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English for Tourism and Travel: 

English for Tourism and Travel UNIT 5 A Tour of Waterscape

Part I Lecture Time Assigned: 

Part I Lecture Time Assigned


I. LISTENING ACTIVITIES LISTENING 1 Qinhai Lake 1. Study the Words and Proper Names 2. Listen To The Passage about Qinhai Lake 3. Study the Language Tips Shown in This Text 4. Fill in the Blanks of The Passages Qinhai Lake and Jinshitan


LISTENING 2 Jinshitan 1. Study the Words and Proper Names 2. Listen To The Passage about Jinshitan 3. Study the Language Tips Shown in This Text 4. Fill in the Blanks of The Passages I. LISTENING ACTIVITIES

The Text and Its Recording Listening 1 Qinhai Lake: 

The Text and Its Recording Listening 1 Qinhai Lake Lying 180 km from Xining and (1) __________ meters above sea level, Qinghai is the largest salt water lake in China. In Qinghai Lake the Bird Island is the most (2) ___________ and attractive place. Situated on the (3) __________ shore of Qinghai Lake, the island has been turned into a peninsula largely due to the receding of waters off its (4) __________. Though it covers an area of slightly less than (5) _______ square meters, it attracts many migrating (6) _________ in spring and summer. To these hundreds of thousands of mighrant birds, the island has become a very important bird (7)________. Thousands of birds of different (8) _________ such as geese, gulls, sandpipers and cormorants, nest on the island and the (9) __________ of its calls and twitters is carried far and away. For these birds as well as bird watching enthusiasts, the island represents nothing short of a piece of heaven. Another (10) ____________ on the lake is Haixingshan where according to legend great horses were bred. Listening 1 Qinghai Lake KEYS


1. Jinshitan Scenic Area is a national scenic park, which lies at the south tip of Liaodong Peninsula and borders the Yellow Sea, 55 ____________ kilometers from the downtown and adjacent to Dalian economic and technological development zone. The park, having a number of natural wonders, covers 48 ___________ square kilometers maritime space. At the east part of the peninsula, alone the 8 kilometers long coast, splendid rocks formations constitute a natural square __________ of marine-erosion rocks. Those vivid rock formations are of great scientific value and geological _________ value. Visitors may enjoy these natural splendors on the sightseeing boats __________ shuttling along the coast. Most of them are free except those having undergone human reconstruction. In addition to the natural splendor of the area, other entertainment ____________ facilities have been set up. A golf course having 36 standard fairways has opened to the public. There is also a hunting ground within the forest, a turf , a yacht club, a sand ________ beach, a coastal park and hotels providing services to visitors. Listening 2 Jinshitan KEYS The Text and Its Recording Listening 2 Jinshitan


II. SITUATIONAL DIALOGUE JiuZhaigou Valley Study the Words And Proper Names. Study the Language Tips Shown in This Dialogue. Listen To Dialogue 1 And Decide Whether The State -ments After The Dialogue Are True(T) Or False(F). 4.Listen To Dialogue 2 And Answer The Questions Listed After The Dialogue 5.Make Pair Task by Talking About Jiuzhaigou Valley. The Text and Its Recording Jiuzhaigou Valley Next Slide

JiuzhaigouValley Dialogue 1: 

JiuzhaigouValley Dialogue 1 (A=Tourists; B=MissQin, a counselor of travel service) Some Canadian tourists want to the jiuzhaigou Valley. They try to get information from a travel service about the destination. Miss Qin, a counselor is answering their questions about the tourist resort. A: Excuse me, is this China Sichuan International Travel Service? B: Yes, What can I do for you? A: We arrived at Chengdu from Guilin yesterday. We’re going to visit Jiuzhaigou Valley tomorrow. B: OK. By the way, what do you think of the landscape there? A: Very beautiful! In your words, “Guilin has the most beartifu landscape under the heaven”. B: Yes, but there goes another saying, “You’ll no longer want to wee any other waterscapes after you travel back from Jiuzhaigou”. A: Right! I think the waterscape of Jiuzhaigou is better than that of Guilin. That’s why we’re going to Jiuzhaigou Valley. Any wonders we can see there? B: Of course. There are five wonders: emerald lakes, layered waterfalls, colorful forests, snow-clad peaks and Tibetan customs. A: You mean the forests and mountains are quite beautiful? B: Far more than what you’ve mentioned. The Tibetan customs are attractive, too. There used to be nine Tibetan villages in Jiuzhaigou. Now, all of them are moved out of the valley because Jiuzhaigou -the world natural heritage needs extensive protection. A: It’s a pity that we can not visit their villages. I’ve heard the Tibetans are hospitable people. I’d like to take part in the bonfire party and learn how to dance the Tibetan guozhang Dance. B: Sure, you’ll have a chance to visit the villages. We have put this item in our travel schedule. However, water is the soul of Jiuzhaigou Valley. As a tourist resort it has 108 lakes, 47 springs, 17 splashing waterfalls, 11 turbulent streams, 5 shoals. All these scenic sights, set against the backdrop of 92 snowy peaks, create a unique natural landscape of high mountains and deep gullies.

