The More Meat Milk and Fish CRP and its implementation in Egypt


Presentation Description

Presented by Drs. Tom Randolph, ILRI and Malcolm Beveridge, WorldFish Center, 8th February 2012


Presentation Transcript

More milk, meat, and fishby and for the poor : 

More milk, meat, and fishby and for the poor WorldFish Institute Penang 8 February 2012 CGIAR Research Program 3.7

Slide 2: 

CGIAR Context CG Change Invitation to develop Mega Program on: Sustainable staple food productivity increase for global food security: Livestock and fish Emphasis on increasing production/productivity for food security….. Livelihoods, protecting eco-services addressed by other CG Research Programs (CRPs)

Slide 3: 

Recent history April 2010-July 2011: Proposal developed Several stakeholder consultations January 2012: Official start

Slide 4: 

Goal More milk, meat and fish by and for the poor To sustainably increase the productivity of small-scale livestock and fish systems to increase the availability and affordability of animal-source foods for poor consumers and, in doing so, reduce poverty through greater participation by the poor along the whole value chains for animal-source foods.

Basic Idea: Solution-driven R4D to achieve impact : 

Past research has focused specific aspectsof given value chains, commodities and country. Country A Country D Country C Country B Basic Idea: Solution-driven R4D to achieve impact Traditional approach was piecemeal.

Slide 6: 

R4D integrated to transform selected value chains In targeted commodities and countries. Value chain development team + research partners We propose a focus on integrated value-chains for bigger impact . . . Approach: Solution-driven R4D to achieve impact

Slide 7: 

Strategic CRP 3.7 Cross-cutting Platforms Technology Generation Market Innovation Targeting & Impact R4D integrated to transform selected value chains In targeted commodities and countries. Value chain development team + research partners GLOBAL RESEARCH PUBLIC GOODS INTERVENTIONS TO SCALE OUT REGIONALLY . . . combined with strategic cross-cutting platforms for scaling out. Major intervention with development partners Approach: Solution-driven R4D to achieve impact

The vision for impact : 

CRP3.7 Prepare intervention The vision for impact Time 10 years Initial steps: Engages with R&D partners and stakeholders in value chain – catalyst role Rapid assessment Identify best-bet set of interventions Test and generate evidence base Stimulate development investment for going to scale

Slide 9: 

CRP3.7 Prepare intervention Development Partners $90m Performance Target: double production in x poor households Knowledge Partners $10m Time 10 years Going to scale in a development intervention

Slide 10: 

CRP3.7 Prepare intervention Development Partners $90m Performance Target: double production in x poor households Knowledge Partners $10m Time 10 years CRP3.7 Strategic Research $10m Generating IPGs while seeing it through to impact

Slide 11: 

CRP3.7 Prepare intervention Development Partners $90m Performance Target: double production in x poor households Scaling out Knowledge Partners $10m Time 10 years CRP3.7 Strategic Research $10m And facilitating further scaling out

Delivering CRP3.7 Livestock + Fish : 

Delivering CRP3.7 Livestock + Fish Structure: Three integrated Components

Slide 13: 

3 Sub-Components per Component Technology Development Animal health Livestock & fish genetics (M. Okeyo) Feeds Value Chain Development Sectoral & policy analysis Value chain assessment Value chain innovation Targeting, Gender, Impact Spatial, systems and household analysis and targeting Gender and equity M&E and impact assessment

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Slide 15: 

3-year Budget Envelope by Center TOTAL = US$99.6 million

3-year Budget Envelope by Component : 

3-year Budget Envelope by Component TOTAL = US$99.6 million

Slide 17: 

Opportunities? Potential scientific synergies to explore Genetics, health, feeds Value chain analysis & innovation Potential institutional synergies to cultivate Geographical overlap in Uganda Shared infrastructure, staff?

More milk, meat, and fishby and for the poor : 

More milk, meat, and fishby and for the poor Thank you.

