COMMUNITY BASED SURVIELLANCE JUNE 2008

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COMMUNITY BASED SURVIELLANCE VOLUNTEER : 

COMMUNITY BASED SURVIELLANCE VOLUNTEER

WHAT IS A COMMUNITY? : 

WHAT IS A COMMUNITY? A group of people living in the same geographical area, have the same Beliefs and Norms and Governed by them selves Conversely, a community is conducive setting because it is a net work of people linked by where they live, the work they do, their ethnic background or any other factors they have in common.

BELIEF, ATTITUDE,BEHAVIOUR : 

BELIEF, ATTITUDE,BEHAVIOUR BELIEF….It is an idea that is accepted as true. It may or may not be supported by fact. ATTITUDE…Is an opinion or feeling about people BEHAVIOUR… It is an action that an individual or community takes or adopt because it is based on belief, knowledge, attitude and values

HEALTH : 

HEALTH WHAT IS HEALTH? A state of complete Physical, Mental, Spiritual and Social wellbeing and not barely in the absence of disease and infirmity. The functioning aspect that determines whether you are able to perform daily activities

VOLUNTEER : 

VOLUNTEER WHO IS A VOLUNTEER? A person who freely offers to do something without being paid rather than being ordered to do so

SURVEILLANCE : 

SURVEILLANCE It is the timely collection, collation, analysis and dissemination of the information to the appropriate quarters for action So, for effective interventions, it requires timely information of events happening in the community, from the community based surveillance volunteer.

ROLES OF CBSV : 

ROLES OF CBSV HEALTH EDUCATION Is the process through which the people become aware of their health needs, identify their problems and become motivated as individuals, group or communities to solve. HEALTH PROMOTION It is the process of enabling people to increase control over and to improve their health. It is also to reach a state of complete physical, mental. Spiritual and social wellbeing

ROLES OF CBS/V CONT. : 

ROLES OF CBS/V CONT. Timely identifying and Reporting Communicable Diseases or Epidemic Prone Diseases Meet with key opinion leaders (politicians, traditional, religious, community leaders and other health workers) Organizing Community (Durbars). Register Birth & Death Immunization Register Generic line listing for priority Disease conditions Record Visit made by the volunteer and the health staff

ROLES OF CBS/V CONT. : 

ROLES OF CBS/V CONT. Occurrence of a strange Disease Many people getting sick at the same time. Many deaths at the same time

Epidemic Prone Diseases : 

Epidemic Prone Diseases CONDITIONS PRESENT AT FIRST CONTACT SUSPECT Any Person 5 years of age or more who Cholera develops severe dehydration or dies from acute watery diarrhoea Any person with diarrhoea (passage of Diarrhoea with 3 or more watery stools within the past blood 24 hours) and visibly with blood Any person with fever and maculopapular Measles (non vesicular) generalized rash and cough, coryza or conjunctivitis (red eyes) or any person in whom a clinician suspects measles

Epidemic Prone Diseases cont. : 

Epidemic Prone Diseases cont. CONDITIONS PRESENT AT FIRST CONTACT SUSPECT Any person with sudden onset of fever Meningitis and one of the following signs: neck stiffness, altered consciousness or other meningeal signs Any child less than 15 years of age with Acute Flaccid sudden (within three days) of weakness Paralysis or flaccid paralysis or a person of any (Poliomyelitis) age in whom the clinician suspects Polio

Epidemic Prone Diseases cont. : 

Epidemic Prone Diseases cont. CONDITIONS PRESENT AT FIRST CONTACT SUSPECT Any person with sudden onset of high fever Yellow Fever (>39degree Celsius) followed by jaundice within two weeks of onset of first symptoms Any new born with a normal ability to suck or Neonatal Tetanus cry during the first two days of life, and who, between 3 and 28 days of age ,can not suck normally and becomes stiff or has spasms Or both. Any person with history of skin lesion and Dracunculiasis emergence of Guinea worm within one year (Guinea Worm) of the skin lesion.

Epidemic Prone Diseases cont. : 

Epidemic Prone Diseases cont. CONDITIONS PRESENT AT FIRST CONTACT SUSPECT Any person with severe illness, fever, and Viral hemorrhagic at least one of the following signs: bloody stools, fevers or unexplained bleeding from the gums, nose, skin or eyes

DATA COLLECTION (TECHNIQUES &TOOLS) : 

DATA COLLECTION (TECHNIQUES &TOOLS) Community Register for Vital Health Events Surveys Observation Interviews (structured and unstructured) Occlusive devices (Tapes and Photographs)

EXERCISE : 

EXERCISE Take your Community Register for Vital Events.

THE END : 

THE END THANKS FOR LISTENING

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