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Premium member Presentation Transcript Dream Analysis : Dream Analysis Outline : Outline Sleep Architecture Dream Science Dream Interpretation Sleep Architectureinformation source:http://www.resmed.com : Sleep Architectureinformation source:http://www.resmed.com Sleep Architecture (1) : Sleep Architecture (1) Sleep is not a period of uniform inactivity. Two basic types of sleep, REM and Non-REM (NREM), include a total of five stages that we move into and out of as we sleep. The duration and quality of these stages can vary greatly, depending on age, health, sleep hygiene, and the individual sleeper. Sleep Architecture (2) : Sleep Architecture (2) Type of sleep NREM : NREM sleep contributes to physical rest and may bolster the immune system. REM : REM sleep contributes to psychological rest and long-term emotional well-being. It may also bolster memory. Sleep Architecture (3) : Sleep Architecture (3) Stage of sleep Stage 1 (Light Sleep):A transitional stage between waking and sleeping, usually lasting 5 or 10 minutes. Breathing becomes slow and regular, the heart rate decreases, and the eyes exhibit slow rolling movements. Sleep Architecture (4) : Sleep Architecture (4) Stage 2 (True Sleep):A deeper stage of sleep where fragmented thoughts and images pass through the mind. Eye movements usually disappear, muscles relax, and there is very little body movement. Sleep Architecture (5) : Sleep Architecture (5) Stage 3 (Deep Sleep):A further deepening of sleep with additional slowing of heart and breathing rates. Stage 4 (Deep Sleep):This is the deepest stage of sleep, in which arousal is the most difficult. Typically, sleep walking and bed-wetting occur in this stage. Sleep Architecture (6) : Sleep Architecture (6) REM Stage (Dream Sleep):A dramatic decrease in muscle tone and an essential paralysis characterize this stage of sleep. Other characteristics are irregular breathing, increased heart rate, and rapid eye movements. The brain's oxygen consumption increases, and temperature regulatory mechanisms are absent. In this stage, people experience vivid, active dreams with complex symbols. Sleep Architecture (7) : Sleep Architecture (7) Dream Scienceinformation source:http://www.dreamgate.com/dream/library : Dream Scienceinformation source:http://www.dreamgate.com/dream/library Dream Science (1) : Dream Science (1) In the 20th century, dream science got a very large leap forward when in 1953 at the university of Chicago, Nathaniel Kleitman and his student Eugene Aserinsky discovered REM sleep and opened up a half century of new research. Dream Science (2) : Dream Science (2) Science studies dreams and dreaming from many angles. the bio-physiology of dreaming and sleep and what influences these processes the content of dreams and what influences them why we dream how we dream the functions that dreams serve Dream Science (3) : Dream Science (3) Here are some of the more popular science theories on dreaming: To restore our body and mind. To help with learning and memory. To keep the brain at the right level of awareness/rest during sleep. To allow the mind to handle disturbances in the night without waking up. Dream Science (4) : Dream Science (4) 5. To keep our sense of self and wholeness through sleep. 6. To allow ourselves some time to explore new and unusual areas of ourselves. 7. To resolve conflicts that occur during the day. 8. To contextualize emotions from waking. Dream Interpretationinformation source:http://library.thinkquest.orghttp://www.asdreams.org : Dream Interpretationinformation source:http://library.thinkquest.orghttp://www.asdreams.org Dream Interpretation (1) : Dream Interpretation (1) Symbolism Many of the symbols used by dreams are personal to the dreamer, having been built up through experience. Others, however, appear to be more universal, arising from shared levels of the unconscious mind. Ex: birds, fire, water Dream Interpretation (2) : Dream Interpretation (2) The symbolic language shows us a way to delve deeper into the unconscious, enabling us to embark on a thrilling voyage of self-discovery. The meaning of any message will depend on our own particular personal agenda, fears and other inner concerns. Dream Interpretation (3) : Dream Interpretation (3) Common dreams Loving others secretly Being chased or persecuted Death Former Lover Snake Lover , Falling Teeth Kill others or being killed , Crying , Schoolmates , Fighting or Arguing Dream Interpretation (4) : Dream Interpretation (4) 8. Pregnant 9. Dead bodies or Ghost, Getting married 10. Falling