FishBase and SeaLifeBase: current status and efforts

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Presented by Nicolas Bailly and Maria Lourdes (Deng) Palomares at WorldFish, Penang, Malaysia, 25 June 2012 The current status of FishBase and SeaLifeBase will be presented: data available, current projects, links with AquaMaps, near future focuses, etc. The current efforts to publish reports on complete marine species list by area will be presented, which would lead to propose complete list by country. This is a change in our usual methodology that requires some explanations. Nicolas will also briefly report on the last week Fish Barcode conference and the interest for studies conducted by WorldFish around the world to facilitate and improve finfish (and other groups) identification.

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FishBase and SeaLifeBase: current status and efforts to complete lists by areas:

FishBase and SeaLifeBase: current status and efforts to complete lists by areas Nicolas Bailly WorldFish Center Maria Lourdes Palomares University of British Columbia and FIN / ABIO Philippines Hosted in IRRI, Los Baños Fish For Food Seminar Series 25 June 2012, WorldFish Center, Penang, Malaysia

Outline:

Outline FishBase status and projects: also recommendation for citing fish species numbers SeaLifeBase status and projects Reminder on AquaMaps and Catalogue of Life Efforts to get complete lists by country Fish-BoL: barcoding for quick identification

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9 FishBase Consortium Members WorldFish Center Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Leibniz Institute of Marine Sciences, Kiel Swedish Museum of Natural History Africamuseum, Tervuren Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle Fisheries Centre, University of British Columbia Aristotle University of Thessaloniki Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences

Database versions:

Database versions FishBase (FB): www.fishbase.org 10 June 2012 SeaLifeBase (SLB): www.sealifebase.org 19 June 2012 Catalog of Fishes (CofF) W.N. Eschmeyer research.calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp 07 June 2012

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32,423 species-group taxa; 156 species have 241 subspecies 32,182 species [ CofF June 2012: 32,315 ] 91,983 “synonyms” [84,988 names + 6,995 misident.] 298,938 common names in 299 languages for 258 “countries” 177,750 country rec. for 295 “countries” 30,328 subcountry rec. for 147 “subcountries” for 6 “countries” 125,509 ecosystem records for 729 “ecosystems” 58,581 FAO area records for 27 areas 16,079 morphology records 1,651 identification keys for 8,142 species 51,590 fish images for 16,977 species 47,403 bibliographic references [579,018 citation rec.] (~3 million rec.; >200 tables, ~60 main) FB drown by numbers (as of 10 June 2012)

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64,106 species 124,614 valid species names 150,844 “synonyms” 26,114 common names 143,773 country rec 9,924 subcountry rec. 80,805 ecosystem rec. 82,360 FAO area records 1,846 morphology records 0 9,948 fish images for 16,977 species 15,200 bibliographic references [201,043 citation rec.] SLB drown by numbers (as of 19 June 2012)

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Refer to the page in CofF “ Species by Family/Subfamily ” for the most updated numbers of species in general

Number of valid species by environment:

Number of valid species by environment CofF FB Total: 32,315 32,423 Fresh: 15,784 16,032 Strictly/All 44%/50% 45%/52% Marine: 17,157 17,057 Strictly/All 47% /53% 46%/53% Brackish: 2,771 2,985 Diadromous : 739 761

Number of species described per year:

Number of species described per year

Number of species described per year (1982-2011):

Number of species described per year (1982-2011) 9,654 described (322 / yr); 9,051 valid 603 already put in synonymy, 6.2% - comp 46% total One new fish species described per day for the last 15 years

Cumulated number of species described per year:

Cumulated number of species described per year

www.worldfish.de/sci.htm:

www.worldfish.de/sci.htm

Fishes of the World (Nelson) 4 editions and CofF 2012:

Fishes of the World (Nelson) 4 editions and CofF 2012 Year Total Marine # % Freshw # % Diadr 1976 18,818 11,967 64% 6,851 36% n.g. 1984 21,723 13,312 61% 8,411 39% n.g. 1994 24,618 14,153 57% 9,966 40% 499 2006 27,977 15,520 55% 11,952 43% 505 2012 32,315 16,032 51% 15,044 47% 739

Number of species per ocean:

Number of species per ocean 419 148 6,430 11,493 5,129 180 201 1,571 1,074 1,298 3,812 686

Number of species per FAO area:

Number of species per FAO area 3507 1810 5093 5369 893 748 7 148 1124 1115 2408 1704 783 1779 1775 250 4396 4648 4116 6408 2228 1878 168 5268 708 250

Number of species per FAO area without introduced species:

Number of species per FAO area without introduced species 3458 1741 5031 5267 828 659 3 148 1122 1109 2408 1704 686 1777 1775 250 4393 4646 4106 6405 2222 1876 168 5264 704 250

Belize:

Belize This contribution was made possible through collaboration between the Sea Around Us Project (UBC, Vancouver, Canada), the SeaLifeBase Project (funded by the Oak Foundation, Geneva, Switzerland), and FishBase Information and Research Group (Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines).