Exercises of Jiuzhaigou Valley Dialogue 1: 

Listen to dialogue 1 and decide whether the statements are true(T) Or false(F) 1.__________ “You ‘ll no longer want to see any other waterscapes after you travel back from Jiuzhaigou.” The saying means the waterscape in Jiuzhaigou is not attractive. 2.__________ Water is the soul of Jiuzhaigou valley. Tourists can appreciate many waterscapes there. 3.__________ In addition to the waterscape, the colorful forest and snow-caped peaks in Jiuzhaigou are also attractive. 4._________ Tibetan customs is not an important attraction compared with the lakes and waterfalls in Jiuzhaigou. 5.__________ The five wonders of jiuzhaigou Valley are lakes, waterfalls, forests peaks and Tibetan customs. Exercises of Jiuzhaigou Valley Dialogue 1 KEYS


The tourists have a great interest in waterscape of Jiuzhaigou Valley. Miss Qin mainly introduces the Nuorilang Waterfall, the landmark of Jiuzhaigou Valley. A: Well, I’m sure there are plenty of waterscapes to see in Jiuzhaigou. But which is the most beautiful one? B: All of them are fascinating, but I think the Nuorilang waterfall is the landmark of Jiuzhaigou Valley. A: We ‘ve watched the Niagara Falls in Canada. The crescent-shaped cataract waterfall is 54 meters high, very gorgeous and magnificent. It is an enormously popular tourist destination, and it also serves as a major ssource of electricity for Ontario; Do you think Nuorilang Waterfall is more beautiful? B: I didn’t say so. But the Nuorilang Waterfalls is quite different from the Niagara Falls. It is one of China’s largest calcium waterfalls. The waterfall rushes over the cliff overgrown with willows, the massive water currents, 30 meters high and over 270 meters wide, pour down and form a chain of spectacular falls of diverse shapes and sizes in a stair-like pattern. It’s typical of the terraced waterfall in the karst landform. A: It must be a grand view of the cataract. Can we see the rainbow above the waterfalls? B: When the sun is shining in the summer, tourists can see the gorgeous rainbows above it. Now, it is the winter time, the falls become a dazzling glacial cascade hanging over the steep cliff. You can see bunches of the icicles at the bottom of the waterfalls, and some are more than 2meters long just like swords and spears. A: Terrific! We’d like to see bunches of the icicles hanging over the waterfalls. We’re from Canada. We love the snows and glaciers. How much shall we pay for the travel? B: 700 yuan . The travel expense includes another scenic spot ------- Huanglong, as lovely as Jiuzhaigou Valley. A: That’s a deal! Thank you very much. B: You just stay in your hotel. Our coach will fetch you at 8:00 o’clock tomorrow morning. Don’t oversleep! See you tomorrow! A: See you tomorrow! Jiuzhaigou Valley Dialogue 2

Exercises of Jiuzhaigou Valley Dialogue 2: 

Listen To Dialogue 2 And Answer The Questions Listed After The Dialogue 1. Which waterfall is higher. The Nuorilang Waterfall or the Niagara Falls? _________________________________________________________________ 2. What is the width of the waterfall? _________________________________________________________________ 3. What are the features of the nuorilang Waterfall? Describe it with a few words. _________________________________________________________________ 4. How does it take the shape in the winter time? _________________________________________________________________ Exercises of Jiuzhaigou Valley Dialogue 2 KEYS


III. CLASS PRESENTATION Huanglong Valley 1. Study the Words and Proper Names. 2. Study the Language Tips Shown in This Text :Huanglong valley. 3. Role-Playing:Act as the Local Guide. Showing the Tourists around Huanglong valley.


