Biofield Energy Treated Methyl-2-Naphthyl Ether

Views:
 
     
 

Presentation Description

Methyl-2-naphthyl ether (MNE) is an organic compound and used as the primary moiety for the synthesis of several antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory agents. This study was attempted to evaluate the impact of biofield energy treatment on the physical, thermal, and spectroscopic properties of MNE. The study was carried out in two groups i.e., control and treated. The treated group was subjected to Mr. Trivedi’s biofield treatment.

Comments

Presentation Transcript

slide 1:

Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry Environmental Analytical Chemistry Trivedi et al. J Environ Anal Chem 2015 2:5 http://dx.doi.org/10.4172/2380-2391.1000162 Research Article Open Access Volume 2 • Issue 5 • 1000162 J Environ Anal Chem ISSN: 2380-2391 JREAC an open access journal Keywords: Methyl-2-naphthyl ether Biofeld energy X-ray difraction Surface area analysis Diferential scanning calorimetry Termogravimetric analysis Abbreviations MNE: Methyl-2-Naphthyl Ether NCCAM: National Center For Complementary And Alternative Medicine XRD: X-Ray Difraction DSC: Diferential Scanning Calorimetry TGA: Termogravimetric Analysis DTA: Diferential Termal Analysis DTG: Derivative Termogravimetry FT-IR: Fourier Transforms Infrared Introduction Naphthalene has been described as new class of potent antimicrobials against wide range of human pathogens. It occupies a central place among biologically active compounds owing to its varied and exciting antibiotic properties with less toxicity 1. Numerous naphthalene containing antimicrobial drugs are existing like nafifne nafacillin terbinafne tolnafate etc. that plays vital role against microbial infections 23. Further the naphthalene derivatives like naproxen nabumetone were also studied in depth as the nonsteroidal anti-infammatory drugs NSAIDs. Tey are mainly nonselective inhibitor of two cyclooxygenase COX isoform i.e. COX-1 and COX-2 45. Moreover the structurally relative naphthalene derivatives lower the parathyroid level by binding to calcium receptor on the parathyroid gland. Tus it helps to regulate hyperparathyroidism especially in kidney disease or parathyroid gland neoplasm 6. Based on the importance of naphthalene derivative as a main moiety for organic synthesis of several pharmaceutical drugs it is advantageous to fnd out the alternate approach that can enhance the physicochemical and thermal properties of naphthalene derivative i.e. methyl-2-naphthyl ether MNE. Recently an alternate treatment approach i.e. healing therapy or therapeutic touch known as the biofeld energy treatment which was reported in several felds. Te National Institute of Health/ National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine NIH/ NCCAM conceived the biofeld energy treatment in subcategory of energy therapies putative energy felds 78. Te biofeld treatment is Physical Thermal and Spectroscopic Characterization of Biofield Energy Treated Methyl-2-Naphthyl Ether Mahendra Kumar Trivedi 1 Alice Branton 1 Dahryn Trivedi 1 Gopal Nayak 1 Khemraj Bairwa 2 and Snehasis Jana 2 1 Trivedi Global Inc. 10624 S Eastern Avenue Suite A-969 Henderson NV 89052 USA 2 Trivedi Science Research Laboratory Pvt. Ltd. Hall-A Chinar Mega Mall Chinar Fortune City Hoshangabad Rd. Bhopal- 462026 Madhya Pradesh India being used in healing process to reduce pain anxiety and to promote the overall health of human being 910. Biofeld is an electromagnetic feld that permeates and surrounds living organisms. Tis biologically produced electromagnetic and subtle energy feld regulates the various physiological and communications functions within the human organism 