Implementing the More Meat, Milk and Fish CGIAR Research Program in Egypt : 

Implementing the More Meat, Milk and Fish CGIAR Research Program in Egypt Malcolm Beveridge, Gamal El Naggar Malcolm Dickson

overview : 

overview Egypt - 1999-2011 Egypt - 2012 onwards MMMF CRP Implementing the MMMF CRP in Egypt existing research projects SDC proposal development implementation the other CRPs in Egypt WorldFish Aquaculture Research and Training Center, Abbassa

Slide 21: 

research and capacity building 1999-2011

Abbassa Aquaculture Research & Training Center : 

Abbassa Aquaculture Research & Training Center 1997 ARC facilities at the Central Laboratory for Aquaculture Research (CLAR), Abbassa, Sharkia made available to the Center 62 hectares 52 hectares: - 162 production ponds, plus small experimental ponds 10 hectares offices, training facilities, laboratories, accommodation - extensive refurbishment with assistance from JICA Nile Delta

focus and drivers - initial : 

focus and drivers - initial Mission, Vision, Goals, Strategy global ‘.. to initiate worldwide research programs in support of NARS and strengthen the Center’s global research and related activities..’ national develop national research capabilities in fisheries and aquaculture collaborative research capacity building

MTP-driven research agenda : 

MTP-driven research agenda Productive Technologies ponds; stocking and feeding Environment use of pond sediments Markets and Trade VCA Global Drivers water productivity Governance fishing communities

what’s to celebrate? : 

what’s to celebrate? >a decade of helping Egypt become Africa’s largest aquaculture producer research increased productivity and profitability >90 scientific papers productive strains of genetically improved tilapias and African catfish capacity building 1500 trainees from 101 countries strong partnerships skilled, experienced staff

Slide 26: 

Egypt 2012 - onwards

CGIAR and WorldFish Strategic Objectives : 

Strategic Objectives 10 year time horizon. The context within which our own strategy must fit. Food for People Environment for People Policy for People CGIAR and WorldFish Strategic Objectives CGIAR Strategy and Results Framework integration across the CGIAR partnerships

vehicles for impact - CGIAR Research Programs : 

vehicles for impact - CGIAR Research Programs 28

More Meat, Milk and Fish CRP : 

More Meat, Milk and Fish CRP

More Meat, Milk and Fish CRP - goals : 

More Meat, Milk and Fish CRP - goals increase production of affordable fish increased consumption better health outcomes among poor and vulnerable productive, profitable technologies that sustain ecosystem services increase employment and secure more equitable benefits throughout the value chain, especially for the poor and marginalized (women; youth)

the strategic cross-cutting program elements : 

the strategic cross-cutting program elements Technology Development delivers the productivity gains feeds; genetics; health; environment VC Development and Innovation provides the demand-driven context for technologies partnerships; action research; capacity building; piloting interventions Targeting and Impact enables the processes and measures success governance; equitable share of benefits for women and vulnerable groups; monitoring and assessing impacts; sustainability integrated organic fish and horticulture farm, Egypt

Slide 32: 

which fish value chains?

rationale - need : 

rationale - need Africa: the aquaculture sector has the greatest need of support to develop at scale two countries: focus, focus, focus … screening criteria need fish is a high proportion of total animal protein intake national food and nutrition security assessments indicate current situation as ‘low’ or ‘at risk’ baseline production indicates potential for effective intervention

rationale - potential : 

rationale - potential 1Source: World Health Statistics (2010) 2Source: Speedy (2003). Global Production and Consumption of Animal Source Foods. Journal of Nutrition. 133: 4048S- 4053S; 3FAOStat (online query) markets for fish developed to a scale that will support a value scale focus potential to meet demand within 5-7 years

Egyptian aquaculture - in context : 

