Postmodernism

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cult/ure VISUAL and visual studies in a postmode rn world fehr dennis : 

cult/ure VISUAL and visual studies in a postmode rn world fehr dennis


As modernism was ending in the 1960s with minimalism and conceptualism, postmodern art was already beginning in the pop movement.Marilyn MonroeAndy Warhol1967 : 

As modernism was ending in the 1960s with minimalism and conceptualism, postmodern art was already beginning in the pop movement.Marilyn MonroeAndy Warhol1967

Although pop represented a rejection of modernism’s suicidal despair by returning content to art, much of it showed no progress in terms of equality for women. : 

Although pop represented a rejection of modernism’s suicidal despair by returning content to art, much of it showed no progress in terms of equality for women. Chair Allen Jones 1969

Meanwhile, the feminist movement was producing images that questioned women’s subjugation. The co-existing presence of such conflicting views is a characteristic of postmodernism.Victorian Whore from Images of Women series Karen LeCocq, artist & model 1970 : 

Meanwhile, the feminist movement was producing images that questioned women’s subjugation. The co-existing presence of such conflicting views is a characteristic of postmodernism.Victorian Whore from Images of Women series Karen LeCocq, artist & model 1970

The movement that followed pop in the 1970s is called photorealism. Artists not only were returning to realism and content, but they were challenging the camera itself. Here Audrey Flack gives us a feminist critique of the icon Marilyn Monroe. : 

The movement that followed pop in the 1970s is called photorealism. Artists not only were returning to realism and content, but they were challenging the camera itself. Here Audrey Flack gives us a feminist critique of the icon Marilyn Monroe. Marilyn Audrey Flack 1977

One aspect of postmodern imagery isits questioning of art’s boundaries. This example suggests that text alone can be considered art, an idea embodied in calligraphy. This image also criticizes materialism… : 

One aspect of postmodern imagery isits questioning of art’s boundaries. This example suggests that text alone can be considered art, an idea embodied in calligraphy. This image also criticizes materialism… Truism Jenny Holzer1986

…while this ad supports it by attempting to create desire for an environmentally harmful status symbol. By using visual literacy to deconstruct this image, students can learn about protecting the environment and not being materialistic. : 

…while this ad supports it by attempting to create desire for an environmentally harmful status symbol. By using visual literacy to deconstruct this image, students can learn about protecting the environment and not being materialistic.

Another aspect of postmodernism is protest—often against the contemporary world. This sculpture suggests that the faster our society tries to go, the more we slow down.Long term parkingArman1982 : 

Another aspect of postmodernism is protest—often against the contemporary world. This sculpture suggests that the faster our society tries to go, the more we slow down.Long term parkingArman1982

Much postmodern protest work is directed at the West. This work mocks the notion that Christianity is the “right” religion by depicting Jesus and the two thieves as Barbie-like dolls.Playing with godsMorimura Yasumasa1991 : 

Much postmodern protest work is directed at the West. This work mocks the notion that Christianity is the “right” religion by depicting Jesus and the two thieves as Barbie-like dolls.Playing with godsMorimura Yasumasa1991

A Philippino immigrant to the U. S. exchanges her accent (she thinks it is “wrong”) for someone else’s (the one she thinks is “right”).How Mali lost her accentPacita Abad1991 : 

A Philippino immigrant to the U. S. exchanges her accent (she thinks it is “wrong”) for someone else’s (the one she thinks is “right”).How Mali lost her accentPacita Abad1991

This Taiwanese painting honors weavers, who practice one of the oldest art forms of women. This image also reminds us of weaving’s slave-like aspects throughout history. : 

This Taiwanese painting honors weavers, who practice one of the oldest art forms of women. This image also reminds us of weaving’s slave-like aspects throughout history. Women working: LoomHung Liu1999

Here is another Taiwanese comment about the oppression that has traditionally been associated with women’s artforms.Labors and labels-1Hou Shu-tzi1997 : 

Here is another Taiwanese comment about the oppression that has traditionally been associated with women’s artforms.Labors and labels-1Hou Shu-tzi1997

Yet sexist images such as this one show another side of postmodernism—the views of young people who don’t realize that such images contribute to the second-class status of women. : 

Yet sexist images such as this one show another side of postmodernism—the views of young people who don’t realize that such images contribute to the second-class status of women. manga cartoon

Music videos, a major source of entertainment for the young, also often depict women as sexual toys. : 

Music videos, a major source of entertainment for the young, also often depict women as sexual toys.