11. Researchers have attempted diferent biological studies and efects of biofeld on various biomolecules such as proteins antibiotics 12 bacterial cultures 13 and conformational change in DNA 14. Prakash et al. reported that various scientifc instruments such as Kirlian photography resonance feld imaging RFI and polycontrast interference photography PIP could be extensively used to measure the biofeld of human body 15. Tus the human has the ability to harness the energy from the environment or Universe and transmit it to any living or nonliving object on the Globe. Te objects receive the energy and respond into the useful way this process is termed as biofeld treatment. Mr. Trivedi’s unique biofeld energy treatment is known as Te Trivedi Efect ® . Recently biofeld energy treatment has been described as an alternative method to alter the physicochemical and thermal properties of several metals and ceramics 16-18. It has also reported to alter the spectroscopic properties of various pharmaceutical drugs like paracetamol piroxicam metronidazole and tinidazole 1920. Moreover the biofeld treatment has been studied in Abstract Methyl-2-naphthyl ether MNE is an organic compound and used as the primary moiety for the synthesis of several antimicrobial and anti-infammatory agents. This study was attempted to evaluate the impact of biofeld energy treatment on the physical thermal and spectroscopic properties of MNE. The study was carried out in two groups i.e. control and treated. The treated group was subjected to Mr. Trivedi’s biofeld treatment. Afterward the control and treated samples of MNE were evaluated using X-ray diffraction XRD surface area analyzer differential scanning calorimetry DSC thermogravimetric analysis-derivative thermogravimetric analysis TGA-DTG Fourier transform infrared FT- IR and ultraviolet-visible UV-Vis spectroscopy. The XRD study exhibited the decrease in average crystallite size by 30.70. The surface area analysis showed 5.32 decrease in surface area of the treated sample with respect to the control. The DSC thermogram of treated MNE exhibited no signifcant change in the melting temperature however the latent heat of fusion was slightly increased 0.83 after biofeld treatment as compared to the control sample. The TGA analysis showed the onset temperature of thermal degradation at 158℃ in the control sample that was reduced to 124℃ after biofeld treatment. The result showed about 21.52 decrease in onset temperature of thermal degradation of treated MNE as compared to the control. Similarly the end-set temperature of thermal degradation was also reduced by 13.51 after biofeld treatment with respect to the control. The FT-IR and UV spectroscopic studies did not show any changes in the wavenumber and wavelength respectively in treated MNE with respect to the control. Overall the XRD surface area and thermal analysis suggest that biofeld treatment has the impact on physical and thermal properties of the treated MNE as compared to the control. Corresponding author: Snehasis Jana Trivedi Science Research Laboratory Pvt. Ltd. Hall-A Chinar Mega Mall Chinar Fortune City Hoshangabad Rd. Bhopal-462026 Madhya Pradesh India Tel: 91-755-6660006 E-mail: publicationtrivedisrl.com Received September 07 2015 Accepted September 14 2015 Published September 20 2015 Citation: Trivedi MK Branton A Trivedi D Nayak G Bairwa K et al. 2015 Physical Thermal and Spectroscopic Characterization of Biofeld Energy Treated Methyl-2-Naphthyl Ether. J Environ Anal Chem 2: 162. doi:10.4172/2380- 2391.1000162 Copyright: © 2015 Trivedi MK et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use distribution and reproduction in any medium provided the original author and source are credited.

