# Experiment 12 Transmission line parameters- series impedence and shunt

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1 EXPERIMENT 12 Transmission Line Parameters Series Impedance and Shunt Capacitance Calculations using MATLAB Objectives Calculate the inductance and capacitance of a modern transmission line. Statement of the problem: Complete the work required in each part of Problems 1 2 and 3. Describe how you intend to solve the problem. What tools will you use What input data is required Carefully read the following examples first. The function GMD GMRL GMRC gmd is developed for the computation of GMD GMR L and GMR C for single-circuit double-circuit vertical and horizontal transposed lines with up to four bundled conductors. A menu is displayed for the selection of any of the above three circuits. The user is prompted to input the phase spacing number of bundled conductors and their spacing conductor diameter and the GMR of the individual conductor. The specifications for some common ACSR conductors are contained in a file named ascr.m. The command acsr will display the characteristics of ACSR conductors. Also the function L C gmd21c in addition to the geometric mean values returns the inductance in mH per km and the capacitance in F µ per km. Example 1 A 735-k V three-phase transposed line is composed of four ACSR 954000-cmil 45/7 Rail conductors per phase with horizontal conductor configuration as shows in Figure E.1. Bundle spacing is 46 cm. Use acsr in MATLAB to obtain the conductor size and the electrical characteristics for the Rail conductor. Find the inductance and capacitance per phase per kilometer of the line. FIGURE E.1 Conductor layout for Example 1. The command acsr displays the conductor code name and the area in cmils for the ACSR conductors. The user is then prompted to enter the conductor code name within single quotes. 23 44.5 D 12 44.5 D 18" a b c 13 89 D

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2 Enter ACSR code name within single quotes -› ‘rail’ Al Area Strand Diameter GMR Resistance Ohm/km Ampacity Cmil Alt/St cm cm 60Hz 25C 60Hz 50C Ampere 954000 45/7 2.959 1.173 0.0624 0.0683 1000 The following commands GMD GMRL GMRC gmd L0.2logGMD/GMRL mH/km C 0.0556/logGMD/GMRC micro F/km result in Number of three-phase circuits Enter Single-circuit 1 Double-circuit vertical configuration 2 Double-circuit horizontal configuration 3 To quit 0 Select number of menu -› 1 Enter spacing unit within quotes ‘m’ or ‘ft’ -› ‘ft’ Enter row vector D12 D23 D13 44.5 44.5 89 Cond. size bundle spacing unit: ‘cm’ or ‘in’ -› ‘cm’ Conductor diameter in cm 2.959 Geometric Mean Radius in cm 1.173 No. of bundled cond. enter 1 for single cond. 4 Bundle spacing in cm 46 GMD 56.06649 ft GMRL 0.65767 ft GMRC 0.69696 ft L 0.8891 C 0.0127 Example 2 A 345-kV double-circuit three-phase transposed line is composed of two ACSR 1431000-cmil 45/7 Bobolink conductors per phase with vertical conductor configuration as shows in Figure E.2. The conductors have a diameter of 1.427 in and a GMR of 0.564 in. The bundle spacing is 18 in. Find the inductance and capacitance per phase per kilometer of the line. The following commands FIGURE E.2 Conductor layout for Example 2. 11 11 Sm 12 7 H m 22 16.5 Sm 23 6.5 H m 33 12.5 Sm

