ISPS CODE Anne

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ISPS CODE:

ISPS CODE Engr. Anne

Slide 2:

What is the ISPS Code? The International Ship and Port Facility Security Code (ISPS Code) is a comprehensive set of measures to enhance the security of ships and port facilities , developed in response to the perceived threats to ships and port facilities in the wake of the 9/11 attacks in the United States.

Slide 3:

The Code takes the approach that ensuring the security of ships and port facilities is a risk management activity and that, to determine what security measures are appropriate, an assessment of the risks must be made in each particular case.

Slide 4:

Ship Security is to assist industry, employers, workers and others involved to respond to the risk to vessels from the threat posed by unlawful acts in the maritime environment. The guidelines provide guidance framework to develop and implement a ship security strategy commensurate with identified threats to security. OBJECTIVE OF THE CODE

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PURPOSE OF THE CODE is to provide a standardized, consistent framework for evaluating risk, enabling Governments to offset changes in threat with changes in vulnerability for ships and port facilities through determination of appropriate security levels and corresponding security measures.

Slide 6:

Background Following the 9.11 terror in 2001, IMO began to consider drafting maritime security measures to prevent terrorist acts on ships such as LNG & LPG carrier, and port facilities. IMO adopted the International Ship and Port Facility Security (ISPS) Code in the SOLAS Chapter XI-2 as mandatory requirements.

September 11, 2001:

September 11 , 2001

Slide 8:

Who has to comply with the ISPS Code? The ISPS Code is part of SOLAS so compliance is mandatory for the 148 Contracting Parties to SOLAS - see Status of Conventions complete list for list of SOLAS Contracting Governments

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The ISPS Code database contains the information required by SOLAS regulation XI-2/13 as supplied by Contracting Governments. Lack of inclusion in the database should not be construed automatically as failure to comply with the requirements in SOLAS. Is there a black list of countries not in compliance with the ISPS code?

Slide 10:

What does implementing the ISPS Code involve? Ship and port facility security is a risk management activity. As with all risk management efforts, the most effective course of action is to eliminate the source of the threat. Eliminating the source of the threat, which in this case is those that would commit acts of terrorism or otherwise threaten the security of ships or of the port facilities, is essentially a Government function. 100% security is an aim but cannot be guaranteed - hence the risk reduction approach to lessen possibilities to the lowest practicable

Slide 13:

What are the different security levels referred to in the ISPS Code? Security level 1 : normal, the level at which the ship or port facility normally operates. Security level 1 means the level for which minimum appropriate protective security measures shall be maintained at all times. Security level 2 : heightened, the level applying for as long as there is a heightened risk of a security incident. Security level 2 means the level for which appropriate additional protective security measures shall be maintained for a period of time as a result of heightened risk of a security incident.

Development And Implementation:

Development And Implementation Development and implementation were speeded up drastically in reaction to the September 11, 2001 attacks and the bombing of the French oil tanker Limburg . The U.S. Coast Guard , as the lead agency in the United States delegation to the International Maritime Organization (IMO), advocated for the measure. [2] The Code was agreed at a meeting of the 108 signatories to the SOLAS convention in London in December 2002. The measures agreed under the Code were brought into force on July 1, 2004.

The ISPS Code is implemented through chapter XI-2 Special measures to enhance maritime security in the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS). The Code is a two-part document describing minimum requirements for security of ships and ports. - Part A provides mandatory requirements. -Part B provides guidance for implementation. The ISPS Code applies to ships on international voyages (including passenger ships, cargo ships of 500 GT and upwards, and mobile offshore drilling units) and the port facilities serving such ships. :

The ISPS Code is implemented through chapter XI-2 Special measures to enhance maritime security in the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS). The Code is a two-part document describing minimum requirements for security of ships and ports. - Part A provides mandatory requirements. -Part B provides guidance for implementation. The ISPS Code applies to ships on international voyages (including passenger ships , cargo ships of 500 GT and upwards, and mobile offshore drilling units ) and the port facilities serving such ships. SCOPE

Requirements:

Requirements The Code does not specify specific measures that each port and ship must take to ensure the safety of the facility against terrorism because of many different types and sizes of these facilities. Instead it outlines "a standardized, consistent framework for evaluating risk, enabling governments to offset changes in threat with changes in vulnerability for ships and port facilities."

For ships the framework includes requirements for: Ship security plans Ship security officers Company security officers Certain onboard equipment :

For ships the framework includes requirements for: Ship security plans Ship security officers Company security officers Certain onboard equipment

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For port facilities, the requirements include: Port facility security plans Port facility security officers Certain security equipment In addition the requirements for ships and for port facilities include: Monitoring and controlling access Monitoring the activities of people and cargo Ensuring security communications are readily available

Slide 20:

International Ship and Port Facility Security Code The International Ship and Port Facility Security ( ISPS ) Code is an amendment to the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) Convention (1974/1988) on minimum security arrangements for ships , ports and government agencies. Having come into force in 2004 , it prescribes responsibilities to governments, shipping companies, shipboard personnel, and port/facility personnel to "detect security threats and take preventative measures against security incidents affecting ships or port facilities used in international trade

ISPS Code being applied in Southampton, England, with signs prohibiting access to areas next to ships. :

ISPS Code being applied in Southampton, England, with signs prohibiting access to areas next to ships .

In Summary the ISPS Code:

In Summary the ISPS Code  enables the detection and deterrence ( avoidance ) of security threats within an international framework  establishes roles and responsibilities  enables collection and exchange of security information  provides a methodology for assessing security  ensures that adequate security measures are in place. It requires ship and port facility staff to:  gather and assess information  maintain communication protocols  restrict access; prevent the introduction of unauthorized weapons, etc.  provide the means to raise alarms  put in place vessel and port security plans; and ensure training and drills are conducted

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