TGchapter5 Applications

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THE GEOGRAPHY OF TRANSPORT SYSTEMS Chapter 5 – International and Regional Transportation APPLICATIONS Copyright © 1999-2007, Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University, Hempstead, NY, 11549 USA. Jean-paul.Rodrigue@hofstra.edu You may use the figures within for educational purposes only. No modification or redistribution permitted. For more information: http://people.hofstra.edu/geotrans

Application 1: 

Application 1 International Oil Transportation

OPEC Members and Countries with more than 10 Billion Barrels of Oil Reserves: 

OPEC Members and Countries with more than 10 Billion Barrels of Oil Reserves

United States Strategic Petroleum Reserves, 1977-2006: 

United States Strategic Petroleum Reserves, 1977-2006

Share of OPEC and the Persian Gulf in the World Crude Oil Production, 1960-2004: 

Share of OPEC and the Persian Gulf in the World Crude Oil Production, 1960-2004

Price of Oil, Nominal and Real, 1861-2006, $ per Barrel: 

Price of Oil, Nominal and Real, 1861-2006, $ per Barrel

Real Price of Oil and Major Disruptions in World Oil Supply, 1950-2005: 

Real Price of Oil and Major Disruptions in World Oil Supply, 1950-2005

Costs of Finding Oil, 1977-2000: 

Costs of Finding Oil, 1977-2000

World Oil Production, 1965-2006 (1000s of barrels per day): 

World Oil Production, 1965-2006 (1000s of barrels per day)

World Oil Consumption, 1965-2006 (1000s of barrels per day): 

World Oil Consumption, 1965-2006 (1000s of barrels per day)

World Oil Balance, 1965-2006 (1000s of barrels per day): 

World Oil Balance, 1965-2006 (1000s of barrels per day)

World Crude Oil Production and Consumption, 2003: 

World Crude Oil Production and Consumption, 2003

Reserves and Total Resources: 

Total Resources Available Resources Reserves and Total Resources Uncertainty Cost of Recovery Reserves (Identified and recoverable) Sub-economic Unidentified Potentially Unrecoverable Exploration Price / Technology

Major Crude Oil Reserves, 2003: 

Major Crude Oil Reserves, 2003

Major Crude Oil Reserves, 2006: 

Major Crude Oil Reserves, 2006

Estimated Oil Reserves, Selected OPEC Countries, 1980-1991 (billions of barrels): 

Estimated Oil Reserves, Selected OPEC Countries, 1980-1991 (billions of barrels)

Change in Major Crude Oil Reserves, 2001-2006: 

Change in Major Crude Oil Reserves, 2001-2006

Global Oil Reserves, 2003: 

Global Oil Reserves, 2003

World Crude Oil Reserves, 2003: 

World Crude Oil Reserves, 2003

World Annual Oil Production (1900-2006) and Peak Oil (2010): 

World Annual Oil Production (1900-2006) and Peak Oil (2010)

World’s Largest Oil Fields, 2005: 

World’s Largest Oil Fields, 2005

Remaining Proven Oil Reserves for “Middle Eastern Five” According to Major Assessors: 

Remaining Proven Oil Reserves for “Middle Eastern Five” According to Major Assessors

Global Oil Production, 1924 (1,000s of barrels per day): 

Global Oil Production, 1924 (1,000s of barrels per day)

Petroleum Production, Consumption and Imports, United States, 1949-2005: 

Petroleum Production, Consumption and Imports, United States, 1949-2005

Modes Used for Petroleum Transportation: 

Modes Used for Petroleum Transportation

Crude Oil Imports, United States, 2002 (in thousands of barrels): 

Crude Oil Imports, United States, 2002 (in thousands of barrels)

Inter-Regional Petroleum Movements, 2006: 

Inter-Regional Petroleum Movements, 2006

Net Oil Imports from the Persian Gulf Region as % of Total Net Oil Imports, 1982-2002: 

Net Oil Imports from the Persian Gulf Region as % of Total Net Oil Imports, 1982-2002

Crude Oil Production and Consumption, China, 1981-2004 (in 1,000 of barrels per day): 

Crude Oil Production and Consumption, China, 1981-2004 (in 1,000 of barrels per day)

China’s Crude Oil Imports, 2004: 

China’s Crude Oil Imports, 2004

Oil Exports for the Persian Gulf by Outlet, 2002: 

Oil Exports for the Persian Gulf by Outlet, 2002

World Gas Trade: 

World Gas Trade

LNG Exporters, 2003: 

LNG Exporters, 2003

Major Oil Flows and Chokepoints, 2003: 

Major Oil Flows and Chokepoints, 2003 15 10 3 1 Million barrels per day 15.3 Hormuz 11.0 Malacca 3.3 Bab el-Mandab 3.8 Suez Bosphorus Panama 3.0 0.4

Tanker Size: 

ULCC (415 m) VLCC (350 m) Suez-Max (285 m) Aframax (245 m) Coastal Tanker (205 m) Tanker Size

Application 2: 

Application 2 UPS: Logistical Management of Distribution Networks

Market Share of Domestic US Parcel and Express Deliveries, 2000: 

Market Share of Domestic US Parcel and Express Deliveries, 2000

The Hub-and-Spoke Structure of UPS: 

Origin Route (collect) Consolidation Fragmentation Destination Route (delivery) Spoke Hub Distribution The Hub-and-Spoke Structure of UPS

Major UPS Air Hubs, 2003: 

Major UPS Air Hubs, 2003 North America Pacific Asia Europe

Application 3: 

Application 3 Exercise: The gravity Model

Gravity Model Exercise Basemap: 

Gravity Model Exercise Basemap Latin America North America Europe Africa Asia Oceania

Application 4: 

Application 4 International Tourism and Transport

International Tourists Arrivals and Receipts, 1950-2002: 

International Tourists Arrivals and Receipts, 1950-2002

Share of International Tourist Arrivals by Region, 1950-2000: 

Share of International Tourist Arrivals by Region, 1950-2000

Application 5: 

Application 5 Commodity Chain Analysis

Costs of a Shoe Sold $100 in the United States and Made in China: 

Costs of a Shoe Sold $100 in the United States and Made in China Factory Shoe Company

Main Distribution Centers of TJ Maxx in the United States: 

Main Distribution Centers of TJ Maxx in the United States Evansville Charlotte Pittston Worcester Las Vegas LA / LB Oakland Seattle / Tacoma Landbridge (double-stack)

Application 6: 

Application 6 The Cold Chain

Amount of Dry Ice Required for Packing Frozen Food in a Well Insulated Container: 

Amount of Dry Ice Required for Packing Frozen Food in a Well Insulated Container

Containerization, Cold Chains and the “Flexibilization” of Supply Chains: 

Containerization, Cold Chains and the “Flexibilization” of Supply Chains Langoustine (Scottish waters) UK Market Mechanical peeling Fishing Maturation warehouse (3 weeks) Processing Packaging Distribution Manual peeling Fishing Maturation in Reefer (3 weeks) Processing Packaging Distribution Freezing Reefer (3 weeks) Scotland Thailand

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