FISH Proposal Overview 27Apr Audio

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FISH: CGIAR Research Program on fish agrifood systems:

FISH: CGIAR Research Program on fish agrifood systems

Background: Why Fish?:

Background: Why Fish? To meet future demand production must double by 2030 Fisheries and aquaculture provide livelihoods for 800 million 3.1 billion people with 20% of their animal protein Three-quarters of the countries where fish contributes more than 1/3 animal protein are low income


, UN panel calls on CGIAR to lead research that will enhance productivity and access to fish by those most in need sustainability


FISH Enhancing the contribution of fisheries and aquaculture to reduce poverty and improve food security and nutrition

Outcomes by 2022: Productivity and Livelihoods:

Outcomes by 2022: Productivity and Livelihoods 4.9m h ouseholds adopt improved breeds, aquafeeds , fish health, aquaculture and fisheries management practices 3.5m p eople assisted to exit poverty through gender-inclusive livelihood improvements

Outcomes by 2022: Food and Nutrition Security:

Outcomes by 2022: Food and Nutrition Security 4.7m more women of reproductive age consume an adequate number of food groups 2.4m fewer people suffering from deficiencies in essential micronutrients, with at least 50% women

Outcomes by 2022: Environment and Ecosystem Services:

Outcomes by 2022: Environment and Ecosystem Services 3.3m ha of ecosystems restored through more productive and equitable management Greenhouse gas emissions reduced by 20% , and water and nutrient use efficiency increased by 10% , in 4.8m metric tons of annual farmed fish production

FISH: Goals and objectives :

FISH: Goals and objectives Goal Achieve sustainable increases in the gender and socially inclusive production and equitable distribution of nutritious fish to improve the livelihoods and nutrition of poor households in priority geographies. Objectives Enable sustainable increases in, and gender and socially equitable livelihood returns from, aquaculture production without creating adverse socio-economic or environmental impacts. Secure and enhance the contribution of small-scale fisheries to gender-equitable poverty reduction and food security in priority geographies. Increase the availability and consumption of safe and nutrient-dense fish, primarily for women of reproductive age, infants and young children.

Flagship 1: Aquaculture:

Flagship 1: Aquaculture Challenges Rapid growth Low production efficiency Diseases Pollution Dependence on wild stocks Dependence on fish-based feed Gender inequities Research needs Breed improvements Fish health Sustainable feeds Environmental management Gender equitable distribution of economic and nutritional benefits

Flagship 2: Small-scale fisheries:

Flagship 2: Small-scale fisheries Challenges Severe pressure from overfishing, particularly in resource-poor regions H ighly complex ecological, social and institutional environments Productivity and sustainability often undermined by poor governance Gender and social inequities Research needs Resilience based analyses and interventions to support improved governance in coastal and inland systems Analysis of trends in context of global food systems Policy research to enhance governance, improve safety nets and build resilience

Flagship 3: Nutrition :

Flagship 3: Nutrition Challenges Lack of diversity in the cereal-based diets of the poor, particularly of women and children Post harvest losses Fish often not integrated in nutrition strategies Low fish consumption by people most in need Research needs Sustainably increase the production of small indigenous fish to grow this source of nutrition for poor consumers Analyze value chains to reduce waste and loss in markets supplying poor consumers Identify routes to increase consumption of fish by poor, reproductive-age women and young children

Geographic Scope:

Geographic Scope 6 focal countries integrating research and development outcomes across all 3 flagships Aquaculture research hub and training center 2 focal countries for specific flagships Hub for learning networks on small-scale fisheries governance

Contributions to SDGs and sub-IDOs:

Contributions to SDGs and sub-IDOs

Contributions to SDGs and sub-IDOs:

Contributions to SDGs and sub-IDOs


FOOD AND NUTRITION SECURITY FOR HEALTH Improved diets for poor and vulnerable people Research flagships and outputs Target SLOs and IDOs Gender-equitable resource access, control of assets, and participation in decision-making Cross-cutting development outcomes Change mechanisms IMPROVED NATURAL RESOURCE SYSTEMS Enhanced benefits from ecosystem goods and services REDUCED POVERTY Increased productivity Increased incomes and employment FP1. SUSTAINABLE AQUACULTURE Improved, elite breeds of tilapia and carp Improved feeds, disease screening and management practices for fish health Improved fish farming practices and farming systems; business and enterprise models FP2. SUSTAINABLE SMALL-SCALE FISHERIES Coastal fisheries management and governance improvements Adaptation and mitigation actions to minimize ecological impacts and negotiate tradeoffs Analysis and scenario development to accelerate adoption of policy and institutional innovations FP3. ENHANCING CONTRIBUTION OF FISH TO NUTRITION AND HEALTH OF THE POOR Nutrition-sensitive aquaculture production innovations Interventions to reduce postharvest waste and loss Nutrition education and communication to increase fish consumption by infants, young children and reproductive-age women CRP-level learning processes Impact assessment addressing progress in program contributions to SLOs and IDOs at scale Outcome evaluation to consolidate program-level learning on impact pathways and refine theories of change (b) Private sector investment and replication of innovative business models (d) Influence on policies and priorities of civil society and development agencies Improved climate resilience in aquaculture production systems and fisheries livelihoods Enhanced institutional capacity in public sector and partner research organizations Shifts in investment patterns to enable fish-based development solutions Improved enabling environment for efficient value chains and equitable livelihoods (a) Local adoption and dissemination of technologies and management practices (c) Public sector policy improvement and institutional strengthening Foresight analysis addressing global, regional and national policy and economic drivers; climate change; priorities and opportunities for technology and institutional innovations CRP impact pathways & theory of change


Research outputs Cluster 1. Fish breeds and genetics Faster-growing and resilient tilapia and carp strains New productivity and resilience traits identified and incorporated into fish breeding programs Knowledge on genomic tools and methods Knowledge on end-user preferences of poor men and women Cluster 2. Fish health, nutrition and feeds Fish disease surveillance and diagnostic tools Sustainable fish feed resources Integrated fish feed and health management packages Knowledge on fish nutrition, health and genetic interactions to inform future fish breeding Cluster 3. Aquaculture systems Models, technology packages and best practices for sustainable intensification and adaptive capacity Inclusive, gender-sensitive approaches to improved fish seed, health, feeds and aquaculture technology Business and entrepreneurial models for smallholder farmers and poor value chain actors Tools, models, and capacity to assess performance and adoption of aquaculture technology innovations Research outcomes Fish farmers and private sector investing in fish disease diagnostic tools, and fish feed and nutrition improvements Public and private agencies and NGOs incorporating fish health and feed management improvements into extension activities Researchers in ARIs, NARS and private sector using research to develop new aquaculture feed and health innovations Public and private sector, NGOs, and donors incorporating validated technologies and best practices into aquaculture extension and development programs Preferences of poor men and women farmers have informed extension system and aquaculture development program investments Public and private sector policies and investments supporting commercial scaling of validated smallholder business and entrepreneurial models Government, private sector, NGOs and donors investing in improved fish breeding programs Policies promoting responsible development and use of improved fish strains Fish breeding programs influenced by preferences of poor men and women end users Researchers and business sector using genomic tools to accelerate genetic gains and sustainability improvements Development outcomes Sub-IDOs Increased livelihood opportunities IDOs Gender-equitable control of productive assets and resources More sustainably managed agro-ecosystems Increasing penetration of fish seed markets by genetically improved tilapia and carp strains Fish farm households have access to and are using faster-growing and resilient strains F ish farming households have increased fish yields and income from adoption of improved fish breeds, feeds, fish health and aquaculture combinations Poor men, women and youth have access to new livelihood opportunities from increased farmed fish production and associated value chain and enterprise development Sustainable intensification of tilapia and carp farming systems delivers fish with reduced greenhouse gas emissions and improved water- and nutrient-use efficiency per unit production Fish farming households have access to aquaculture technologies and systems that enable adaptation to climate change risks and extremes Increased incomes and employment Improved diets for poor and vulnerable people More efficient use of inputs Diversified enterprise opportunities Enhanced capacity of beneficiaries to adopt research output Reduced net greenhouse gas emissions Increased productivity Enhanced adaptive capacity to climate risk 1a Change mechanism 1b 1c 1d 2a 2b 2c 2d 3a 3b 3c 3d Change mechanism 1a 1b 1c 1d 2a 2b 2c 2d 3a 3b 3c 3d Flagship 1. Aquaculture: Impact pathways Enhanced genetic gain Reduced livestock and fish diseases Closed yield gaps through improved agronomic and animal husbandry practices Enhanced individual capacity in partner research organizations


