Narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances act 1985 and rules

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NARCOTIC DRUGS AND PSYCHOTROPIC SUBSTANCES ACT1985 Guided By- Mr.Chandra Dwivedi Assistant professor of ACP Durg C .G Submitted by- Vidhi Sahu B.Pharmacy5 th Sem Apollo collage of pharmacy Durg

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INTRODUCTION NDPS Act as it is known popularly is meant to face a very important social problem: drug traffickingdeal or trade. This is also one of the special Acts that has come before the courts very frequently and having a large number of conflicting judgments confusing the general public.

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Evolution of Law: • The Opium Act of 1857 was revised first in 1878. • In 1950 the Opium Act of 1878 was revised as the Opium and Revenue Laws Act 1950. • On 16 th September 1985 the above mentioned Acts were repealedcalled off and Act 61 of NDPSA1985 was enforced.

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OBJECT/LEGISLATIVE INTENT OF THISACT • T o consolidate bind together and amend change the law relating to narcotic drugs • to make stringentstrict/firm provision for the control and regulation of operations relating to narcotic drugs and psychotropic substance • and for matters connected therewith.

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DEFINITIONS • 1. Addict: "addict" means a person who has dependence/habitual to regular use on/of any narcotic drug or psychotropic substance. • 2.Cannabis:Hemp:It includes following • acharas that is the separated resin whether crude or purified obtained from the cannabis plant and also includes concentrated preparation and resin known as hashish oil or liquid hashish • b ganja that is the flowering or fruiting tops of the cannabis plant excluding the seeds and leaves when not accompanied by the tops • c any mixture with or without any neutral material of ganja or charas or any drink prepared from there.

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• 3. Coca Derivative: • a crude cocaine that is any extract of coca leaf which can be used directly or indirectly for the manufacture of cocaine • b ecgonine and all its derivatives from which which it can be recovered • c cocaine that is methyl ester of benzoyl-ecgonine and its salts and • d all preparations containing more than 0.1 percent of cocaine

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4. "coca leaf" means athe leaf of the cocaErythroxylum plant except of a leaf from which all ecgonine cocaine and any other ecgonine alkaloids have been removed bany mixture thereof with or without any neutral material but does not include any preparation containing less than 0.1 of cocaine 5."manufacture" in relation to narcotic drugs or psychotropic substances includes 1 all processes other than production by which such drugs or substances may be obtained 2 refining or transformation of such drugs or substances 3 making of preparation otherwise than in a pharmacy on prescription containing such substances.

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6."manufactured drug" means a all coca derivatives medicinal cannabis opium derivatives and poppy straw concentrate b any other narcotic substance or preparation which the Central Government may having regard to the available information as to its nature or to a decision if any under any International Convention by notification in the Official Gazette declare to be a manufactured drug 7 “medicinal cannabis’’ medicinal hemp means any extract or tincture of cannabis 8. “narcotic d r u g ’ ’ means coca leaf cannabis hemp opium poppy straw and includes all manufactured drugs.

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9."opium" means athe coagulated juice of the opium poppy and bany mixture with or without any neutral material excluding preparation containing less than 0.2 of morphine 10."opium derivative" means a medicinal opium b prepared opium cphenanthrene alkaloids namely morphine codeine thebaine and their salts d diacetylmorphine heroin and its salts and eall preparations containing more than 0.2 of morphine or containing any diacetylmorphine.

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11 "opium poppy" means a the plant of the species Papaver somniferum L. and b the plant of any other species of Papaver from which opium or any phenanthrene alkaloid can be extracted . and which the Central Government may by notification in the Official Gazette declare to be opium poppy for the purposes of this Act 12."poppy straw" means all parts except the seeds of the opium poppy after harvesting whether in their original form or cut crushed or powdered and whether or not juice has been extracted there from

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13. psychotropic substance" means any substance natural or synthetic or any salt or preparation of such substance or material included in the list of psychotropic substances specified in the Schedule l

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IILICIT TRAFFIC/PREVENTION OF ILLICIT TRAFFIC IN NARCOTIC DRUGS AND PSYCHOTROPIC SUBSTANCES • 1.Cultivating any coca plant or gathering any portion of coca plant. • 2.Cultivating the opium poppy or any cannabis plant. • 3.Engaging in the productionmanufacturepossessionsalepurchase transportation warehousing concealmenthiding use of consumption inter-state importinter-state export import into India export from India or trans-shipment of narcotic drugs or psychotropic substances.

