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Social Dimensions of Sustainable Development Part 2: 

Social Dimensions of Sustainable Development Part 2 Dr. Kazi F. Jalal Faculty Harvard Extension School ENVR: E115 12/18/07 Lecture #13

Social Dimensions of Sustainable Development: 

Social Dimensions of Sustainable Development Poverty Reduction Participatory Development Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) Gender and Development _____________________________________ 5. Involuntary Resettlement 6. Indigenous Peoples 7. Social Exclusion 8. Social Analysis

5. Involuntary Resettlement: 

5. Involuntary Resettlement

General Principles of Involuntary Resettlement Policy: 

General Principles of Involuntary Resettlement Policy Source: ADB, 1998

General Principles of Involuntary Resettlement Policy: 

General Principles of Involuntary Resettlement Policy Source: ADB, 1998

General Principles of Involuntary Resettlement Policy: 

General Principles of Involuntary Resettlement Policy Source: ADB, 1998

General Principles of Involuntary Resettlement Policy: 

General Principles of Involuntary Resettlement Policy Source: ADB, 1998

Preparing Resettlement Cost Estimates and Budget: 

Preparing Resettlement Cost Estimates and Budget Resettlement preparation and compensation Relocation and transfer Income restoration plans Administrative costs Source: ADB, 1998

Resettlement in Different Project Types: 

Resettlement in Different Project Types Source: ADB, 1998

Resettlement in Different Project Types: 

Resettlement in Different Project Types Source: ADB, 1998

Resettlement Plan Outline: 

Resettlement Plan Outline Scope of land acquisition and resettlement Socioeconomic information Objectives, policy frameworks and entitlements Consultation and grievance redress Relocation of housing and settlements Income restoration strategy

6. Indigenous Peoples: 

6. Indigenous Peoples

Characteristics Of Indigenous Peoples: 

Characteristics Of Indigenous Peoples Source: ADB, 1999

Characteristics Of Indigenous Peoples: 

Characteristics Of Indigenous Peoples Source: ADB, 1999

International Laws and Agreements Concerning the Rights of Indigenous Peoples: 

International Laws and Agreements Concerning the Rights of Indigenous Peoples The United Nations “Universal Declaration of Human Rights” (1948) ILO Convention (#107) on Protection and Integration of Indigenous and Other Tribal and Semi-Tribal Populations in Independent Countries (1957) ILO Convention(#169) on Indigenous Peoples in Independent Countries (1957) Agenda 21 adopted by the United Nations (1992) Convention on Biodiversity (1992) Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action (1993) UN Draft Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (1993) Source: ADB, 1999

Indigenous Peoples (IP) Policy: 

Indigenous Peoples (IP) Policy Consistent with the needs and aspirations of affected indigenous peoples Compatible in substance and structure with affected IPs and with their culture and socioeconomic institutions Conceived, planned, and implemented with the informed participation of affected communities Equitable in terms of development efforts and impact Not imposing the negative effects of development on indigenous peoples without appropriate and acceptable compensation. Source: ADB, 1999

Key Elements in an Indigenous Peoples Development Plan: 

Key Elements in an Indigenous Peoples Development Plan Preparation, during project design, of a development plan that takes into full account the desires and preferred options of indigenous peoples affected by the project. Studies to identify potential adverse effects on indigenous peoples to be induced by the project, and to identify measures to avoid, mitigate, or compensate for these adverse effects. Measures to strengthen capacity (social, legal, and technical) of the government institutions dealing with indigenous peoples. Source: ADB, 1999

Key Elements in an Indigenous Peoples Development Plan: 

Key Elements in an Indigenous Peoples Development Plan Involvement of appropriate existing institutions, local organizations, and nongovernmental organizations with expertise in matters relating to indigenous peoples. Consideration in project design of local patterns of cultural belief and ancestral territory, & resource use. Support for viable and sustainable production systems that are adapted to the needs and local environments and circumstances of indigenous peoples Avoidance of creating the dependency of indigenous peoples on project entities, and instead promoting self-reliance among these peoples. Source: ADB, 1999

Key Elements in an Indigenous Peoples Development Plan: 

Key Elements in an Indigenous Peoples Development Plan Capacity building for indigenous peoples communities and organizations to facilitate and support effective participation in development processes. Adequate lead time and arrangements for extending follow-up, especially in dealings with indigenous peoples in remote or neglected areas where little previous experience is available. Source: ADB, 1999

7. Social Exclusion: 

7. Social Exclusion

Slide21: 

Social Exclusion: In 1974, French philosopher Rene Lenoir used this term to refer to a tenth of France’s population who were: “mentally and physically handicapped, suicidal people, aged invalids, abused children, substance abusers, delinquents, single parents, multi-problem households, marginal, asocial persons, and other social misfits”. Source: Amartya Sen(2000): Social Exclusion:Concepts,applications and scrutiny, ADB

Categories of Social Exclusion: 

Categories of Social Exclusion Active Passive Source: Sen, 2000

Forms of Social Exclusion: 

Forms of Social Exclusion Rejection of Participation Credit Market Exclusion Gender Inequity Health Care Exclusion Source: Sen, 2000

Global Public Goods: 

Global Public Goods Global public goods (or bads)are the ones that have a fairly universal impact on a large number of countries, people (of all age groups) and even generations(present and future). Put more simply: global public goods tend to compose of national public goods plus an element of international cooperation

8. Social Analyses: 

8. Social Analyses

Project Classification Based on Social Impact: 

Project Classification Based on Social Impact Projects which are expected to have a direct, positive social impact. Ex: Agriculture & Social Infrastructure Sectors CATEGORY A: CATEGORY B: Projects that rarely have an immediate, direct (positive or negative) social impact. Ex: Energy, Transport, and Industrial Sectors CATEGORY C: Projects which have the potential for direct negative impacts on the lives of many people. Ex: Large dams, highways, mining Source: ADB, 1991

Types of Social Assessment: 

Types of Social Assessment Rapid Social Assessment (RSA) Social Design Study (SDS) Source: ADB, 1991

Process to Determine the Need for an SDS: 

Process to Determine the Need for an SDS Source: ADB, 1991

A TYPICAL RSA REPORT FORM: 

A TYPICAL RSA REPORT FORM Source: ADB, 1991

Objectives of the Social Design Study: 

Objectives of the Social Design Study Optimize project design by integrating target group preferences and priorities Develop appropriate project implementation strategies Provide a detailed social justification for the project Identify major social risks which may affect project implementation Provide detailed drafts of any conditions and covenants which need to be attached to report. Source: ADB, 1991

Happy Holidays & Happy New Year 2008 in advance!: 

Happy Holidays & Happy New Year 2008 in advance! All the best in your Final Exam

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