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ANCIENT CIVILIZATIONS:

ANCIENT CIVILIZATIONS The Fertile Crescent

4 early River Valley Civilizations:

4 early River Valley Civilizations Kabihasnan ng Sumerian : Tigris at Euphrates Kabihasnang Ehipsiyo (Egyptian): Nile River Kabihasnan ng Harappa: Indus at Ganges River Kabihasnang Tsino : Huang Ho River (Yellow River)

Mga Batayan ng Sinaunang Kabihasnan:

Mga Batayan ng Sinaunang Kabihasnan Bakit maihahalintulad ang pag-aaral ng kasaysayan ng daigdig at ng sinaunang kabihasnan sa pag-aaral ng buhay ng tao ?

Batayan ng Sinaunang Kultura:

Batayan ng Sinaunang Kultura

Slide 5:

A. Harvesting grain; B. Musicians play for the workers in the fields; C. Women winnowing the grain; D. Scribes tally the farmer’s taxes; E. The farmer’s son tending the livestock / cattle.

Batayan ng Sinaunang Pamahalaan:

Batayan ng Sinaunang Pamahalaan Kanan: nakatayo ang hubad na "priest-king," ca. 3300–3000 B.C.; Uruk. Kaliwa: ipinakikita ang pari bilang hari Dinastiya: pamamahala na minamana mula sa pamilya

Slide 7:

Hammurabi- ang hari ng mga babylonians

Batayan ng Sinaunang Ekonomiya:

Batayan ng Sinaunang Ekonomiya

Batayan ng Sinaunang Paniniwala at Relihiyon:

Batayan ng Sinaunang Paniniwala at Relihiyon The Funerary Scene This scene depicts what occurs after a person has died, according to the ancient Egyptians. The Egyptians had an elaborate and complex belief in the afterlife.

Katangiang Pisikal ng mga Unang Kabihasnan:

Katangiang Pisikal ng mga Unang Kabihasnan Saan nagsimula ang pangalang Fertile Crescent? Dahil sa hugis at matabang lupain tinawag itong Fertile Crescent.

Fertile Crescent:

Fertile Crescent Nagsumula ito s Isthmus ng Suez, tuloy-tuloy pahilaga at bumabaybay sa dulong silangan ng Dagat Mediterannean habang bumubuo ito ng hugis arko patungo sa Asia Minor at Armenia. Patuloy hanggang sa mga Ilog ng Tigris at Euphrates hanggang Golpo ng Persia. Ito ang matabang rehiyon na hugis kalahating buwan .

Pangkat ng mga tao sa Fertile Crescent:

Pangkat ng mga tao sa Fertile Crescent Sumerian Babylonian Hittites Hebreo Phoenician Assyrian chaldean

Mesopotamia:

Mesopotamia

Mesopotamia: Lupain sa pagitan ng dalawang ilog:

Mesopotamia: Lupain sa pagitan ng dalawang ilog Ang Tigris at Euphrates Nagmula sa mga Griyego ang pangalang Mesopotamia Bawat mananakop ay may ibinigay na pangalan sa lupain . Halimbawa : Sumerian- tinawag na Kengtir Akkadian - tinawag ng Akkad Babylonian- tinawag na Babylonia

Sa kasalukuyan ang ibabang bahagi ng dating Mesopotamia ay kilala sa pangalang IRAQ, :

Sa kasalukuyan ang ibabang bahagi ng dating Mesopotamia ay kilala sa pangalang IRAQ, Iraq-Baghdad

Slide 17:

Mataba ang lupa sa Mesopotamia. Naghatid ng maraming biyaya at kayamanan sa kanila ang mga tabing-ilog . Sari- saring pagkain ang naaani ng mga tao rito . Gumamit ng mga bricks para sa mga tahanan at gusali .

Tigris at Euphrates:

Tigris at Euphrates

Kambal na Ilog:

Kambal na Ilog Nagsisimulang dumaloy ang mga ilog na ito mula sa mga kabundukan ng Armenia. Ang Ilog Tigris na nasa silangang bahagi ay umaagos nang 1,771 km patungong Golpo ng Persia Ang Ilog Euphrates na nasa Kanlurang bahagi ay bumabagtas ng 2,737 km Ang mga ilog ay umaapaw minsan sa isang taon na nag- iiwan ng Silt o Banlik o matabang lupa

Salamat sa Pakikinig:

Salamat sa Pakikinig

Vocabulary Mesopotamia: The Development of Written Language:

Vocabulary Mesopotamia: The Development of Written Language city-state Definition : A self-governing state consisting of a city and surrounding territory Context : Nippur was the most important city-state in Sumer. cuneiform Definition : The system of writing used by the ancient Sumerians Context: Cuneiform writing looks more like symbols than pictures. demon Definition : An evil spirit Context: According to Sumerian legend, Gilgamesh killed the demon Huwawa with the help of the sun god.