slide 2:

Volume 2 • Issue 5 • 1000162 J Environ Anal Chem ISSN: 2380-2391 JREAC an open access journal Citation: Trivedi MK Branton A Trivedi D Nayak G Bairwa K et al. 2015 Physical Thermal and Spectroscopic Characterization of Biofeld Energy Treated Methyl-2-Naphthyl Ether. J Environ Anal Chem 2: 162. doi:10.4172/2380-2391.1000162 Page 2 of 8 a heating rate of 5ºC/min under air atmosphere. Te onset temperature of thermal degradation and percent change in temperature at which maximum weight loss occur in samples were obtained from DTG thermogram. Spectroscopic studies For the purpose of FT-IR and UV-Vis spectroscopic characterization the treated sample was divided into two groups i.e. T1 and T2. Both the treated groups were then analyzed for spectroscopic characteristics employing FT-IR and UV-Vis spectroscopy and data were compared with the respective spectrum of control sample. FT-IR spectroscopic characterization Te samples for FT-IR spectroscopy were prepared by crushing into fne powder and then mixing in spectroscopic grade KBr. Finally the mixture was pressed into pellets with a hydraulic press and then used for analysis. Te spectra were recorded from Shimadzu’s Fourier transform infrared spectrometer Japan with the frequency range of 4000-500 cm -1 . Te analysis was done to evaluate the impact of biofeld energy treatment at the atomic levels like force constant dipole moment and bond strength in chemical structure 27. Uv-Vis spectroscopic analysis Te samples solutions for UV spectroscopy were prepared in methanol. UV spectra of the control and treated samples of MNE were acquired from Shimadzu UV-2400 PC series spectrophotometer with quartz cuvette having slit widths of 2.0 nm. Te wavelength was set between 200-400 nm for analysis. Te study was carried out to evaluate the impact of biofeld energy treatment on the energy gap of highest occupied molecular orbital and lowest unoccupied molecular orbital HOMO–LUMO gap 27. Results and Discussion XRD analysis XRD difractograms of both control and treated MNE are shown in Figure 1. Te control sample exhibited the XRD peaks at 2θ equal to 10.27º 15.44º 19.07º 20.57º 21.21º 24.76º 25.33º and 28.77º. Likewise the XRD difractogram of treated MNE showed the XRD peaks at 2θ equal to 10.25º 15.30º 19.01º 20.55º 21.17º 24.67º 25.25º and 28.84º. Te intensity of peak was also altered afer biofeld energy treatment as compared to the control. XRD difractograms of both the control and treated MNE showed the intense peaks which suggest the crystalline nature of MNE. Te decrease of XRD peaks intensity in treated sample might be attributed to the reduction in crystallinity and decrease in long-range order of the molecules. Te crystallite size was calculated using Scherrer formula and the results are shown in Figure 2. Te average crystallite size of the control MNE was observed as 84.55 nm that was decreased up to 58.59 nm in the treated sample. Te result indicated about 30.70 decrease in average crystallite size of treated sample with respect to the control. Te increase in internal micro strain leads to decrease the corresponding crystallite size of the material 28. Moreover Zhang et al. reported that presence of strain and increased atomic displacement from their ideal lattice positions lead to reduction in crystallite size 29. Hence it is assumed that biofeld energy treatment probably induce the internal strain in treated MNE sample. Tis might be responsible for the decrease in crystallite size of the treated MNE as compared to the control. Surface area analysis Te surface area of control and treated samples of MNE were several felds like agriculture research 2122 biotechnology research 23 and microbiology research 2425. Based on the published literature and outstanding impact of biofeld energy treatment on various living and nonliving things the present study was aimed to evaluate the impact of Mr. Trivedi’s biofeld energy treatment on physical thermal and spectroscopic properties of MNE using several analytical techniques. Materials and Methods Study design Te Methyl-2-Naphthyl Ether was procured from Sisco Research Laboratories India. Te study was performed in two groups i.e. control and treated. Te control sample was remained as untreated and the treated group in sealed pack was handed over to Mr. Trivedi for biofeld energy treatment under laboratory conditions. Mr. Trivedi provided the biofeld energy treatment to the treated group through his unique energy transmission process without touching the sample. Subsequently the control and treated samples of MNE were analyzed using several analytical techniques like X-ray difraction XRD surface area analysis diferential scanning calorimetry DSC thermogravimetric analysis TGA Fourier transform infrared FT- IR and ultraviolet-visible UV-Vis spectroscopy. XRD study Te XRD analysis of the control and treated MNE was carried out on Phillips Holland PW 1710 X-ray difractometer with nickel flter and copper anode. Te wavelength used in XRD system was 1.54056 Å. Te XRD difractograms were obtained in the form of a chart of 2θ vs. intensity. Te crystallite size G and percent change in crystallite size of MNE were calculated using the following equations 26. Crystallite size G kλ/bCosθ Percent change in crystallite size G G t -G c /G c ×100 Where G c and G t are average crystallite size of control and treated powder samples respectively. Surface area analysis Te surface area of the control and treated MNE was measured using the Brunauer–Emmett–Teller BET surface area analyzer Smart SORB 90. Percent change in surface area was calculated using following equation: Treated Control Control S -S changeinsurfacearea ×100 S Where S Control and S Treated are the surface area of the control and treated samples respectively. DSC study Te control and treated samples of MNE were studied using a Pyris-6 Perkin Elmer diferential scanning calorimeter on a heating rate of 10ºC/min under air atmosphere with air fow rate of 5 mL/ min. An empty pan sealed with cover was used as a reference pan. Te melting temperature T m and latent heat of fusion ΔH were obtained from the DSC curve. TGA-DTG analysis TGA-DTG analysis was conducted to investigate the thermal stability of the control and treated MNE. Te studies were carried out on Mettler Toledo simultaneous TGA-DTG system. Both the control and treated samples were heated from room temperature to 400ºC with

