U--US Foreign Policy

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U.S. Foreign Policy:

U.S. Foreign Policy Past, Present, and Future

What is foreign policy? :

What is foreign policy? Foreign policy is an expression of how a nation relates to other countries.

What is U. S. foreign policy? :

What is U. S. foreign policy? America’s foreign policy is the expression of its goals in the world and how it expects to achieve them.

Possible Goals::

Possible Goals: Democracy Economic Security Protection of Human Rights Environmental Security National Security World Peace

Who creates U.S. Foreign Policy?:

Who creates U.S. Foreign Policy? The executive branch Makes treaties Develops relationships with other heads of state Has some discretion on responding to requests for help Has foreign policy advisors which assist in determining U.S. actions

Who creates U.S. Foreign Policy?:

Who creates U.S. Foreign Policy? The legislative branch Must approve treaties Controls ‘the money’ Approves presidential appointments, e.g. Secretary of State Can declare war

What methods are used to achieve foreign policy goals?:

What methods are used to achieve foreign policy goals? Defense Alliances Diplomacy Trade Measures Intelligence


Defense A strong military presence Superior strategy and weaponry


Alliances NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization An alliance of 28 North American and European countries with the goal of safeguarding the freedom and security of its members by political and/or military means. Created after WWII. NATO NATO


Diplomacy Diplomats or representatives to other countries Secretary of State Appointed by the President, the person that holds this position is the chief foreign affairs advisor. SOS

Foreign Aid:

Foreign Aid Giving military and economic help to other countries.

Trade Measures:

Trade Measures Quotas Tariffs Sanctions


Intelligence The Dept. of Homeland Security The CIA The FBI The NSA

What complicates things?:

What complicates things? The Internet The Media Special Interest Groups Political Organizations

Executive Branch:

Executive Branch The President enlists the advice/assistance of many experts in foreign policy. They include: The Heads of many Cabinet Agencies Professional Experts on certain Countries, religions, or cultures Military leaders

The President’s Cabinet:

The President’s Cabinet The Cabinet includes the Vice-President and the heads of 15 different departments. The Cabinet The Cabinet

The Cabinet Departments:

The Cabinet Departments They are the Departments of: Agriculture Education Energy Health and Human Services Housing and Urban Development Interior Labor

The Cabinet Departments:

The Cabinet Departments They are the Departments of: Transportation Treasury Veteran’s Affairs Justice And the key four that may weigh in on foreign affairs…

The Department of Commerce:

The Department of Commerce Headed by Secretary Gary Locke The Commerce Department's mission is to help make American businesses more innovative at home and more competitive abroad .

The Department of Defense:

The Department of Defense Headed by Secretary Robert Gates DOD

The Department of Homeland Security:

The Department of Homeland Security Headed by Secretary Janet Napolitano Homeland Security

Department of State:

Department of State Headed by the Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton SOS

The President also receives advice from::

The President also receives advice from: The National Security Council Which advises the President on the country’s safety The Ambassador to the United Nations The Vice President U.S. Trade Representative trade


Congress Has the power to approve or reject treaties Approves Presidential appointments to the diplomatic corps as well as the Cabinet Only Congress may declare war


Congress Congress also has several important committees that participate in making foreign policy. They are: Senate Foreign Relations Committee House International Relations Committee Armed Services Committee

Private Groups:

Private Groups Why do outside groups become involved? Trade Deficits The protection of American jobs Human rights issues Animal rights issues

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