Vocabulary Mesopotamia: The Development of Written Language:

Vocabulary Mesopotamia: The Development of Written Language epic Definition: A long poem telling the deeds of a hero and often centering on the ideals of a nation or culture Context: The Epic of Gilgamesh teaches us to enjoy the time we have on Earth. immortality Definition: The quality or state of having an endless life Context : Gilgamesh was unable to achieve immortality, but he was able to leave behind a legacy through the work he had done during his lifetime. Mesopotamia Definition: An ancient land located where we find the modern country of Iraq Context: Mesopotamia means, “land between the rivers” and got its name because it was located between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. Nippur Definition: A major city-state in the ancient Sumerian region of Mesopotamia Context: Nippur was a busy trading center in Sumer and its most important religious city.

Vocabulary Mesopotamia: The Development of Written Language:

Vocabulary Mesopotamia: The Development of Written Language scribe Definition: A person paid to write, especially in ancient times Context: Mesopotamian scribes worked closely with the priests and kings. stylus Definition: A hard, pointed writing tool cut from a reed Context: Sumerian scribe wrote with styluses they made from reeds. Sumerians Definition: Residents of Sumer, a region of the ancient land of Mesopotamia Context: The Sumerians developed many inventions, such as the wheel and the plow. tablet Definition: A flat slab – often of clay or stone – suitable for an inscription Context: The Sumerians etched symbols into wet clay tablets to create a permanent document of their activities.

Vocabulary Mesopotamia: From Nomads to Farmers :

Vocabulary Mesopotamia: From Nomads to Farmers . ancestors Definition: People in one’s family, from whom one is descended Context: Your ancestors include your grandparents, great grandparents, and great-great grandparents. cuneiform Definition: The system of writing used by the ancient Sumerians Context: Cuneiform writing consists of characters with wedge-shaped parts. domestication Definition: The taming of wild animals to use for farming or to be kept as pets Context: The domestication of sheep and goats helped the Mesopotamians become farmers. Euphrates River Definition: One of the rivers that borders what was the land of Mesopotamia. Context: The Euphrates River bordered Mesopotamia to the west.

Vocabulary Mesopotamia: From Nomads to Farmers :

Vocabulary Mesopotamia: From Nomads to Farmers . journal Definition: A record of personal experiences and thoughts kept on a regular basis Context: Writing a journal can help you understand yourself. levee Definition: Earthen dams constructed to hold back floodwaters Context: A levee system helped the Mesopotamians farm their most fertile land. Mesopotamia Definition: An ancient land located where we find the modern country of Iraq Context: Mesopotamia means, “land between the rivers” and got its name because it was located between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers.

Vocabulary Mesopotamia: From Nomads to Farmers :

Vocabulary Mesopotamia: From Nomads to Farmers . Nippur Definition: A major city-state in the ancient Sumerian region of Mesopotamia Context: Nippur was a busy trading center in Sumer and its most important religious city. scribe Definition: A person paid to write, especially in ancient times Context: The job of a scribe was considered important in Sumer. stylus Definition: A hard, pointed writing tool cut from a reed Context: Sumerians pressed the point of a stylus into wet clay in order to write.

Vocabulary Mesopotamia: From Nomads to Farmers :

Vocabulary Mesopotamia: From Nomads to Farmers . Sumerians Definition: Residents of Sumer, a region of the ancient land of Mesopotamia Context: Sumerians developed a culture whose members farmed and traded instead of hunting and gathering to make a living. Tigris River Definition: One of the rivers that borders what was the land of Mesopotamia Context: The Tigris River bordered Mesopotamia to the east.

Babylonia v. Assyria Venn Diagram Mesopotamia Empires:

Babylonia v. Assyria Venn Diagram Mesopotamia Empires Babylonia Assyria

Babylonia v. Assyria Venn:

Babylonia v. Assyria Venn Babylonia Assyria

Babylonia v. Assyria Venn:

Babylonia v. Assyria Venn Babylonia Assyria Wanted to get rich 2. Warriors Learning was important 4. Grand cities

Babylonia v. Assyria Venn:

Babylonia v. Assyria Venn Babylonia Assyria Wanted to get rich 2. Warriors Learning was important 4. Grand cities Roads Caravans Markets Hammurabi Rich from Trade Geometry

Babylonia v. Assyria Venn:

Babylonia v. Assyria Venn Babylonia Assyria Wanted to get rich 2. Warriors Learning was important 4. Grand cities Roads Caravans Markets Hammurabi Rich from Trade Geometry Skilled Warriors Battering ram Ninevah Chariots Expert archers Libraries

Law 1:

Law 1 In your own words: If you kidnap someone then you will be put to death.

Law 1:

Law 1 In your own words: If you kidnap someone then you will be put to death. How is the law similar: You will still be punished if you kidnap someone

Law 1:

Law 1 In your own words: If you kidnap someone then you will be put to death. How is the law similar: You will still be punished if you kidnap someone How is the law different: Today you will not be put to death for kidnapping someone

Chapter 2 Review (3 days) The Fertile Crescent:

Chapter 2 Review (3 days) The Fertile Crescent Geography Standard 1-4 History Standard 4 Warm Up: Get out your book, study guide, and your notes for this chapter!  Agenda: Warm Up Study Guide Chapter 1 Objectives: Students will: Found out how geography made the rise of civilization in the Fertile Crescent possible. Learn about Sumer‘s first cities. Learn about the two most important empires in Mesopotamia. Essential Question: What were the beginnings of human society? How has geography shaped the patterns of history? Mrs. Miller’s Class RULES!!!

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