slide 3:

Volume 2 • Issue 5 • 1000162 J Environ Anal Chem ISSN: 2380-2391 JREAC an open access journal Citation: Trivedi MK Branton A Trivedi D Nayak G Bairwa K et al. 2015 Physical Thermal and Spectroscopic Characterization of Biofeld Energy Treated Methyl-2-Naphthyl Ether. J Environ Anal Chem 2: 162. doi:10.4172/2380-2391.1000162 Page 3 of 8 determined using BET surface area analyzer and data are presented in Figure 3. Te surface area of the control and treated sample was observed as 0.4904 m 2 /g and 0.4643 m 2 /g respectively. Te result showed a considerable decrease in surface area i.e. 5.32 in the treated MNE as compared to the control sample. It is assumed that biofeld energy treatment possibly induced the disappearance of inter-particle boundaries that may lead to the aggregation of particles and thus increase in particle size 30. Presumably this increase in particle size might lead to decrease in surface area of the treated sample. DSC analysis DSC analysis was performed to determine the melting temperature and latent heat of fusion ΔH of the control and treated MNE. DSC thermograms Figure 4 of MNE showed the melting temperature at 73.72ºC in the control and 73.66ºC in the treated sample Table 1. Te result depicted no signifcant change in melting temperature of treated sample as compared to the control. Te melting temperature of control MNE was well supported by literature data 31. DSC thermogram exhibited the ΔH of 147.49 J/g in control sample and 148.72 J/g in treated sample of MNE. Te result showed about 0.83 increase in latent heat of fusion of treated sample as compared to the control. It is hypothesized that biofeld energy treatment may cause absorption of energy during the phase transition from solid to liquid that might lead to increase the latent heat of fusion of treated sample with respect to the control. Previously our group has reported that biofeld energy treatment altered the value of latent heat of fusion in lead and tin powders 7. TGA-DTG analysis Te TGA and DTG thermograms of control and treated samples of MNE are shown in Figure 5 and data are reported in Table 1. Te onset temperature of thermal degradation was observed at 158°C and 124°C for the control and treated samples respectively. Whereas the end-set temperature of thermal degradation was found at 201°C and 178°C in the control and treated sample respectively. Te result showed about 21.52 decrease in the onset temperature and 11.44 decrease in the end-set temperature in treated sample with respect to the control. Te percent weight loss during thermal decomposition was 63.41 in the control and 59.18 in the treated sample. It showed the decrease in weight loss during thermal decomposition afer biofeld treatment. Based on this it is presumed that biofeld treated MNE may be more stable as compared to the control. Te DTG thermogram exhibited the T max the temperature at which the sample lost its maximum weight at 177.81°C in the control sample and at 153.78°C in the treated sample of MNE. Te result revealed about 13.51 decrease in T max of treated sample with respect to the control. Tis decrease in T max in treated sample might be due to increase in vaporization or volatilization 32 of treated MNE molecules afer biofeld energy treatment. It might be correlated with the alteration in internal energy through biofeld energy treatment that results into earlier vaporization in treated sample as compared to the control. FT-IR spectroscopic analysis FT-IR spectra of the control and treated samples of MNE Figure 6 were inferred using the theoretically predicted wavenumber. Te aromatic C-H stretching peak was assigned at 3007-3057 cm -1 in all three samples i.e. the control and treated T1 and T2. Likewise the -C-H methyl stretching was attributed to peak at 2962 cm -1 in all three samples i.e. the control and treated T1 and T2. Te aromatic CC stretching of naphthyl moiety was appeared in the region of 1508- Figure 1: XRD diffractograms of methyl-2-naphthyl ether. Figure 2: Crystallite size of control and treated methyl-2-naphthyl ether. Figure 3: Surface area analysis of control and treated methyl-2-naphthyl ether.