Egyptian aquaculture - in context 84% 85%* source: FAO Fishstat 200 400 600 800 1000 thousand tonnes 2000 2001 2002 2004 2005 2003 2006 2007 2009 2010 2008 year *est. per capita consumption = 15.4 kg

rationale - partnerships : 

rationale - partnerships in-line with national/ regional and international development agencies’ policies NGO development partners have identified aquaculture value chains as fruitful areas for investment

rationale - opportunities for learning : 

rationale - opportunities for learning Uganda Egypt

Slide 38: 

implementing the More Meat, Milk and Fish CRP in Egypt

Slide 39: 

More Meat, Milk & Fish – existing projects VC Development & Innovation FAO ‘Big Numbers’ (2011) Technology Development animal health development of genetically improved strains (EC) better feeds and feed use environment (Dutch Government; 2010-2011) Targeting and Impact

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More Meat, Milk & Fish – mind the gap! we have (most of ) the staff and facilities we have the partners bottom line: a major gap between our ambitions for the MMMF in Egypt, as set out in the proposal, and reality new project – SDC

Slide 41: 

Egyptian SDC proposal development

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pre-proposal study CN pre-proposal VCA in principal governorates specialist background study of sector and its governance Upper Egypt (El Meniya) timing pre-proposal work August-September proposal submission October

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industry organizations producer organizations ministries NGOs organizations and pressure groups regulations political parties standards production inputs and services transport and processing marketing consumption the value chain in its institutional framework

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value chain analysis and development source:

Slide 45: 

VCA - methodology planning field work data entry and analysis report writing from: Macfadyen et al. 2011

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VCA - questionnaires Governorate Fish farmers Fish traders and wholesalers Fish retailers Totals

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VCA – data

Slide 48: 

Fish Farms Stock in April and harvest in Sep–Dec i.e. 8-9 months Sell 99% of the fish harvested Average annual sales volumes and values : 94 tonnes and LE 890,000 All product sold live, or fresh (w/wo ice) 8.3 full-time jobs per 100 tonnes sold Av. size 265 g tilapia, 409 g grey mullet, 216 g thin- lipped mullet and 1481 g catfish Retail Sector (and food service sectors) Keep fish <1 day Sell 99% of fish purchased Average annual sales volumes and values of 65 tonnes and LE 940,000 Domestic sales only Almost all product sold live, or fresh (w/wo ice) but small quantities cooked/grilled 4.6 full-time jobs per 100 tonnes sold Fish traders/ wholesalers Keep fish for <1 day Sell 99% of fish purchased Average sales volumes and values per year of 1112 tonnes and LE 11.9 million All product sold live, or fresh (w/wo ice) 0.9 full-time jobs per 100 tonnes sold Sell / deliver to Inputs : Feed, fry, capital, land, labour, fertiliser, power/electricity, water, nets, pumps, generators, transport/vehicles, ice Inputs : Transport/vehicles, ice, labour, boxes, power/electricity, buildings Inputs : Transport/vehicles, ice, labour, buildings, power/electricity, fridges, freezers, cookers Sell / deliver to aquaculture value chain map from: Macfadyen et al. (2011)

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key institutions, roles and influence Institution Key function and responsibility in relation to aquaculture

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VCA – key findings no exports – short and simple VC no processing – all fish sold fresh or live little spoilage employment is around 14 FTEs per 100 tonnes evenly divided between youth and older workers females mainly in retail producers receive 72% final consumer price from: Macfadyen et al. 2011

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VCA - key findings production costs = $US 1300 t-1 feed accounts for 67% total costs operational costs dominate all VC segments critical factors affecting producers include poor fry, poor stocking, poor feed management

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VCA - key problems & market-based solutions problems poor fry, stocking and feed management penetration of poor rural markets institutional framework proposed solutions increase productivity, profitability, sustainability increase employment for women expand aquaculture in El Mineya improve policy & regulatory environments

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Egyptian SDC proposal

Slide 54: 

