Greek Mythology

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Creation Myths from four different points of view

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Greek MythologyThe Creation Myths : 

Greek MythologyThe Creation Myths By: Katherine, Lacey, Cristina and Heather

The Three Myths : 

The Three Myths The Creation of the World I: The beginning of the world, no mankind The Creation of the World II: The beginning of the world, no mankind Creation of Mankind by Prometheus: The first story of mankind

Creation of the World I : 

Creation of the World I “In the beginning there was only chaos. Then out of the void appeared Erebus, the unknowable place where death dwells, and Night. All else was empty, silent, endless, darkness. Then somehow Love was born bringing a start of order. From Love came Light and Day. Once there was Light and Day, Gaea, the earth appeared.” Creation of the World. http://www.desy.de/gna/interpedia/greek_myth/creation.html

Creation of the World I : 

Creation of the World I Compared to Genesis: said to reflect Babylonian influence Pre-existent chaos (tohu wabohu) Darkness (tehom) The start of order came with Love (Greek), first step in order was creation of light (Genesis) The birth of the earth: Gaea or from the firmament of heaven?

Creation of the World I : 

Creation of the World I Erebus: the creator God? (see Geneology) Gaea gave birth to Uranus, the heavens, they in turn produced the Titans Battle of Son vs Father: Cronus vs Uranus, Zeus vs Cronus; son taking place of father Uranus: “He either died, withdrew from the earth, or exiled himself to Italy."

Slide 6: 

Zeus is born: hidden on Crete, who raised him? The battle for Olympus, Titans imprisoned in Tartarus. Gaea angered by the imprisonment gives birth to Typhoeus, sea creature, Zeus must defeat. (Leviathan) Zeus’ rule is certain, but no mention of mankind being created. Creation of the World I

Creation of the World II : 

Creation of the World II Zeus: Storm God, thunderbolts Son of Cronus Disembowels his father, frees his siblings from Cronus’ gut. Takes over as ruler of the world. Ba’al: Storm God, Bringer of Rains Son of El Ba’al runs the world, bully

Creation of the World II : 

Creation of the World II Greek: Gaea-Mother/Earth Goddess Cronus-main masculine God Ba’al Cycle: Asherah-Mother Goddess El: main masculine God

Creation of the World II : 

Creation of the World II Approaches to Greek Myth by Lowell Edmunds: Hesiod refers to Olympians collectively as “those born of Cronus” The council of Canaanite Gods is designated as “sons of El” Three male figures in Ba’al Cycle: Ba’al, Yam, and Mott Zeus, Poseidon, and Hades Cosmic realms of atmosphere, Sea, and the Dead

Creation of the World II : 

Creation of the World II Ba’al Cycle main theme: “Establishment of permanent or stable division of cosmos among these deities.” Greek Gods are similar Ba’al kingship is ratified by construction of his palace on Mt. Zaphon Zeus reigns and lives on Mt. Olympus

Creation of the World II : 

Creation of the World II Both locations are removed from man not so much based on physical location, but the mythic quality Zeus like Ba’al is associated with attaining and defending of his political supremacy and resolving world order through cosmic combat

Creation of Man by Prometheus : 

Creation of Man by Prometheus Prometheus and Epimetheus sided with Zeus during the war against the Titans keeping them from being imprisoned in Tartarus Given the tasks of creating animals and mankind

Creation of Man by Prometheus : 

Creation of Man by Prometheus Epimetheus created creatures with qualities such as cunningness, swiftness, strength, fur and wings. Prometheus created man as a mirror image of the gods, they could stand upright and were given control of fire.

Creation of Man by Prometheus : 

Creation of Man by Prometheus Prometheus was loyal to mankind over Zeus, because of the exile of the other Titans to Tartarus. This is proved by Prometheus tricking Zeus Zeus is enraged by this, Prometheus is exiled to the Caucasus Mountains doomed to eternal pain.

Creation of Man by Prometheus : 

Creation of Man by Prometheus Punishment of mankind: creation of Pandora (woman) and the box of secrets Pandora married to Epimetheus, happily but cursed with curiosity about the contents of the box. She opened the box releasing the terrors inside. All that was left for mankind was hope.

Creation of Man by Prometheus : 

Creation of Man by Prometheus How was Zeus similar to Enlil? How was Prometheus similar to Enki? Relate Pandora to Eve from Genesis?

Conclusion : 

Conclusion How are the gods anthropomorphic? Why is man not created in the original creation of the world? Why do the gods feel the need to punish their creation, Mankind? Why are women the scapegoat?

Sources : 

Sources Creation of the World. http://www.desy.de/gna/interpedia/greek_myth/creation.html “The Pattern of Creation in Genesis, Chapter 1” C.F. Whitley Creation of Man by Prometheus. http://greekmythology.com/Myths/The_Myths/Creation_of_Man_by_Prometheus/creation_of_man_by_Prometheus.htmlm Excerpts from Ovid. http://education.llnl.gov/bep/english/11/sMyth.html “Approaches to Greek Myth” Lowell Edmunds Creation of the World II. http://www.sacredtexts.com/cla/hesiod/theogony.htm

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