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Leukemia : 

Leukemia Jeff Liu, Period 5

What Is Leukemia? : 

What Is Leukemia? Cancer of the white blood cells Acute or Chronic Affects ability to produce normal blood cells Bone marrow makes abnormally large number of immature white blood cells called blasts

History : 

History Means “white blood” in Greek Discovered by Dr. Alfred Velpeau in France, 1827 Named by pathologist Rudolf Virchow in Germany, 1845

Main Types : 

Main Types Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia (ALL) Acute Mylogenous Leukemia (AML) Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL) Chronic Mylogenous Leukemia (CML)

Demographics of Leukemia Patients (2001 Data) : 

Demographics of Leukemia Patients (2001 Data) Total Reported Cases = 31,500 Sources from Leukemia, Lyphoma, Myeloma Facts 2001 CLL=Chronic Lymphocytic ALL=Acute Lymphocytic CML=Chronic Mylogenous AML=Acute Mylogenous

Symptoms : 

Symptoms When there are excessive white blood cells --> Infections When there are few red blood cells: Paleness --> Anemia When there are few platelets --> Excessive bleeding

Tests For Diagnosis : 

Tests For Diagnosis Finger prick Blood sample Blood dye Bone marrow sample Spinal Tap/Lumbar Puncture

Pictures Of Blood : 

Pictures Of Blood Sources from Arginine.umdnj.edu Sources from beyond2000.com

Effects On the Body : 

Effects On the Body Attacks the immune system Infections Anemia Weakness No more regular white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets Blasts clog blood stream and bone marrow

Development of Leukemia in the Bloodstream : 

Development of Leukemia in the Bloodstream Legend White Cell Red Cell Platelet Blast Germ Sources from Leukemia, by D. Newton and D. Siegel

Causes : 

Causes High level radiation/toxin exposure Viruses Genes Chemicals Mostly unknown Can’t be caught

Treatment : 

Treatment Chemotherapy Immunotherapy Radiation Bone marrow transplant

Research : 

Research New drugs Cord blood and planceta

TheEnd : 


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