Increased household and community capacity to adapt to hydrological variability Governance and production models for integrated aquaculture and agriculture applied widely, and productivity increased National and regional water management, infrastructure and land-use policies account for SSF rights and access Visibility of SSF functions raised in cross- sectoral NGO and public sector policies Women, youth and men engaged in co-management Tradeoffs between multiple objectives accounted for in co-management models Men and women engaged in alternative livelihood strategies Innovations promoted, spread by NGO and public sector Increased capacity of national and regional institutions to implement SSF-supportive policies Management measures promote gender-equitable resource access, control of assets and benefits for fishery-dependent households Policies and programs better aligned to support improved livelihood opportunities, increased incomes and adaptive capacity Marine and aquatic environments produce higher yields, contributing to livelihoods Increased social-ecological resilience of productive systems under better management 1a 1c 1d 2a 3c 4d 3a 3c 3d Cluster 2. Fish in multifunctional landscapes Assess and refine governance and production models for integrated aquaculture and agriculture Cross-scale governance mechanisms tested and refined to account for impacts of external drivers and competition on SSF Tradeoffs between SSF, infrastructure and land use understood SSF functions for food security and poverty alleviation, and threats, assessed Profile of SSF raised in inter- sectoral agricultural, health, trade and development policy SSF functions better accounted for in trade policy Policies and practices of NGO and public sector informed and responsive to future scenarios Cluster 3. Fish in regional food systems Regional and global analysis of the current state and potential of SSF for food security and wellbeing Impacts of intra-regional and global trade patterns and policies on the pro-poor functions of SSF assessed Foresight analysis of global environmental change on SSF performance Cluster 1. Resilient coastal fisheries Co-management models tested and refined for inclusive governance, food security and sustainability Tradeoffs between sustainability, resilience, food security and wellbeing assessed Alternative livelihood strategies assessed Catalysts to spread innovations identified Cross-scale governance mechanisms identified that support the viability of innovations 1a 1c 1d 2a 3c 4d 3a 3c 3d More sustainably managed agro-ecosystems Increased incomes and employment Improved food and nutrition security for health Increased resilience of agro-ecosystems and communities More productive and equitable management of natural resources Enhanced capacity of youth and women to engage in decision-making Increased livelihood opportunities Increased access to productive assets, including natural resources Enhanced capacity to deal with climatic risks and extremes Gender-equitable control of productive assets and resources Conducive agricultural policy environment Research outputs Research outcomes Development outcomes Sub-IDOs IDOs Change mechanism Change mechanism Flagship 2. Small-scale fisheries: Impact pathways


