“WOMEN AND THE ENVIRONMENT CONFERENCE 2005”INMISTY HILLS, MULDERDRIFTBY:BULELWA QUPE(WOMEN IN FISHING): 'WOMEN AND THE ENVIRONMENT CONFERENCE 2005' IN MISTY HILLS, MULDERDRIFT BY:BULELWA QUPE (WOMEN IN FISHING) CONTENTS: CONTENTS INTRODUCTION
CASE STUDY-Bulelwa Qupe
CONCLUSION INTRODUCTION: INTRODUCTION Great achievements by present government
A lot is still to be done
Medium term fishing rights process has positive implication to historical disadvantaged Quota holders
Eastern Cape is South Africa’s 2nd largest Province covering 170 600 square km (13, 9% of the country)
Capital in Bhisho
3rd largest population growth of 6,8 million (15, 2% of total population of country)
Eastern Cape fishing industry
generates about R200 million a year
Government’s decision in July 1998 to issue long-line hake permits to fishermen in the region also boosted the industry
Squid industry generates R150 million a year and provides 3 000 jobs CASE STUDY-Bulelwa Qupe: CASE STUDY-Bulelwa Qupe Started a business, a chicken licken franchise
Decided to diversify to Fish andamp; Chips.
Brief research showed people were not prepared to spend more than R10.00 for meals
Fish andamp; chips were successful
but had to service the debt owed to the bank
Application for fishing rights that were advertised SABC 3
Started two fishing close corporation namely Mazidlekhaya and Ezabantu Fishing cc
It took 3 years to eventually been awarded fishing rights.
But a court interdict surfaced
In 2000 I completed an Aqua Culture course at UPE
In 2003 I registered a marketing company – Buntu Marketing Exporting and Processing (PTY) LTD
Export 112 tons of hake longline to export market- Spain and 124 tons to domestic market. CASE STUDY-Bulelwa Qupe: CASE STUDY-Bulelwa Qupe SAWEN initiative
Transformation in the Fishing Industry
is estimated at 60% of Commercial Fishing rights and majority HDI owned
- A company of which 70% are SMME compared in 1992 HDI held 0, 5%'.( According to Fishing industry news December 2004 )
To be effective we must have a broad vision
how much fish of TAC is allocated to HDI and not necessarily how many HDI companies
the majority of TAC is still on the hands of historical advantaged individuals
the increase in number of SMME’s is with small unviable allocation
CHALLENGES: CHALLENGES Lack of access to information – Data
Application forms are very complicated
New entrants are faced with numerous structural problems
lack of infrastructure (Vessels, Processing Plant etc.)
No mentorship from established companies
Lack of access to finance
lack of commitment for real change
Black individuals or group fronting for devious white establishments, unabating rent –a –black scheme for purpose of securing fishing rights.
Lack of skills and expertise in fisheries
Business skills – Business management
Joint ventures don’t result in new investments and job creation OPPORTUNITIES: OPPORTUNITIES Conducive environment allowing new entrants in the fishing industry
Marine Living Resource Act of 1998 vision
Trade and Industry incentive schemes BBSDP,SMEDP
EMIA scheme to promote and market your product in the global markets
Coastal tourism: Cage Whale watching, Anglers, Surfing and Scuba Diving
South African Ports and Harbors provide links to world economies and markets.
Mining: Diamond heavy minerals (titanium and zirconium). Oil and gas as well as sand pebbles for building materials. SOLUTIONS: SOLUTIONS Transforming behavior, attitude, practices and perceptions of businessmen towards women and women business.
Support from the Dept of Environment and Tourism (MCM) by ensuring fairly distribution of fishing rights to women
Comprehensive support should be given to the (SMME) new entrants including loans available for investment in the fishing industry.
Training in business skills
Viable rights should be allocated
Networking is powerful tool for growth, sharing and gathering information.
Structural constraints inadvertently entails that new entrants should operate in the inshore fishery, Squid and Longline as requires less capital investment.
Setting aside a certain percentage from TAC for new entrant’s (women) CONCLUSION: CONCLUSION An old Chinese proverb states 'Give a man fish and you feed him for a day, teach a man to fish and you feed him for a life-time'. Now it needs to be reviewed to read thus: Give a woman fishing rights (quota) and you will feed and build the nation for a life-time.
I always believe that women can make a huge difference in the economy of the country because they are determined to invest in the business and the community. Slide10: Thank you/ Dankie/ Enkosi: Thank you/ Dankie/ Enkosi