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• 4. Dealing in narcotic drugs psychotropic substances. • 5. Handling or letting any premises for use for any of the purpose referred in 1-4 • 6. Financing any activity by himself or through any other person in the furtherance or in support of doing any of the aforesaid acts. • 7.Harbouring give shelter persons engaged in any of the above said activities. • 8 Abettingencourage/assistor conspiringplanning secretly in the furtherance or in support of doing any of the aforesaid acts except to the extent permitted under the Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act 1985 or any rule or order made or any condition of any licencepermit or authorization issued thereunder

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OFFICERS OF CENTRAL GOVERNMENT • NARCOTICS COMMISSIONER: • Under the provision of this act the central Government may appoint Narcotic Commissioner and such other officer as it thinks fit. Narcotics Commissioner himself or with the help of other officers shall perform the functions relating to: • 1. The supervision of the cultivation of the opium poppy. • 2. Production of opium and • 3. Other functions as may be entrusted to him by the Central Government. • The State Government may appoint such officers as deemed fit for the purposes of thisAct.

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NARCOTICS DRUGS AND PSYCHOTROPIC SUBSTANCES CONSULTA TIVE COMMITTEE • Constituted for efficient administration of this Act by the Central Government as an advisory committee • Consists of Chairman and not more than 20 members. • Advices the Central Government on the matters relating to administration of this Act.

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PROHIBITION CONTROLAND REGULATION • -No person shall acultivate any coca plant or gather any portion of coca plant or • b cultivate the opium poppy or any cannabis plant or • c produce manufacture possess sell purchase transport warehouse use consume import inter- State export inter- State import into India export from India or tranship any narcotic drug or psychotropic substance except for medical or scientific purposes and in the manner and to the extent provided by the provisions of this Act or the rules or orders made thereunder.

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CONTROL ON CERTAIN OPERATIONS BY CENTRAL GOVERNMENT • a empower the Central Government to fix from time to time the limits within which licences may be given for the cultivation of the opium poppy • b require that all opium the produce of land cultivated with the opium poppy shall be delivered by the cultivators to the officers authorized in this behalf by the Central Government. • c prescribe the forms and conditions of licences for cultivation of the opium poppy and for production and manufacture of opium the fees that may be charged there for the authorities by which such licences may be granted withheld refused or cancelled and the authorities before which appeals against the orders of withholding refusal or cancellation of licences shall lie. • d prescribe that opium shall be weighed examined and classified according to its quality and consistence by the officers authorized.

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e empower the Central Government to fix from time to time the price to be paid to the cultivators for the opium delivered fprovide for the weighment examination and classification according to the quality and consistence of the opium received at the factory and the deductions from examination classification deductions or additions shall be made and the authorities before which appeals against such decisions shall lie grequire that opium delivered by a cultivator if found as a result of examination in the Central Government factory to be adulterated may be confiscated seizeby the officers authorized in this behalf h prescribe the forms and conditions of licences for the manufacture of manufactured drugs the authorities by which such licences may be granted and the fees may be charged therefor

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i prescribe the forms and conditions of licences or permits for the manufacture possession transport import inter-State export inter- State sale purchase consumption or use of psychotropic substances the authorities by which such licences or permits may be granted and the fees that may be charged therefor. j prescribe the ports and other places at which any kind of narcotic drugs or psychotropic substances may be imported into India or exported from India or transshipped the forms and conditions of certificates authorizations or permits as the case may be for such import export or transhipment the authorities by which such certificates authorizations or permits may be granted and the fees that may be charged therefor.