Reduced biological and chemical hazards in the food system Enhanced capacity of youth and women to engage in decision making Increased availability of diverse nutrient-rich foods Reduced pre- and postharvest losses Increased access to nutrient-rich foods Optimized consumption of diverse nutrient-rich foods Improved diets for poor and vulnerable people •  Private sector and community groups make use of new technologies, making mola broodstock widely accessible •  Harvesting technologies facilitate greater access to fish for women and youth •  Public sector and development agencies adopt policies promoting production technologies that include small fish • Development partners are using nutrition-sensitive fish production models to increase nutrient productivity of fish systems Cluster 2. Reducing waste and loss in fish value chains Integrated value chain assessments of fish flows and market structure, waste, physical and economic loss, and tradeoffs for men, women and youth Processing technologies and products to reduce waste and loss, preserve nutrients, and reduce food safety hazards Improved handling and other innovations to enhance value chain efficiency and consumption by the poor Cluster 3. Fish for nutrition and health of women and children Tools and models for effective behavioral change communication Efficacy studies of fish-based products in first 1000 days of life Scalable models for the production of fish-based products in Bangladesh Fish-based products developed in Tanzania and Cambodia Cluster 1. Nutrition-sensitive aquaculture production Production technologies developed for mola and other nutrient-rich small fish Woman- and youth-friendly harvesting technologies Fisheries models incorporating nutrient-rich fish and nutrient-rich crops 1a 1b 1c 1d 2a 2b 2c 2d 3a 3b 3c 3d 1a 1b 1c 2a 2b 3a 3b 3c 3d •  Value chain actors, including community groups and private sector, increase investment in new processing technologies, and adopt improved handling and storage methods and institutional models •  NARS and development organizations adopt and use innovative nutrition-focused value chain methods to benefit poor consumers •  Policymakers adopt policies that improve fish trade for poor consumers •  Public sector and NGOs integrate fish-related BCC components into nutrition programs •  Public sector adopts fish-based products in feeding programs based on evidence of benefit from efficacy trial(s) •  Local NGOs and private sector are producing fish-based products in Bangladesh Women, children and youth have regular access to nutrient-rich small fish from their own ponds or rice field fisheries, allowing increased consumption of fish by these target groups Fish waste and losses, including nutritional losses, are reduced and food safety is improved for low-income consumers   Fish value chains better meet the needs of poor consumers   Low-income women and men consumers are able to afford to buy more fish Consumers, and in particular pregnant women and young children, have equitable access to fish-based products   Mothers demonstrate increased willingness to provide fish and fish-based products to young children Research outputs Research outcomes Development outcomes Sub-IDOs IDOs Change mechanism Change mechanism Flagship 3. Nutrition: Impact pathways

Gender equity outcomes:

Gender equity outcomes Fish breeding and feed development that address needs of women producers SSF management and governance for equitable benefits Nutrition-sensitive aquaculture systems that respond to women’s needs Gender-equitable improvements in value chains Increased equity in intra-household food sharing Strengthened commitment to gender equity from researchers and government, civil society and private partners

Youth outcomes:

Youth outcomes Increase opportunities for socially just, safe and rewarding youth employment and entrepreneurship in aquaculture and SSF value chains Research on governance, management and technological innovations to promote: youth participation and representation in decision making access to training & credit other enablers of employment and entrepreneurship

CGIAR Synergies:

CGIAR Synergies PIM Policies, Institutions and Markets Analysis of aquaculture technology through global foresight modeling Jointly develop and leverage comparative lessons and tools regarding value chain assessment, gender equity in livelihoods, and policies to improve natural resource governance CCAFS Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security Identify and promote adaptation options most appropriate to expected future climate regimes, including aquaculture technology and resilient coastal livelihoods A4NH Agriculture for Nutrition and Health Strengthen evidence on nutritional outcomes and disseminating cost-effective solutions for nutrition sensitive fish production Partner on risk assessment and mitigation for fish food safety WLE Water, Land and Ecosystems Ensure dialogues on water resources infrastructure address fisheries outcomes Partner to optimize water management in crop and fish production

Managing partners:

Managing partners

Next steps:

Next steps Ongoing partnership discussions to plan site integration in focus countries Ongoing bilateral fundraising to support key areas of research Initial review by ISPC in mid June Revisions by end July Final approval decision by Nov 2016 Implementation from Jan 2017 FISH and other phase 2 CGIAR Research Program proposals available here .

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