A Brief on Agriculture of AJK

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DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE BRIEF PRESENTATION TO HONOURABLE PRIME MINISTER AZAD GOVERNMENT OF THE STATE OF JAMMU & KASHMIR AUGUST, 2011 2

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3 VISION A skillful, competitive, sustainable, self-reliant, globally acceptable and market oriented agriculture in AJ&K MISSION “Committed to facilitation & capacity building of the farming community to attain food security & prosperity” DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

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4 THE GOAL To maintain and to narrow down the gap between food production and consumption; and To exploit the ecological comparative and competitive advantages for increasing farm income. OBJECTIVES Productivity enhancement of major field crops (maize, wheat, pulses, millets and forages) Development of horticulture sector Substitution of high value crops to increase the farm income and harnessing the potential of Diversification. Sustainable management of land and water resources. Capacity Building for community participation.

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5 The Department of Agriculture (DOA) was established in 1952 with the primary focus on: Demonstration of improved farm practices and promoting the use of agri. inputs (improved seed, chemical fertilizers, pesticides & planting material). After that, need based efforts were made for establishing required facilities/labs from time to time through various development projects like; establishment of entomology lab, soil science lab, fruit plant nurseries for promotion of horticultural activities, agri. inputs procurement and supplies wing etc. INTRODUCTION

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6 The DOA was re-organized in 1995 by: Separating the Extension wing under a newly established Extension, Training & Adaptive Research Directorate (ETAR). While, the Soil Lab, IPM Lab, Horticulture and Agronomy sections were consolidated under newly organized Directorate of Agriculture Research and Technical Support Services (RTS). The responsibility of agri. inputs and planting material supply was shifted to private sector and subsidies on agri. inputs were withdrawn*. INTRODUCTION * The strategy has been reviewed by adopting Public Private Partnership concept in to the supply of agricultural inputs.

BASIC STATISTICS:

7 BASIC STATISTICS Total Population (Projected) 3.900 million Population Growth Rate 2.41% Population Density 293 persons/Km 2 Literacy Rate 64% Urban Rural Ratio 12:88 Total Area of the State 13297 Km 2 Area of the State 1.330 million ha (3.286 million acres Total Cultivable Area 0.315 million ha (0.778 million acres) Area Under Cultivation 0.166 million ha (0.410 million acres) (13% of Total area) Average Rain Fall Rate 700-1400 mm Elevation from Sea Level 360-6325 m Location of AJK Longitude 73-75 0 Latitude 33-36 0

BASIC AGRICULTURE STATISTICS:

8 BASIC AGRICULTURE STATISTICS Area under cultivation 0.166 million ha (0.410 million acres) (13% of Total area) Annual Cropped Area 0.242 million ha (0.598 million acres) Cropping intensity 150% Irrigated Area 15,500 ha (Pre-EQ) (9% of area under cultivation) Irrigated area affected by EQ: 5580 ha (13783 acres) Irrigated area after Rehabilitation: 15,825 ha (39,088 acres) (9.5% of area under cultivation) Average Farm Size 0.84 ha (2.07acres) Average Family Size 7.2 members

Agro-Ecological Zones of Azad Jammu & Kashmir:

9 Agro-Ecological Zones of Azad Jammu & Kashmir AEZ Detail of AEZ 1 Glaciers and Ice Caps 2 Very cold temperate non-monsoon alpine zone 3 Cold temperate non-monsoon (mono crop area) 4 Very cold temperate monsoon alpine zone 5 Cold temperate monsoon alpine zone 6 Moist warm temperate 7 Humid warm sub-tropical 8 Sub-Humid hot sub-tropical

ORGANIZATIONAL SETUP :

10 ORGANIZATIONAL SETUP DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Secretary Agriculture Director General Agriculture Director ETAR (B-19) Agri. Engineer (B-18) Director Parks & Horticulture (B-19) Director RTS (B-19) Deputy Director ( Districts 5/10) (B-18) Deputy Director TARU (B-18) Deputy Director HQ (B-18) Soil Chemist (B-18) F&V Specialist (B-18) Entomologist (B-18) Agronomist (B-18) Deputy Director Parks (B-18)

STAFF:

11 STAFF S.# Staff Category Component Total Extension Research 1 Professional (Gazetted) Agri Officers/Research Officers 59 37 96 2 Para -Professional (Non Gazetted- LEA/ FA /AI) 277 16 293 3 Field Support Staff (Budder- 35 , Baildar- 498 , Mali- 36 ) 464 105 569 3 Office / Support Staff 276 90 366 Total 1076 248 1324 Extension Circles = 18 ; Extension Centres = 261

