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PowerPoint Presentation by Zhanneta Khalupnyk:

PowerPoint Presentation by Zhanneta Khalupnyk

Ectopic means "out of place." Ectopic pregnancy means pregnancy that occurs outside of the uterus.:

Ectopic means "out of place." Ectopic pregnancy means pregnancy that occurs outside of the uterus.

An ectopic pregnancy is often caused by a condition that blocks or slows the movement of a fertilized egg through the fallopian tube to the uterus.:

An ectopic pregnancy is often caused by a condition that blocks or slows the movement of a fertilized egg through the fallopian tube to the uterus.

Up to 50% of women who have ectopic pregnancies have had inflammation of the fallopian tubes or pelvic inflammatory disease:

Up to 50% of women who have ectopic pregnancies have had inflammation of the fallopian tubes or pelvic inflammatory disease

Symptoms -Abnormal vaginal bleeding -Amenorrhea -Low back pain -Mild cramping on one side of the pelvis -Nausea -Pain in the lower abdomen or pelvic area :

Symptoms -Abnormal vaginal bleeding -Amenorrhea -Low back pain -Mild cramping on one side of the pelvis -Nausea -Pain in the lower abdomen or pelvic area

If the area of the abnormal pregnancy ruptures and bleeds, symptoms may get worse. They may include: -Feeling faint or actually fainting -Intense pressure in the rectum -Pain that is felt in the shoulder area -Severe, sharp, and sudden pain in the lower abdomen :

If the area of the abnormal pregnancy ruptures and bleeds, symptoms may get worse. They may include: - Feeling faint or actually fainting -Intense pressure in the rectum -Pain that is felt in the shoulder area -Severe, sharp, and sudden pain in the lower abdomen

Complications The most common complication is rupture with internal hemorrhage which may lead to shock. Death from rupture is rare in women who have access to modern medical facilities. :

Complications The most common complication is rupture with internal hemorrhage which may lead to shock. Death from rupture is rare in women who have access to modern medical facilities.

Treatments -Methotrexate ,(medical therapy) which allows the body to absorb the pregnancy tissue and may save the fallopian tube. :

Treatments - Methotrexate ,(medical therapy) which allows the body to absorb the pregnancy tissue and may save the fallopian tube.

Surgical Treatments -Salpingotomy : An incision on the tube and removing the pregnancy -Salpingectomy: Cutting the tube out -Segmental resection: Cutting out the affected portion of the tube :

Surgical Treatments - Salpingotomy : An incision on the tube and removing the pregnancy - Salpingectomy : Cutting the tube out - Segmental resection : Cutting out the affected portion of the tube

Women who are more at risk for having an ectopic pregnancy include the following: -35-44 years of age -previous ectopic pregnancy -pelvic or abdominal surgery -PID -several induced abortions -pregnancy after having a tubal ligation or while an IUD is in place. :

Women who are more at risk for having an ectopic pregnancy include the following: -35-44 years of age -previous ectopic pregnancy -pelvic or abdominal surgery -PID -several induced abortions -pregnancy after having a tubal ligation or while an IUD is in place.

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A ruptured ectopic pregnancy is a true medical emergency. If you suspect you have a ruptured ectopic pregnancy, call 911

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Prevention The best way to prevent ectopic pregnancy is to decrease the risk factors. -If you are diagnosed with pelvic inflammatory disease, take the prescribed antibiotic as directed -Avoid STD -If you plan to get pregnant soon and you are using an IUD for contraception, discuss this with your health care provider.

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