A Celebration of Technology in Education: A Celebration of Technology in Education 1801 - 2012 Compiled by John Stewart, 2012. 1801: Invention of the Blackboard: 1801: Invention of the Blackboard James Pillans , headmaster of the Old High School of Edinburgh, Scotland, is widely credited for inventing the blackboard and colored chalk, which he used to teach geography . They became green in the ’ 60s to make the rooms look less stark Well highlighted in social commentary: Well highlighted in social commentary 1884: Invention of Fountain Pen: 1884: Invention of Fountain Pen The first practical version of the fountain pen was produced in 1884 by the American inventor L.E. Waterman. Late 1800s – creation of lead pencil: Late 1800s – creation of lead pencil 1910 – spirit duplicator machine: 1910 – spirit duplicator machine David Gestetner created his machine in 1910 and they were widely used in schools until the late 1970s. 1914 – Multiple Choice Test Invented: 1914 – Multiple Choice Test Invented The Kansas Silent Reading Test (1914-1915) is the earliest known published multiple-choice test, developed by Frederick J. Kelly, a Kansas school director. Kelly created the test to reduce "time and effort" in administration and scoring. 1925 – the creation of television: 1925 – the creation of television 1956 saw the introduction of mainstream broadcast television in Australia, with Bruce Gyngell’s famous quote, “Good evening, and welcome to television” 1938/41 – the creation of the Biro: 1938/41 – the creation of the Biro In 1941 the Bíró brothers and a friend, Juan Jorge Meyne , filed a patent and formed Bíró Pens of Argentina . The new design was licensed by the British, who produced ball point pens for RAF aircrew, who found these pens worked well in high altitude. 1950 – The Overhead Projector: 1950 – The Overhead Projector The first version of the overhead projector was created in 1940 but it was Roger Appledorn who in the early 1960s is credited with the device as we know it today in 1960. It was entrenched in classes in the 1980s. 1956 – first video tape recorder: 1956 – first video tape recorder April 14 1956 Ampex demonstrated its first video tape recorder. 1958 – Liquid Paper Developed: 1958 – Liquid Paper Developed 1960 Whiteboard invented: 1960 Whiteboard invented Claridge Products was the first company to manufacture the porcelain whiteboard. It wasn’t until mid-1990s the whiteboard started to be adopted on a larger scale in Australian schools (and businesses). 1962 – first Compact Cassette tape: 1962 – first Compact Cassette tape Philips creates the first Compact Cassette tape which, between the 1970s to 90s was one of two most common audio recording formats. 1971 – first floppy disc is available: 1971 – first floppy disc is available In 1986 the 1.44 format was introduced. 1972 – first commercial calculator created: 1972 – first commercial calculator created 1973 – first mobile phone call: 1973 – first mobile phone call 1973: The world's first mobile phone call is made, by Motorola's Martin Cooper, on this prototype analogue phone. 1975 – colour television hits Australia: 1975 – colour television hits Australia 1977 – the introduction of VHS : 1977 – the introduction of VHS The VCR entered Australia via Beta in 1975, but it was the VHS technology that won out. By 1984, 26% of families had a VCR. By 1997 the VCR had spread to 87% of households. 1978 – first Walkman: 1978 – first Walkman The prototype was built in 1978 by audio-division engineer Nobutoshi Kihara for Sony co-chairman Akio Morita, who wanted to be able to listen to operas on his trans-Pacific business flights. It was launched in 1979. 1982 – first CD player: 1982 – first CD player October 1982 first CDP101 released in USA. On 2 March 1983 CD players and discs were launched in the US and other markets – this was referred to as the Big Bang of the digital audio revolution. 1983 - Mobile phones development: 1983 - Mobile phones development 1984 – Apple Mac launched: 1984 – Apple Mac launched 1985 – first production of CD ROM: 1985 – first production of CD ROM Philips and Sony both developed the technology. 1988 – Scantronics first marking system: 1988 – Scantronics first marking system 1992 – Windows 3.1 launched: 1992 – Windows 3.1 launched 1993 – first commercial SMS system sold: 1993 – first commercial SMS system sold 1994 – first version of WoW launched: 1994 – first version of WoW launched With 10.2 million subscribers as of December 2011, WoW is the world’s largest Massively Multiple Online-Player Game (MMOPG). We have students waking up in the middle of the night to play the northern hemisphere. 1994 – first consumer-level digital camera: 1994 – first consumer-level digital camera The Apple QuickTake 100 was launched in 1994 and was the first to connect to the home computer via a serial cable. 1995 – Windows 95 Launched: 1995 – Windows 95 Launched Included Internet Explorer – a web browser 1996 – Google is launched: 1996 – Google is launched 1998– Interactive Whiteboards introduced: 1998– Interactive Whiteboards introduced Smartboard introduces its information management software and its Smart notebook 2.0 software. 1999 – Wi-Fi Alliance Formed: 1999 – Wi-Fi Alliance Formed 2000 – first USB flash drive: 2000 – first USB flash drive 2001 – the iPod is introduced: 2001 – the iPod is introduced 2003 – Skype was founded: 2003 – Skype was founded Skype was purchased by Microsoft in 2011 for $8.5 billion. It has 663 million registered users (September 2011). 2004 – launch of Facebook: 2004 – launch of Facebook Mark Zuckerberg cofounded Facebook in 2004. Facebook allows any users who declare themselves to be at least 13 years old to become registered users of the site. By September 22 2011, Facebook had 800 000 000 registered users. 