Department of Agriculture BUDGET ALLOCATTION (2011-12) (GOAJK Component):

12 Department of Agriculture BUDGET ALLOCATTION (2011-12) (GOAJK Component) (Rs. In Million) Total Budget = 337.612

Agriculture Sector PSDP Allocation: 2011-12:

13 Agriculture Sector PSDP Allocation: 2011-12 (Rs. In Million)

Inter-Sectoral PSDP Allocation: 2011-12:

14 Inter-Sectoral PSDP Allocation: 2011-12 Agriculture ranks 14 th among 19 development sectors

ADP Allocation: % of Total PSDP:

15 ADP Allocation: % of Total PSDP Crops & Horticulture = 0.5 % of PSDP

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16 COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF FUNDS REQUIRED AND FUNDS ALLOCATED - Total number of Projects 11 - Total approved cost of the projects Rs. 553.642 Million - Total number of projects scheduled to be completed in 2011-12 09 - Total approved cost of 09 projects Rs. 480.825 Million - Total amount made available during project implementation period for 09 projects Rs. 140.807 Million - Total amount required for completion of projects during 2011-12 Rs. 340.018 Million - Amount allocated in 2011-12 Rs. 42.683 Million - GAP Rs. 297.335 Million - Amount required for 2011-12 as per PC-1 phasing (for 11 projects) Rs. 115.209 million - Amount actually allocated for 2011-12 Rs. 44.000 million - GAP Rs. 71.209 Million 16

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17 SUMMARY OF THE COST OF NEW/PROPOSED PROJECTS 2011-16 S.# Type of Projects # of Projects Estimated Cost (Rs. In Million) 1. New projects included in PSDP 2011-12 05 235.105 2. Concept Papers prepared and submitted 07 1894.996 3. Projects proposed for MTDF 2010-15 07 464.323 Total 14 2594.424 Slide # 31

ACHIEVEMENTS :

ACHIEVEMENTS 18

MAJOR ACHIEVEMENTS DURING 2010-11 :

MAJOR ACHIEVEMENTS DURING 2010-11 S.# Activity Achievements 1. Provision of interest free Tractors 127 2. Wheat Seed Produced at Govt. Farms (Rabi 2010-11) 5,000 Kg 3. Maize Seed Produced at Govt. Farms (Kharif 2010-11) 6,243 Kg 4. Wheat Seed Produced at Farmers’ field through Seed Increase Programme 336,120 Kg 5. Maize Seed Produced at Farmers’ field through Seed Increase Programme 383,847 Kg 6. Certified Vegetable Seed Produced at Govt. Farms 3,138 Kg 19

MAJOR ACHIEVEMENTS DURING 2010-11 :

MAJOR ACHIEVEMENTS DURING 2010-11 S.# Activity Achievements 1. Preparation of District wise Agriculture Calendars for adoption of area specific modern agri. Technologies 4000 Nos. 2. Arranged and distributed of Wheat seed from Imran Khan Foundation for farmers of Flood affected areas of AJ&K 6000 Bags 3. Arranged and distributed Urea Fertilizer with financial assistance from Ministry of Food & Agriculture (MINFA) 61000 Bags (Rs. 76.800 M) 4. Plantation of Tea plants on the farmer’s fields in project area 194,425 Plants 20

PREVIOUS ACHIEVEMENTS:

21 PREVIOUS ACHIEVEMENTS Successfully introduced commercial production of Cut flowers by providing technical guidance and professional facilitation to more than 35 commercial floriculture/cut flower farms in private sector. The business turnover from this activity amounts to about Rs. 10.000 million. Introduced the successful production of English vegetables through private sector investment and technical facilitation of the department. Launched, as a first initiative, a project to promote Farm Mechanization in AJK by encouraging farmers to benefit from Agricultural/Farm machinery loans offered by banks, where the project/DOA will pay the amount of mark-up. Enactment of AJK Seed Act for regulation of seed business in the State.

PREVIOUS ACHIEVEMENTS:

22 PREVIOUS ACHIEVEMENTS Conceptualized, initiated, started the designing & construction work for the first ever initiative of a formal Fruit & Vegetable Market at Arja; Co-Financed by , MINFA and AJK-PSDP Successfully launched and maintained Plant Quarantine System at Chakothi and Tetrinote Entry Points (a requirement for Cross LOC Trade) in 2008 Conducted a State level study with the technical assistance of Pakistan Horticulture Development and Export Board for assessment of Fruit and Vegetable Production, Consumption and Marketing Trends in AJK Formulation of “AJ&K Horticultural Policy”- a guideline document for future horticulture development of the State.

