Learning to Love IDOs

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In WorldFish and in our CRPs talk is increasingly about Intermediate Development Outcomes, or IDOs. But what is an IDO? Why do we need them? And why are they going to influence just about everything we do, from priority setting through to impact assessment? In this Food for Thought, Boru Douthwaite (AAS), Jens Peter Dalsgaard (L&F) and Doug Beare (CCAFS) join with Ranjitha Puskur and Patrick Dugan to answer these questions and more. We hope to leave you with a sense that IDOs offer a real opportunity to make our research more relevant and effective. Presented at WorldFish HQ, 17th April 2013

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Learning to Love IDOs:

Learning to Love IDOs Food for Thought Seminar Boru Douthwaite, Doug Beare , Jens Peter Dalsgaard , Ranjitha Puskur Wednesday 17 April, 2013

The e-mail….:

The e-mail….

What is an IDO?:

What is an IDO? “Intermediate development outcomes (IDOs) represent changes that occur in the medium term that are intended to affect positively the welfare of the targeted population or environment, and which result, in part , from research carried out by the CGIAR and its partners. IDOs are attributable to CRP-level activities and are necessary precursors and logically linked to the System Level Outcomes [e.g. impact].” ( Independent Science and Partnership Council 2012b: 3 )

What is an IDO?:

What is an IDO? SLOs

What is an impact pathway? What is a theory of change?:

What is an impact pathway? What is a theory of change? Impact pathway The logical sequence of activities and outcomes that gets you to impact; the “boxes” Theory of change The underpinning logic Nested Predictions

IDO design principles:

IDO design principles Determined by the strategic objectives of the CRP IDOs embedded in Impact Pathways Each IDO focuses on a single important dimension of the CRP’s contribution to the SLOs (i.e. to impact) 9-12 year time horizon Pro poor and gender dimensions made explicit in all Dedicated gender IDO may be appropriate. Targets framed at the level enabling environment or direct benefits.

Common CRP IDOs:

Common CRP IDOs Improved productivity in pro-poor food systems Increased and stable access to food commodities by rural and urban poor Increased consumption of safe, nutritious foods by the poor, especially among nutritionally vulnerable women and children Increased and more equitable income from agricultural and natural resource management and environmental services earned by low income value chain actors Increased control of assets , inputs , decision-making and benefits by women and other marginalized groups Increased capacity to innovate within low income and vulnerable rural communities allowing them to seize new opportunities to improve livelihoods and increase household income Increased capacity to adapt to environmental and economic variability, shocks and longer term changes in low income communities Additional policies supporting sustainable and equitable agricultural and natural resource management developed and adopted by agricultural, conservation and development organizations, national governments and international bodies Minimized adverse environmental effects of increased production and intensification Greater resilience of agricultural/forest/water based/mixed crop livestock, aquatic systems through enhanced ecosystem services Increased carbon sequestration and reduction of greenhouse gases through improved agriculture and natural resources management

Why do we need IDOs?:

Why do we need IDOs? Consortium Needs an effective performance management system Improve aggregate outcome reporting Encourage donors to put more money into W1 and W2 For CRPs, the PMS will: Streamline CRP reporting to donors (through Consortium becoming a ‘intermediate investment vehicle’ Help drive CRP outcome culture Help CRP priority setting

Who is developing them?:

Who is developing them? CRP effort CRP IDO Working Group CRP IDO Design Team ISPC effort Initial framing Links from IDOs to SLOs Consortium Office Championing Facilitating

Progress to date?:

Progress to date? CRP cooperation in Cali Emerging consensus Examples from 3 CRPs AAS CCAFS L&F

AAS IDOs and Targets: Gender:

AAS IDOs and Targets: Gender Proposed common IDO (#5) Increased control by women and other marginalized groups of assets, inputs, decision-making and benefits It is about control and not just access – significant and welcome departure for CG Needs changes in gender and social norms, roles, behaviours and attitudes In line with gender transformative approaches of AAS

PowerPoint Presentation:

Gender and development analysis, methods and tools focused on AAS development challenges Changes in gender roles and norms Improved access of women and poor to assets, resources, technologies, knowledge, skills, social networks, markets and services Improved adaptive capacity and risk management of women and poor Gender equity enabling policies and institutional arrangements Improved range of quality and life choices available for women and poor Enhanced engagement of women and poor in markets Improved incomes for women and poor Improved diet quality, quantity and diversity Improved participation and leadership of women and poor in community initiatives Impacts Proposed AAS Gender Impact Pathway 1 Research Outputs Outcomes Analysis, tools and methods used to design and implement gender transformative RinD strategies and interventions in AAS Improved capacity and skills of women and poor Gender equitable systems and structures Improved decision making of women and poor within households and communities

Sample ToC - Women & men in communities (work in progress):

