Cultivation of 'Tissue culture Grande Naine / G9 Banana'

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Profits are assured if you switch over to TC plants from the conventional planting using suckers. Plant TC plants for prosperity.

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By: siddhit (26 month(s) ago)

Dear Sir, Is it possible to have a copy of your ppts on banana? It would be of great help .

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Presentation by: A.Vishnu Sankar Asst. Manager (Marketing), Tamilnadu SHRI RAMCO BIOTECH Bangalore – 5 6 2 1 2 3

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RAMCO Group A GREEN initiative from:

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An active advocatory for agricultural development, our RAMCO Group Chairman Sri. P.R.Ramasubrahmaneya Rajha, in a banana field.

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PRODUCTION LABORATORY AT BANGALORE

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Tissue Culture Product Cycle :

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Tissue Culture Product Cycle : Mother plant Initiation Multiplication Rooting Ex Agar Primary Hardening Secondary Hardening Field

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MOTHER PLANT SELECTION, TAGGING, SUCKERS REMOVAL… tcbanana.blogspot.com

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Our secondary hardening centre at Bangalore tcbanana.blogspot.com

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Secondary hardening Centre in Tamilnadu:

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Secondary hardening Centre in Chinnamanur, Theni Dt., Tamilnadu: Shri Ramco Biotech

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Shri Ramco Biotech Shri Ramco Biotech Shri Ramco Biotech

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Shri Ramco Biotech Shri Ramco Biotech Shri Ramco Biotech Plants with 5 to 6 leaves, well hardened for a min of 45 days, above 30 cm in height and with a girth of our index finger are ideal for planting. Shri Ramco Biotech Shri Ramco Biotech

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Shri Ramco Biotech Shri Ramco Biotech a min. of 4 to 5 leaves. Well hardened; min:45 days old. Above 30cm in height. With a girth of our index finger. At the time of planting, the T.C plants should have:

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T.C - grande naine Jiffy plants Shri Ramco Biotech Shri Ramco Biotech

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T.C – grande naine Jiffy plants: Bag made of biodegradable material. No need to cut open the bag. Can plant as such in the soil. Damage to roots avoided. Soilless planting media. Avoidance of soil borne pathogens. Growth media contains seaweed extracts and sterile coco peat. Shri Ramco Biotech Shri Ramco Biotech Shri Ramco Biotech

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t.C – grande naine Jiffy plants in holding trays: Shri Ramco Biotech Shri Ramco Biotech Shri Ramco Biotech

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TRAINING TO AGRIPRENEURS, Agri. Officers & FARMERS IAMWARM, 20.08.11 IAMWARM, 12.08.11 VAPS, 11.02.11 TNAU, Agri. Research Station VAPS AAOs from Dept.of Hort.

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T.C. PLANTS Mixed varieties True to type Infected planting material. D isease free & Virus indexed plant 1 st month – Growth of leaves. Slow growth. 1 st month – Growth of roots. Fast growth. 3 rd month – Smaller leaf area. 16 leaves. New leaf 25%bigger. 3 rd month – Larger leaf area. 18 leaves. New leaf 45% bigger. Flower emergence: 8 - 9 months. (Uneven) Flower emergence: 6 – 7 months. (synchronous) 1 st Harvest – 12 the month. 1 st Harvest – 10 the month. Availability: Difficult. Availability: Anytime, any quantity

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T.C. PLANTS No. of Harvests: 5 – 7 times (Harvesting period 3 months) No. of Harvests: 2 – 3 times (Harvesting period within a month) Last harvest: 16-17th month. Last harvest: 11 th month. Bunch -20Kg, Finger-150gms Bunch-30 - 35 Kg, Finger-150gms Harvested bunches – 77% Ave. Harvested bunches– 98 % Ave. Yield per acre: 1210/100x77 = 932 bunches. Yield per acre: 1210/100x98 = 1185 bunches. Yield : 932 bunches x 20 Kgs. = 23500 Kgs. Yield : 1185 bunches x 35 Kgs. = 41475 Kgs. NET PROFIT: Average to Less. NET PROFIT: VERY HIGH