slide 4:

Volume 2 • Issue 5 • 1000162 J Environ Anal Chem ISSN: 2380-2391 JREAC an open access journal Citation: Trivedi MK Branton A Trivedi D Nayak G Bairwa K et al. 2015 Physical Thermal and Spectroscopic Characterization of Biofeld Energy Treated Methyl-2-Naphthyl Ether. J Environ Anal Chem 2: 162. doi:10.4172/2380-2391.1000162 Page 4 of 8 Figure 4: DSC thermograms of control and treated methyl-2-naphthyl ether. Parameter Control Treated Latent heat of fusion J/g 147.49 148.72 Melting point ºC 73.72 73.66 Onset temperature ºC 158.00 124.00 End-set temperature ºC 201.00 178.00 T max ºC 177.81 153.78 T max : temperature at maximum weight loss occurs Table 1: Thermal analysis of control and treated samples of methyl-2-naphthylether.

slide 5:

Volume 2 • Issue 5 • 1000162 J Environ Anal Chem ISSN: 2380-2391 JREAC an open access journal Citation: Trivedi MK Branton A Trivedi D Nayak G Bairwa K et al. 2015 Physical Thermal and Spectroscopic Characterization of Biofeld Energy Treated Methyl-2-Naphthyl Ether. J Environ Anal Chem 2: 162. doi:10.4172/2380-2391.1000162 Page 5 of 8 Figure 5: TGA-DTG thermograms of control and treated methyl-2-naphthyl ether.

slide 6:

Volume 2 • Issue 5 • 1000162 J Environ Anal Chem ISSN: 2380-2391 JREAC an open access journal Citation: Trivedi MK Branton A Trivedi D Nayak G Bairwa K et al. 2015 Physical Thermal and Spectroscopic Characterization of Biofeld Energy Treated Methyl-2-Naphthyl Ether. J Environ Anal Chem 2: 162. doi:10.4172/2380-2391.1000162 Page 6 of 8 Figure 6: FT-IR spectra of control and treated T1 and T2 methyl-2-naphthyl ether.

slide 7:

Volume 2 • Issue 5 • 1000162 J Environ Anal Chem ISSN: 2380-2391 JREAC an open access journal Citation: Trivedi MK Branton A Trivedi D Nayak G Bairwa K et al. 2015 Physical Thermal and Spectroscopic Characterization of Biofeld Energy Treated Methyl-2-Naphthyl Ether. J Environ Anal Chem 2: 162. doi:10.4172/2380-2391.1000162 Page 7 of 8 Figure 7: UV-vis spectra of control and treated T1 and T2 methyl-2-naphthyl ether. 1631 cm -1 in all the control and treated samples. Te C-H asymmetrical bending peaks were observed at 1462-1475 cm -1 in the control and T1 sample whereas this peak was observed at 1452-1475 cm -1 region in T2 sample. In addition the C-H symmetrical bending peak was observed at 1350 cm -1 in all three samples. Te C-O stretching for ether linkage was observed at 1030 cm -1 in the control and the T2 sample while 1031 cm -1 in the T1 sample. Te C-H in-plane deformation peaks were observed at the frequency region of 1172-1259 cm -1 whereas the C-H out of plane deformation peaks were observed at 742-837 cm -1 in all three samples. Te observed FT-IR spectra were well supported with the literature data 33. Uv-Vis spectroscopy Te UV spectra of control and treated T1 and T2 samples are shown in Figure 7. Te UV spectrum of control MNE exhibited the three diferent absorption maxima λ max at 225.4 270.4 and 327.2 nm. Te Uv spectrum of T1 sample showed the similar pattern of λ max i.e. at 224.4 270.4 and 327.2 nm. Whereas the T2 sample sample exhibited the λ max at 233.0 270.5 and 327.0 nm. Te result indicated the shifing of λ max in T2 sample 233.0 nm as compared to control 225.4 nm. Although no change in λ max was observed in T1 sample of MNE. Overall the UV-vis spectral analysis suggests that biofeld energy treatment may not cause any signifcant alterations in the λ max of treated MNE samples with respect to the control. Conclusion In brief the XRD difractogram of biofeld treated MNE exhibited the decrease in intensity of XRD peaks as well as the decrease in average crystallite size 30.70 as compared to the control. Te surface area analysis showed an increase 5.32 in surface area of biofeld treated