ISSUES / CONSTRAINTS :

23 ISSUES / CONSTRAINTS PSDP share of Crops & Horticulture sub sector is only 0.5% that shows its least priority in the development Programme. Non and un-timely release of funds contrary to the allocated development budget. New positions of Deputy Directors and allied staff are required for District Neelum, Hattian, Haveli, Sudhanoti and Bhimber. A trend of illegal occupation of the department’s assets i.e. nursery and farm land, office buildings etc. Lack of legislation on land utilization.

Recommendations:

Recommendations Increase the PSDP share of Crops and Horticulture from 0.5% to at least 5.0% Ensure timely release of allocated funds in the ADP Creation of required post in the newly created districts Compensate/Substitute the transferred assets and discourage future transfer by adopting a strict policy

Recommendations…..:

Recommendations….. Legislation on land use---discouraging construction on agricultural lands, encourage vertical construction design, penalty to non cultivators.

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26 THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION

POSITIONS REQUIRED FOR 5 NEW DISTRICTS:

POSITIONS REQUIRED FOR 5 NEW DISTRICTS 27 S.# Name of Position BPS Minimum Requirement Remarks 1. Deputy Director 18 5 The staff positions are required since the creation of new administrative units: Bhimber 08.11.1995 Sudhnoti 08.11.1995 Neelum 05.02.2005 Haveli 01.07.2009 Hattian 01.10.2009 2. Assistant Horticulture Officer 17+ 5 3. Assistant Director /Agriculture Officer 17+ 13 4. Stenographer 12 5 5. Accountant 11 5 6. Senior Clerk 9 5 7 Junior Clerk 7 10 8. Driver 5 5 9. Peon 5 5 10. Chowkidar 2 5 Total 63

DISTRICT AND TEHSIL WISE AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION CENTERS :

28 DISTRICT AND TEHSIL WISE AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION CENTERS S.# Name of District Tehsils Circles Extension Centres 1. Muzaffarabad Muzaffarabad 3 45 Pattika 2. Hattian Hattian 2 23 Leepa Chikar 3. Neelum Authmaqum 1 9 Sharda 4. Bagh Bagh 4 50 Harighel Dhirkot 5. Haveli Haveli 0 8 Khurshid Abad 6. Poonch Rawalakot 1 36 Hajeera Abbaspur Thorar

DISTRICT AND TEHSIL WISE AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION CENTERS :

29 DISTRICT AND TEHSIL WISE AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION CENTERS S.# Name of District Tehsils Circles Extension Centers 7. Sudhnoti Pallandri 2 14 Mang Baloch Trarkhel 8. Kotli Kotli 2 37 Fathepur Sehnsa Khuiratta Charohi 9. Mirpur Mirpur 2 21 Dudyaal Chack Savari 10. Bhimber Bhimber 1 18 Barnala Samani Total 31 18 261

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30 S.# Name of the Project Approved Status Total Cost Total Exp. by 6/ 2011 Allocation for 2011-12 1 Establishment of Soil & Water Testing Labs in District Sudhnoti & Bhimber 26.126 7.700 1.300 2 Promotion of Mechanized Farming for Agriculture Productivity Enhancement. 115.726 5.735 2.000 3 Promotion of Red Beans Cultivation in Northern Parts (Neelum & Leepa & Tehsil Haveli) of AJK 7.173 3.979 0.600 4 Apiculture Development in AJK 33.765 6.272 2.213 5 Up-gradation of Mujahid-e-Awal Park Dhirkot District Bagh 30.945 16.376 5.000 6 Supply of Agricultural Inputs through Public Private Partnership in AJK 52.530 0.000 0.500 7 Promotion & Commercialization of Off-Season Vegetable Cultivation in AJK 15.210 6.852 2.000 8 Establishment of Fruit, Vegetable & Meat Market at Arja, District Bagh, AJK 182.161 55.823 24.000 9 Integrated Pest Management Services for Farmers of AJK 39.140 19.293 1.570 10 Strengthening of Capacity for Improvement of Agriculture Statistics in Pakistan-AJK Component 30.579 18.777 4.000 11 Promotion of Cash Crops for Rural Poverty Alleviation in AJK 20.287 0.000 0.500 Total Crop & Hort. 553.642 140.807 43.683 SUMMARY OF DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS (PSDP 2011-12 )