Good morning, ladies and gentlemen! Welcome to Huanglong Valley! Huanglong literally means the Yellow Dragon in Chinese. To talk about the name of the valley, there is a legendary story about it. In the ancient times, China was flooded and the people suffered a lot. King Yu tried hard to harness the turbulent rivers, but he failed many times. With the help of the Yellow Dragon, King Yu tamed the rivers at last. The yellow dragon felt relieved, and then settled down here as a recluse. Eventaully he became an immortal. For this reason, the site got its name Huanglong Valley or the Yellow Dragon Valley. Everybody, look at the landform of the valley! The spectacular travertine flow rushes from the summit down the slope, like a giant dragon winding its way through the snowy mountains and dense forests. More than 3,000 colored ponds, one after another, all the way down the valley, overlap the terraces and conjure up the glittering scales of a giant dragon. It is like a yellow dragon, isn’t it? Now, we’ve arrived at the foot of Huanglong Valley. The valley can be divided into three sections: the lower section, the middle section and upper section. Although you stand at the foot of the valley, some of you are breathless, because it’s already 3,199 meters above the sea level. Take it easy, and close your eyes! Follow me to take a deep breath! Are you feeling better now? Many beautiful colorful ponds are waiting for us. Let’s go! Look ahead! A cluster of colorful ponds just lie in front of us! The pons of different sizes and shapes just stands on top the other. Surrounded by snowy peaks and green forests, they stretch their arms to greet tourists all over the world and to lead the visitors to the heart of this auspicious tourist resort. This is the first scenic spot of Huanglong Valley. The locals give it a poetic name: the Guest-Greeting Ponds. By the way, can you count how many ponds lie here? If anyone who can figure it out first, he will be the first one to be greeted by the guest-Greeting Ponds. Of courses, he has the privilege to take photos here first. Jane, you’re smiling, and maybe you’ve made it. Yes, there are more than 100 colorful ponds. You have the right to take pictures with the ponds now. You are the first lady greeted by the Guest-Greeting Ponds! Please have a rest here! After 15 minutes, we’ll approach another wonder in Huanglong Valley___ the brilliant Flying Waterfalls. Huanglong Valley


IV. TOURISM AND TRAVEL Travel Agency 1. Study the Text “Travel Agency” 2. Study the Language Tips Shown in This Text 3. Do the Multiple Choice Exercises after The Text 4. Role-Playing:Introduce Travel Agency to the Tourists


Part IV TOURISM AND TRAVEL Travel Ageny Travel agencies range from very large businesses to very small businesses. The smaller businesses are very much like any other small business. Very few people can carry out all the business operations and jobs, including secretarial( 秘书的), travel counseling, and managerial activities. The primary function of a travel agency is to provide retail(零售的)travel services to customers for commission(佣金) on behalf of various tourism industry principals (业主), including carriers, hotels and tour operators (旅游经营商).Such as, the travel agency is an important interface (界面) between consumers and other elements of the industry. Many travel agencies are equipped with computer terminals (终端) devices that permit access to the information stored in the computer. The terminal may be a specially adapted typewriter or a teletype machine. An agent can use the terminal to ask the computer a question and receive an answer in a matter of seconds. This makes possible the immediate confirmation or reservations for airline seats, hotel rooms, or rental cars. Often overbooking (超额预定), however, is the means that travel agencies take to rescue the possible loss of the reservation. There are some differences of business handled by travel a gents in the major touist markets and those in the major tourist destinations, especially those that do not themselves generate (产生) much tourist traffic. In the market areas, the emphasis is on selling travel services and tours to people who are going to some other place. The agencies in the tourist destinations, on the other hand, often put a great deal of emphasis on services the travelers will need while they remain in that area. These services include local sightseeing tours, arrangements for independent travel, currency exchange, tickets for local entertainment, and so on.

