Context Clues ppt

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Context Clues:

Context Clues Barbara Bush Middle School Language Arts

What are context clues?:

What are context clues? Think of context as meaning the neighborhood in which a word lives. It is a clue in identifying new words. Look at the sentence before the unknown word, the sentence the unknown word is in, and the sentence after the unknown word to find clues.

Five Types of Context Clues:

Five Types of Context Clues 1. Definition/Explanation Clues 2. Restatement/Synonym Clues 3. Contrast/Antonym Clues 4. Inference/General Context Clues 5. Punctuation

1. Definition/Explanation Clues:

1. Definition/Explanation Clues Sometimes a word’s or phrase’s meaning is explained immediately after its use. Example: “ Haberdashery , which is a store that sells men’s clothing, is becoming more common today.

2. Restatement/Synonym Clues:

2. Restatement/Synonym Clues Sometimes a hard word or phrase is said in a simple way. Example: “Lou was sent to the haberdashery to find a new suit. He needed to wear it for his uncle’s wedding.” Because the sentence says that Lou would find a suit at the haberdashery, then it must be a place where clothes for men are sold.

3. Contrast/Antonym Clues:

3. Contrast/Antonym Clues Sometimes a word of phrase is clarified by the presentation of the opposite meaning somewhere close to its use. Look for signal words when applying context clues. Example: “Lou wanted to go to the haberdashery , but Ann wanted to shop at the boutique.” The signal word but tells the reader that an opposite thought is going to be stated.

4. Inference/General Context Clues:

4. Inference/General Context Clues Sometimes a word or phrase is not immediately clarified within the same sentence. Relationships, which are not directly apparent, are inferred or implied . The reader must look for clues within, before, and after the sentence in which the word is used. Example: “ The haberdashery was Lou’s favorite place. He loved shopping for nice suits. The people who worked there were so kind and helpful.”

5. Punctuation:

5. Punctuation Readers can also use clues of punctuation and type style to infer meaning, such as quotation marks ( showing the word has a special meaning), dashes, parentheses, or brackets (enclosing a definition), italics (showing the word will be defined), or a comma before defining the word. Examples: Tom’s father was a haberdasher, or men’s shop keeper , in the story. Tom’s father was a haberdasher (men’s shop keeper) in the story. In the story, Tom’s father was a haberdasher – or men’s shop keeper. Tom’s father was a “haberdasher”. He had a clothing store for men.

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