ICT and the Pacific Island Curriculum

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ICTs and the Pacific Island curriculum ED455: Advanced Curriculum Studies Vilimaka Foliaki School of Education The University of the South Pacific May 9 th 2011 ICTs and the Pacific Island curriculum

What is ICT?:

What is ICT? ICT : I nformation and c ommunication t echnology . A variety of technologies used to create, communicate, and manage information. → resources, machines, programs Meaning change with time Meaning of ICT

Changing meaning of ICT:

Changing meaning of ICT Computers + Internet Chalk Paper Radio OHP + Transparencies Ball-pen Video TV Pencil Telephone Mobile-phone iPod iPad OHP markers Whiteboard Blackboard Slate Media-players Digital camera Web2.0 Web1.0

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Improve access ⇒ Asynchronous learning/teaching Can learn anytime, anywhere ⇒ Course materials – avail 24/7; diversity (print, audio, video) Improve flexibility ⇒ Asynchronous learning – discussion forum etc ⇒ Synchronous learning – Chat, Webinar, Skype Improve relevance of curriculum ⇒ Learner independence ⇒ Learners collaboration and interdependence ⇒ Better prepared for workplace and world ICT is believed to have the potential to improve quality of education by: Why ICT in the curriculum?

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Improving motivation ⇒ Appealing – texts, sounds, colours, movements ⇒ Learner wants to learn; interest – intrinsic motivation Promoting creativity ⇒ old things done in new ways ⇒ new things done in new ways ICT is believed to have the potential to improve the quality of education by: Why ICT in the curriculum?

ICT is believed to have the potential to improve the quality of education by::

ICT is believed to have the potential to improve the quality of education by: Transforming practice, perceptions ⇒ learning environment ⇒ pedagogy and content Improving Teacher education ⇒ e.g. Cyber Teacher Training Centre (CCTC) South Korea Why ICT in the curriculum?

Knowledge of ICT in curriculum for long-term development:

Knowledge of ICT in curriculum for long-term development Access to ICTs in schools is critical for development In developing countries, Access at home to ICT is low . E.g. Internet access 13.5% developing countries : 65% in developed countries) ICTs knowledge and skills drive growth and productivity Long-term economic competitiveness Why ICT in the curriculum?

What Pacific Islands Say About ICT?:

What Pacific Islands Say About ICT? 100% Agree ICT beneficial to PI students (Pacific e-learning Observatory) The Tonga Declaration (June, 2010) : Pacific Islands ICT Ministers declared that we: Do Pacific Islands Agree with ICTs?

What Pacific Islands Say About ICT?:

What Pacific Islands Say About ICT? Forum Education Ministers Meeting , PNG, Oct 2010 Do Pacific Islands Agree with ICTs?

What Pacific Islands Say About ICT?:

What Pacific Islands Say About ICT? Content to be localized using ICT (Whelan, 2007) Culturally sensitive ICT oriented pedagogy (Latu and Young, 2004) Do Pacific Islands Agree with ICTs?

Pacific Islands Challenges to ICT integration in Education :

Pacific Islands Challenges to ICT integration in Education Vast distances between remote communities Challenge connectedness Connectedness costly Small commercial markets limited spending potentials Not attractive investment (Whelan, 2007) (PacificIT.org, 2006-2007) But! Challenges to ICT in the Pacific

WORLD INTERNET USAGE:

WORLD INTERNET USAGE (Source: Internet World Statistics: http://www.internetworldstats.com/ ) We’re doing fine! But again, growth is fast!

Web 2.0 in the classroom :

Web 2.0 in the classroom Today, ICT in the classroom is about Web 2.0 Web 2.0 technologies

Web 2.0? What is it? :

Web 2.0? What is it? Meaning is broad, therefore vague. But it represents: A Turning point – a Renaissance for the web (O’Reilly, 2009) Web 1.0 ⇒ ⇒ ⇒ Web 2.0 Web 2.0 technologies

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A philosophy regarding how we use the web to learn : Web 1.0 – we are consumers of Internet data; we passively absorb what's available. Webmasters (companies) own data. Web 2.0 - we are (or should be) active contributors, helping customize media and technology for our own purposes (TechSoup, 2005). Webmaster End-users or consumers Web 2.0 technologies

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A group of Web Applications E.g. Weblogs (blogs), FaceBook, Twitter, Flickr, YouTube, Edmoto, Webquests, Diigo, Youblisher, Engrade, Wikis, RSS-Feed, …etc, etc, etc – there are hundreds of these. Web 2.0 technologies

Concept mapping tools:

Concept mapping tools You create concept maps, share them with others, embed using code provided. Examples of Web 2.0 in the classroom

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Book-marking tools You bookmark websites, add sticky-notes, share with your network. E.g. Diigo , Delicious Examples of Web 2.0 in the classroom

Filters and Aggregators:

Filters and Aggregators RSS Feeds Examples of Web 2.0 in the classroom

Tools for Presentation (Prezi.com) + Word clouds (Wordle.net):

Tools for Presentation ( Prezi.com ) + Word clouds ( Wordle.net ) Examples of Web 2.0 in the classroom

Slideshare (Authorstream.com):

Slideshare (Authorstream.com) ( http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/StoneB-436108-tram-slideshow2/ ) Examples of Web 2.0 in the classroom

Blogging (e.g. WordPress.com):

Blogging (e.g. WordPress.com) http://cruiselyna.wordpress.com/2011/03/10/guide-to-web-based-tools/ Examples of Web 2.0 in the classroom

Self-Publishing (Issuu, Youblisher, Bookr):

Self-Publishing ( Issuu, Youblisher, Bookr ) http://www.youblisher.com/p/105454-Teacher-Observation-Form/ Examples of Web 2.0 in the classroom

Photo-hosting and sharing (Flickr.com):

Photo-hosting and sharing (Flickr.com) Examples of Web 2.0 in the classroom

Video hosting and sharing (YouTube, TeacherTube, Vimeo).:

Video hosting and sharing (YouTube, TeacherTube, Vimeo). Examples of Web 2.0 in the classroom

Web 2.0 Applications (or Tools) :

Web 2.0 Applications (or Tools) These help to cater for limitations of desktop applications. Your workstation at School/Home. Your classroom at school Your workstation Travelling You work while on the move! ICT solve limitations of traditional curriculum

Web 2.0 Applications :

Web 2.0 Applications Change the web >> “Participatory-web” Encourage participation & collaboration – in social media dialogue Encourage a culture of sharing. There is collective intelligence from synergy of collaboration. E.g. Wikipedia Democratic - Openness and Freedom ICT promotes sharing, participation, democracy

Why Web 2.0 Applications in the classroom:

Why Web 2.0 Applications in the classroom Your students – born after 1985, PC computer increasingly available Many are impacted by digital technology “Digital Natives” (e.g. PC, Internet, mobile phones, Computer games, portable media players – mp3s, Ipods. Net Generation – were born in the internet age Our existing education system was NOT designed for this new generation – your students! ICT improve learning and teaching

Digital Natives:

Digital Natives Rarely enter a library Rarely use the traditional encyclopedia; Use Wikipedia instead Use the Internet, SEARCH engines (Google, Yahoo, etc). Converse using: SMS - texting Social networking - Face Book, MySpace, Twitter etc. Short Attention span They are CONNECTED 24/7 ! ICT improve learning and teaching

By their 21st Birthday :

By their 21 st Birthday They would have: Spent 10,000 hrs Video games Sent more than 200,000 emails Watched 20,000 hrs TV Watched more than 400,000 TV Ads Spent only 5,000 hrs reading books! (Marc Prensky, 2001) ICT improve learning and teaching

“Digital Natives” think differently!:

“Digital Natives” think differently! Children raised with the computer ―Think differently. Do they have short attention span? To Digital Immigrants (i.e. Many of us), they have “Short Attention Span” or ADD. Attention isn’t short when they are interested in the task (computer game, etc) They need INTERACTIVITY – immediate response (from teacher, friends, etc) They choose NOT to be attentive. They are not interested . The traditional lesson IS NOT stimulating enough! ICT improve learning and teaching

Use Web 2.0 Tools in teaching! :

Use Web 2.0 Tools in teaching! They are part of your students’ world! They appeal more to students of today! They are social >>> they are interactive They are free (or becoming increasingly affordable) They expand the boundaries of your classroom >>> address diversity of learning styles/needs. They make teaching/learning more flexible They improve effectiveness of teaching/learning. ICT improve learning and teaching

Thank You:

Thank You Follow me on: @VL_YMK

References:

References Foliaki, V. (2010). Cruiselyna’s Blog: Exploring online learning environments . Available at: http://cruiselyna.wordpress.com/ O’Reilly Media website: http://oreilly.com/ Prensky, M. (2005). Digital Natives, Digital Immigrants, Part II: Do They Really Think Differently? Pacific eLearning Observatory (PELO) website: http://www.usp.ac.fj/index.php?id=8037 PacificIT.org (2006-2007). Internet in the Pacific: A baseline survey of Internet in the Pacific Islands . Available at: http://www.pacificit.org/ Pacific Islands Forum Education Ministers Meeting (2010). ICT in Education in the Pacific Region . 13 – 14 October, 2010, Port Moresby, PNG. Available at: http://www.forumsec.org/resources/uploads/attachments/documents/2010FEDMM.14_Paper.pdf TechSoup website: http://home.techsoup.org/pages/default.aspx Whelan, R (2007). eLearning in the South Pacific: current status, challenges and trends. Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting, Suva: University of the South Pacific, 2007. Available at: http://www.usp.ac.fj/fileadmin/files/services/cedt/cfdl/rtl/publications/CHOGM-Whelan_2-1.pdf

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