SDC project – key goals to increase industry sustainability and labour demand by improving profitability through increased use of improved breeds of tilapia increased capacity of farmers to use improved technologies to improve the effectiveness of POS, particularly support to farmers, in target governorates to increase employment of women in fish retailing to increase employment through the expansion of aquaculture in Upper Egypt to ensure government policies and agencies work in support of an efficient and sustainable value chain

Slide 55: 

SDC project – costs & estimated beneficiaries Project award: $ 4.2 million (2011 – 2014)

Slide 56: 

Outcome Area 1 – increased production, profits improved broodstock distributed to partner multiplication hatcheries improved seed distributed to farms 400 farmers trained in BMPs and 1200 secondary farmers exposed to BMPs obstacles to dissemination of improved seed and use of BMPs identified, together with actions to address these photo: Nabil Ahmed Ibrahim and Mohamed Yehia Abou Zaid

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Outcome Area 2 – increased jobs for women women retailer groups organized in target governorates actions to support these groups agreed and pursued analysis of opportunities for employment in post-harvest photo: Graeme Macfadyen

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Outcome Area 3 – expansion in El Meniya assessment of sites agreed program of actions for pro-poor producer expansion barriers to uptake, and actions necessary to address these, identified outstanding questions identified and research agenda implemented photo: Graeme Macfadyen

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Outcome Area 4 – improving policy environment workshop reports and policy recommendations addressing key sector constraints and opportunities list of key questions that still need to be answered to pursue further sector development in ways that benefit employment dialogue underway with policy-makers on key policy recommendations

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Outcome Area 5 – improved health and nutrition help improve nutrition and health of poor consumers ?

Slide 61: 

SDC project implementation

Slide 62: 

SDC project – impacts, outcomes, outputs

Slide 63: 

project implementation - timeline

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SDC project – mapping to CRP milestones

Slide 65: 

implementation – inception workshops project team building workshop PL appointed (DR Malcolm Dickson) project inception workshop with partners

the other CRPsin Egypt : 

the other CRPsin Egypt

which CRPs in Egypt? : 

which CRPs in Egypt? 2012 all present work in Egypt contributes to the More Meat, Milk and Fish CRP hypothesis 2015 More Meat, Milk and Fish - ? Agriculture, Health and Nutrition - ? Climate Change and Agriculture and Food Supply – ?

key questions : 

key questions Agriculture, Nutrition and Health CRP how can aquaculture in Egypt contribute improve health and nutrition outcomes? Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security CRP how is climate change likely to affect food production in Egypt, and can resilience among Egyptian fish farmers be built? source: Abbassa

Slide 69: 

thank you thanks Graeme Macfadyen; Jane Edge; CARE, CLAR and WorldFish staff; VCA workshop participants from Behira, El-Meniya, Fayoum, Kafr-el-Sheikh and Sharkia Governorates, Egypt

Slide 70: 

target value chains need potential partnerships opportunity for learning

.. from piecemeal research for development : 

Consumers Consumers Country A Consumers Country C Country B .. from piecemeal research for development

.. to integrated Research in Development : 

.. to integrated Research in Development Value Chain Development team + research partners

Slide 73: 

project steering group chaired by CARE; bi-annual meet foster effective management between project partners oversee M & E, review progress and identify issues to be addressed to improve project implementation identify policy issues impacting the project and advise how best to pursue identify any additional partners required

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policy engagement - policy advisory committee purpose – liaise with key sectors of government and other key players review progress of the project and identify implications for national policy and practice inform the project of changes in government policy and engagement in the project and advise help identify priorities for and organize national policy workshops to improve policy engagement

Slide 75: 

relation of SDC project to MMF CRP M & E system to ensure accountability and feedback implementation and outcome indicators basis for ex-post impact assessment to facilitate across value chain impacts on poverty and hunger

Slide 76: 

SDC project – target governorates

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management, governance and implementation

Slide 78: 

project organization chaired by WorldFish; monthly meet lead development of Operational Plans oversee all staff and consultants and ensure focus on priorities identify and pursue actions with partners ensure project M&E procedures are pursued effectively ensure project reporting is carried out well

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