logging in or signing up CDMA basics Veeraputhiran Download Post to : URL : Related Presentations : Share Add to Flag Embed Email Send to Blogs and Networks Add to Channel Uploaded from authorPOINT lite Insert YouTube videos in PowerPont slides with aS Desktop Copy embed code: Embed: Flash iPad Copy Does not support media & animations WordPress Embed Customize Embed URL: Copy Thumbnail: Copy The presentation is successfully added In Your Favorites. Views: 2241 Category: Science & Tech.. License: All Rights Reserved Like it (1) Dislike it (0) Added: August 17, 2010 This Presentation is Public Favorites: 2 Presentation Description No description available. Comments Posting comment... Premium member Presentation Transcript Slide 1: CDMA BASICS Slide 7: CALL FLOW IN CDMA Slide 9: Performance Management Terminology (cont.) Origination Message Tx from MS or General Page Tx from BS Origination Message Rx at BS or Page Response Rx at BS Channel Assignment Message Tx from BS Service Connect Complete Message Rx at BS Call Connectivity Lost Admission Connection Service Blocked Call Setup Failure Dropped Call Access Failure Slide 10: HANDOFF IN CDMA Slide 11: Handoff process When a MS is moving from one cell to another, the MS undergoes procedures, called handoff, that allow the MS to acquire the pilot channel transmitted by neighboring BTS and to make another connection to a new BTS, while maintaining a connection to the old base station transceiver system (BTS). To perform a handoff process, every MS measures and internally stores the information about neighboring Forward Pilot Channels (FPiChs) acquired in its current location. Slide 13: Active set Pilots of CDMA carriers whose forward paging channels of Forward Common Control Channels (FCCChs) are being monitored while in idle state. During a call, these are the pilots associated with forward traffic channels assigned to the MS. Candidate set Pilots not currently in the active set but with enough signal power level to become an active pilot. Neighbor set Pilots that do not belong to the active or candidate sets but may also be considered candidates for a handoff process Remaining set All remaining pilots that do not belong to any of the other sets but are in the area where the MS is located; Handoff Pilot Sets Slide 14: Soft handoff A soft handoff is applied to an MS that starts communication with a new BTS while still connected to another BTS Make-before-break Hard handoff A MS is disconnected from one BTS and is switched to another Break-before-make Softer handoff A special soft handoff between sectors in the same BTS Idle handoff An idle handoff is performed while in idle state when the MS is moving from one BTS to another Access handoff An access handoff occurs in the system access state when the MS is performing access attempts. Handoff Types Slide 15: FER is the most common network quality parameter to execute power control Ec/Io (ratio of chip energy, Ec, to interference plus noise spectral density) Eb/Io (ratio of bit energy, Eb, to interference plus noise spectral density) Power control aims to quickly and efficiently estimate the minimum MS transmission power to achieve the required communication quality (based on FER statistics) Benefits of power control in CDMA systems Increase in system capacity Minimization of near-far effect Increase in battery lifetime Power Control Slide 16: Open loop power control Usually implemented as the initial power control to give an estimate of minimum transmission power used for access channels, such as Reverse Access Channels (RAChs), Enhanced Access Channels (EAChs), and Reverse Common Control Channels (RCCChs), during system access state. Closed loop power control Usually implemented for traffic channels, which need a more sophisticated power control system. cdma2000 systems can also employ this type of power control even during the system access state. Slide 17: Procedure of the closed loop power control A) An MS initially uses the transmission power defined in the last message from last access probe transmitted on the system access state. B) The BTS determines a ‘set point’ power level, which is considered ideal for receiving signals within a certain QoS. C)The set point is periodically adjusted. D) The BTS performs power control by transmitting power control bits, which instruct MSs individually to increase or reduce transmission power according to the estimated set point value. Slide 22: THANK YOU You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.