Exercises of Part IV: 

Choose the best answer from the four choices given below. 1. The primary function of a travel agency is to provide retail travel services to __________. A. tourists B. principals C. tour operators D. retail agents 2. Other elements of the industry exclude ____________. A. carriers B. travel agencies C. hotels D. customers 3. Computers can make easy the confirmation or reservations EXCEPT for____________. A. airline seats B. hotel rooms C. sightseeing D. rental cars 4. The services of a travel agency in a tourist destination do NOT include _________. A. local sightseeing tours B. hotel rooms C. arrangements for independent travel D. tickets for local entertainment Exercises of Part IV KEYS


KEYS Part I Listening Activities Listening 1 1. 3,200 2. charming 3. western 4. shores 5. 1.000 6. birds 7. sanctuary 8. species 9.sound 1 0. attraction Listening 2 1. 50 2. 58; museum 3 appreciation 4. coaches 5. recreational 6. bathing Part II Situational Dialogue Dialogue 1 1. False 2. True 3. True 4. False 5. False Part IV Tourism and Travel 1. A 2. D 3. C 4. B BACK BACK BACK BACK



Huangguoshu Waterfall: 

Huangguoshu Waterfall Known as the huangguoshu Waterfall Scenic Area, it is 45 kilometers southwest of Anshun City in Guizhou Province. Together with minor waterfalls, the charms of Huangguoshu Waterfall are a natural tourist drawing card. Hospitable ethnic groups add the human touch. Do not miss it if you are traveling in Guizhou Province. Huangguoshu Waterfall, a Milky Way in miniature, is the largest waterfall in Asia. 74 meters high and 81 meters wide, it is a scenic marvel. Its flow is seasonally adjusted. A reservoir behind the waterfall holds back some of the water. Doupotang Waterfall, one kilometer up the river to Huangguoshu Waterfall, at 105 meters across is the widest. It is 21meters high. Other waterfalls like Luositan Waterfall, Silver-Chain Waterfall and Dishuitan Waterfall all have their distinct features. The Water-Curtain Cave dissects Huangguoshu.The total length of the cave is 134 meters, including windows and halls. A road on the mountainside leads into the Water-Curtain Cave, where the waterfall can be heard, watched and touched. On a sunny day, a rainbow arches over the falls. Xiniutan (Rhinoceros Pool), 11 meters deep, is rhinoceros-shaped. Standing inside Wangshuitan (Water-viewing Pavilion ) beside the Rhinoceros Pool to enjoy the flowing-down of the Huangguoshu Waterfall, you may feel bunches of pearls and silver chains are falling upon you. What a grand and peculiarly attractive scene!


LANGUAGE TIPS Part A 1. What a fantastic spectacle! 2. Sorry that I can’t hear you. Can you speak louder? 3. How many waterfalls are there in the Huangguoshu Waterfall Scenic Area ? 4. I’m afraid I’m not quite clear what you mean by a Milky Way in miniature. 5. I want to know how long the Water-Curtain Carve is. 6. I feel as if the bunches of pearls and silver chains were falling upon us. Part B Be quiet! I have to raise my voice. I’m not sure how many waterfalls there are. I’d just like to say the ethnic group adds the human touch to the waterfalls. How do you feel about the rainbow hanging above the falls? Haven’t you seen a rhinoceros submerging in the Xiniutan? Do you feel something like a string of pearls when you stand inside the Water- Viewing Pavilion?

READING: The Waterscape in Guilin : 

READING: The Waterscape in Guilin Situated in the northeastern corner of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region the city of Guilin is famous all over the world for its green hills, clear waters, fantastic caves and spectacular rocks. The hills and pinnacles in Guilin, gifted by nature, rise sharply from the ground in many different shapes. Grotesque caves can be found in all the Guilin hills. Reed Flute cave, Seven-Star Cave and Chuanshan Hill are honored as “palaces of Nature’s art”. They are like magnificent buildings in heaven, with a thousand and one fabulous scenes. Stalactites in the caves present colorful pictures. Visiting these caves, one may think that he is making a tour of a pearl exhibition or a jade palace. Guilin is one of China’s well-known touist scenic cities, claiming to have the “most beautiful mountains and rivers under heaven”. The lijiang River is limpid with crystal water. The river makes a unique traditional Chinese painting with its limpid with crystal water. The river makes a unique traditional Chinese painting with its clear water and clusters of pinnacles. A boat trip on the peaceful Lijiang River is the absolute high point of any visit to Guilin. The Lijiang River is the soul of Guilin scenery, a river of poems and paintings. Take a boat and enjoy yourself with the wonderful scenery of peaks, rivers, sunshine and reflections in the water. Traveling on the LiJiang River is indeed a wonderful experience for enjoyment and exploration, because it is always like an endless beautiful sonata of hills and waters. On a cruise from Guilin to yangshuo, visitors will experience the winding Lijiang River, go past the many bizarre mountains, such as the Elephant Trunk Mountain, Old Man Mountain and Pagoda Mountains, all of which have shapes that have inspired the Chinese imagination. The fishermen in narrow bamboo boats, bathing children, water buffaloes, small settlements and women doing their washing on the banks of the river can be seen along the way. Yangshuo, at the end of the boat journey is a developed village that thrives mainly on tourism and seems to have nothing but tourist shops

