Grammar class: : Grammar class: Correlative Conjunctions
your teacher: Wan
May 10, 2009 Slide 2: What is Conjunctions?
A conjunction is a word that connects parts of a sentence. You can use a conjunction to link words, phrases, and clauses.
What is Correlative Conjunctions?
Correlative conjunctions always appear in pairs. You use them to link equivalent sentence elements. 4 types of Correlative Conjunctions : 4 types of Correlative Conjunctions 1. Either….or
3. Not only…but also
4. Both…and 1. Either…or : 1. Either…or Positive, choose 1
You can eat either an apple or a banana. Slide 5: Use “Either…or” to connect similar structures such as two verb phrases, two adjectives, two prepositional phrases and two noun objects. (two things have to be equivalent)
A person can be either pretty or ugly. (two adj.)
I will see you either at home or in the coffee shop.
(two prepositional phrases)
You can either take bus or drive car. (verb phrases)
Incorrect: I will either call my mother or my father.
Correct: I will call either my mother or my father. Slide 6: When two verbs or verb phrases are connected with auxiliaries verb, either follows the auxiliary verb. The auxiliary is not repeated after or.
1. She is either crying or laughing.
2. I must either go to school or go home.
3. I will either study during the summer or take a vacation.
Either…or connect two complete sentences.
1. Either she is crying, or she is laughing.
2. Either I will study during the summer, or I will take a
vacation. Slide 7: When a sentence has singular subjects and plural subjects…
1. Either my brothers or I am going to the party.
2. Either my sister or my brothers are going to
3. Either my mother or my father is coming.
Verb always follows the subject closest to the verb. 2. Neither…nor : 2. Neither…nor Negative, not one or another
I want neither a hamburger nor a sandwich. Slide 9: Use “Neither…nor” to connect similar structures
1. You are neither fat nor short. (two adjective)
(You are not fat. You are not short)
2. I want neither food nor water (two noun)
3. He is neither outside or inside. (adverb)
When two verbs or verb phrases are connected with auxiliaries verb, neither follows the auxiliary verb. The auxiliary is not repeated after nor.
1. I have neither finished my homework nor watched TV.
2. He is neither playing basketball nor swimming. Slide 10: When a sentence has singular subjects and plural subjects….
1. Neither Jack nor Tom is my brother.
2. Neither my brothers nor my mother wants to go
to the party.
3. Neither he nor his friends are coming.
Verb always follows the subject closest to the verb
(same as Either…or) 3. Not only…but also : 3. Not only…but also Positive, Both
I have not only candies but also cookies. Slide 12: Use Not only…but also to connect similar structures
1. He is not only my teacher but also my friend.
2. She not only cooked dinner but also washed
When a sentence has singular subjects and plural subjects….
1. Not only John but also Tom is eating.
2. Not only the teacher but also students are playing games.
3. Not only my brothers but also my sister is going to a concert. Slide 13: When “Not only…but also” connect two complete sentences…
Not only do we love flowers, but we also love trees.
Not only do we love flowers, but also we love trees.
Not only is he a good father, but he also is a nice boss.
Not only is he a good father, but also he is a nice boss.
Put an auxiliaries verb between Not only and subject.
But also can be separated or together.
Comma between two clauses. 4. Both…and : 4. Both…and Positive, both
I ate both beef and chicken. Slide 15: Use both…and to connect similar structures.
1. I play both baseball and soccer everyday.
2. I have been having trouble with both grammar
3. There are more apples both on the table and in
When a sentence has singular subjects and plural subjects
1. Both my mother and my brother are going home.
2. Both my sisters and my brother are doing exercise.
always use plural verb!! Quiz1 : Quiz1 Use either…or to combine two sentences.
1. We can see a movie today. We can go shopping today.
=> We can either see a movie or go shopping today.
2. You must do your homework. You must help your mother.
=> You must either do your homework or help your mother.
Use neither…nor to combine two sentences.
1. I don’t like basketball. I don’t like baseball
=> I like neither basketball nor baseball.
2. Lily can’t come to the party. Anna can’t come to the party.
=> Neither Lily nor Anna can come to the party. Slide 18: Use Not only…but also /both…and to combine two sentences
1. She is beautiful. She is nice
=> She is not only beautiful but also nice.
Not only is she beautiful but she is also nice.
She is both beautiful and nice.
2. Jerry cooks American food. Jerry cooks Chinese food.
Jerry cooks not only American food but also Chinese food.
Not only does Jerry cook American food, but he also cook Chinese food.
Jerry cooks both American food and Chinese food. Quiz 2 : Quiz 2 Decide if each sentence is correct or incorrect. If the sentence is incorrect, find the mistake and correct it.
1. He not only ate instant noodles but also a big hamburger for lunch.
Incorrect: He ate not only instant noodles but also a big hamburger for lunch.
2. Both Jane and Tina is sick today.
Incorrect: Both Jane and Tina are sick today.
3. Neither my friends nor my parents are coming to my concert.
4. I either like new movies or old movies.
Incorrect: I like either new movies or old movies.
5. Not only I rarely watch TV but I also hardly ever go to the movies.
Incorrect: Not only do I rarely watch TV, but I also hardly ever go to the
movies. Slide 20: Thank You!