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Tall plants. Dwarf plants. Plants with variegated leaves. Plants with mosaic leaves. Plants with high pigmentation in leaves. Plants with deformed lamina. Dwarf plants

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Most effective screening to weed out such ‘Dwarf plants’ tcbanana.blogspot.com

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Optimum temperature range : 25 to 35 degree C. Humidity : More than 80 percent. Wind velocity : Areas with strong and recurrent winds are better avoided. Soil type : Moist, well drained, rich loamy soil with less than 40% of clay is preferred. Avoid highly saline, high alkaline, water logged and coastal sandy soils. Optimum Soil pH : 6.5 to 8.0 Environmental factor and Soil type

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Grow leguminous green manure crops to improve soil fertility. Broadcasting well decomposed farm yard manure FYM @ 10 Tons (minimum) per acre 3 months before planting is recommended. Deep ploughing 2 times during summer + One plough after good rains + Two ploughs at the time of planting increases the banana yield substantially. Land Preparation

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Farm implements for Banana cultivation

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BANANA CLUMP REMOVER

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Field preparation: Min. of 1 Chisel plough, 1 disc plough and 3 cultivator

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Shri Ramco Biotech

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PLANTING IN TRENCHES tcbanana.blogspot.com

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PLANTING IN TRENCHES tcbanana.blogspot.com Age: 5 days Age: 75 days

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PLANTING USING MULCH FILMS tcbanana.blogspot.com

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USAGE OF MULCH FILMS

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Conventional method High density planting system 2m x 2m, 1 plant / pit 2m x 2m, 3 plant / pit

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2 suckers per pit 3 suckers per pit, 3.6m x 3.6m

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High density planting system Normal 2m x 2m HD 2m x 2m HD 2m x 2m 1 plant / pit 2 plants / pit 3 plants / pit Spacing No. of plants per pit No. of plants per Acre Yield per Acre 1000 plants 2000 plants 3000 plants 30 T 40 T 50 T Ave. Wt. per bunch Other spacing:1.8mx1.8mx2P, 1.5mx1.5x1Plant 30 Kg 20 Kg 16.5 Kg In HD planting : Increase in net yield and gross income but, decrease in fruit quality, decrease in price and decrease in net profit

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Increase in net yield….but, decrease in fruit quality. tcbanana.blogspot.com High density planting system

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(Flood & furrow irrigation )

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Fertigation tank Fertilizer Injector Injector pump Venturi Manifold

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Sand filters 2 + Disc filters 2 + Venturi Assembly 1. A composite unit. tcbanana.blogspot.com

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Sucker management : Weed management : Nematode control : Other inter cultural operations: Regular desuckering based on sucker growth. Minimum 6 times. Manual / Mechanized de-weeding or application of herbicides. Sowing sun hemp on 45 th day and incorporate it after 45 days. (OR) grow Marigold and incorporate it at max vegetative stage. At the time of planting apply 250gm of Neem cake and 10 gm of Phorate (Thimet). (OR) Apply VAM 20gm + Pseudomonas 20gm + T.Viridi 20gm + Paecillomyces 20gm per pit. Apply 20gm of Carbofuran (Furadan) at 3 MAP and again at 4 MAP.

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Garuda 3 PT 600/450 Plough width: 19” HP: 6.5 Master weeder, 7.9HP, Diesel, Plough width:2.5’

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P The benefits of using Mini Tractor: Model: B2420, HP: 25 3 Cylinders, Wet disk brake Width:1015mm / 40” Power steering, 6+3 gears Price: Rs.2.50 L Subsidy: Rs.0.45 L

The benefits of using Mini Tractor: Model: VST Shakti MT180D, HP: 18.5, 3 Cylinders, Width:1025mm / 40”, 6+2 Gears, Price: Rs.2.65 L, Subsidy: Rs.1.25 L

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Intercropping. Other inter cultural operations: Integrated Nutrition Management (INM) : Earthing up : Harrowing and earthing up the plants at 3rd 5th and 7th MAP. Onion, leafy coriander, beet root, black gram, green gram Etc., Intercrops shouldn’t’ exceed 90 days Integrated Pest Management (IPM) : Integrated Disease Management (IDM) :

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Formation of raised bed on 3rd and 5th month: Width 4’6”, Length- Full row. tcbanana.blogspot.com

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Harrowing and earthing up the plants at 3 rd 5 th and 7 th months Mr.Thameem, Uthamapalayam.

