Small-Scale Fisheries Research in Timor-Leste

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Small-Scale Fisheries Research in Timor-Leste

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Small-Scale Fisheries Research in Timor-Leste Alex Tilley:

Small-Scale Fisheries Research in Timor-Leste Alex Tilley

Slide2:

Where in the world…?

Slide3:

1.2 million people History of conflict Unprecedented recovery 41% of population below poverty line #8 on Global Hunger Index Chronic childhood malnutrition – hidden hunger A s napshot of Timor-Leste Petroleum 80 % of GDP & 93% of gov. revenue GDP p/c: $ 6800 vs. $850 non-oil Public service wage ~$450 per month 65% of population works in Ag sector (2.6% of GDP )

Slide4:

WorldFish s trategy in Timor-Leste

Slide5:

Project timeline 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Scoping AQ Strategy Development CTSP/USAID Fisheries Aquaculture SRA strategy For investment ACIAR ACIAR Livelihoods Sustainable livelihoods PLAN AQ Strategy Implementation NZ COMPAC NORAD LMMA ADB CT Pacific Climate Change ADB Fish & CC SEWPAC FSSP NORAD Livelihood Diversification SwedBIO

Slide6:

Small-Scale Fisheries (Dave Mills) Aquaculture ( Jharendu Pant) Mario Pereira Agustinha Duarte Natalina Pires Lucas de Jesus Angelo Aparicio Silvino Gomes

Slide7:

Aquaculture - GIFT Tilapia Hatchery Brood fish – GIFT Tilapia imported from Malaysia (2015) Production Fingerlings ( 350,000 per month distributed to farmers) Field Farmers School Low cost feed production

Fish and food security in Timor-Leste:

Fish and food security in Timor-Leste Fisheries potential, not importance Fish consumption is very low for an island nation (6.2 kg /person / yr ) – Cultural or availability? Large variation between coastal and inland areas SSF management and governance Increase SSF productivity, access and availability Increase fish consumption, especially in young children Support and enhance fisher livelihoods

Small-scale fisheries research:

Small-scale fisheries research Baseline characterization & productivity SSF stock assessment – landings data (& creel surveys), hydroacoustic surveys, biomass surveys. Fish Aggregation Devices to improve fish availability, food security, nutrition Community based resource management (Tara Bandu ) Women and youth in marine resource use and decision making SSF livelihoods support

Characterising fisheries in TL:

Characterising fisheries in TL About 4000 fishing boats 95 % are very small Colonial history of larger scale Underperforming sector Limited data

Slide11:

Reef focused Gleaning (gender) Sardines Limited pelagic fisheries Opaque offshore fisheries processes Characterising fisheries in TL Low production High value Food security??

Characterising fisheries in TL:

Characterising fisheries in TL

Communities and FADs:

Communities and FADs Beloi Biqueli

Slide14:

Extreme bathymetry ADD picture of Adara reef edge

Catch composition:

C atch composition

Catch composition – IRI by habitat:

REEF FAD DEEP SCAD SCAD LONG TOM FUSILIER GIANT TREVALLY BARRACUDA TUNA SOLDIERFISH Catch composition – IRI by habitat

Slide17:

Adara (FAD) - Monthly CPUE FAD deployed FAD shallow FAD lost

Slide18:

Total CPUE by site

Reef CPUE by site:

Reef CPUE by site

Slide20:

Livelihood diversity and dynamism in Timor-Leste; insights for coastal resource governance and livelihood development David J. Mills, Alexander Tilley, Mario Pereira, Denis Hellebrandt , Avelino Pereira Fernandes, Philippa J. Cohen Asset wealth Food security Income Shocks and vulnerabilities Household Livelihood

Landings capture:

Landings capture

SPOT boat tracking:

SPOT boat tracking Fisheries characterisation by habitat Spatial measurement of effort Identification of important fishing grounds

Slide23:

Obrigado ba tempu !

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