FOREST AND WILDLIFE RESOURCES

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FOREST AND WILDLIFE RESOURCES:

FOREST AND WILDLIFE RESOURCES

Slide 3:

We share this planet with millions of other living beings, lichens to bayan trees, elephants and blue whales .This entire habitat that we live in has immense biodiversity.We humans along with all living organisms form a complex web of ecological system in which we are only a part and very much dependent onthis system for our own existence .For example, the planets, animals and micro-organisms re-create the quality of the air we breathe, the water we drink and the soil that produces our food without which we cannot survive. Forests play a key role in the ecological system as these are also the primary producers on which all other living beings depend.

WHAT IS BIODIVERSITY ?:

Biodiversity is immensely rich in wild life and cultivated species, diverse in the form and function but closely integrated in a system through multiple network of interdependencies. WHAT IS BIODIVERSITY ?

FLORA AND FAUNA IN INDIA:

FLORA AND FAUNA IN INDIA India is one of the world’s richest countries in terms of its vast array of biological diversity, and has nearly 8 per cent of the total no. of species in the world (estimated to 1.6 million). Over 81,000 and 47,000 species of fauna and flora resp. Of the estimated 47,000 plant species and (~)15,000 flowering species are there .

NEGATIVE FACTORS FOR THE DEPLETION OF FLORA AND FAUNA:

NEGATIVE FACTORS FOR THE DEPLETION OF FLORA AND FAUNA The expansion of the railways,agriculture, commercial & mining activities continues to be one of the major causes of depletion of forest resources. Shifting agriculture is also responsible for it.

VANISHING FORESTS:

VANISHING FORESTS The dimensions of deforestation in India are staggering . The forest cover in the country is estimated at 637,293 sq. Km, which is 19.39 per cent of the total geographical area. (dense forest 11.48 per cent ; open forest 7.76 per cent; and mangrove 0.15 per cent.

ASIATIC CHEETAH:

ASIATIC CHEETAH The world’s fastest land mammal, the cheetah can move at the speed of 112km./ hr. Its distinguishing marks are the long teardrop-shaped lines on each side of the nose from the corner of its eyes to its mouth.

CONSERVATION OF FOREST AND WILDLIFE RESOURCES IN INDIA:

CONSERVATION OF FOREST AND WILDLIFE RESOURCES IN INDIA

Slide 10:

Conservation in the background of rapid decline in wildlife population & forestry has become essential.But why do we need to conserve our forests & wildlife? Conservation preserves the ecological diversity & our life support systems – water,air & soil.It also preserves the genetic diversity of plants & animals for better growth of species & breeding. For example, in agriculture, we are still depend upon traditional crop varities.

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