Age: 3 Months, Variety:Grande Naine, Farmer:Ayyappan, Cumbum . 10/02/2011

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Other inter cultural operations: Mulching at summer: Pruning / De-trashing: Remove diseased and dried leaves to prevent pest and fungal attack. Propping : 1 month after flower emergence. Casuarina poles or plastic tapes. Organic mulch or Plastic mulch. Bunch covering : Bunch sleeve to control insects infesting on fingers.

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Propping:

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Using plastic tapes for plant support tcbanana.blogspot.com

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Other inter cultural operations: Removal of male flower bud ( Denavelling): Post shooting nutrient spray / Bunch spray: Bunch covering to control insects infesting fingers. Protecting the peduncle from sun scorching using boot leaf.

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B U N C H C O V E R I N G Bunches are covered with 6% ventilated Polythene sleeves of size 200cm Length x 150cm width x 175 gauge thick. 2. Use opaque polythene sleeves if bunch development is during winter to avoid chilling injury. 3. Use blue color sleeves during summer to avoid sun scorch. 4. Do it within15 days of last hand opening. 5. The bunch is free from insect bites, fungi, bacteria attacks and physical injuries. 5. Improved bunch appeal. 6. Advance maturity by 7 to 10 days.

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tcbanana.blogspot.com tcbanana.blogspot.com HARVESTED BUNCHES OF GRANDE NAINE August, 2011

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Uniform bunches in Appipatti, Theni Dt, Tamilnadu tcbanana.blogspot.com August 2011 Mr.Mariappan August 2011

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Excellent yields in Koduvilarpatti & Nagalapuram, Theni Dt, Tamilnadu tcbanana.blogspot.com August 2011 tcbanana.blogspot.com

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Excellent yields in Uthamapalayam & Gudalur, Theni Dt, Tamilnadu Bunch weight: 42 Kg Average. No.of hands:11 average (max.13, min.9) No.of fruits: 200 average (max.280) Fruit length: 10.5” average (max.11”) Fruit girth: 5.5” average (max.6”) Fruit weight from the top 4 hands:240gm. tcbanana.blogspot.com August 2011

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Excellent yields in Uthamapalayam & Gudalur, Theni Dt, Tamilnadu tcbanana.blogspot.com August 2011 tcbanana.blogspot.com

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Excellent yields in Uthamapalayam & Gudalur, Theni Dt, Tamilnadu tcbanana.blogspot.com August,2011

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Tissue culture-ELAKKI (Rasakathali, Nazhipoovan) tcbanana.blogspot.com

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Contact us: For Tamilnadu: Mr. A.Vishnu Sankar, Asst. Manager (Marketing), Mobile: 090470 32138 email id: ramcobiotech@gmail.com For Andhra Pradesh: Mr.P.Sudarsana Chowdary, Sales Officer, Mobile: 099893 46444 email id: ps_chowdary5@yahoo.com Our Tissue culture unit: Maillanahalli Village, Nelamangala Taluk, Bangalore Rural District - 562123 Tel: 080 2773 7193 & 2773 7194 ramcotcl@vsnl.net , ramco_srb@dataone.in Our blogspot address: www.tcbanana.blogspot.com

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Contact us: For Karnataka: Mr. Jeyaram Shetty, Sales Officer, Tel: 094800 51687. email id: ramco_srb@dataone.in Mr.Julien, G.H.Officer, 094482 82212, For North India: Mr. Anil A.Patil, Manager-Marketing (North India), Mobile: 096049 64933 email id: anilpatil1975@rediffmail.com,

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Thank you tcbanana.blogspot.com