2005 – YouTube launched: 2005 – YouTube launched In 2006, YouTube was purchased by Google for $1.65 Billion 2007 – the first iPhone released: 2007 – the first iPhone released 1 000 000th word enters English Language on June 10, 2009: 1 000 000 th word enters English Language on June 10, 2009 2010 – the first iPad is introduced : 2010 – the first i Pad is introduced 2010 – document cameras in classrooms: 2010 – document cameras in classrooms 2010 – Kinect launched: 2010 – Kinect launched After selling a total of 8 million units in its first 60 days, the Kinect holds the Guinness World Record of being the ‘fastest selling consumer electronics device’. 2011 – Broadband Global Stats: 2011 – Broadband Global Stats 2012 – Google Glasses to be launched: 2012 – Google Glasses to be launched There’s something VERY big about to happen – and it’s this year! 2014 – possible launch of new radio bandwidth system: 2014 – possible launch of new radio bandwidth system March 1, 2012 Scientists demo radio wave "twisting" to increase bandwidth Let’s be aware – and considerate!: Let’s be aware – and considerate! By age 21, boys in USA have spent 10 000 hours on computer games. Computers will be on par with human intelligence by 2029. T he percentage of our waking time spent alone increased by 14% to three hours a day: Australian Bureau of Statistics Our schools are forcing more academic content onto younger years Girls are ‘presumed’ to be better at literacy and so this ‘expectation’ becomes self-fulfilling – especially in co-education classes. In the early years a boy’s maturity is commonly aligned to a year below girls’ of the same age Boys are more likely to be deemed ‘behaviour problems’, and much more likely to be considered as having ADHD Girls are more rehearsed in the appropriateness of answering questions, and so are more likely to be asked for answers Boys in co-education classes are more acutely aware of not being made to look foolish in a class with girls Why do we educate?: Why do we educate? Pass on cultural and social values, traditions, morality, religion and skills to the next generation . Or is it to get a good job? What is our intention? For what are we aiming?: What is our intention? For what are we aiming? Did You Know?: If you are one in a million in China, there are 1300 people like you. China will soon be the number one English speaking country in the world. The 25% of India’s population with the highest IQs is greater than the total population of the USA. India has more honours kids than America has kids! The top ten in demand jobs in 2010 didn’t exist in 2004 - we are preparing students for jobs that don’t yet exist. Today’s learner will have 10-14 jobs by the age of 38. 1 out of 8 couples married in America in 2008 met online . Facebook has over 800 million registered users – if it were a country, it would be the 3 RD largest in the world! There are 31 billion searches on Google every month. Did You Know? Change is the only constant: Change is the only constant We believe if we duck the pendulum it will miss and return – and miss and return. We can keep our common ground. Some problems exist: Some problems exist If we are seeking a traditional approach – fill the brain approach – we are stifling progress because it is based on what we know, which is static. Problems with the classroom: Problems with the classroom We box in learners and make them think school “learning” only happens inside the box. We have subject silos and we miss seeing connections. Problems with the system: Problems with the system The Age Cage (one day can be the difference) and the way we “book end” learning – not seeing it as life-long. NAPLAN or NAPALM!? The Australian SATs: NAPLAN or NAPALM!? The Australian SATs There is a difference – performer vs learner: There is a difference – performer vs learner We need balance. High-stake testing robs us of breadth.: We need balance. High-stake testing robs us of breadth. And disengages learners… and teachers! We are not improving! Why?: We are not improving! Why? First world countries have not seen any increases in standardised test scores for literacy, numeracy and science since the mid 1960’ s. Mental health – 1 in 5: Mental health – 1 in 5 One in four Australians aged 16–24 years had experienced some mental health disorder in the previous twelve months. In the estimates of disease burden for 2010, mental disorders account for about half of the burden in these young people. Diabetes in Australia - rising: Diabetes in Australia - rising 552 million people could have diabetes by 2030 From:AP November 14, 2011 10:01PM THE International Diabetes Federation predicts that one in 10 adults could have diabetes by 2030, according to their latest statistics. Overweight and growing: Overweight and growing Eating fruit and vegetables: Eating fruit and vegetables Our perception can lead us astray: Our perception can lead us astray Do we teach thinking?: Do we teach thinking? Alphabet = Alpha Beta Dr Jamie McKenzie provides insight that on average adults remember only two teachers who taught them to think. Education Revolution?: Education Revolution? There is a changing paradigm – much bigger than ‘Teaching’: There is a changing paradigm – much bigger than ‘Teaching’ Flip Learning – Makes Sense: Flip Learning – Makes Sense You set tutorials and concepts via tutorials to be studied at home and then support greater understanding via lessons and teacher/tutor/peer support. Our world is different – and changing: Our world is different – and changing Years it took to reach a market audience of 50 million: Radio 38 years | Television 13 years | Internet 4 years Is this it?: Is this it? Social Learning – we connect: Social Learning – we connect Birth and Location is no longer the compass of your future! The “box” is broken.: Birth and Location is no longer the compass of your future! The “box” is broken. Thank you.: Thank you.