slide 8:

Volume 2 • Issue 5 • 1000162 J Environ Anal Chem ISSN: 2380-2391 JREAC an open access journal Citation: Trivedi MK Branton A Trivedi D Nayak G Bairwa K et al. 2015 Physical Thermal and Spectroscopic Characterization of Biofeld Energy Treated Methyl-2-Naphthyl Ether. J Environ Anal Chem 2: 162. doi:10.4172/2380-2391.1000162 Page 8 of 8 MNE with respect to the control. Te thermal analysis DSC TGA/ DTG showed a decrease in T max by 13.51. Moreover the latent heat of fusion was slightly increased by 0.83 in treated sample as compared to the control. Overall it can be concluded that Mr. Trivedi’s biofeld energy treatment has the impact on physicochemical and thermal properties of treated MNE with respect to the control. Based on this it is assumed that biofeld treated MNE could be more useful chemical intermediate in the organic synthesis of various pharmaceutical drugs. Acknowledgement The authors like to acknowledge the Trivedi Science Trivedi Master Wellness and Trivedi Testimonials for their steady support during the work. Authors would also like to thanks the whole team from the MGV pharmacy college Nashik for providing the instrumental facility. References 1. Rokade YB Sayyed RZ 2009 Naphthalene derivatives: A new range of antimicrobials with high therapeutic value. Rasayan J Chem 2: 972-980. 2. Wilson CO Gisvolds O Block JH Beale JM 2004 Textbook of organic medicinal and pharmaceutical chemistry. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins Philadelphia. 3. Rokade Y Dongare N 2010 Synthesis and antimicrobial activity of some azetidinone derivatives with the naphthol. Rasayan J Chem 3: 641-645. 4. Pandya AB Prajapati DG Pandya SS 2012 Synthesis of novel naphthalene COX inhibitors for anti-infammatory activity. J Appl Pharm Sci 2: 226-232. 5. Cavrini V Roveri P Gatti R Ferruzzi C Panico AM et al. 1982 Synthesis of 2-methoxynaphthalene derivatives as potential anti-infammatory agents. Farmaco Sci 37: 171-178. 6. Lednicer D 2007 The organic chemistry of drug synthesis. John Wiley Sons INC. Hoboken New Jersey USA. 7. Koithan M 2009 Introducing Complementary and Alternative Therapies. J Nurse Pract 5: 18-20. 8. Hok J Tishelman C Ploner A Forss A Falkenberg T 2008 Mapping patterns of complementary and alternative medicine use in cancer: an explorative cross- sectional study of individuals with reported positive “exceptional” experiences. BMC Complement Altern Med 8: 48. 9. Aldridge D 1991 Spirituality healing and medicine.Br J Gen Pract 41: 425- 427. 10. Cahil M 1999 Nurses handbook of complementary and alternative therapies. Springhouse PA: Springhouse Corporation. 11. Movaffaghi Z Farsi M 2009 Biofeld therapies: biophysical basis and biological regulations complement Ther Clin Pract 15: 35-37. 12. Benor DJ 1990 Survey of spiritual healing research. Complement Med Res 4: 9-33. 13. Rubik B Brooks AJ Schwartz GE 2006 In vitro effect of Reiki treatment on bacterial cultures: Role of experimental context and practitioner well-being. J Altern Complement Med 12: 7-13. 14. Rein G 1995 The in vitro effect of bioenergy on the conformational states of human DNA in aqueous solutions. Acupunct Electrother Res 20: 173-180. 