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Standardized Testing By Kathy Limmer and Mary Fisk:

Standardized Testing By Kathy Limmer and Mary Fisk Do high stakes tests lead to the pot of gold at the end of the rainbow?

History of Standardized Testing:

History of Standardized Testing Testing the knowledge of government job applicants on Confucian philosophy and poetry. IQ test. Army Mental Tests. Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT). ACT as a competitor to the SAT. Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 that required standardized testing in public schools No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 further ties public school funding to standardized testing in public schools. 1914 1926 1959 1965 2001 1905

Why Give Standardized Tests:

Why Give Standardized Tests The regular assessment of students serves critical educational and life-learning functions. It focuses the efforts of educators and students on mastering important material. Testing provides educators with crucial intelligence about the needs and abilities of students and the performance of academic programs. Regular assessment provides students and parents with useful feedback regarding how well the student is building important skills and knowledge. It provides students with an important skill—test-taking experience and facility—that will serve them well throughout their lives. A wealth of evidence confirms that testing alone boosts student achievement (Wolf, 2007). Results are used to create change in the classroom, ultimately strengthening our educational system and international position (Association of American Publishers, 2000). Scores allow administrators and teachers to gauge the performance of students’ acceptance and effectiveness of the current curriculum (Nelson, Palonsky & McCarthy, 2010).

CBS Evening News :

CBS Evening News http ://www.cbsnews.com/video/watch/?id=1472157n Four years after President Bush signed the landmark education bill known as No Child Left Behind, critics say the system has focused too much on testing.

Negative Aspects of Testing:

Negative Aspects of Testing Students need to learn coping skills. Based on the location of the school, principals feel differently about the test. The percentage of students passing state standardized tests has become the defining measure for whether or not schools are successful. Students are not being testing on a subject based test, but rather on how well they can read and comprehend.

Here is what Standardized Test Can Do:

Here is what Standardized Test Can Do Hold schools and educators accountable for student performance on tests aligned to high standards of what students should know and be able to do. Evaluate programs. Determine rewards and sanctions.

What Standardized Testing Does Not Show Us:

What Standardized Testing Does Not Show Us Growth Academic Performance Outside Factors Stress and Anxiety

What Are the Problems with Standardized Tests?:

What Are the Problems with Standardized Tests? Underfunding One Size Fits All School Improvement

What Types of Information Can Standardized Tests Provide? :

What Types of Information Can Standardized Tests Provide? Tests can provide information on individual student or group performance that can be interpreted and used in many different ways. Students’ proficiency in basic skills and their ability to meet academic standards. Testing data is used to generate information that teachers, parents, and policy makers need to make decisions about schools and students (Association of American Publishers, 2000).

Who Supports Standardized Tests?:

Who Supports Standardized Tests? Teachers A poll by the American Federation of Teachers (AFT) documented deep support for standards and assessments among teachers . From AFT website, “The American Federation of Teachers has, for many years, been supportive of quality standardized assessment that is fair and timely, and that informs and supports instruction. When used appropriately, assessments are a valuable tool in improving education for all children. Standardized tests can provide useful data about student learning. When aligned with strong standards and curriculum, for example, test scores can help diagnose student strengths and weaknesses, and can help identify “holes” or “gaps” in the curriculum and standards. Assessment data can trigger important interventions such as extra help for struggling students or professional development for teachers.” American Public A survey released by the Business Roundtable in September, 2000, found that 85 percent of the American public says statewide tests are useful to schools in evaluating how well students are performing . Parents A survey by the Association of American Publishers found overwhelming parental support for standardized testing . Association of Test Publishers The mission of the ATP is to inform the public and governmental bodies about the contributions and critical role that professionally developed and administered tests play in our society.

Who Does Not Support Standardized Tests?:

Who Does Not Support Standardized Tests? Teachers ~Not in this format The National Center for Fair and Open Testing ~Ultimately does not improve education Authors ~Alfie Kohn

Conclusion:

Conclusion Life is not a multiple choice test, it's an open-book essay exam. -- Alan Blinder (Princeton).

Not On The Test:

Not On The Test http://www.teachertube.com/viewVideo.php?title=Not_On_The_Test&video_id=25572 . Please enjoy this song from Teacher Tube about standardized tests.

References:

References Association of American Publishers. (2000). Standardized assessment: A primer . Retrieved from http://www.aapschool.org/pdf/Testing%20Primer%20Revised.pdf. Buck, S., Ritter, G., Jensen, N., & Rose, C. (2010, March). Teachers say the most interesting things: An alternative view of testing. Phi Delta Kappan , 91 . Retrieved from http://mid-riffs.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/03/Buck-et-al-PDK-article1.pdf. CBS Evening news. Trouble with testing. Retrieved from http://www.cbsnews.com/video/watch/?id=1472157n. Egley, R., & Jones, B. (2004). Rural elementary administrators views of high stakes testing. Rural Educator, 26 (1), 30-39. Retrieved from http://mid-riffs.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/03/Buck-et-al-PDK-article1.pdf Henning, J. (2006). Teacher leaders at work: Analyzing standardized achievement data to improve instruction. Education , 126 (4). Retrieved from http://tccl.rit.albany.edu/knilt/images/0/07/Henning.pdf. Kohn, A.(2000). Standardized testing and its victims. Education Weekly. Retrieved from http://www.alfiekohn.org/teaching/edweek/staiv.htm.

References Continued:

References Continued Larson, H., El Ramahi, M., Conn, S., Estes, L, & Ghibellini, A. (2010). Reducing test anxiety among third grade students through the implementation of relaxation techniques. Journal of School Counseling, 8 (19). Retrieved from http://www.eric.ed.gov.proxygw.wrlc.org/PDFS/EJ885222.pdf. Neil, M. (2003). Don’t mourn, organize. Rethinking Schools . Retrieved from http://www.rethinkingschools.org/special_reports/bushplan/nclb181.shtml. Nelson, J.L., Palonsky, S., & McCarthy, M.R. (2010). Critical issues in education: Dialogues and dialectics. Education . Paulson, S. E., & Marchant, G. J. (2009). Background variables, levels of aggregation, and standardized test scores. Education Policy Analysis Archives, 17 (22) 1-21. Retrieved from http://epaa.asu.edu/ojs/article/view/389/512. Forster, J. & Chapin, T. (n.d.). Not on the test. Retrieved from http://www.teachertube.com/viewVideo.php?title=Not_On_The_Test&video_id=25572.

References Continued:

References Continued Visone, J.D. (2010). Science or reading: What is being measured by standardized tests? American Secondary Education, 39 (1), 95-112. Retrieved from http://web.ebscohost.com.proxygw.wrlc.org/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=0b84097c-e851-4de1-b3e8-c5a195fa7fee%40sessionmgr114&vid=10&hid=105. Wolf, P. J. (2007). Academic improvement through regular assessment. Peabody Journal of Education, 82(4), 690-702. Retrieved from http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=a8292ef5-c7d6-4dad-943f-ca7e55451030%40sessionmgr14&vid=9&hid=17. Wright, Robert E. (2010). Standardized testing for outcome assessment: Analysis of the educational testing systems MBA tests." College Student Journal 44 .

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