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31 S.# Name of the Project Approved Status Total Cost Exp. Up to June 2011 Allocation for 2011-12 Ministry of Food & Agriculture (MINFA) Islamabad 1 Special Program for Food Security & Productivity Enhancement through (CMP-II) (Started in May 2007 - Now 4 th year) 269.426 48.756 25.000 2 Promotion and Commercialization of Tea Cultivation through public private partnership (Started in July 2007 – Now 4 th year) 86.044 10.214 10.000 Total 368.040 58.970 35.000 SUMMARY OF DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS OF FEDERAL PSDP 2011-12

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32 NEW / PROPOSED PROJECTS INCLUDED IN PSDP 2011-12 S.# Name of Project Estimated Cost Exp. Up to 30.6.11 Allocation for 2011-12 Remarks 1. Promotion of Cut Flowers & Establishment of Floriculture Nurseries in Private Sector in AJ&K 100.000 0.000 0.005 PC-1 is under preparation 2. Rejuvenation of Departmental Nurseries 25.000 0.000 0.005 PC-1 is under preparation 3 Establishment of Certified Seed Production and Certification System in AJK 50.000 0.000 0.300 PC-1 is under preparation 4. Introduction of Plastic Tunnel Technology in AJK 40.000 0.000 0.004 PC-1 is under preparation 5. Strengthening of Policy Planning Cell Secretariat of Agriculture, Livestock, Irrigation & ESMA 20.105 0.000 0.003 Newly proposed Total 235.105 0.000 0.317

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33 S.# Name of the Project Approved Status Estimated Cost Remarks 1 Establishment of Agriculture Research Institute (ARI) Muzaffarabad 652.136 Approved by AKDWP and submitted to Federal Govt. 2 Livelihood Generation for Rural Communities through Cultivation of Off-season Vegetables by introduction of Plastic Tunnel Technology in AJK 478.860 3 Improvement of the Livelihood of Rural Communities through farm based intervention 200.000 4 Establishment of Fruit & Vegetable Markets in 29 constituencies of the State of Azad Jammu & Kashmir 200.000 5 Promotion of Jatropha Cultivation for Bio-Diesel Production and Poverty Alleviation in AJK 50.000 6 Production and Management of Certified Seed of Cereals, Pulses and Fodders through Public Private Partnership in AJK 127.000 7 Introduction of Social Farming and Agricultural Counseling in AJK 187.000 Submitted to P&DD Total 1894.996 CONCEPT PAPERS SUBMITTED TO P&DD

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34 S.# Name of Project Estimated Cost Proposed for inclusion in next five year plan (2011-15) 1. Establishment of Soil & Water Testing Labs. At District Bagh, Neelum and Hattian. 64.323 2. Setting of Seed Certification and Registration System in AJK and Production of Certified Seeds of Cereals (Maize, Wheat, Rice & Pulses) through Public Private Partnership. 75.000 3 Promotion of Commercial production of Walnut and Cherry in AJK. 60.000 4. Improvement of Existing and Establishment of Area Specific Fruit Plant Nurseries in AJK. 55.000 5 Strengthening of Agriculture Extension Service in AJK 95.000 6 Strengthening of Training & Adoptive Research Unit (TARU). 65.000 7 Production of Certified Seed of Potato and Vegetable Crops in AJK 50.000 Total 464.323 PROPOSED PROJECTS TO BE INCLUDED IN MTDF 2011-15

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35 CERTIFIED SEED PRODUCTION AT RESEARCH & DEMONSTRATION FARMS S.# Research & Demo Farm Seed Produced Rabi 2010-11 (Kg) Seed Produced Kharif 2010-11 (Kg) 1. Heer (88*), Baldamas (20), Kurti (12), Mang (36), Garhi Dopatta (08) Danna (12) Paddar (08) Davi Gali (8) 5000 (Wheat) 6243 (Maize) 2. Seed Produced at Farmers’ field through Seed Increase Programme 336120 (Wheat) 383847 (Maize) 3. Singri Farm : (Spinach, Radish, Karam, Carrot, Peas, Turnip, Fenugreek (Methi), Coriander, Lady Finger, Tinda, Tomato, Chillies, Bitter Gourd) 2681 (Vegetables) 457 (Vegetables) * =Area of farms in Kanals

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36 CERTIFIED WHEAT SEED PRODUCED AT DIFFERENT RESEARCH FARMS / FARMERS’ FIELDS (RABI 2010-11) S.# Name of Farm Area (Kanal) Production (Kg) Variety 1. Heer Farm 88 2000 Sahar-2006 2. Baldamas Farm 20 1120 Sahar-2006 3. Kurti Farm 12 700 Sahar-2006 4. Mang Farm 36 940 Uqab-2000 5. Garhi Dopatta Farm 8 240 Uqab-2000 6. Seed Increase Programme at Farmers’ Field 2801 336120 Uqab-2000 Total 2965 341120