down, Flying 11. Kiss 12. Insects 13. Make Love 14. Monsters , Fires 15. Phone Call Dream Interpretation (5) : Dream Interpretation (5) Example 1: Being Chased Interpretation Your dream shows that you are afraid of something. If you are young, you may think that you want to run away from the protection of your parents and want to live independently. If you have grown up, you may want to break some social customs and want to have your own style of living. However, you are afraid of the constraints that brought up by the society. Dream Interpretation (6) : Dream Interpretation (6) Example 2: Nudity Interpretation Having a dream where you are nude in front of public shows that you feel confidence in one aspect of yourself and want others to put attention on you. Although you are ashamed of yourself, you want others to put attention of the good personality of this aspect. Dream Interpretation (7) : Dream Interpretation (7) Repetitive dreams Recurrent dreams, which can continue for years, may be treated as any other dream. That is, one may look for parallels between the dream and the thoughts, feelings, behavior, and motives of the dreamer. Understanding the meaning of the recurrent dream sometimes can help the dreamer resolve an issue that he or she has been struggling with for years. Dream Interpretation (8) : Dream Interpretation (8) Can dreams predict the future? There are many examples of dreams that seemed to predict future events. Some may have been due to coincidence, faulty memory, or an unconscious tying together of known information. A few laboratory studies have been conducted of predictive dreams, but the results were varied, as these kinds of dreams are difficult to study in a laboratory setting. Dream Interpretation (9) : Dream Interpretation (9) Treat such dreams with caution and good sense. If you dream that your plane is crashing, there is no good reason to cancel your flight: the dream will simply be a reflection of your tension and a (perhaps unconscious) fear of flying. Conclusion : Conclusion Conclusion (1) : Conclusion (1) Everyone dreams. We know that there are two types of sleep and five stages of sleep. We experience our most vivid dreams during a type of sleep called Rapid Eye Movement, during which the muscles of the body are relaxed and the eyes move back and forth rapidly. Conclusion (2) : Conclusion (2) In the 1950s, scientists identified the presence of rapid eye movements as a characteristic of dream sleep. The term REM sleep is still used to describe the phase of sleep in which we dream. Nowadays, dream science is still in its infant. Dream sleep is still far more complex than we had ever imagined. Conclusion (3) : Conclusion (3) Obviously, the contents of the dream reflect the feelings and physical and mental states of our bodies. We have to learn from our dreams, whether they are good or not. Dreams help us to know more about ourselves and push self-development. Q&A (1) : Q&A (1) Are dreams in color? A:Most dreams are in color, although people may not be aware of it, either because they have difficulty remembering their dreams or because color is such a natural part of visual experience. People who are very aware of color while awake probably notice color more often in their dreams. Q&A (2) : Q&A (2) Do dreams have meaning? A:Dreams are useful in learning more about the dreamer's feelings, thoughts, behavior, motives, and values. Many find that dreams can help them solve problems. Further, artists, writers, and scientists often get creative ideas from dreams. Q&A (3) : Q&A (3) Does everyone dream? A:Yes. Laboratory studies have shown that we experience our most vivid dreams during a type of sleep called Rapid Eye Movement (REM) sleep. REM sleep occurs every 90 - 100 minutes, 3 to 4 times a night, and lasts longer as the night progresses. The final REM period may last as long as 45 minutes. Less vivid dreams occur at other times during the night. Q&A (4) : Q&A (4) Why do people have trouble remembering their dreams? A:There is something about the phenomenon of sleep itself which makes it difficult to remember what has occurred and most dreams are forgotten unless they are written down. Sometimes a dream is suddenly remembered later in the day or on another Q&A (5) : Q&A (5) day, suggesting that the memory is not totally lost but for some reason is very hard to retrieve. Sleep and dreams also are affected by a great variety of drugs and medications, including alcohol. Further, stopping certain medications suddenly may cause nightmares. You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.