Sample ToC - Women & men in communities (work in progress) Enable & take on leadership roles in the community Share domestic work burdens Support and reinforce more equitable gender norms & roles Enable & exercise more equitable choice & decision making in the HH & beyond Learn & practice new negotiation skills Increase self expression & perceived choices Critically reflect on gender & social norms Legitimacy of women’s leadership in recognized spaces Legitimacy of spaces women already exert power New rules Legitimacy of equitable gender division of labor Legitimacy of who belongs in public spaces Increase self esteem & confidence Inclusive economic growth and more livelihood opps

How do we track changes?:

How do we track changes? Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture Index ( WEAI ) proposed as the principal indicator Developed by IFPRI, USAID ( FtF ), Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative ( OPHI ) Survey based – combines qualitative + quantitative data 5 Dimensions considered Production decisions Resource use decisions Income use and expenditure decisions Community leadership Leisure time available + Gender Parity Index – inequality within household Opportunity to improve this indicator

AAS IDOs and Targets: Income IDO:

AAS IDOs and Targets: Income IDO AAS adaptation of IDO : Increased and more equitable income earned by low income value chain actors in aquatic agricultural systems , with an increased share captured by women. Specific CRP targets (within 12 years): 50 % increase in income from AAS value chains in 500,000 poor households in the Polder Zone of Bangladesh, with 40% of that income earned by women 60% increase in income from AAS value chains in 50,000 poor households in the Barotse floodplain of Zambia, with 40% of that income earned by women 30% increase in income from AAS value chains in 80,000 poor households in the Tonle Sap region of Cambodia, with 40% of that income earned by women

CCAFS examples:

CCAFS examples Greater gender equity in decision making and control over resource use, management and benefits are improved through womens’ empowerment Enhanced food security through better climate-informed management by key international, regional and national agencies of food crisis reponse, post-crisis recovery, and food trade delivery. C sequestration increased and greenhouse gas emissions reduced through improved agriculture and natural resources management in key target countries.

CCAFs outcomes for 2012:

CCAFs outcomes for 2012 What is the outcome of the research (use of research results by non-research partners) ? What outputs produced in the three preceding years resulted in that outcome? What partners helped in producing the outcome? Who used the output? How was the output used? What is the evidence for this outcome: Specifically, what kind of study was conducted to show the connection between the research and the outcome? Who conducted it? Please provide a reference or source.

CCAFs Indicators (sample of 34) :

CCAFs Indicators (sample of 34) % of flagship products produced that have explicit target of women farmers/NRM managers Number of ”tools” produced by CRP Number of open access databases maintained by CRP Number of targeted agro-ecosystems analysed/characterised by CRP Number of trainees in short-term programs facilitated by CRP (female) % of technologies under research that have an explicit target of women farmers Number of agro-ecosystems for which innovations (technologies, policies, practices, integrative approaches) and options for improvement at system level have been developed and are being field tested (Phase II) Numbers of Policies/ Regulations/ Administrative Procedures analyzed Number of hectares under improved technologies or management practices as a result of CRP research

PowerPoint Presentation:

L&F IDOs: The program currently has 6 Intermediate Development Outcomes (IDOs ) , all of which will be achieved through the value chain impact pathway and rely on the program’s research outcomes. The International Public Goods (IPG) Impact Pathway will build on the achievements in the targeted value chains and prepare more widespread second generation development outcomes.

PowerPoint Presentation:

L&F IDOs 1-3: Increased livestock productivity in small-scale production systems for the target commodities [1] Increased quantity of the target commodity supplied from the target small-scale production and marketing systems [2] Increased employment and income for low-income actors in the target value chains, with an increased share of employment for and income controlled by low-income women [4,5]

PowerPoint Presentation:

L&F IDOs 4-6: The target commodity responsible for filling a larger share of the nutrient gap for the poor, particularly for nutritionally vulnerable populations ( women of reproductive age and young children ) [3 ] Lower environment impacts and higher benefits per unit of commodity produced in the target value chains [9] Policies ( including investments ) and development actors recognize and support the development of the small-scale production and marketing systems, and seek to increase the participation of women within these [8]

PowerPoint Presentation:

L&F Impact Pathway 3.0 (January 2013)

Next steps:

Next steps March – Apr: discuss 2 nd CRP call ideas / decide on synchronization per 31/12/2014 April-May next revisions to CRP IDOs June 18 – 28: donor and partner feedback on CRP IDOs September: CRP IDOs collated and submitted to Consortium July – Oct: interested CRPs design 2014 performance pilots Oct – Nov: Guidance & Process for CRP call 2015-17 to CB/FC Dec: call for CRP proposals 2015-17 issued Adapted from F. Rijsberman

‘Goldfish Bowl’ Structured Conversation:

‘Goldfish Bowl’ Structured Conversation

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