The same is true of video game images. Such images can be used in classroom discussions about the harm of viewing women as sex objects rather than as human beings. : 

The same is true of video game images. Such images can be used in classroom discussions about the harm of viewing women as sex objects rather than as human beings. still image from Virtually Jenna video game

Movies sometimes teach youth that violence is entertainment and a desirable way to solve problems.still image from The Terminator series : 

Movies sometimes teach youth that violence is entertainment and a desirable way to solve problems.still image from The Terminator series

In a postmodern classroom children learn the honor of seeking peaceful solutions.calligraphic peace symbol : 

In a postmodern classroom children learn the honor of seeking peaceful solutions.calligraphic peace symbol

Another aspect of postmodernism (pomo) is the influence of digital technology. This sculptureunifies cultures, times, and philosophies. : 

Another aspect of postmodernism (pomo) is the influence of digital technology. This sculptureunifies cultures, times, and philosophies. Techno BuddhaNam June Paik1990

Pomo also makes room for the artforms of all World cultures. For example, African artifacts, once marginalized, are now at the center of art study. This is equally true of work from Asia, South American, and Australia.Kota reliquary figureGabon : 

Pomo also makes room for the artforms of all World cultures. For example, African artifacts, once marginalized, are now at the center of art study. This is equally true of work from Asia, South American, and Australia.Kota reliquary figureGabon

This inclusion of all cultures has created a misconception about pomo: That all things are “equally good.” Postmodernists simply want all voices to be included in deciding what is good.cartoon fromandrew-hall-artist.com : 

This inclusion of all cultures has created a misconception about pomo: That all things are “equally good.” Postmodernists simply want all voices to be included in deciding what is good.cartoon fromandrew-hall-artist.com

Another aspect is a broadened definition of art to include all things visual. This is called visual culture. Flea market art is no longer mocked, but rather is seen as a step on the path of being an artist. : 

Another aspect is a broadened definition of art to include all things visual. This is called visual culture. Flea market art is no longer mocked, but rather is seen as a step on the path of being an artist. Flea market vendorDuane Hanson1990

This is also true of such techniques as paint-by-number… : 

This is also true of such techniques as paint-by-number…

…and work by self-taught artists, which is now recognized for its honesty and expressive power.Pinkney 1Thaddeus Pinkneynot dated : 

…and work by self-taught artists, which is now recognized for its honesty and expressive power.Pinkney 1Thaddeus Pinkneynot dated

Also, definitions of art education have expanded to include postmodern ideas such as visual culture. This new art education is called visual studies. : 

Also, definitions of art education have expanded to include postmodern ideas such as visual culture. This new art education is called visual studies. For example, today children see more advertisements than works of art, so both are studied in postmodern classrooms.

This cigarette advertisement suggests to teens that if they smoke, they will be cool like the race car driver. By analyzing this image in art class, children can learn about art and also about good health habits. : 

This cigarette advertisement suggests to teens that if they smoke, they will be cool like the race car driver. By analyzing this image in art class, children can learn about art and also about good health habits.

Living paintingsStephen Taylor Woodrow and friends1988 : 

Living paintingsStephen Taylor Woodrow and friends1988 Much pomo work is not about commercialism or politics; it is only about art. Here an artist explores the absence of distance between himself and his work.

This installation uses human models. The only record of it is this photograph—a practice borrowed from the modernist movement called conceptualism. : 

This installation uses human models. The only record of it is this photograph—a practice borrowed from the modernist movement called conceptualism. Cocktail partySandy Skoglund1992

Reasons for insomniaYuan Goang-ming1998 : 

Reasons for insomniaYuan Goang-ming1998 Pomo artists explore contemporary media, such as the video that recorded the changing images of monsters projected onto this cot.

CHARACTERISTICS OF POSTMODERN IMAGERY 1. Nonlinearity: A. Multiple styles, multiple goals Examples: a. Commercialism vs. anti—commercialism b. Sexism vs. equality c. Violence vs. peace 2. Influence of digital technology 3. Inclusion of World cultures 4. Visual culture: A. Fine art, craft, advertising 5. Visual studies: A. Combination of visual culture and social theory : 

CHARACTERISTICS OF POSTMODERN IMAGERY 1. Nonlinearity: A. Multiple styles, multiple goals Examples: a. Commercialism vs. anti—commercialism b. Sexism vs. equality c. Violence vs. peace 2. Influence of digital technology 3. Inclusion of World cultures 4. Visual culture: A. Fine art, craft, advertising 5. Visual studies: A. Combination of visual culture and social theory

Rebootfrom img.engadget.com1 May 2006 : 

Rebootfrom img.engadget.com1 May 2006 One problem of postmodernism is the bombardment of imagery. But when we have had enough, we can always REBOOT!

Thank you for kindly inviting my wife Mary and me to visit your beautiful country.If you are interested in studying at Texas Tech, please talk to me or email me at dennis.fehr@ttu.edu : 

Thank you for kindly inviting my wife Mary and me to visit your beautiful country.If you are interested in studying at Texas Tech, please talk to me or email me at dennis.fehr@ttu.edu

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