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37 PRODUCTION OF CERTIFIED MAIZE SEED AT DIFFERENT RESEARCH FARMS/ FARMERS’ FIELD DURING KHARIF 2010 & DISTRIBUTED FOR KHARIF 2011 S.# Name of Farm Area (Kanal) Production (Kg) Variety 1. Paddar Farm 8 643 Kashmir Gold 2. Mang Farm 64 1800 Islamabad White 3. Kurti Farm 12 480 Kashmir Gold 4. Baldamas Farm 20 640 Kashmir Gold 5. Danna Farm 12 1400 Sarhad White 6. Kundi Peeran Farm 20 800 Iqbal 7. Garhi Dopatta Farm 12 480 Islamabad White 8. Devi Gali Farm 8 800 Swan-3 9. Seed Increase program (AJKCDP) 3828 383847 Sarhad White/ Kashmir Gold Total 3984 390890

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38 WHEAT SEED & UREA FERTILIZER DISTRIBUTED IN RAIN/ FLOOD AFFECTED AREAS (2010-11) District Wheat Seed Fertilizer Departmental (50 Kg bag) IK-MKR (50 Kg bag) Total (50 Kg bag) Urea Bags (50 Kg) Neelum 0 520 520 1000 Muzaffarabad 20 2140 2160 14300 Hattain Bala 0 2520 2520 5200 Bagh 210 200 410 5000 Haveli 0 200 200 2200 Poonch 160 200 360 6300 Sudhnoti 30 - 30 4400 Kotli 180 - 180 20100 Mirpur 0 0 0 700 Bhimber 200 220 420 1800 Total 800 6000 6800 61000

ESTIMATED ANNUAL AVERAGE PRODUCTION OF MAJOR CROPS :

39 ESTIMATED ANNUAL AVERAGE PRODUCTION OF MAJOR CROPS S.# Crop Area (ha) Avg. Yield (Kg/ha) Total Production (in tons) 1. Wheat 89,348 1,200 107,217 2. Maize 120,409 1,125 135,460 3. Rice 5,079 870 4,419 4. Bajra 16,241 1,968 31,962 5. Jawar 2,958 1,770 5,236 6. Pulses 2,338 836 1,955 Total 236,373 - 286,249 Total Requirement of cereals (Wheat, Rice, Maize) ( 3.900 x 124 Kg) 0.484 Million MT/Annum Total Production 0.247 Million MT Deficit 0.237Million MT * At FAO standard consumption rate i.e. 124 Kg cereals /head/annum

DETAIL OF ASSETS OCCUPIED BY/HANDED OVER TO VARIOUS DEPARTMENTS/ ORGANIZATIONS/ INDIVIDUALS :

DETAIL OF ASSETS OCCUPIED BY/HANDED OVER TO VARIOUS DEPARTMENTS/ ORGANIZATIONS/ INDIVIDUALS S.# Name of Farm/ Land /Building Area (Kanal) Occupied by 1. Agricultural Farm Chatter Klass 219.5 Transferred to Cadet College Muzaffarabad through Notification No. Admin /B-1(2)/04 dated 18.10.2004. 2. Fruit & Vegetable Farm Jalalabad 16.01 Transferred to PWD by Govt. Directives. 3. Godown Dhani Syedan 2.00 Transferred to Electricity Department. through notification No. 8352-64/2001 dated 27.9.2001 4. Agricultural Farm Abbaspur 52.07 Occupied by Local Govt. & Rural Development Department. 5. Apiculture Office Building 500sft Building illegally occupied by Sub divisional officer. 40

DETAIL OF ASSETS OCCUPIED /HANDED OVER TO VARIOUS DEPARTMENTS/ ORGANIZATIONS/ INDIVIDUALS :

DETAIL OF ASSETS OCCUPIED /HANDED OVER TO VARIOUS DEPARTMENTS/ ORGANIZATIONS/ INDIVIDUALS S.# Name of Farm/ Land /Building Area (Kanal) Occupied by 7. Agricultural Farm Mang District Sudhnoti 248.12 Handed over to Sudhan Education Conference. 198 Kanal area transferred to Girls College. 8. Athmuqam Nursery 40.4 Transferred to Health Department vide Notification No. BOR/8646-47/07 dated 01.12.2007. 9. Leepa Nursery 20 Illegally occupied by local residents. 10. Agricultural Farm Padder 20 Illegally occupied by Education Department. 41