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OFFENCES AND PENALTIES 1.Punishment for contravention in relation to poppy straw. :- Rigorous imprisonment for not less than ten years which may extend to twenty years with fine not less than one lakh rupees which may extend to two lakh OR more for certain reasons. 2. Punishment for contravention in relation to coca plant and coca leaves:- rigorous imprisonment for a term not less than ten years which may extend to twenty years with fine not less than one lakh which may extend to two lakh rupees. 3. Punishment for contravention in relation to prepared opium:- Rigorous imprisonment for a term not less than ten years which may extend to twenty years with fine not less than one lakh which may extend to two lakh rupees. 4. Punishment for contravention in relation to opium poppy and opium:- Rigorous imprisonment for a term not less than ten years which may extend to twenty years with fine not less than one lakh which may extend to two lakh rupees.

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5. Punishment for embezzlement illegal disposalof opium by cultivator. -Rigorous imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than ten years but which may extend to twenty years and shall also be liable to fine which shall not be less thanone lakh but which may extend to two lakh rupees: 6. Punishment for contravention in relation to cannabis plant and cannabis.- a where such contravention relates to ganja or the cultivation of cannabis plant: rigorous imprisonment upto five years with a fine upto fifty thousand rupees. b where such contravention relates to cannabis other than ganja:- Rigorous imprisonment for a term not less than ten years which may extend to twenty years with fine not less than one lakh which may extend to two lakh rupees.

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7.Punishment for contravention in relation to manufactured drugs and preparations:- Rigorous imprisonment for a term not less than ten years which may extend to twenty years with fine not less than one lakh which may extend to two lakh rupees. 7.Punishment for contravention in relation to psychotropic substances:- :- Rigorous imprisonment for a term not less than ten years which may extend to twenty years with fine not less than one lakh which may extend to two lakh rupees. 8.Punishment for illegal import in to India export from India or transhipment of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances:- Rigorous imprisonment for a term not less than ten years which may extend to twenty years with fine not less than one lakh which may extend to two lakh rupees.

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10.Punishment for external dealings in narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances:-Rigorous imprisonment for a term not less than ten years which may extend to twenty years with fine not less than one lakh which may extend to two lakh rupees. 11.Punishment for allowing premises etc. to be used for commencement of an offence:- Rigorous imprisonment for a term not less than ten years which may extend to twenty years with fine not less than one lakh which may extend to two lakh rupees. 12.Punishment for certain acts by licensee or his servants.-The acts are: aomits without any reasonable cause to maintain accounts or to submit any bfails to produce without any reasonable cause such licence permit or authorisation on demand of any officer authorized by the Central Government or State Government in this behalf

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c keeps any accounts or makes any statement which is false dwillfully and knowingly does any act in breach of any of the conditions of licence permit or authorisation for which a penalty is not prescribed elsewhere in thisAct he shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three years or with fine or both. 13.Punishment for illegal possession in small quantity for personal consumption of any narcotic drug or psychotropic substance or consumption of such drug or substance:- a Where the narcotic drug consumed is cocainemorphinediacetyl- morphine or any other narcotic drug or any psychotropic substance- Imprisonment upto one year or fine or both. b Where the narcotic drug or psychotropic substance possessed or consumed is other than those mentioned above is punishable with Imprisonment upto six month or fine or both

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14.Enhanced punishment for certain offences after previous conviction:- On second and every subsequent conviction of offences:- Rigorous imprisonment for a term not less than fifteen years which may extend to thirty years with fine not less than one lakh fifty thousand rupees which may extend to three lakh rupees.

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REFERNCES • Kuchekar BS. A textbook of pharmaceutical jurisprudence:Nirali Prakashan1994. • Jain NK. A textbook of forensic pharmacy. 6th ed. New Delhi:Vallabh Prakashan2003.

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