antiseptic

Views:
 
Category: Entertainment
     
 

Presentation Description

NATURAL ANTISEPTICS, NEEM, BENZOIN,MYRRH, CURCUMA

Comments

Presentation Transcript

Antiseptics :

Antiseptics By, Asst. Prof. Tarkasband Yogita S. M. pharm.( Pharmacognosy)

Slide2:

ANTISEPTIC AND DISINFECTANTS Antiseptics are the agent that are used to kill pathogenic microbes or prevent their growth. while Disinfectants makes surface free from pathogens. Examples-

Slide3:

BENZOIN

Slide4:

BENZOIN SYNONAME - Sumatra benzoin, gum benzoin, loban BIOLOGICAL SOURCE- It is balsamic resin obtained from Styrax Benzoin , Styrax tonkinesis belongs to styraceae family. GEOGRAPHICL DISTRIBUTION- Produced from trees grown in south eastern Asia- Sumatra, Indonesia. COLLECTION - Benzoin is pathological resin collected after 6 yea r from cultivated/wild trees by incision near the base of tree. The resinous material allow to solidifie d, sundried (yield-10kg/tree)

Slide5:

BENZOIN CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS- Sumatra benzoin- free balsamic acids(benzoic and cinnamic acids). also triterpenoid acids like suma-resinolic acid & siaresinolic acid Slam benzoin- ester coniferyl benzoate(75%) Styrol , vanillin, phenyl propyl cinnamate . USES- 1. irritating expectorant 2. carminative 3. diuretic 4.Antiseptic 5.Protective 6. Treatment of URT infection (as inhalation) .

Slide6:

MYRRH

Slide7:

MYRRH SYNONAME - Myrrha, bol, gum myrrh BIOLOGICAL SOURCE- It is oleo-gum-resin obtained from Commiphora molmol belongs to Burseraceae family. GEOGRAPHICL DISTRIBUTION - found in north east africa and southern arabia. COLLECTION - Burseraceae plants posses oleo-resinous canals in their conducting tissue . Plant is small shrub-3m height By incision on bark it exudates yellowish colored resin , gradually hardens and becomes reddish brown . This mass is collected in goats skin and sent to market .

Slide8:

MYRRH CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS- 10% thick VOLATILE OIL- Terpenes , cuminic aldehyde , eugenol . 25-40% resins – alpha, beta and gamma commiphoric acid 3-4% bitter principles USES- - Stimulant, - Used as antiseptic, - Protective, - Used in mouthwashes. ADULTRATION- Arabian myrrh Yamen myrrh Indian bdellium( balsamoendron mukul )

Slide10:

NEEM SYNONAME- LIMB BIOLOGICAL SOURCE- It consist of leaves and other aerial parts of Azadiracta indica belongs to Meliaceae family . GEOGRAPHICL DISTRIBUTION - it is indigenous and widely grown in India . CULTIVATION - The plant is propagated by seeds. it survive at high temp. little rainfall , nutrient deficient soil. The plant bears fruit after 5 years. CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS- Azadiractin , salanin , meliantriol Leaves- nimbosterol , quercetin Seeds- azadirtactin , salanin , meliantrol , meliacin Bark- nimbin , nimbinin , nimbidin , nimbosterol , margosine . USES- Antiseptic, Insecticide, Antiviral, treatement Of AIDS

Slide11:

CURCUMA

Slide12:

CURCUMA SYNONAME- Turmeric, Haldi , Indian saffron BIOLOGICAL SOURCE- It consist of dried or fresh rhizomes of Curcuma longa belongs to Zinzibrraceae family . GEOGRAPHICL DISTRIBUTION - it is cultivated in pak ., Malaysia, china . india -MH, TN, WB, UP, PJ CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS- 5% VOLATILE OIL, RESIN, yellow coloring sub. Curcuminoids Curcumin , turmerone , zingiberine , borneol , caprylic acid. USES- Antiseptic, Expectorant, In condiment Coloring agent- ointment, creams Antimicrobial anti-inflammatory

authorStream Live Help