Exercises of READING: The Waterscape in Guilin : 

Read the passage aloud, and work in group of two or three students to have a topic discussion. How does the topography shape the landscape in guilin? Why is the Lijiang River a river of poems and paintings? Give comments on the waterscape of Guilin. Exercises of READING: The Waterscape in Guilin


ROLE PLAY A group of students are drawing sketches of the Chuanshan Hill. The teacher is summarizing the features of the landscape. Divide the class into a group of three or four. One student plays the role of the teacher, and the others act as the students. Depict the beautiful landscape in Guilin.

Translation: Seven-Color Lake: 

Translate the following Passage into Chinese The Seven-Colour Lake, another important site of the scenery area, has its shape like a crescent, resembling also a sleeping bearty who rests peacefully amid flourishing forests and thriving grasslands. The Seven-Colour Lake is a lake in which cold springs and hot ones co-exist. The right part os the lake are hot springs giving off churning steams, the highest temperature reaching 67℃.It is an ideal place for bathing and illness0curing. Aquatic creatures play carefree in the lake. Over it mountain birds flutter their wings and fly this way and that. In the bushes beside the lake, birds twitter and wild flowers emit fragrance. Translation: Seven-Color Lake

Translation: Seven-Color Lake: 

Translate the following sentences into English. 旅 行 社 1. 旅行社是一个中间人,是将旅游业的一部分或旅游产品的组合卖给消费者公司。 2. 用营销术语来说,旅行社是一个中间代理人,代表雇主联系旅游航空公司.饭店.旅游营销商,从供应商那里获取佣金。 3. 旅行社给那些希望出售旅游产品和那些想购买产品的人提供了最后一次接触。 4. 旅游代理是旅游批发商主要的分销商,他们比其他任何一个单一的分销商预定了更多机票.饭店床位和游轮。 5. 由此可见,旅游中间商可以通过改善分销渠道,把买方跟卖方结合起来扩展市场。 Translation: Seven-Color Lake

国家重点风景名胜区-九寨沟介绍 : 

国家重点风景名胜区-九寨沟介绍 九寨沟位于四川省阿坝藏族羌族自治州九寨沟县境内,是国家级自然保护区,国家重点风景名胜区。保护区面积643平方公里,海拔2000~4760米;年均气温7.8℃;因沟内有九个藏族村寨而得名。景区四周峰簇峥嵘,雪峰高耸,在青山环抱的“Y”字型山沟内,相串相联着大小湖泊118个,瀑布群17个、激流11段、钙化滩流5处,形成中国唯一、世界罕见的以高山湖泊群、钙化滩流为主体的自然景观。水,是九寨沟风景的灵魂,因其清纯洁净、晶莹剔透、色彩丰富,堪称世界水景之王,故有“九寨沟归来不看水”之说。藏寨、水磨房、栈道、经幡和藏羌歌舞等,构成了九寨沟独特的旅游文化。     九寨沟冬无严寒,夏季凉爽,四季景色各异:仲春树绿花艳,盛夏幽湖翠山,金秋尽染山林,隆冬冰塑自然。九寨沟以国宝大熊猫、金丝猴,领春木、独叶草等得天独厚的动植物资源和翠湖、叠瀑、滩流、彩林、雪峰、藏情倍受世人青睐,被誉为“童话世界”、“人间仙镜”,现已成为世界著名的旅游胜地。

Jiuzhaigou Scenic Spot : 