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3 GMD GMRL GMRC gmd L0.2logGMD/GMRL mh/KM C 0.0556/logGMD/GMRC micro F/km result in Number of three-phase circuits Enter Single-circuit 1 Double-circuit vertical configuration 2 Double-circuit horizontal configuration 3 To quit 0 Select number of menu -› 2 Circuit Arrangements 1 abc-c’b’a’ 2 abc-a’b’c’ Enter 1 or 2 -› 1 Enter spacing unit within quotes ‘m’ or ‘ft’ -› ‘m’ Enter row vector S11 S22 S33 11 16.5 12.5 Enter row vector H12 H23 7 6.5 Cond. size bundle spacing unit: ‘cm’ or ‘in’ -› ‘in’ Conductor diameter in inch 1.427 Geometric Mean Radius in inch 0.564 No. of bundled cond. enter 1 for single cond. 2 Bundle spacing in inch 18 GMD 11.21352 m GMRL 1.18731 m GMRC 1.25920 m L 0.4491 C 0.0254 Example 3 A 345-kV double-circuit three-phase transposed line is composed of one ACSR 556500- cmil 26/7 Dove conductor per phase with horizontal conductor configuration as shown in Figure E.3. The conductors have a diameter of 0.927 in and a GMR of 0.3768 in Example 3. Find the inductance and capacitance per phase per kilometer of the line. The following commands FIGURE E.3 Conductor layout for Example 3. GMD GMRL GMRC gmd L0.2logGMD/GMRL mH/km C 0.0556/logGMD/GMRC micro F/km 11 9 Sm

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4 Result in Number of three-phase circuits Enter Single-circuit 1 Double-circuit vertical configuration 2 Double-circuit horizontal configuration 3 To quit 0 Select number of menu - 3 Circuit Arrangements 1 abc-a’b’c’ 2 abc-c’b’a’ Enter 1 or 2 - 1 Enter spacing unit within quotes ‘m’ or ‘ft’ - ‘m’ Enter row vector D12 D23 D13 8 8 16 Enter distance between two circuits S11 9 Cond. size bundle spacing unit: ‘cm’ or ‘in’ - ‘in’ Conductor diameter in inch 0.927 No. of bundled cond. enter 1 for single cond. 1 GMD 14.92093 m GMRL 0.48915 m GMRC 0.54251 m L 0.6836 C 0.0168

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5 Prob. 1 A three-phase transposed line is composed of one ACSR 1.431000-cmil 45/7 Bobolink conductor per phase with flat horizontal spacing of 11 m as shown in Figure 1. The conductors have a diameter of 3.625 cm and a GMR of 1.439 cm. The line is to be replaced by a three-conductor bundle of ACSR 477000-cmil 26/7 Hawk conductors having the same cross- sectional area of aluminum as the single-conductor line. The conductors have a diameter of 2.1793 cm and a GMR of 0.8839 cm. The new line will also have a flat horizontal configuration but it is to be operated at a higher voltage and therefore the phase spacing is increased to 14 m as measured from the center of the bundles as shown in Figure 2. The spacing between the conductors in the bundle is 45 cm. Determine a The percentage change in the inductance. b The percentage change in the capacitance. FIGURE 1 Conductor layout for Problem 1 a. FIGURE 2 Conductor layout for Problem 1 b. 13 28 D m 12 14 Dm 23 14 Dm 13 22 Dm 12 11 D m 23 11 D m

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6 Prob. 2 A single-circuit three-phase transposed transmission line is composed of four ACSR 1272000-cmil conductor per phase with horizontal configuration as shown in Figure 3. The bundle spacing is 45 cm. The conductor code name is pheasant. In MATLAB use command acsr to find the conductor diameter and its GMR. Determine the inductance and capacitance per phase per kilometer of the line. Use function GMD GMRL GMRC gmd in MATLAB to verify your results. FIGURE 3 Conductor layout for Problem 2. Prob 3. A double circuit three-phase transposed line is composed of two ACSR 2167000-cmil 72/7 Kiwi conductor per phase with vertical configuration as shown in Figure 4. The conductors have a diameter of 4.4069 cm and a GMR of 1.7374 cm. The bundle spacing is 45 cm. The circuit arrangement is 11 1 2 2 2 abc c b a . Find the inductance and capacitance per phase per kilometer of the line. Find these values when the circuit arrangement is 11 1 2 2 2 abc a b c . Use function GMD GMRL GMRC gmd in MATLAB to verify your results. FIGURE 4 Conductor layout for Problem 3. 13 28 D m 12 14 Dm 23 14 D m 12 16 aa Sm 12 10 Hm 12 24 bb Sm 23 9 Hm 12 17 cc Sm