15. Prakash S Chowdhury AR Gupta A 2015 Monitoring the human health by measuring the biofeld “aura”: An overview. IJAER 10: 27637-27641. 16. Trivedi MK Patil S Tallapragada RM 2013 Effect of biofeld treatment on the physical and thermal characteristics of silicon tin and lead powders. J Material Sci Eng 2: 125. 17. Trivedi MK Tallapragada RM Branton A Trivedi D Nayak G et al. 2015 Potential impact of biofeld treatment on atomic and physical characteristics of magnesium. Vitam Miner 3: 129. 18. Trivedi MK Nayak G Patil S Tallapragada RM Latiyal O 2015 Evaluation of biofeld treatment on physical atomic and structural characteristics of manganese II III oxide. J Material Sci Eng 4: 177. 19. Trivedi MK Patil S Shettigar H Bairwa K Jana S 2015 Effect of biofeld treatment on spectral properties of paracetamol and piroxicam. Chem Sci J 6: 98. 20. Trivedi MK Patil S Shettigar H Bairwa K Jana S 2015 Spectroscopic characterization of biofeld treated metronidazole and tinidazole. Med Chem 5: 340-344. 21. Sances F Flora E Patil S Spence A Shinde V 2013 Impact of biofeld treatment on ginseng and organic blueberry yield. Agrivita J Agric Sci 35: 22- 29. 22. Shinde V Sances F Patil S Spence A 2012 Impact of biofeld treatment on growth and yield of lettuce and tomato. Aust J Basic Appl Sci 6: 100-105. 23. Patil SA Nayak GB Barve SS Tembe RP Khan RR 2012 Impact of biofeld treatment on growth and anatomical characteristics of Pogostemon cablin Benth.. Biotechnology 11: 154-162. 24. Trivedi MK Patil S Shettigar H Gangwar M Jana S 2015 Antimicrobial sensitivity pattern of Pseudomonas fuorescens after biofeld treatment. J Infect Dis Ther 3: 222. 25. Trivedi MK Patil S Shettigar H Mondal SC Jana S 2015 Evaluation of biofeld modality on viral load of Hepatitis B and C viruses. J Antivir Antiretrovir 7: 83-88. 26. Patterson AL 1939 The Scherrer formula for X-Ray particle size determination. Phys Rev 56: 978-982. 27. Pavia DL Lampman GM Kriz GS 2001 Introduction to spectroscopy. 3rdedn Thomson Learning Singapore. 28. Paiva-Santos CO Gouveia H Las WC Varela JA 1999 Gauss-Lorentz size- strain broadening and cell parameters analysis of Mn doped SnO2 prepared by organic route. Mat Struct 6: 111-115. 29. Zhang K Alexandrov IV Kilmametov AR Valiev RZ Lu K 1997 The crystallite- size dependence of structural parameters in pure ultrafne-grained copper. J Phys D Appl Phys 30: 3008-3015. 30. Shih WY Liu J Shih WH Aksay IA 1991 Aggregation of colloidal particles with a fnite interparticle attraction energy. J Stat Phys 62: 961-984. 31. Armarego WLF Chai CLL 2013 Purifcation of laboratory chemicals. 7thedn Butterworth-Heinemann Oxford UK. 32. Pardo G Moral R Aguilera E Del Prado A 2015 Gaseous emissions from management of solid waste: a systematic review. Glob Chang Biol 21: 1313- 1327. 33. Fazal Mohamed MI Arunadevi S Koperuncholan M Mubarak MS. 2011 Synthesis and antimicrobial activity of some naphthyl ether derivatives. Der Chemica Sinica 2: 52-57. Citation: Trivedi MK Branton A Trivedi D Nayak G Bairwa K et al. 2015 Physical Thermal and Spectroscopic Characterization of Biofeld Energy Treated Methyl-2-Naphthyl Ether. J Environ Anal Chem 2: 162. doi:10.4172/2380-2391.1000162

authorStream Live Help