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Belize in FishBase

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Belize in SeaLifeBase

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Belize in SeaLifeBase

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Includes 21 contributions, some of which were not presented in this conference.

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FishBase and SeaLifeBase data from >1000 scientific articles listed in a bibliography provided here, about 500 of which are made available in pdf format in this website. Belize in Sea Around Us

What are these databases useful for?:

What are these databases useful for? Though our data recovery work continues, the critical mass of data presented through FishBase and SeaLifeBase can be used as a starting point for more detailed initiatives, for example national species assessments.

Red List:

Red List 252 species occurring in Belize; 54% vertebrates; 46% invertebrates. 29 sharks and rays 98 bony fishes

Red List:

Red List 18% threatened; EX: West Indian monk seal; CR: staghorn and elkhorn corals; hawksbill and leatherback turtles;

CITES:

CITES Includes transient species of marine mammals; Caiman and American crocodiles; Green, Hawksbill, Leatherback, Loggerhead turtles; Hard corals and Fire corals; Pink conch; FishBase does not have the CITES table yet. 85 species listed occurring in Belize

Complete country lists in FishBase: basis for FAO areas:

Complete country lists in FishBase: basis for FAO areas So far in FB, use of secondary literature (FAO catalogues, large ichthyofaunas, national checklists and ichthyofaunas) Change of procedure using a baseline reference for all species / freshwaters / marine coastal / marine deep sea Adding references from that reference to keep the list complete Take into account occurrence data

Collaborations:

Collaborations Have national contact colleagues for a closer collaboration Develop tools for a better monitoring When possible, better to link with national databases to get the national status of occurrences, while linking for details within country Just starting a table with minimal trade size (in the Mediterranean)

South Pacific Islands:

South Pacific Islands Pitcairn Is. Kermadec Is. Juan Fernandez Is. Desventuradas Is. Easter I.

Pitcairn Is.:

Pitcairn Is.

Pitcairn Is.:

Pitcairn Is.

Kermadec Is.:

Kermadec Is.

Kermadec Is.:

Kermadec Is.

Kermadec Is.:

Kermadec Is.

Desventuradas Is.:

Desventuradas Is.

Example of Crozet and Kerguelen Islands:

Example of Crozet and Kerguelen Islands Baseline reference: Duhamel, G., N. Gasco and P. Davaine , 2005. Poissons des îles Kerguelen et Crozet. Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle , Patrimoines naturels : France. Vol. 63:419 p. Kerguelen Crozet

Number of species in Kerguelen Is.:

Number of species in Kerguelen Is. Kerguelen Is. Endemic Native Intro- duced Quest-ionable Stray Doubtful Not esta-blished Misiden-tification Error FB 2 106 7 1 6 3 1 15 5 Ask Coord     3             New Species   2       New records       5 2 Ask Coord         Book 2 104 4 1 6 3 1 10 3 Undescribed 6       Ask Coord                   Present 112       minus   Potential 125       minus   Doubtful 6         Not present 21          

Number of species in Crozet Is.:

Number of species in Crozet Is. Crozet Is. Endemic Native Intro-duced Quest- ionable Stray Doubtful Not esta-blished Misiden-tification Error FB (2012) 5 72       3   5 1 Ask Coord                   New Species 6       New records 1     1 1 1 Ask Coord         Book (2005)   65       2   4   Undescribed 0       Ask Coord 0                 Present 77       minus   Potential 77       minus   Doubtful 3         Not present 6          

Fish-BoL: www.fishbol.org:

Fish-BoL: www.fishbol.org www.boldsystems.org

Principle:

Principle One (part of) gene sequenced for all animals: mitochondrial CO-I Sequence associated with a voucher specimen with validated identification Computation of genetic distance for identification Some known issues: groups where it does not work, hybrids, …

Importance for WorldFish work:

Importance for WorldFish work Paradigm shift about number of fish species: the case of Neotropical region Will have implication on natural resources management (both exploitation and conservation) Quick identification in many situations, now better than specialists Identify genetic resource, e.g., for genetically improved strains Importance of keeping voucher specimens + tissues

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Maraming Salamat Po