind turbines in Pakistan to help establish wind power projects. US-based Access Energy would finance the project to set up a 50 MW wind power plant along the general wind corridor in Gharo, while the German Company, Fuhrländer, would transfer the technology to Pakistan for manufacturing of wind turbines along with its accessories to set up a minimum of 1000 MW power plants. Halcrow Pakistan has compiled the Environmental Impact Assessment for this project. In Karachi Wind mill Can be built at sea areasSlide 28: Thank you!Slide 29: UNDER SUPERVISION Sir ASI M RAZA ASST.PROFESSOR B.TECH PASS AND HONS ELECTRICAL DEPARTMENT Sir SYED SALIM AHMED TRAINING AND LAB INCHARGE B.TECH PASS AND HONS ELECTRICAL DEPARTMENT Group Members : Bilal Ahmed EP-209 Hanif Sheikh EP-213 Liaquat Ali EP-220 Mehraj Rahi EP-223 Rizwan Ahmed khan EP-237 Shaikh Muhammad Atif EP-241 Sheikh Muhammad Arsalan EP-243 You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.