Jiuzhaigou Scenic Spot Being the only Chinese scenic spot listed as both the World Heritage Site and the World Biosphere Reserve, the Jiuzhaigou Scenic Area lies in Nanping County of Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture of Aba in Sichuan Province, at the foot of south Minshan Mountain. As a source branch of the Jialing River belonging to the Yangtze River system, Jiuzhaigou covers 720 square kilometers, and is some 400 kilometers south of Chengdu. With a development area of 140 square kilometers, the Jiuzhaigou Scenic Area gains its name from its nine Tibetan villages, centering in Nuorilang and comprising three valleys, namely Shuzhenggou, Rizegou and Zezhawagou. The three valleys are 14km, 17km and 18km in length, respectively. Jiuzhaigou is famous for its ancient and mysterious scenery, encompassing snow-capped mountains, forest, grasslands, waterfalls, streams, and lakes. Colorful lakes and various waterfalls are special scenes in Jiuzhaigou, with the first scene as the Pearl Shoal, the most beautiful lake as the Five Flower Lake, also known as the Peacock Lake, the largest lake as the Long Lake and the smallest lake as the Five Color Pool. These four scenes are the most splendid ones in Jiuzhaigou.


The Pearl Shoal Waterfall (珍珠滩瀑布) Reputed as the first scenery in Jiuzhaigou, the Pearl Shoal Waterfall is located above Jinghai (Mirror Sea) and beneath Jinlinghai (Gold Bell Sea) in Rizegou. It is the most beautiful site in Jiuzhaigou, with an altitude of 2,433 meters and a height of 21 meters. On the top of the waterfall, it measures 162.5 meters in width. With a fall of 40 meters, the waterfall has a shape of the crescent. It surges down from the Pearl Shoal with a thunderous

Nuorilang Waterfall (诺日朗瀑布) : 

Nuorilang Waterfall (诺日朗瀑布) The Nuorilang Waterfall is located at the end of the Shuzhenggou, with an altitude of 2,365 meters, 270 in width and 24.5 in height. It is the widest waterfall in China, and also one of China's largest calcium ones. The name of Nuorilang means magnificent and splendid in Tibetan language. The grand waterfall turns into gorgeous rainbows in the sunshine.

Shuzheng Waterfall (树正瀑布) : 

Shuzheng Waterfall (树正瀑布) The Shuzheng Waterfall is located in Shuzhenggou, above Shuzheng Lakes and beneath the Tiger Sea, with an altitude of 2,295 meters, a height of 25 meters and a width of 72 meters at the top. Blocked by trees in the upper lake, it turns into streams of water dashing against protruding rocks midway and exploding into millions of petal-shaped falls. Viewed from the distance, it looks like a water lily bursting in the blue sky.

Xiongmaohai Waterfall (Panda Lake Waterfall) (熊猫湖瀑布) : 

Xiongmaohai Waterfall (Panda Lake Waterfall) (熊猫湖瀑布) With an altitude of 2,592 meters and a height of 78 meters, the Panda Lake Waterfall has its source in the Panda Lake and is linked to the Five Flower Lake through a 3-kilometer-long plank road built along cliffs. It has the greatest fall among waterfalls in Jiuzhaigou, with the top 50 meters water in three curves. In winter, the waterfall turns into an ice curtain. In the world of ice and snow, huge icicles and various ice stalactites hang here and there in the valley and water-eroded caves.


黄龙 黄龙风景名胜区位于中国西部四川省阿坝藏族羌族自治州松潘县境内,与九寨沟毗邻。黄龙风景名胜区处于三大地质构造单元的结合部,地理状况特别复杂。整个风景名胜区总面积1340平方公里,区内雪峰林立,海拔5000米以上的就有7座。岷山主峰雪宝顶海拔5588米,从顶峰流下的雪水汇聚成溪,沿石钟乳山坡倾泻而下,跌宕起伏,形成众多的瀑布悬流,这些瀑布泻落至山腰处,便散落聚积,从而在黄龙沟内形成了3000余个碧透斑澜的彩池,大者千余平方米,小者仅几平方米,千姿万态。池水清净,深浅不一,有的地方色彩鲜艳,仿佛彩锦。这一奇特壮观的梯状彩池群,正象人间想象中的瑶池仙境一般。

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