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Project In Humanities (Global Culture) :

Project In Humanities (Global Culture)

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Submitted by: Ulrich A. Manalo John Cydrix A. Franco

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History… A unified kingdom was founded c. 3150 BC by King Menes, leading to a series of dynasties that ruled Egypt for the next three millennia. Egyptian culture flourished during this long period and remained distinctively Egyptian in its religion, arts, language and customs. The first two ruling dynasties of a unified Egypt set the stage for the Old kingdom period, c . 2700−2200 BC., famous for its many pyramids, most notably the Third dynasty pyramid of Djoser and the Fourth dynasty Giza Pyramid.

Profile of Egypt:

Profile of Egypt Geography Area: 1,001,450 sq. km. (386,000 sq. mi.); approximately equal to Texas and New Mexico combined. Cities: Capital --Cairo (pop. estimated at 16 million). Other cities --Alexandria (6 million), Aswan, Asyut, Port Said, Suez, Ismailia. Terrain: Desert, except Nile valley and delta. Climate: Dry, hot summers; moderate winters. People Nationality: Noun and adjective --Egyptian(s). Population (July 2007 est.): 80,335,036. Annual population growth rate (2007 est.): 1.72%. Ethnic groups: Egyptian, Bedouin Arab, Nubian. Religions: Muslim 90%, Coptic Christian 9%, other Christian 1%. Languages: Arabic (official), English, French. Education: Years compulsory --ages 6-15. Literacy --total adult 58%. Health: Infant mortality rate (2006 est.)--31.33 deaths/1,000 live births. Life expectancy (2006 est.)--71 years.

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Government Type: Republic. Independence: 1922. Constitution: 1971. Branches: Executive --president, prime minister, cabinet. Legislative --People's Assembly (444 elected and 10 presidentially appointed members; an additional 64 seats for women were created in 2009), and Shura (consultative) Council (176 elected members, 88 presidentially appointed). Judicial --Supreme Constitutional Court. Administrative subdivisions: 29 governorates. Principal political parties: National Democratic Party (ruling). Principal opposition parties --New Wafd Party, Al Ghad Party, Democratic Front Party, National Progressive Unionist Grouping (Tagammau), and Nasserite Party. Suffrage: Universal at 18.

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Cultures Of Egypt

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Arabic Language Over 90 percent of Egyptians speak Arabic. Since there are regional variations in the dialects of Arabic spoken across the country, the broadcasting media treats Cairo-spoken language as the standard. English is the most common foreign language in Egypt apart from French. Also, traces of people speaking languages like Kenuz, Mahas, and Berber are also found here and there in the country. In urban linguistic enclaves, one might find people speaking languages like Armenian, Greeks and Latin. Egyptian Foods Eating is considered in Egypt as an important social activity. Feasts are the central feature of special events and celebrations. The most common daily food of Egypt is bread loaf. Women at home bake bread in mud ovens. Commercially prepared bread receives subsidy from the state and is strictly regulated in terms of quality and price. Legumes are widely used in indigenous cuisines. The national dish is foul, a dish of fava beans seasoned with salt, lemon, cumin and oil. Another popular dish called tamiyya is made from crushed fava beans, added with onions and leeks and fried in oil. Koshari is a rice dish with black lentils, macaroni, tomatoes and onions as ingredients. Halawet al-mulid (sweets and nuts), 'Id al-Adha (a feast from ram), and kahk (a special type of cookie) are dishes that mark important occasions.

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Islamic Clothing of Egypt The jallabia worn by Egyptian men is a long, wide garment with wide sleeves and a round neckline. The deep vent in front is decorated by ornate embroidery. The overall ‘A’ shaped garment is worn with a local wool hat on the head called taqiya. The people of the south wear turbans or wool scarf, whereas the northerners do not. The jallabias worn in the south are quite wide at the bottom to suit horse ride. Unless compelled by working conditions, western clothing is considered immature. Even school going children and office going people change to jallabias once they return home. Educated women of Egypt often dress in a hybrid style combining a modern long dress like the maxi skirt with a hijab. There are two variations in the head coverings for women, namely muhajaba and mu'adabah. The former signifies religiosity and the latter stands for modesty. Mu'adabah is preferred for working and cosmopolitan atmospheres. Egyptian Religious Values Religion plays a dominant role in the life of Egyptians. Cairo is well known for its numerous minarets of mosques and towers of churches. The call for prayer heard five times a day regulates the entire scenario at Egypt ranging from business to entertainment. Conscious efforts being on their way to modernize the society, Egypt carefully preserves the aspects of local tradition and Islam.

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Pictures Of Ancient Egypt

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Modern Egypt

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END… Submitted to: Mrs. Gina Agus

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