Designed FRP Structural Profiles and Solutions

Views:
 
Category: Entertainment
     
 

Presentation Description

Treadwell is a leading FRP products manufacturer and supplier in Australasia. Their wide range of products includes FRP handrails, FRP grating, FRP ladders, access systems, instrumentation stands, support systems, rung covers, deck plating etc. They follow the modern composite technology for manufacturing these products. This capability makes them the leading Australasian FRP products manufacturer, supplier and exporters.

Comments

Presentation Transcript

slide 4:

4 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 5 treadwellgroup.com.au Contents 4 | TREADWELL Section One: Introduction to Pultrusions Composition of Pultrusions Resin Systems The Pultrusion Process Environmental Conditions Section Two: Coupon Properties ArchitEX ™ Profiles Typical Properties of Threaded Rod/Nuts Typical Coupon Properties of Flat Sheet Comparison Section Three: General Tolerances Cross Sectional Tolerance Straightness Twist Section Four: Sectional Properties C Section I-Beam WF-Beam Equal Leg Angle Rectangular Hollow Section Circular Hollow Section Solid Bar Circular Round Bar Embedment Angle Square Hollow Section 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 15 17 18 21 23 25 26 27 29 30 31 32 33 Quality Policy Quality is at the forefront of Treadwell Access Systems working practices. With over 15 years of manufacturing to the highest quality standards Treadwell Access Systems prides itself on its implementation of strict quality control measures and strives to supply products that surpass customers expectations. The company works on a policy of continuous improvement. Environmental Policy Treadwell Access Systems is conscious of the impact it has on the environment and its associated responsibilities. The company is committed to ensuring its operations satisfy both legal obligations and moral duties. Treadwell has been committed to sustainability for many years and is not just responding to current trends. treadwellgroup.com.au

slide 5:

TM 4 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 5 treadwellgroup.com.au Contents ArchitEX ™ | 5 Section Five: Beams - Allowables Uniform Loads Allowable Uniforms Loads Tables Technical Data Tables - C Section Technical Data Tables - I-Beam Technical Data Tables - WF-Beam Technical Data Tables - Rectangular Hollow Section Technical Data Tables - Square Hollow Section Technical Data Tables - Interlocking Deckboard Technical Data Tables - Flat Sheet Section Six: Columns Columns Section Seven: Columns - Allowable Concentric Axial Stresses and Loads Technical Data Tables - Angle Technical Data Tables - I-Beam Technical Data Tables - WF-Beam Technical Data Tables - Square Hollow Section Technical Data Tables - Rectangular Hollow Section Section Eight: Space Gass Input Guide Space Gass Input Guide Section Nine: Corrosion Guide Corrosion Guide 36 39 50 61 69 72 79 83 90 93 101 111 121 132 133 135

slide 6:

6 | TREADWELL treadwellgroup.com.au Introduction to Pultrusions Composition of FRP Pultrusions treadwellgroup.com.au What are pultrusions made of resin formulations. The glass contributes its inherent tensile flexural strength while the addition of resin ensures impact and corrosion resistance. arrangements: glass roving which is unidirectional and continuous stability as well as contributing to longitudinal strength properties. Another integral part of a pultrusion is the surface veil which provides enhanced UV protection corrosion resistance and aesthetics. Roving manufactured on continuous rolls. Roving is usually the principal element in a pultrusion comprising - percent of the total glass content. manufacture the roving also provides unsurpassed tensile and flexural properties. The percentage of roving in a pultrusion is the major variable Mat Continuous strand mat constitutes the remainder of the glass reinforcement used in the pultrusion process. This would typically be - between continuous strand mat and other hand-laid-up or press- used in the pultrusion process requires good tractive strength to ensure that it enters the die properly. Fibreglass continuous strand mat is predominately applied to obtain the desired transverse properties of the product whereas roving provides longitudinal stability to a section. Roving lacks the required lateral cohesion that is also an essential element in maintaining the principally responsible for this. Surface Veil Most widely used today are synthetic variations which enhance the UV resistance properties and aesthetics. The veil also increases the resin content of the surface of the pultrusion which provides added corrosion resistance. Cross Section of Pultrusion Surface Veil Glass Roving Resin Rich Surface Continuous Strand Mat 6 | TREADWELL

slide 7:

TM 6 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 7 treadwellgroup.com.au Introduction to Pultrusions Resin Systems ArchitEX ™ | 7 When choosing a resin type for your application we highly recommend you consult with us in relation to the application to ensure the correct resin is specifed. Considerations such as corrosion environment temperature fre resistance smoke and smoke toxicity requirements must be taken into account and will dictate which resin system should be utilised for optimum performance over time. Below is an overview of the resin systems offered in the ArchitEX ™ range. O-Series ® is an architectural grade polyester resin system with an intermediate level of chemical resistance and is a good choice for commercial or light industrial applications especially in areas where moisture is prevalent. O-Series ® is ofen utilised for public infrastructure applications where it has been proven to outperform traditional timber decking products. This system is available with or without fre retardant additives. I-Series ® is a premium isopthalic resin system. This system provides an intermediate level of chemical resistance and is the correct choice for areas subjected to splash and spill contact with harsh chemicals. This system is an excellent general-purpose resin and is a more favourably priced alternative to the vinyl ester system. This system has a flame spread of 25 approximately 15 or less. V-Series ® Vinyl ester resin is the most high quality chemical resistant system ofered in the industry and has been developed for use in environments where FRP products are subject to frequent and direct contact with the harshest of chemical including a broad range of acids and caustics. This system has a flame spread of 25 approximately 15 or less. P-Series ® The phenolic resin system is a system designed specifcally for use where fre resistance low smoke and low toxic fumes are critical. P-Series ® is typically used in ofshore applications and confned spaces where such criteria are an absolute necessity. This system is tested in accordance with ASTM E-84. Various products also conforming to US Coast Guard Approvals Level 2 and 3 are also ofered by Treadwell. This particular resin system has a flame spread rating of 5 and a smoke density rating of 5. O-Series ® Polyester I-Series ® Isopthalic V-Series ® Vinyl Ester P-Series ® Phenolic Chemical Resistance Fire Retardance Halogen Free Low Smoke Temperature Performance Standards Resin Systems Comparison Chart Chemical Resistance Strength Lightweight Cost Effectiveness Electrical Resistance ArchitEX ™ Stainless Steel Galvanised Steel Aluminium Polyurethane ArchitEX ™ Features and Benef ts vs. Traditional Alternatives

slide 8:

8 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 9 treadwellgroup.com.au The Pultrusion Process How the Pultrusion Machine Works Pultruding is the process that is used to form continuous structural profles out of fbreglass and resin composites. The process is performed by a pultrusion machine. The frst pultrusion process was developed in the mid-1940s with further major development and greater recognition in the mid-1950s. The term pultrusion was derived from a combination of the word pull and extrusion. There are some parallels between the two processes given that they both produce continuous profles and involve some sort of forming die. The main diference being that the pultrusion process utilises a series of pullers which draw the product through the entire process as compared to extruding which uses pressure or a pushing force. The pultrusion process commences with fbreglass roving being pulled of rolls through a guide and then being combined with the continuous strand mat. It is this fbreglass component that provides the resistance to tension that is necessary in the pultrusion process. The raw fbre is pulled through a series of guides or rollers and then enters a resin impregnation bath. The resin is usually a thermo-setting resin. Now that the fbres are thoroughly ‘wetted out’ with the resin they pass through a series of tooling which arranges the fbres correctly and removes excesses of resin. This set of tooling and guides is referred to as the pre-former. At this stage the surface veil is added. The uncured composite is then pulled into a heated die which commonly consists of 2-3 difering stages of temperature which initiate the curing of the resin component. The profle that exits the die is now a cured pultruded fbreglass reinforced plastic composite. It is this rigid profle that is gripped further down the line by the pulling mechanism which provides steady and continuous tractive efort. Afer passing through the pullers the FRP profle reaches a cut-of saw. The saw cuts the pultrusion to the desired length without slowing or halting the process. This way high strength and light weight profles can be created from fbreglass reinforced plastic to virtually any length required. Pultrusion Machine Glass Rovings Resin Impregnation Bath Preformer Pullers Surface Veils Heated Die Cut Off Saw Introduction to Pultrusions

slide 9:

TM 8 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 9 treadwellgroup.com.au Pultrusion Availability Treadwell is arguably the largest stockist of FRP pultrusion products in Australia. We always stock a comprehensive range of I-Beam C Section Hollow Section and Angle products which are commonly in high demand. Due to the consistent and rapid evolution of the fbreglass pultrusion market we are continually revaluating our range of stocked products to ensure that our holdings accurately reflect customer demand. We utilise efcient transport networks across Australia to ensure rapid delivery to remote locations and stock products in most capital cities. Our complete range of products available is listed in the Section Properties tables. To obtain price and availability or fnd out if the product you require is a stock item call Treadwell on 1800 246 800. Environmental Conditions Temperature When designing a structure that is going to incorporate FRP sections it is essential to consider environment changes such as temperature. Continued exposure to elevated temperatures can cause polyester and vinyl ester fbreglass pultrusions to lose certain percentages of their properties. These tables shows the percentage of property retention when exposed to certain continuous temperatures. Modulus of Elasticity Ultimate Stress Weathering As with most plastic products fbreglass reinforced pultrusions will undergo some form of visual degradation when exposed to outdoor weathering. Typically the surface of ArchitEX ™ Pultrusions have good water and ambient temperature resistant properties but are susceptible to ultra- violetUV light. UV light is the light spectrum between 290 and 400 nanometres. This light has a higher energy and causes signifcant degradation to polymers by breaking chemical bonds or starting chemical reactions. The fre retardant polyester formulations contain a halogen which makes these plastics typically more susceptible to UV light degeneration. Deterioration that has been caused by UV light can be identifed by ‘fade’ and ‘yellowing’ on the pultrusion surface. Over an extended period of exposure the actual glass fbres closest to the surface will become exposed. This state is known as fbrebloom and does not directly or immediately afect the physical properties of the section. Treadwell adds a UV stabiliser into the resin formulation. This is especially important due to the extreme exposure that our products experience in the Pacifc region. Also to ensure that our pultruded products endure a protracted lifespan we use high quality polyester surface veils to ensure that the structural component of the composite is protected as well as possible from damaging and corroding elements. The ArchitEX ™ range is also ofered with a range of exterior coatings to enhance aesthetics. If a Urethane coating is applied this will also provide a hugely efective protection barrier to outdoor weathering. Temperature 85 90 70 80 50 80 Not Recommended 75 37°C 51°C 65°C 79°C 93°C Not Recommended 50 Polyester Vinyl ester Temperature 100 100 90 95 85 90 Not Recommended 88 37°C 51°C 65°C 79°C 93°C Not Recommended 85 Polyester Vinyl ester Introduction to Pultrusions

slide 10:

10 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 11 treadwellgroup.com.au Coupon Properties Typical Coupon Properties ArchitEX ™ Profles Below are test results for typical coupon properties of Treadwell Group’s structural fbreglass profles. Properties are derived per the ASTM test method shown. Synthetic surfacing veil and ultraviolet inhibitors are standard. Tensile Stress LW Tensile Stress CW Tensile Modulus LW Tensile Modulus CW Compressive Stress LW Compressive Stress CW Compressive Modulus LW Compressive Modulus CW Flexural Stress LW Flexural Stress CW Flexural Modulus LW Flexural Modulus CW Modulus of Elasticity E Shear Modulus Short Beam Shear Punch Shear Notched Izod Impact LW Notched Izod Impact CW Barcol Hardness 24 Hour Water Absorbtion Density Coeffcient of Thermal Expansion LW Arc Resistance LW Dielectric Strength LW Dielectric Strength PF Dielectric Constant PF Fire Retardant Polyester and Fire Retardant Vinyl ester Structural Profles: Tunnel Test Flammability UL NBS Smoke Chamber MPa MPa GPa GPa MPa MPa GPa GPa MPa MPa GPa GPa GPa GPa MPa MPa J/mm J/mm ----- max. g/cc 10 6 cm./cm./°C seconds kv./mm volts/mil. 60hz Flame Spread -- VO Smoke Density 600-700 D-638 D-638 D-638 D-638 D-695 D-695 D-695 D-695 D-790 D-790 D-790 D-790 Full Section -- D-2344 D-732 D-256 D-256 D-2583 D-570 D-792 D-696 D-495 D-149 D-149 D-150 E-84 D-635 94 E-662 206.8 48.2 17.2 5.5 206.8 103.4 17.2 6.9 206.8 68.9 12.4 5.5 19.3 3.1 31.0 68.9 1.33 0.21 45 0.45 1.72-1.94 12 120 1.37 200 5 25 max. Nonburning Mechanical Properties Physical Properties Electrical Properties Flammability Properties ASTM ASTM ASTM ASTM Units Value CW Crosswise LW Lengthwise PF Perpendicular to Laminate Face Units Units Units Value Value Value

slide 11:

TM 10 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 11 treadwellgroup.com.au Coupon Properties Typical Properties of Threaded Rod / Nuts Treadwell Group’s threaded rod and nuts are manufactured using premium vinyl ester resin containing UV inhibitors. The properties listed below are the result of the ASTM test method indicated. Properties ASTM Units Self-extinguishing for all Diameter - Threads per Inch UNC 9.5mm 12.7mm 15.9mm 19.0mm 25.4mm B-565 D-695 D-790 D-790 D-635 D-570 D-696 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 18680 344 482 17.2 0.8 11 5337 10 0.104 4.5 17.2 x 11.4 30240 344 482 17.2 0.8 11 10670 21 0.119 9.1 21.8x 14.2 44 480 344 482 17.2 0.8 11 16010 47 0.297 18.1 26.9 x 17.5 Gray 59600 344 482 17.2 0.8 11 17790 67 0.447 27.2 31.5 x 20.8 106750 344 482 17.2 0.8 11 36470 149 0.789 63.6 41.4 x 27.9 Typical Properties of Rod Bar and Flat Sheet Below are test results for typical coupon properties of Treadwell Group’s Rod Bar and Flat Sheet reinforced with all unidirectional longitudinal fbreglass roving. Properties are derived per the ASTM test method shown. Properties ASTM Units Rod Bar Flat Sheet Tensile Stress Tensile Modulus Compressive Stress Flexural Stress Flexural Modulus Barcol Hardness Izod Impact Density Water Absorption 24 hour D-638 D-638 D-695 D-790 D-790 D-2583 D-256 D-792 D-570 MPa GPa MPa MPa GPa J/mm gr/cc 620.5 34.7 413.7 689.5 41.4 60 2.14 1.80-2.07 0.2 620.5 34.7 344.7 689.5 31.0 60 2.14 1.80-2.07 0.2 165.5 27.6 344.7 620.5 31.0 60 2.14 1.80-2.07 0.2 Ultimate Transverse Shear Double Shear Longitudinal Compresive Strength Flexural Strength Flexural Modulus Flammability Fire Retardant Water Absorption 24 hr. immersion Longitudinal Coeff cient of Thermal Expansion Ultimate Thread Shear using f breglass nut Ultimate Torque Strength f breglass nut lubricated with SAE 10W30 motor oil Rod Weight Nut Weight Nut Dimensions Color Class 1 Newton MPa MPa GPa max. 10 6 mm/mm/°C Newton NewtonMeter Kg./m grams mm.square x mm.thick -

slide 12:

12 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 13 treadwellgroup.com.au Tensile Stress LW Tensile Stress CW Tensile Modulus LW Tensile Modulus CW Compressive Stress LW Compressive Stress CW Compressive Modulus LW Compressive Modulus CW Flexural Stress LW Flexural Stress CW Flexural Modulus LW Flexural Modulus CW Perpendicular Shear Stress LW Perpendicular Shear Stress CW Bearing Stress LW Notched Izod Impact LW Notched Izod Impact CW Barcol Hardness 24 Hour Water Absorption Density Coeffcient Thermal Expansion DW Arc Resistance LW Dielectric Strength LW Dielectric Strength PF D-638 D-638 D-638 D-638 D-695 D-695 D-695 D-695 D-790 D-790 D-790 D-790 D-3846 D-3846 D-953 D-256 D-256 D-2583 D-570 D-792 D-696 D-495 D-149 D-149 E-84 D-635 94 E-662 seconds kv./mm volts/mil. Flame Spread 25 max. Non-burning VO Smoke Density 600-700 --- max. g/cc 10 -6 mm/mm /°C 40.0 0.6 1.72 - 1.94 8.0 120.0 1.37 200.0 120.0 1.37 120.0 1.37 120.0 1.37 200.0 120.0 1.37 120.0 1.37 40.0 0.6 1.72 - 1.94 8.0 40.0 0.6 1.72 - 1.94 8.0 40.0 0.6 1.72 - 1.94 8.0 40.0 0.6 1.72 - 1.94 8.0 40.0 0.6 1.72 - 1.94 8.0 MPa MPa GPa GPa MPa MPa GPa GPa MPa MPa GPa GPa MPa MPa MPa J/mm J/mm Mechanical Properties 3.2 165.5 51.7 13.8 6.9 165.5 106.9 12.4 6.9 241.3 103.4 11.0 6.2 41.3 41.3 220.6 0.99 0.27 4.8 - 6.4 165.5 68.9 13.8 7.6 165.5 113.8 12.4 6.9 241.3 103.4 13.8 7.6 41.3 41.3 220.6 1.1 0.3 9.5 - 25.4 165.5 68.9 13.8 9.6 165.5 113.8 12.4 6.9 206.8 124.1 13.8 9.6 41.3 41.3 220.6 1.1 0.3 3.2 165.5 51.7 13.8 6.9 165.5 113.8 12.4 6.9 241.3 103.4 11.0 6.2 41.3 41.3 220.6 1.0 0.3 4.80 - 6.4 165.5 68.9 13.8 7.6 165.5 120.7 12.4 6.9 241.3 103.4 13.8 7.6 41.3 41.3 220.6 1.1 0.3 9.5 - 25.4 165.5 68.9 13.8 9.6 165.5 120.7 12.4 6.9 206.8 124.1 13.8 9.6 41.3 41.3 220.6 1.06 0.27 ASTM Units STD FR Thickness VE Typical Coupon Properties of Flat Sheet Below are test results for typical coupon properties of Treadwell Group’s Flat Sheet. Properties are derived per the ASTM test method shown. Synthetic surfacing veil and ultraviolet inhibitors are standard. Tunnel Test Flammability UL NBS Smoke Chamber LW Lengthwise CW Crosswise PF Perpendicular to Laminate Face Physical Properties Electrical Properties Flammability Properties For FR and VE Coupon Properties treadwellgroup.com.au

slide 13:

12 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 13 treadwellgroup.com.au ArchitEX ™ | 13 TM Comparison COMPARE ArchitEX ™ vs Steel Corrosion Resistance ArchitEX ™ is available in either polyester or vinyl ester resin for resistance to a broad range of chemicals. Painting is beneficial in assisting with UV resistance when subjected to prolonged exposure. Subject to oxidation and corrosion. Requires painting or galvanizing for many applications. Weight Lightweight - weight 25 as much as steel. 12.7mm thick plate 0.002295 kgf/cm 2 Could require lifting equipment to move and place. 12.7mm thick plate 0.00996 kgf/cm 2 Conductivity Low electrical conductivity properties - high dielectric capability Low thermal conductivity 4 BTU/SF/HR/F˚/IN. Conducts electricity. Potential Shock Hazard Thermal Conductivity 260-460 BTU/SF/HR/F°/IN. Strength ArchitEX ™ has a high strength-to-weight ratio and pound-for- pound is stronger than steel in the lengthwise direction. Tensile strength 30 KSI CW 7 KSI Homogeneous material. Tensile strength 60 KSI Yield strength 36 KSI Stiffness Modulus of Elasticity 2.5 MSI Will not permanently deform under working load. Flexural modulus 29 KSI Modulus of Elasticity 29 MSI Impact Resistance Glass mats in ArchitEX ™ distributes impact load to prevent surface damage. Will not permanently deform under impact. Can permanently deform under impact. EMI/RFI Transparency Transparent to EMI/RFI transmissions. Can interfere with EMI/RFI transmissions. Versatility Pigments added to the resin provide color throughout the part. Special colors available. Must be painted for color. To maintain color and corrosion resistance repainting may be required. Easy Field Fabrication ArchitEX ™ can be field fabricated using simple carpenter tools with carbide or diamond tip blades. Lightweight for easier erection and installation. Often requires welding and cutting torches. Heavier material requires special handling equipment to erect and install. Cost Lower installation and maintenance costs in industrial applications often equals lower lifecycle costs. Lower initial cost.

slide 14:

14 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 15 treadwellgroup.com.au

slide 15:

TM 14 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 15 treadwellgroup.com.au General Tolerance ArchitEX ™ | 15 Cross Sectional Tolerances t thickness b flange width d depth d b t t thickness b flange width d depth t thickness b flange width d depth t thickness b width ± 10 ± 4 ± 4 ± 10 ± 4 ± 4 ± 10 ± 4 ± 4 ± 15 ± 10 ± 4 ± 0.26mm min. ± 0.26mm min. ± 0.26mm min. 0.25mm min 1.27mm max ± 2.4mm max. ± 2.4mm max. ± 2.4mm max. ± 2.4mm max. ± 2.4mm max. ± 2.4mm max. ± 2.4mm max. C Sections Beams Flat Sheet Angles Shapes Dimension Tolerance of Nominal Maximum or Minimum Tolerances t b t b d d t b

slide 16:

16 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 17 treadwellgroup.com.au 16 | TREADWELL treadwellgroup.com.au General Tolerance Flatness Cross Sectional Tolerance Flatness is measured in the center with the weight of the profle minimising the deviation by contact with a flat surface Shapes Dimension Allowable deviation from fat Outside Dimension Condition Tolerances t thickness od outside dimension od outside dimension All All All Up to 25.4mm 0.2mm 6.3mm Over 25.4mm 0.25mm min 2.39mm max 2.39mm max Closed Shapes Round Square and Rectangular Tubes Round Rod Square Bar Structural Shapes Rods Bars Flat Sheet Hollow Shapes Width Width Up to 25.4mm Over 25.4mm Thickness under 4.8mm 0.3mm 0.3mm x width Thickness 4.8mm and over 0.2mm 4.8mm x width All Thickness od od od od t t Allowable deviation from fat

slide 17:

TM 16 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 17 treadwellgroup.com.au General Tolerance ArchitEX ™ | 17 Straightness Straightness is measured in the centre with the weight of the pultrusion minimising the deviation by contact with a flat surface. Allowable deviation from straight 38.1mm ---- 2.4mm and over All thickness 4.17mm/m 3.33mm/m 3.33mm/m 38.1mm and over All 2.5mm 2.5mm 4.2mm/m Angle Beam and C Section Flat Sheet and Plate Rods and Bars Round Square and Rectangular Tube Diameter/Depth Per Meter All widths All thickness and widths Width Thickness Allowable deviation from straight Allowable deviation from straight Allowable deviation from straight

slide 18:

18 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 19 treadwellgroup.com.au treadwellgroup.com.au 18 | TREADWELL General Tolerance Twist Cut Lengths Angularity Twist is measured with the weight of the pultrusion minimising the twist. Angularity is the angle measured between two prependicular faces of the profle. All Profles All Profles Thickness up to 19mm 2° 0.003°/mm 0.003°/mm ALLOWABLE DEVIATION FROM FLAT ALLOWABLE DEVIATION FROM FLAT Allowable twist Allowable deviation from specifc length Allowable deviation from specifc angle up to 2.44m 2.44m 7 .32m 7 .32m 0 + 6.35mm 0 + 12.7mm 0 + 76.2mm All parts being cut from stock must allow for blade width All Profles Profles 50.8mm and under Profles over 50.8mm ± 2° ± 1° ALLOWABLE DEVIATION FROM FLAT Allowable deviation from specifc length Squareness of Endcut Bars and other Structural Profles other than Tubes Closed Profles Tubes Angle Angle + - Twist Twist

slide 19:

18 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 19 treadwellgroup.com.au

slide 20:

20 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 21 treadwellgroup.com.au Sectional Properties Elements of Sections of Structural Shapes The section table values on the following pages have been calculated from nominal dimensions. All shapes shown in the tables are available but not all are stocked. A shape availability list is included in the manual and for convenience availability information is noted on the individual uniform load tables. v A b d h I od r S t t b t d Wt. cross sectional area in. 2 / mm. 2 width of section in. / mm. depth of section / diameter of rod in. / mm. length of angle leg in. / mm. moment of inertia in. 4 / mm. 4 outside diameter of tube in. / mm. radius of gyration in. / mm. section modulus in. 3 / mm. 3 thickness in. / mm. thickness of width dimension in. / mm. thickness of depth dimension in. / mm. weight of section lbs./ft. / kgs./m. Notation

slide 21:

TM 20 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 21 treadwellgroup.com.au x x y y Sectional Properties - C Section The section values shown on this page have been calculated from the nominal dimensions of the profle. All the shapes listed in the table are available but not all are stocked. For information on availability and price contact Treadwell Group on 1800 246 800. F-P-CS51/14/3.2 F-P-CS76/22/6.4 F-P-CS76/25/6.4 F-P-CS76/38/6.4 F-P-CS89/3.2/30/4.8 F-P-CS89/38/4.8 F-P-CS102/29/6.4 F-P-CS102/35/4.8 F-P-CS140/38/6.4 F-P-CS152/41/6.4 F-P-CS152/43/9.5 F-P-CS203/56/6.4 F-P-CS254/70/12.7 F-P-CS292/70/12.7 F-P-CS305/76/12.7 F-P-CS356/89/19.1 F-P-CS457/60/9.5 50.8 x 14 x 3.2mm C Section 76.2 x 22.2 x 6.4mm C Section 76.2 x 25.4 x 6.4mm C Section 76.2 x 38.1 x 6.4mm C Section 88.9 x 3.2 x 30.2 x 4.8mm C Section 88.9 x 38.1 x 4.8mm C Section 101.6 x 28.6 x 6.4mm C Section 101.6 x 34.9 x 4.8mm C Section 139.7 x 38.1 x 6.4mm C Section 152.4 x 41.3 x 6.4mm C Section 152.4 x 42.9 x 9.5mm C Section 203.2 x 55.6 x 6.4mm C Section 254 x 69.6 x 12.7mm C Section 292.1 x 69.9 x 12.7mm C Section 304.8 x 76.2 x 12.7mm C Section 355.6 x 88.9 x 19.1mm C Section 457.2 x 60.32 x 9.5mm C Section Sectional Proper- C Section Sectional Dimensions 50.8 76.2 76.2 76.2 88.9 88.9 101.6 101.6 139.7 152.4 152.4 203.2 254 292.1 304.8 355.6 457.2 14.2 6.35 25.4 38.1 30.2 38.1 28.6 34.9 38.1 41.3 42.9 55.6 69.9 69.9 76.2 88.9 60.3 3.2 85.4 6.4 6.4 4.8 4.8 6.4 4.8 6.4 6.4 9.5 9.5 12.7 12.7 12.7 19.1 9.5 3.2 6.4 6.4 6.4 3.2 4.8 6.4 4.8 6.4 6.4 9.5 9.5 12.7 12.7 12.7 19.1 9.5 231.854375 685.4825 725.805 887.095 539.313438 740.925938 927.4175 771.167813 1290.32 1411.2875 2086.68938 2812.49438 4677.41 5161.28 5483.86 9435.465 5322.57 0.417666 1.234838 1.307475 1.598025 0.971527 1.334714 1.670663 1.389192 2.3244 2.542313 3.758991 5.066466 8.42595 9.2976 9.8787 16.99718 9.58815 Part Part Number Web Flange d b tw tf Area Weight mm mm mm mm mm² Kg./m d b R o R t d t b t I

slide 22:

22 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 23 treadwellgroup.com.au F-P-CS51/14/3.2 F-P-CS76/22/6.4 F-P-CS76/25/6.4 F-P-CS76/38/6.4 F-P-CS89/3.2/30/4.8 F-P-CS89/38/4.8 F-P-CS102/29/6.4 F-P-CS102/35/4.8 F-P-CS140/38/6.4 F-P-CS152/41/6.4 F-P-CS152/43/9.5 F-P-CS203/56/6.4 F-P-CS254/70/12.7 F-P-CS292/70/12.7 F-P-CS305/76/12.7 F-P-CS356/89/19.1 F-P-CS457/60/9.5 50.8 x 14 x 3.2mm C Section 76.2 x 22.2 x 6.4mm C Section 76.2 x 25.4 x 6.4mm C Section 76.2 x 38.1 x 6.4mm C Section 88.9 x 3.2 x 30.2 x 4.8mm C Section 88.9 x 38.1 x 4.8mm C Section 101.6 x 28.6 x 6.4mm C Section 101.6 x 34.9 x 6.4mm C Section 139.7 x 38.1 x 6.4mm C Section 152.4 x 41.3 x 6.4mm C Section 152.4 x 42.9 x 9.5mm C Section 203.2 x 55.6 x 6.4mm C Section 254 x 69.6 x 12.7mm C Section 292.1 x 69.9 x 12.7mm C Section 304.8 x 76.2 x 12.7mm C Section 355.6 x 88.9 x 19.1mm C Section 457.2 x 60.32 x 9.5mm C Section Sectional Properties A cross section area mm 2 b width of section mm d depth of section / diametre of rod mm h length of angle leg mm l moment of inertia mm 4 od outside diametre of tube mm Notation r radius of gyration mm S section modulus mm 3 t thickness mm t b thickness of width dimension mm t d thickness of depth dimension mm Wt. weight of section mm Notation Part Part Number 74757.63 480725.1 530044.2 727320.3 641312.6 841417.2 1196122 1090307 3236630 4239811 6055368 14890522 38492696 54725705 64394404 146822233.4 124352263.10 2943.205 12617.42 13911.88 19089.72 14427.69 18929.47 23545.62 21462.68 46336.73 55640.41 79466.55 146559.8 303091.2 374704.2 422534.2 825769.5 543971.6 17.95644 26.481.98 27.02379 28.633.74 34.48375 33.69912 35.91289 37.60107 50.08388 54.81075 53.86933 72.76279 90.71658 102.9715 422534.2 124.7425 152.8503 3366.77 23434.11 34956.9 115315.9 46437.71 96058.44 53868.32 77665.79 137456.5 177874.7 272708.4 635340 1659560 1717580 108.363 5061997 961388.7 319.8575 1484.895 1942.944 4390.313 2171.325 3486.12 2558.86 2982.765 4744.467 5626.449 8636.152 15077.91 31513.82 31998.13 2246678 75735.3 19197.61 3.810652 5.846909 6.939956 11.40144 9.279295 11.38625 7.621304 10.03554 10.32129 11.22663 11.43196 15.02995 18.83623 18.24231 38310.27 23.16218 13.43968 846.8241 10297.38 10839.35 13007.22 1592.029 5944.705 13549.19 6173.348 18426.89 20052.8 68592.76 90542.44 268815.9 294830.3 20.24079 1229182 166451.8 44.75 63.5 63.5 63.5 79.375 79.375 88.9 92.075 127 139.7 133.35 184.15 228.6 266.7 279.4 317.5 438.15 141.129 403.225 403.225 403.225 252.016 378.023 564.515 438.507 806.45 887.095 1270.159 1754.029 2903.22 3387.09 3548.38 6048.375 4173.379 3.761685 6.443382 7.408333 11.83409 8.775759 10.54554 7.52337 8.886887 9.128125 9.661071 11.28505 13.42547 17.18879 16.17266 17.55588 22.06218 10.24659 25.4 38.1 38.1 38.1 44.45 44.45 50.8 50.8 69.85 76.2 76.2 101.6 127 146.05 152.4 177.8 228.6 X - X Y - Y l S r l S r J h C C A mm 4 mm³ mm mm 4 mm³ mm mm mm mm mm mm C Section Section Properties

slide 23:

TM 22 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 23 treadwellgroup.com.au d b R t d R ½ t t b y y Sectional Properties – I-Beam The section values shown on this page have been calculated from the nominal dimensions of the profle. All the shapes listed in the table are available but not all are stocked. For information on availability and price contact Treadwell Group on 1800 246 800. 457 .20 I Beam - Web 9.53mm Flange 12.70mm 609.60 I Beam - Web 9.53mm Flange 19.05mm x x 76.2 x 38.1 x 6.4mm I-Beam 88.9 x 38.1 x 4.8mm I-Beam 101.6 x 50.8 x 6.4mm I-Beam 139.7 x 63.5 x 6.4mm I-Beam 152.4 x 76.2 x 6.4mm I-Beam 152.4 x 76.2 x 9.5mm I-Beam 203.2 x 101.6 x 9.5mm I-Beam 203.2 x 101.6 x 12.7mm I-Beam 254 x 127 x 9.5mm I-Beam 254 x 127 x 12.7mm I-Beam 304.8 x 152.4 x 12.7mm I-Beam 457.2 x 9.5 x 114.3 x 12.7mm I-Beam 609.6 x 9.5 x 190.5 x 19.1mm I-Beam F-P-IS76/38/6.4 F-P-IS89/38/4.8 F-P-IS102/51/6.4 F-P-IS140/64/6.4 F-P-IS152/76/6.4 F-P-IS152/76/9.5 F-P-IS203/102/9.5 F-P-IS203/102/12.7 F-P-IS254/127/9.5 F-P-IS254/127/12.7 F-P-IS305/152/12.7 F-P-IS457/9.5/114/12.7 F-P-IS610/9.5/191/19.1 76.2 88.9 101.6 139.7 152.4 152.4 203.2 203.2 254.0 254.0 304.8 457.2 609.6 38.1 38.1 50.8 63.5 76.2 76.2 101.6 101.6 127.0 127.0 152.4 114.3 190.5 6.4 4.8 6.4 6.4 6.4 9.5 9.5 12.7 9.5 12.7 12.7 12.7 19.1 6.4 4.8 6.4 6.4 6.4 9.5 9.5 12.7 9.5 12.7 12.7 9.5 9.5 886.88 740.74 1209.38 1612.50 1854.38 2721.09 3688.59 4837.50 4656.09 6127.50 7417.50 7014.38 12698.44 1.60 1.33 2.18 2.91 3.34 4.90 6.65 8.72 8.39 11.04 13.37 12.64 22.88 Part Part Number Web Flange d b tw tf Area Weight mm mm mm mm mm² Kg./m I-Beam Sectional Dimensions Sectional Properties

slide 24:

24 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 25 treadwellgroup.com.au 76.2 x 38.1 x 6.4mm I-B e am 88.9 x 38.1 x 4.8mm I-B e am 101.6 x 50.8 x 6.4mm I-B e am 139.7 x 63.5 x 6.4mm I-B e am 152.4 x 76.2 x 6.4mm I-B e am 152.4 x 76.2 x 9.5mm I-B e am 203.2 x 101.6 x 9.5mm I-B e am 203.2 x 101.6 x 12.7mm I-B e am 254 x 127 x 9.5mm I-B e am 254 x 127 x 12.7mm I-B e am 304.8 x 152.4 x 12.7mm I-B e am 457.2 x 9.5 x 114.3 x 12.7mm I-B e am 609.6 x 9.5 x 190.5 x 19.1mm I-B e am F-P-IS76/38/6.4 F-P-IS89/38/4.8 F-P-IS102/51/6.4 F-P-IS140/64/6.4 F-P-IS152/76/6.4 F-P-IS152/76/9.5 F-P-IS203/102/9.5 F-P-IS203/102/12.7 F-P-IS254/127/t9.5 F-P-IS254/127/12.7 F-P-IS305/152/12.7 F-P-IS457/9.5/114/12.7 F-P-IS610/9.5/191/19.1 Part Part Number 727321.06 841418.03 1837271.53 4671764.18 6606589.95 9301187.11 23121371.16 29396344.43 46462849.07 59642494.69 105705439.13 207348286.11 781189968.36 19089.79 18929.54 36166.76 66882.81 86700.66 122062.82 227572.55 289334.10 365849.21 469625.94 693605.24 907035.37 2562959.21 28.63 33.70 38.97 53.82 59.68 58.46 79.16 77.94 99.88 98.65 119.36 171.91 248.00 59887.46 44613.92 140640.70 273693.84 471241.18 711993.53 1678186.98 2250251.14 3268727.58 4374765.71 7539838.84 3191852.00 21990859.78 3143.70 2341.94 5537.04 8620.28 12368.53 18687.49 33035.18 44296.28 51476.02 68893.95 98948.28 55850.44 230878.17 8.22 7.76 10.78 13.03 15.94 16.17 21.33 21.57 26.49 26.71 31.88 21.33 41.61 11923.30 5601.75 16259.04 21678.72 24930.53 82311.39 111577.66 260144.64 140843.93 329516.55 398888.45 280468.44 1042610.94 63.50 79.38 88.90 127.00 139.70 133.35 184.15 177.80 234.95 228.60 279.40 431.80 571.50 403.23 378.02 564.52 806.45 887.10 1270.16 1754.03 2258.06 2237.90 2903.22 3548.38 4112.90 5443.54 19.05 19.05 25.40 31.75 38.10 38.10 50.80 50.80 63.50 63.50 76.20 57.15 95.25 38.10 44.45 50.80 69.85 76.20 76.20 101.60 101.60 127.00 127.00 152.20 228.60 304.80 X - X Y - Y l S r l S r J h A C C mm 4 mm³ mm mm 4 mm³ mm mm mm mm mm mm r radius of gyration mm S section modulus mm 3 t thickness mm t b thickness of width dimension mm t d thickness of depth dimension mm Wt. weight of section mm A cross section area mm 2 b width of section mm d depth of section / diametre of rod mm h length of angle leg mm l moment of inertia mm 4 od outside diametre of tube mm Notation Notation I-Beam Section Properties Sectional Properties

slide 25:

TM 24 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 25 treadwellgroup.com.au y y Sectional Properties - WF-Beam The section values shown on this page have been calculated from the nominal dimensions of the profle. All the shapes listed in the table are available but not all are stocked. For information on availability and price contact Treadwell Group on 1800 246 800. x x 76.2 x 6.4mm WF-Beam 101.6 x 6.4mm WF-Beam 152.4 x 6.4mm WF-Beam 152.4 x 9.5mm WF-Beam 203.2 x 9.5mm WF-Beam 203.2 x 12.7mm WF-Beam 254 x 9.5mm WF-Beam 254 x 12.7mm WF-Beam 304.8 x 12.7mm WF-Beam F-P-WFB76/6.4 F-P-WFB102/6.4 F-P-WFB152/6.4 F-P-WFB152/9.5 F-P-WFB203/9.5 F-P-WFB203/12.7 F-P-WFB254/9.5 F-P-WFB254/12.7 F-P-WFB305/12.7 76.2 101.6 152.4 152.4 203.2 203.2 254.0 254.0 304.8 76.2 101.6 152.4 152.4 203.2 203.2 254.0 254.0 304.8 6.4 6.4 6.4 9.5 9.5 12.7 9.5 12.7 12.7 1374.2 1864.5 2832.3 4180.6 5632.2 7425.8 7135.5 9361.3 11296.8 2.44 3.20 5.06 7.29 9.66 12.95 13.01 16.22 19.64 1319454 3304878 11771025 16720016 41285995 52844742 82634425 106638491 188323909 Part Number Part Web Flange 34577 65057 154530 219423 406399 520125 650730 839673 1236404 31.0 42.2 64.5 63.2 85.6 84.3 107.7 106.9 129.0 470342 1111338 3750245 5627449 13331893 17789731 26031113 34722026 59983111 12290 21959 49161 73906 131260 175178 205002 273336 393617 18.5 24.4 36.3 36.6 48.8 49.0 60.5 61.1 72.9 d b tf Area Weight mm mm mm mm² Kg./m X - X Y - Y l S r l S r mm 4 mm³ mm mm 4 mm³ mm r radius of gyration mm S section modulus mm 3 t thickness mm t b thickness of width dimension mm t d thickness of depth dimension mm Wt. weight of section mm A cross section area mm 2 b width of section mm d depth of section / diametre of rod mm h length of angle leg mm l moment of inertia mm 4 od outside diametre of tube mm Notation Notation WF-Beam Sectional Dimensions Section Properties Sectional Properties tw tf d b

slide 26:

26 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 27 treadwellgroup.com.au y y x x Sectional Properties - Equal Leg Angle The section values shown on this page have been calculated from the nominal dimensions of the profle. All the shapes listed in the table are available but not all are stocked. For information on availability and price contact Treadwell Group on 1800 246 800. Part Number Part d b tf Area Weight mm mm mm mm² Kg./m l S r C mm 4 mm³ mm mm 25.4 x 3.2mm Equal Leg Angle 31.8 x 3.2mm Equal Leg Angle 38.1 x 4.8mm Equal Leg Angle 38.1 x 6.4mm Equal Leg Angle 50.8 x 6.4mm Equal Leg Angle 76.2 x 6.4mm Equal Leg Angle 76.2 x 9.5mm Equal Leg Angle 76.2 x 12.7mm Equal Leg Angle 101.6 x 6.4mm Equal Leg Angle 101.6 x 9.5mm Equal Leg Angle 101.6 x 12.7mm Equal Leg Angle 152.4 x 9.5mm Equal Leg Angle 152.4 x 101.6 x 12.7mm Unequal Leg Angle F-P-ELA25/3.2 F-P-ELA32/3.2 F-P-ELA38/4.8 F-P-ELA38/6.4 F-P-ELA51/6.4 F-P-ELA76/6.4 F-P-ELA76/9.5 F-P-ELA76/12.7 F-P-ELA102/6.4 F-P-ELA102/9.5 F-P-ELA102/12.7 F-P-ELA152/9.5 F-P-UELA152/102/12.7 25.4 31.8 38.1 38.1 50.8 76.2 76.2 76.2 101.6 101.6 101.6 152.4 152.4 25.4 31.8 38.1 38.1 50.8 76.2 76.2 76.2 101.6 101.6 101.6 152.4 101.6 151.17 191.48 339.29 443.44 604.69 927.19 1360.55 1773.75 1249.69 1844.30 2418.75 2811.80 3707.75 0.27 0.35 0.61 0.80 1.09 1.67 2.45 3.20 2.25 3.32 4.36 5.07 6.68 3.2 3.2 4.8 6.4 6.4 6.4 9.5 12.7 6.4 9.5 12.7 9.5 12.7 9042.40 18291.87 45676.24 57658.00 144678.36 517891.66 732434.19 922528.08 1265062.58 1814196.10 2314853.73 6404379.33 8286266.60 505.56 807.85 1702.44 2195.17 4044.50 9450.02 13650.17 17561.32 17131.47 24959.13 32355.97 57818.72 75600.12 7.73 9.77 11.60 11.40 15.47 23.63 23.20 22.80 31.81 31.36 30.93 47.72 47.26 7.51 9.11 11.27 11.83 15.03 21.40 22.54 23.67 27.76 28.91 30.06 41.63 42.79 r radius of gyration mm S section modulus mm 3 t thickness mm t b thickness of width dimension mm t d thickness of depth dimension mm Wt. weight of section mm A cross section area mm 2 b width of section mm d depth of section / diametre of rod mm h length of angle leg mm l moment of inertia mm 4 od outside diametre of tube mm Notation Notation Equal Leg Angle Sectional Dimensions Section Properties Sectional Properties d t t b cy cx

slide 27:

TM 26 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 27 treadwellgroup.com.au Sectional Properties – Rectangular Hollow Section The section values shown on this page have been calculated from the nominal dimensions of the profle. All the shapes listed in the table are available but not all are stocked. For information on availability and price contact Treadwell Group on 1800 246 800. y y R 1/32 R 3/32 t b t d d b x x r radius of gyration mm S section modulus mm 3 t thickness mm t b thickness of width dimension mm t d thickness of depth dimension mm Wt. weight of section mm Sectional Proper- Part Part Number d b td tb Area Weight mm mm mm mm mm² Kg./m 38.1 38.1 50.8 101.6 101.6 111.13 139.70 152.40 19.1 25.4 25.4 25.4 50.8 34.93 88.90 101.60 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2 6.4 4.8 6.4 6.4 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2 6.4 6.4 322.50 362.81 443.44 765.94 1209.38 977.58 2741.25 3063.75 0.58 0.65 0.80 1.38 2.18 1.76 4.94 5.52 38.1 x 19.1 x 3.2mm Rectangular Hollow Section 38.1 x 25.4 x 3.2mm Rectangular Hollow Section 50.8 x 25.4 x 3.2mm Rectangular Hollow Section 101.6 x 25.4 x 3.2mm Rectangular Hollow Section 101.6 x 3.2 x 50.8 x 6.4mm Rectangular Hollow Section 111.1 x 3.2 x 34.9 x 4.8mm Rectangular Hollow Section 139.7 x 89 x 6.4mm Rectangular Hollow Section 152.4 x 101.6 x 6.4mm Rectangular Hollow Section F-P-RHS38/19/3.2 F-P-RHS38/25/3.2 F-P-RHS51/25/3.2 F-P-RHS102/25/3.2 F-P-RHS102/3.2/51/6.4 F-P-RHS111/3.2/35/4.8 F-P-RHS140/9/6.4 F-P-RHS152/102/6.4 Rectangular Hollow Section Sectional Dimensions

slide 28:

28 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 29 treadwellgroup.com.au Part Part Number X - X Y - Y l S r A I S r A J mm 4 mm³ mm mm mm 4 mm 3 mm mm mm 53925.82 66255.59 138066.35 848044.43 1837271.53 1496449.87 7190831.45 9770599.14 2830.75 3477.98 5435.68 16693.79 36166.76 26932.73 102946.76 128223.09 12.93 13.51 15.95 33.27 38.97 39.12 51.21 56.47 7.94 7.94 11.11 23.81 22.23 25.40 63.50 69.85 16530.02 33737.51 7723.04 83869.55 459317.88 196946.09 3496777.55 5140024.53 1735.44 2656.50 1216.23 6603.90 18083.38 11278.23 78667.66 101181.59 7.16 9.64 4.61 10.46 19.49 14.19 35.71 40.95 38424.68 66944.34 22864.28 251849.32 1097485.20 567843.60 7128058.80 10185432.86 80.65 120.97 40.32 120.97 564.52 272.18 967.74 1129.03 38.1 x 19.1 x 3.2mm Rectangular Hollow Section 38.1 x 25.4 x 3.2mm Rectangular Hollow Section 50.8 x 25.4 x 3.2mm Rectangular Hollow Section 101.6 x 25.4 x 3.2mm Rectangular Hollow Section 101.6 x 3.2 x 50.8 x 6.4mm Rectangular Hollow Section 111.1 x 3.2 x 34.9 x 4.8mm Rectangular Hollow Section 139.7 x 8.9 x 6.4mm Rectangular Hollow Section 152.4 x 101.6 x 6.4mm Rectangular Hollow Section F-P-RHS38/19/3.2 F-P-RHS38/25/3.2 F-P-RHS51/25/3.2 F-P-RHS102/25/3.2 F-P-RHS102/3.2/51/6.4 F-P-RHS111/3.2/35/4.8 F-P-RHS140/9/6.4 F-P-RHS152/102/6.4 r radius of gyration mm S section modulus mm 3 t thickness mm t b thickness of width dimension mm t d thickness of depth dimension mm Wt. weight of section mm A cross section area mm 2 b width of section mm d depth of section / diametre of rod mm h length of angle leg mm l moment of inertia mm 4 od outside diametre of tube mm Notation Notation Rectangular Hollow Section Section Properties Sectional Properties

slide 29:

TM 28 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 29 treadwellgroup.com.au Sectional Properties - Circular Hollow Section The section values shown on this page have been calculated from the nominal dimensions of the profle. All the shapes listed in the table are available but not all are stocked. For information on availability and price contact Treadwell Group on 1800 246 800. OD t y y x x r radius of gyration mm S section modulus mm 3 t thickness mm t b thickness of width dimension mm t d thickness of depth dimension mm Wt. weight of section mm 25.4 x 2.4mm Circular Hollow Section 25.4 x 3.2mm Circular Hollow Section 28.6 x 3.2mm Circular Hollow Section 31.8 x 2.4mm Circular Hollow Section 31.8 x 3.2mm Circular Hollow Section 31.8 x 6.4mm Circular Hollow Section 38.1 x 3.2mm Circular Hollow Section 38.1 x 6.4mm Circular Hollow Section 44.5 x 3.2mm Circular Hollow Section 44.5 x 6.4mm Circular Hollow Section 47.6 x 4.8mm Circular Hollow Section 50.8 x 6.4mm Circular Hollow Section 76.2 x 6.4mm Circular Hollow Section 76.2 x 12.7mm Circular Hollow Section F-P-CHS25/2.4 F-P-CHS25/3.2 F-P-CHS29/3.2 F-P-CHS32/2.4 F-P-CHS32/3.2 F-P-CHS32/6.4 F-P-CHS38/3.2 F-P-CHS38/6.4 F-P-CHS45/3.2 F-P-CHS45/6.4 F-P-CHS48/4.8 F-P-CHS51/6.4 F-P-CHS76/6.4 F-P-CHS76/12.7 25.4 25.4 28.6 31.8 31.8 31.8 38.1 38.1 44.5 44.5 47.6 50.8 76.2 76.2 2.4 3.2 3.2 2.4 3.2 6.4 3.2 6.4 3.2 6.4 4.8 6.4 6.4 12.7 174.2 219.4 251.6 219.4 283.9 509.7 348.4 632.3 412.9 761.3 638.7 883.9 1393.5 2535.5 0.33 0.37 0.49 0.40 0.48 0.91 0.67 1.18 0.76 1.40 1.31 1.61 2.53 4.43 12487 12487 20812 24974 29136 41623 54110 83246 87409 141519 149843 224765 857437 1327778 983 1147 1475 1475 1803 2786 2786 4425 3933 6391 6227 8849 22450 34904 Part Number Part Diametre Wall 8.1 7.9 9.1 10.4 10.2 9.1 12.4 11.4 14.7 13.7 15.2 15.7 24.9 22.9 od t Area Weight mm mm mm² Kg./m l S r mm 4 mm³ mm r radius of gyration mm S section modulus mm 3 t thickness mm t b thickness of width dimension mm t d thickness of depth dimension mm Wt. weight of section mm A cross section area mm 2 b width of section mm d depth of section / diametre of rod mm h length of angle leg mm l moment of inertia mm 4 od outside diametre of tube mm Notation Notation Circular Hollow Section Sectional Dimensions Section Properties Sectional Properties

slide 30:

30 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 31 treadwellgroup.com.au Section Properties - Solid Bars The section values shown on this page have been calculated from the nominal dimensions of the profle. All the shapes listed in the table are available but not all are stocked. For information on availability and price contact Treadwell Group on 1800 246 800. y y x x d b F-P-SQB25 F-P-SQB32 F-P-SQB38 F-P-REB19/38.1 F-P-REB25/38.1 F-P-REB25/50.8 25.4 31.8 38.1 38.1 38.10 50.8 25.4 31.8 38.1 19.05 25.4 12.7 645.2 1006.4 1451.6 725.81 967.74 645.16 1.31 2.04 2.95 1.31 1.74 1.16 33299 83246 174817 87798.82 117065.09 138743.81 2786 5408 9177 4608.86 6145.15 5462.35 Part Part Number 7.4 9.1 10.9 11.00 11 14.66 33299 83246 174817 21949.70 52028.93 8671.49 2786 5408 9177 2304.43 4096.77 1365.59 7.4 9.1 10.9 5.50 7.33 3.67 d b Area Weight mm mm mm² Kg./m l S r l S r mm 4 mm³ mm mm 4 mm³ mm X - X Y - Y r radius of gyration mm S section modulus mm 3 t thickness mm t b thickness of width dimension mm t d thickness of depth dimension mm Wt. weight of section mm A cross section area mm 2 b width of section mm d depth of section / diametre of rod mm h length of angle leg mm l moment of inertia mm 4 od outside diametre of tube mm Notation Notation Solid Bars Section Dimensions Section Properties Square Bar 25.4mm Square Bar 31.8mm Square Bar 38.1mm Square Bar Rectangular Bar 19.1 x 38.1mm Rectangular Bar 25.4 x 38.1mm Rectangular Bar 25.4 x 50.8mm Rectangular Bar Sectional Properties

slide 31:

TM 30 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 31 treadwellgroup.com.au l S r Sectional Properties - Circular Round Bar The section values shown on this page have been calculated from the nominal dimensions of the profle. All the shapes listed in the table are available but not all are stocked. For information on availability and price contact Treadwell Group on 1800 246 800. 6.4 7.6 7.9 8.9 9.5 11.1 12.0 12.2 12.7 15.9 19.1 20.6 22.2 25.4 31.8 38.1 31.6 45.8 49.7 61.9 71.0 96.8 112.9 116.8 126.5 198.1 285.2 334.2 387.7 506.5 791.6 1139.4 0.07 0.09 0.1 0.12 0.14 0.20 0.22 0.24 0.26 0.40 0.59 0.68 0.79 1.04 163 2.34 83 166 208 291 416 749 999 1082 1290 3122 6493 8907 11987 20437 49865 103434 26 44 49 69 85 134 169 179 202 393 678 864 1078 1609 3141 5429 1.6 1.9 2.0 2.2 2.4 2.8 3.0 3.0 3.2 4.0 4.8 5.2 5.6 6.4 7.9 9.5 Part Number Part d Area Weight mm mm² Kg./m l S r mm 4 mm³ mm r radius of gyration mm S section modulus mm 3 t thickness mm t b thickness of width dimension mm t d thickness of depth dimension mm Wt. weight of section mm A cross section area mm 2 b width of section mm d depth of section / diametre of rod mm h length of angle leg mm l moment of inertia mm 4 od outside diametre of tube mm Notation Notation Circular Round Bar Sectional Dimensions Section Properties 6.4mm Circular Round Bar 7.6mm Circular Round Bar 7.9mm Circular Round Bar 8.9mm Circular Round Bar 9.5mm Circular Round Bar 11.1mm Circular Round Bar 12mm Circular Round Bar 12.2mm Circular Round Bar 12.7mm Circular Round Bar 15.9mm Circular Round Bar 19.1mm Circular Round Bar 20.6mm Circular Round Bar 22.2mm Circular Round Bar 25.4mm Circular Round Bar 31.8mm Circular Round Bar 38.1mm Circular Round Bar F-P-CB6.4 F-P-CB7.6 F-P-CB7.9 F-P-CB8.9 F-P-CB9.5 F-P-CB11.1 F-P-CB12 F-P-CB12.2 F-P-CB12.7 F-P-CB15.9 F-P-CB19.1 F-P-CB20.6 F-P-CB22.2 F-P-CB25.4 F-P-CB31.8 F-P-CB38.1 Sectional Properties D y y x x

slide 32:

32 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 33 treadwellgroup.com.au Section Properties - Embedment Angle The section values shown on this page have been calculated from the nominal dimensions of the profle. All the shapes listed in the table are available but not all are stocked. For information on availability and price contact Treadwell Group on 1800 246 800. 25.4 38.1 50.8 696.8 774.2 858.1 1.43 1.64 1.68 116544 212278 366283 4916 5407 8849 12.9 16.5 20.6 212278 212278 212278 5407 5407 5407 17.5 16.5 15.7 6.4 6.4 6.4 Part Part Number d t Area Weight mm mm mm² Kg./m l S r l S r mm 4 mm³ mm mm 4 mm³ mm X - X Y - Y r radius of gyration mm S section modulus mm 3 t thickness mm t b thickness of width dimension mm t d thickness of depth dimension mm Wt. weight of section mm A cross section area mm 2 b width of section mm d depth of section / diametre of rod mm h length of angle leg mm l moment of inertia mm 4 od outside diametre of tube mm Notation Notation Embedment Angle Section Dimensions Section Properties 25.4 x 6.4mm Embedment Angle 38.1 x 6.4mm Embedment Angle 50.8 x 6.4mm Embdement Angle F-P-EA25/6.4 F-P-EA38/6.4 F-P-EA51/6.4 Sectional Properties y y t x x

slide 33:

TM 32 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 33 treadwellgroup.com.au Sectional Properties - Square Hollow Section The section values shown on this page have been calculated from the nominal dimensions of the profle. All the shapes listed in the table are available but not all are stocked. For information on availability and price contact Treadwell Group on 1800 246 800. y y x x d b t l S r 25.4 x 3.2mm Square Hollow Section 25.4 x 6.4mm Square Hollow Section 31.8 x 3.2mm Square Hollow Section 31.8 x 6.4mm Square Hollow Section 38.1 x 3.2mm Square Hollow Section 38.1 x 6.4mm Square Hollow Section 44.5 x 3.2mm Square Hollow Section 44.5 x 6.4mm Square Hollow Section 50.8 x 3.2mm Square Hollow Section 50.8 x 6.4mm Square Hollow Section 50.8 x 9.6mm Square Hollow Section 57.2 x 3.2mm Square Hollow Section 76.2 x 3.2mm Square Hollow Section 76.2 x 6.4mm Square Hollow Section 88.9 x 6.4mm Square Hollow Section 101.6 x 6.4mm Square Hollow Section 101.6 x 8mm Square Hollow Section 101.6 x 9.5mm Square Hollow Section 127 x 8mm Square Hollow Section 152.4 x 9.5mm Square Hollow Section F-P-SHS25/25//3.2 F-P-SHS25/25/6.4 F-P-SHS3/322/3.2 F-P-SHS32/32/6.4 F-P-SHS38/38/3.2 F-P-SHS38/38/6.4 F-P-SHS45/45/3.2 F-P-SHS45/45/6.4 F-P-SHS51/51/3.2 F-P-SHS51/51/6.4 F-P-SHS51/51/9.6 F-P-SHS57/57/3.2 F-P-SHS76/76/3.2 F-P-SHS76/76/6.4 F-P-SHS89/89/6.4 F-P-SHS102/102/6.4 F-P-SHS102/102/8 F-P-SHS102/102/9.5 F-P-SHS127/127/8 F-P-SHS152/152/9.5 25.4 25.4 31.8 31.8 38.1 38.1 44.5 44.5 50.8 50.8 50.8 57.2 76.2 76.2 88.9 101.6 101.6 101.6 127 152.4 3.2 6.4 3.2 6.4 3.2 6.4 3.2 6.4 3.2 6.4 9.5 3.2 3.2 6.4 6.4 6.4 8 9.5 8 9.5 282.19 483.75 362.81 645.00 443.44 806.25 524.06 967.5 604.69 1128.75 1572.19 685.31 927.19 1773.75 2096.25 2418.75 2995.2 3507.19 3808 5442.19 0.51 0.87 0.65 1.16 0.80 1.45 0.94 1.74 1.09 2.03 2.83 1.23 1.67 3.20 3.78 4.36 5.32 6.32 6.48 9.81 Part Number Part d t Area Weight mm mm mm² Kg./m Square Hollow Section Sectional Dimensions Sectional Properties

slide 34:

34 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 35 treadwellgroup.com.au 34 | TREADWELL treadwellgroup.com.au 25.4 x 3.2mm Square Hollow Section 25.4 x 6.4mm Square Hollow Section 31.8 x 3.2mm Square Hollow Section 31.8 x 6.4mm Square Hollow Section 38.1 x 3.2mm Square Hollow Section 38.1 x 6.4mm Square Hollow Section 44.5 x 3.2mm Square Hollow Section 44.5 x 6.4mm Square Hollow Section 50.8 x 3.2mm Square Hollow Section 50.8 x 6.4mm Square Hollow Section 50.8 x 9.6mm Square Hollow Section 57.2 x 3.2mm Square Hollow Section 76.2 x 3.2mm Square Hollow Section 76.2 x 6.4mm Square Hollow Section 88.9 x 6.4mm Square Hollow Section 101.6 x 6.4mm Square Hollow Section 101.6 x 8mm Square Hollow Section 101.6 x 9.5mm Square Hollow Section 127 x 8mm Square Hollow Section 152.4 x 9.5mm Square Hollow Section F-P-SHS25/25//3.2 F-P-SHS25/25/6.4 F-P-SHS3/322/3.2 F-P-SHS32/32/6.4 F-P-SHS38/38/3.2 F-P-SHS38/38/6.4 F-P-SHS45/45/3.2 F-P-SHS45/45/6.4 F-P-SHS51/51/3.2 F-P-SHS51/51/6.4 F-P-SHS51/51/9.6 F-P-SHS57/57/3.2 F-P-SHS76/76/3.2 F-P-SHS76/76/6.4 F-P-SHS89/89/6.4 F-P-SHS102/102/6.4 F-P-SHS102/102/8 F-P-SHS102/102/9.5 F-P-SHS127/127/8 F-P-SHS152/152/9.5 mm mm mm² Kg./m 1867.01 2560.47 3149.38 4642.98 4772.43 7396.91 6736.47 10827.13 9041.66 14936.07 18515.39 11688.07 21675.08 38179.43 53891.77 72333.24 86720.87 98618.05 142175.33 244124.69 19.05 12.70 25.40 19.05 31.75 25.40 38.10 31.75 44.45 38.10 31.75 50.80 69.85 63.50 76.20 89.90 85.6 82.55 111 133.35 120.94 161.25 161.25 241.88 201.56 322.5 241.88 403.13 282.19 483.75 604.69 322.5 443.44 806.25 967.5 1128.75 1369.6 1572.19 1776 2539.69 30498.37 32924.52 66672.16 83246.20 123983.52 169364.83 207309.81 301024.21 321528.54 487973.94 544188.24 471517.33 1184880.57 1983736.35 3316956.92 5144456.63 7173310.30 6738104.51 14452895 26043811.71 23711.08 32518.05 49996.50 73707.57 90915.04 140911.54 149718.51 240633.55 229658.71 379377.21 470292.25 333987.44 825822.90 1454640.63 2395496.12 3674539.30 4405420.03 5009811.60 9028133.33 18602355.19 9.17 8.20 11.74 10.69 14.32 13.22 16.90 15.77 19.49 18.33 17.29 22.07 29.84 28.63 33.80 38.97 38.35 37.79 48.69 58.46 Part Number Part l S r J d w a w mm 4 mm³ mm mm 4 mm³ mm 2 r radius of gyration mm S section modulus mm 3 t thickness mm t b thickness of width dimension mm t d thickness of depth dimension mm Wt. weight of section mm Notation Square Hollow Section Section Properties Sectional Properties A cross section area mm 2 b width of section mm d depth of section / diametre of rod mm h length of angle leg mm l moment of inertia mm 4 od outside diametre of tube mm Notation

slide 35:

TM 34 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 35 treadwellgroup.com.au r radius of gyration mm S section modulus mm 3 t thickness mm t b thickness of width dimension mm t d thickness of depth dimension mm Wt. weight of section mm

slide 36:

36 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 37 treadwellgroup.com.au 36 | TREADWELL treadwellgroup.com.au Beams - Allowable Uniform Loads Allowable Uniform Load Tables Full section 3-point bending tests were conducted on Treadwell Reinforced Plastics H-Beams I-Beams C Section and Square Hollow Section. The allowable uniform load tables were generated using these tests results as well as the formulas properties and assumptions listed below. Formulas for critical buckling and lateral-torsional buckling developed from theory are presented in Chapter 6 and 7 of the ASCE Structural Plastics Design Manual. Assumptions ∙ Beam simply supported at both ends ∙ Uniformly distributed load ∙ Load is applied perpendicular to major axis ∙ Part weight has been deducted in tables ∙ Safety factor of 3.0 for both ultimate material flexural and shear stress and 2.5 for buckling stresses v A w b b c b h d E f b F b F aCB F aLTB f v F v G I J L M S x t V w v t v r area of web in. 2 / mm. 2 fange width in. / mm. C Section fange minus thickness in. / mm. 1/2 of fange width in. / mm. depth of section in. / mm. modulus of elasticity lbs. / in. 2 / GPa actual fexural stress lbs. / in. 2 / MPa maximum allowable fexural stress lbs. / in. 2 / MPa maximum allowable buckling stress lbs. / in. 2 / MPa maximum allowable lateral-torsional buckling stress lbs. / in. 2 / MPa actual shear stress lbs. / in. 2 / MPa maximum allowable shear stress lbs. / in. 2 / MPa shear modulus lbs. / in. 2 / GPa moment of inertia in. 4 / mm. 4 torsion costant in. 4 / mm. 4 length of span in. / mm. maximum moment lbs.-in. / N.-m. section modulus in. 3 / mm 3 fange thickness in. / mm. vertical shear force lbs. / N. uniform load lbs./in. / N/m. poissions ratio longitudinal poissions ratio transverse Notation

slide 37:

TM 36 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 37 treadwellgroup.com.au ArchitEX ™ | 37 Beams - Allowable Uniform Loads Properties / Allowables Formulas Allowable Critical Buckling Stress for laterally supported WF and I Beams Allowable Lateral-Torsional Buckling Stress for laterally unsupported WF and I Beams Allowable Critical Buckling Stress for C Sections laterally supported to eliminate warping and twist C 1.13 and K 1.0 for uniform load simple beam Allowable Bending Stress for Square Tube b/t 16 F b 10000 psi. E 2.8 x 10 6 lbs./in. 2 E 19.3 GPa G 450000 lbs. /in. 2 G 3.1 GPa F b 10000 lbs./in 2 F b 68.9 MPa F v 1500 lbs./in 2 F v 10.3 MPa 5wL 4 + wL 2 384EI 8A w G Δ f b M S x f v V A w F aCB .935 √ Et 3 12λ – .656 V T Et 3 12λ V T Et 3 12λ +2.082 Gt 3 12 / 2.5 π 2 b h 2 t λ 1–V L V T √ EI y GJ + d 2 π 2 E 2 I y 2 4KL 2 / 2.5 C π SKL F aLTB F aCB Gt/b c 2 /2.5

slide 38:

38 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 39 treadwellgroup.com.au

slide 39:

TM 38 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 39 treadwellgroup.com.au Beams - Allowable Uniform Loads Span m 0.91 1.22 1.52 1.83 2.13 2.44 2.74 3.05 9110 5157 3296 2286 1676 1281 1009 815 8999 5049 3221 2228 1629 1240 974 783 F v F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F v F v F b F b F b F b F b F b L/100 8622 3901 2063 1213 769 515 360 261 L/100 ---- ---- 2763 1629 1032 690 479 340 L/150 5744 2597 1371 805 509 340 236 170 L/150 7456 3440 1832 1077 679 450 310 219 L/180 4785 2162 1141 669 422 281 195 140 L/180 6208 2862 1522 892 561 370 253 178 L/240 3586 1619 853 498 314 208 143 102 L/240 4649 2139 1134 662 413 270 183 126 L/360 2387 1075 565 328 205 135 92 64 L/360 3090 1416 746 432 266 170 112 74 Maximum Load N/m The part weight has been deducted in the above table. The part weight has been deducted in the above table. A w A w Wt. Wt. 403.2mm 2 403.2mm 2 1.18kg/m 1.50kg/m 528614mm 4 13929mm 3 I S 728405mm 4 19009mm 3 I S Part: 76.2 x 25.4 x 6.4mm C Section Part Number: F-P-CS76/25/6.4 Part: 76.2 x 38.1 x 6.4mm C Section Part Number: F-P-CS76/38/6.4 25.4mm 76.2mm 6.4mm 6.4mm 76.2mm 38.1mm Defection N/m Defection N/m Span m 0.91 1.22 1.52 1.83 2.13 2.44 2.74 3.05 Maximum Load N/m

slide 40:

40 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 41 treadwellgroup.com.au Beams - Allowable Uniform Loads Span m 0.91 1.22 1.52 1.83 2.13 2.44 2.74 3.05 3.35 3.66 4353 2442 1558 1077 788 600 471 378 310 258 F v F v F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b L/100 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- 292 223 L/150 ---- ---- ---- ---- 753 506 355 256 190 144 L/180 ---- ---- ---- 980 625 419 293 211 156 117 L/240 ---- 2286 1233 731 465 311 216 155 113 84 L/360 3228 1519 817 483 305 202 139 98 71 51 Maximum Load N/m The part weight has been deducted in the above table. A w Wt. 348.3mm 2 1.28kg/m 799164mm 4 18026mm 3 I S 38.1mm 88.9mm 4.8mm 727 409 261 181 133 101 80 F b F b F b F b F b F b F b L/100 ---- ---- 257 153 98 66 46 L/150 680 318 171 101 65 43 30 L/180 566 265 142 84 54 36 25 L/240 425 198 106 63 40 27 19 L/360 283 132 71 42 26 17 12 The part weight has been deducted in the above table. A w Wt. 483.8mm 2 1.74kg/m 994793mm 4 22450mm 3 I S Span m 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Maximum Load N/m 38.1mm Defection N/m Part: 88.9 x 38.1 x 4.8mm C Section Part Number: F-P-CS89/38/4.8 Defection N/m Part: 88.9 x 38.1 x 6.4mm C Section Part Number: F-P-CS89/38/6.4 88.9mm 6.4mm

slide 41:

TM 40 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 41 treadwellgroup.com.au Beams - Allowable Uniform Loads 12755 7767 4965 3444 2526 1930 1522 1230 6343 3562 2275 1576 1154 881 693 559 F v F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F v F v F b F b F b F b F b F b L/100 ---- ---- 4497 2677 1712 1156 815 594 L/100 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- 540 L/150 11843 5553 2993 1779 1136 766 538 391 L/150 ---- ---- ---- ---- 1029 695 490 356 L/180 9867 4625 2492 1480 944 636 446 323 L/180 ---- ---- 2237 1336 855 577 406 295 L/240 7396 3465 1865 1106 705 473 331 238 L/240 ---- 3086 1675 999 638 430 301 218 L/360 4926 2305 1238 733 465 310 215 154 L/360 4322 2053 1112 662 421 282 196 141 The part weight has been deducted in the above table. The part weight has been deducted in the above table. A w Wt. 438.7mm 2 A w Wt. 564.5mm 2 1.56kg/m 1.31kg/m 1194584mm 4 1090526mm 4 23597mm 3 21467mm 3 I I S S Span m 0.91 1.22 1.52 1.83 2.13 2.44 2.74 3.05 Span m 0.91 1.22 1.52 1.83 2.13 2.44 2.74 3.05 Maximum Load N/m Maximum Load N/m Defection N/m Defection N/m Part: 101.6 x 28.6 x 6.4mm C Section Part Number: F-P-CS102/29/6.4 Part: 101.6 x 34.9 x 4.8mm C Section Part Number: F-P-CS102/35/4.8 101.6mm 6.4mm 28.6mm 101.6mm 4.8mm 34.9mm

slide 42:

42 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 43 treadwellgroup.com.au Beams - Allowable Uniform Loads Span m 0.91 1.22 1.52 1.83 2.13 2.44 2.74 3.05 3.35 3.66 3.96 4.27 4.57 19127 11722 7491 5193 3808 2908 2292 1851 1525 1276 1083 930 806 3073 1716 1088 746 F b F b F b F b L/100 2425 1029 518 289 L/150 1607 676 336 183 L/180 1334 559 275 148 L/240 993 412 199 104 L/360 652 265 123 59 F v F v F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b L/100 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- 2899 2057 1507 1134 872 683 543 438 L/150 ---- ---- 7200 4365 2825 1923 1362 995 746 572 446 352 282 L/180 ---- 10781 5995 3633 2349 1597 1130 825 617 472 367 289 230 L/240 16318 8078 4489 2717 1755 1191 840 611 456 346 268 209 165 L/360 10869 5376 2983 1802 1160 784 550 398 294 221 169 130 100 Maximum Load N/m The part weight has been deducted in the above table. A w Wt. 846.7mm 2 2.22kg/m 3071788mm 4 Major Axis N/m Minor Axis N/m 43917mm 3 I S A w I 361.2mm 2 133194mm 4 Wt. 2.22 kg/m 4752mm 3 S Span m 0.91 1.22 1.52 1.83 Maximum Load N/m Defection N/m Defection N/m Part: 139.7 x 38.1 x 6.4mm C Section Part Number: F-P-CS140/38/6.4 139.7mm 6.4mm 38.1mm

slide 43:

TM 42 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 43 treadwellgroup.com.au Beams - Allowable Uniform Loads Span m 1.52 1.83 2.13 2.44 2.74 3.05 3.35 3.66 3.96 4.27 4.57 7820 5422 3976 3037 2394 1933 1593 1334 1132 972 843 F v F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b L/100 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- 1557 1202 945 755 611 L/150 ---- ---- 3803 2607 1857 1364 1028 792 620 493 397 L/180 ---- 4845 3164 2167 1542 1132 852 655 512 406 326 L/240 5908 3627 2366 1618 1149 842 632 484 377 297 237 L/360 3929 2408 1567 1069 757 551 411 313 241 189 149 Maximum Load N/m The part weight has been deducted in the above table. A w Wt. 887.1mm 2 2.49kg/m 4237236mm 4 5552mm 3 I S Span m 1.52 1.83 2.13 2.44 2.74 3.05 3.35 3.66 3.96 4.27 4.57 17199 13063 9586 7329 5782 4675 3856 3233 2748 2364 2053 F v F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b L/100 ---- 12500 8173 5608 4000 2944 2224 1716 1349 1077 871 L/150 13538 8319 5434 3724 2652 1948 1468 1130 885 703 566 L/180 11274 6925 4521 3096 2203 1616 1216 934 730 579 464 L/240 8445 5183 3380 2311 1641 1201 901 690 537 423 337 L/360 5615 3441 2239 1526 1079 786 586 445 343 267 210 Maximum Load N/m The part weight has been deducted in the above table. A w Wt. 1270.3mm 2 3.87kg/m 6056167mm 4 79477mm 3 I S Defection N/m Defection N/m Part: 152.4 x 41.3 x 6.4mm C Section Part Number: F-P-CS152/41/6.4 Part: 152.4 x 42.9 x 9.5mm C Section Part Number: F-P-CS152/43/9.5 152.4mm 6.4mm 41.3mm 152.4mm 9.5mm 42.9mm

slide 44:

44 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 45 treadwellgroup.com.au Beams - Allowable Uniform Loads Span m 1.52 1.83 2.13 2.44 2.74 3.05 3.35 3.66 3.96 4.27 4.57 4.88 5.18 5.49 5.79 6.10 23752 18545 13610 10406 8210 6639 5477 4593 3905 3359 2918 2558 2259 2009 1797 1616 F v F v F v F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b L/100 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- 5314 4135 3275 2633 2145 1767 1471 1235 1045 890 L/150 ---- 18405 12333 8613 6224 4627 3523 2737 2164 1736 1410 1159 961 804 677 574 L/180 ---- 15327 10268 7168 5177 3846 2926 2271 1793 1437 1165 956 791 660 555 469 L/240 18030 11481 7686 5361 3868 2870 2180 1689 1330 1063 860 702 579 480 401 337 L/360 12001 7634 5105 3555 2559 1894 1434 1106 867 689 554 449 366 301 248 205 Maximum Load N/m The part weight has been deducted in the above table. A w Wt. 1754mm 2 4.76kg/m 14888598mm 4 146500mm 3 I S Defection N/m Part: 203.2 x 55.6 x 9.5mm C Section Part Number: F-P-CS203/56/9.5 203.2mm 9.5mm 55.6mm

slide 45:

TM 44 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 45 treadwellgroup.com.au Beams - Allowable Uniform Loads Span m 1.83 2.13 2.44 2.74 3.05 3.35 3.66 3.96 4.27 4.57 4.88 5.18 5.49 5.79 6.10 6.40 6.71 7.01 7.32 7.62 27278 23369 20437 18156 15910 13133 11022 9378 8074 7022 6161 5448 4850 4344 3912 3540 3218 2936 2690 2472 F v F v F v F v F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b L/100 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- 10347 8246 6670 5464 4526 3787 3196 2719 2329 2008 1741 1517 1329 1168 L/150 ---- ---- ---- 15140 11393 8762 6866 5468 4418 3614 2988 2495 2101 1783 1523 1309 1132 982 857 750 L/180 ---- ---- 17183 12602 9479 7287 5707 4542 3667 2997 2476 2065 1737 1471 1255 1077 928 804 699 610 L/240 26298 18077 12865 9430 7088 5443 4258 3385 2728 2226 1835 1527 1281 1082 919 786 674 581 503 436 L/360 17503 12022 8548 6257 4696 3600 2810 2227 1790 1455 1194 989 825 692 584 495 420 358 306 261 Maximum Load N/m The part weight has been deducted in the above table. A w Wt. 2903.2mm 2 7.89kg/m 38497245mm 4 303161mm 3 I S Defection N/m Part: 254 x 69.6 x 12.7mm C Section Part Number: F-P-CS254/70/12.7 254mm 12.7mm 69.6mm

slide 46:

46 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 47 treadwellgroup.com.au 46 | TREADWELL treadwellgroup.com.au Beams - Allowable Uniform Loads Span m 1.83 2.13 2.44 2.74 3.05 3.35 3.66 3.96 4.27 4.57 4.88 5.18 5.49 5.79 6.10 6.40 6.71 7.01 7.32 7.62 31822 27261 23841 21181 18635 15383 12910 10985 9458 8225 7217 6381 5681 5088 4582 4147 3769 3440 3151 2896 F v F v F v F v F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b L/100 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- 10968 8891 7296 6054 5072 4287 3652 3133 2705 2348 2050 1797 1583 L/150 ---- ---- ---- 19875 15023 11596 9114 7278 5893 4830 4002 3348 2824 2401 2055 1769 1532 1332 1164 1021 L/180 ---- ---- 22430 16545 12502 9646 7578 6048 4894 4008 3318 2773 2336 1984 1695 1457 1259 1093 953 834 L/240 ---- 23429 16797 12383 9351 7209 5658 4510 3645 2981 2463 2054 1727 1462 1246 1067 919 794 689 600 L/360 22472 15585 11164 8222 6200 4772 3738 2973 2396 1953 1608 1335 1117 941 796 678 579 496 425 366 Maximum Load N/m The part weight has been deducted in the above table. A w Wt. 3387.1mm 2 9.04kg/m 51862436mm 4 315007mm 3 I S Defection N/m Part: 292 x 69.9 x 12.7mm C Section Part Number: F-P-CS292/70/12.7 292mm 12.7mm 69.9mm

slide 47:

TM 46 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 47 treadwellgroup.com.au ArchitEX ™ | 47 Beams - Allowable Uniform Loads Span m 1.83 2.13 2.44 2.74 3.05 3.35 3.66 3.96 4.27 4.57 4.88 5.18 5.49 5.79 6.10 33342 28564 24981 20565 16638 13733 11523 9803 8439 7338 6437 5690 5065 4535 4083 F v F v F v F v F v F v F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b L/100 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- 4924 4199 3606 L/150 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- 13185 10387 8310 6740 5533 4591 3846 3249 2766 2370 L/180 ---- ---- ---- 18705 14181 10971 8639 6908 5600 4594 3809 3188 2690 2288 1958 L/240 ---- 26248 18916 14003 10610 8202 6453 5156 4174 3420 2831 2365 1992 1690 1443 L/360 25014 17465 12577 9301 7039 5434 4268 3403 2749 2246 1853 1543 1294 1093 928 Maximum Load N/m The part weight has been deducted in the above table. A w Wt. 3548.4mm 2 9.68kg/m 59729209mm 4 391651mm 3 I S Defection N/m Part: 304.8 x 76.2 x 12.7mm C Section Part Number: F-P-CS305/76/12.7 304.8mm 12.7mm 76.2mm

slide 48:

48 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 49 treadwellgroup.com.au Beams - Allowable Uniform Loads Span m 0.91 1.22 1.52 1.83 2.13 2.44 2.74 3.05 3.35 3.66 3.96 4.27 4.57 4.88 5.18 5.49 5.79 6.10 6.40 6.71 7.01 7.32 7.62 7.92 506160 284715 182217 126540 92968 71179 56240 45554 37648 31635 26955 23242 20246 17795 15763 14060 12619 11389 10330 9412 8611 7909 7289 6739 F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b L/100 −−− −−− 317391 212548 147865 106280 78572 59519 46050 36293 29070 23620 19436 16174 13597 11535 9867 8503 7378 6442 5657 4994 4430 3947 L/150 547160 330598 211594 141699 98576 70854 52381 39679 30700 24195 19380 15746 12957 10783 9065 7690 6578 5669 4919 4295 3771 3329 2953 2631 L/180 455967 275498 176329 118082 82147 59045 43651 33066 25583 20163 16150 13122 10798 8986 7554 6409 5482 4724 4099 3579 3143 2774 2461 2193 L/240 341975 206624 132246 88562 61610 44283 32738 24800 19188 15122 12113 9841 8098 6739 5666 4806 4111 3543 3074 2684 2357 2081 1846 1645 L/360 227983 137749 88164 59041 41073 29522 21826 16533 12792 10081 8075 6561 5399 4493 3777 3204 2741 2362 2049 1789 1571 1387 1230 1096 Maximum Load N/m The part weight has been deducted in the above table. A w Wt. 9435.465mm 2 16.7421kg/m 146822384mm 4 825772.688mm 3 I S Defection N/m Part: 355.6x88.9x19.1mm C Section Part Number: F-P-CS356/89/19 355.6mm 19.1mm 88.9mm

slide 49:

48 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 49 treadwellgroup.com.au

slide 50:

50 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 51 treadwellgroup.com.au Beams - Allowable Uniform Loads 984 461 249 146 91 59 38 6388 4460 3093 2269 1733 1367 1104 F b F b F b F b F b F b F b L/100 5795 3131 1865 1192 804 566 411 L/150 3858 2083 1238 790 531 372 269 L/180 3213 1733 1029 656 440 308 222 L/240 2406 1296 768 488 327 227 163 L/360 1599 859 507 321 213 147 104 The part weight has been deducted in the above table. A w Wt. 377.4mm 2 1.31kg/m 836625mm 4 18845mm 3 I S Span m 1.22 1.52 1.83 2.13 2.44 2.74 3.05 Maximum Load N/m No Lateral Suppport M ax. L o a d N/m 1488 724 403 244 156 104 71 6825 4537 3146 2307 1762 1389 1122 F v F b F b F b F b F b F b L/100 5188 2776 1643 1046 703 493 357 L/150 3453 1845 1090 692 463 323 232 L/180 2875 1535 905 574 383 266 191 L/240 2152 1147 675 426 283 196 139 L/360 1429 759 445 279 184 125 87 The part weight has been deducted in the above table. A w Wt. 403.2mm 2 1.64kg/m 728405mm 4 19173mm 3 I S Span m 1.22 1.52 1.83 2.13 2.44 2.74 3.05 Maximum Load N/m No Lateral Suppport M ax. L o a d N/m Defection N/m Defection N/m 76.2mm 38.1mm 6.4mm Part: 76.2 x 38.1 x 6.4mm I-Beam Part Number: F-P-IS76/38/6.4 Part: 88.9 x 38.1 x 4.7mm I-Beam Part Number: F-P-IS89/38/4.7 88.9mm 38.1mm 4.7mm

slide 51:

TM 50 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 51 treadwellgroup.com.au Beams - Allowable Uniform Loads 3265 1514 817 486 310 207 142 100 71 7034 3874 2010 1164 728 482 332 236 171 126 94 70 9555 7640 5950 4366 3337 2632 2128 1755 1471 13654 10917 9093 7262 5554 4382 3544 2924 2453 2086 1795 1560 F v F v F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F v F v F v F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b L/100 ---- 6565 3965 2560 1740 1232 901 676 519 L/100 ---- ---- ---- 6156 4247 3041 2246 1701 1316 1037 830 673 L/150 7915 4369 2636 1699 1153 814 593 443 338 L/150 ---- 10013 6221 4094 2822 2018 1488 1125 868 682 544 439 L/180 6592 3638 2193 1412 957 675 491 366 278 L/180 ---- 8340 5179 3407 2347 1677 1235 933 719 564 449 361 L/240 4939 2723 1639 1054 712 500 362 269 203 L/240 10829 6248 3878 2549 1753 1251 919 692 532 416 329 264 L/360 3285 1808 1085 695 468 326 234 172 128 L/360 7210 4156 2576 1690 1159 825 604 452 345 268 210 167 The part weight has been deducted in the above table. The part weight has been deducted in the above table. A w Wt. 564.5mm 2 2.23kg/m A w Wt. 806mm 2 2.86kg/m 1835581mm 4 36215mm 3 I S 4665954mm 4 66859.00mm 3 I S Span m 1.22 1.52 1.83 2.13 2.44 2.74 3.05 3.35 3.66 Span m 1.22 1.52 1.83 2.13 2.44 2.74 3.05 3.35 3.66 3.96 4.27 4.57 Maximum Load N/m Maximum Load N/m No Lateral Suppport M ax. L o a d N/m No Lateral Suppport M ax. L o a d N/m Defection N/m Defection N/m Part: 101.6 x 50.8 x 6.4mm I-Beam Part Number: F-P-IS102/51/6.4 Part: 139.7 x 63.5 x 6.4mm I-Beam Part Number: F-P-IS140/64/6.4 101.6mm 50.8mm 6.4mm 139.7mm 63.5mm 6.4mm

slide 52:

52 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 53 treadwellgroup.com.au Beams - Allowable Uniform Loads 9256 4860 2847 1801 1206 842 607 449 338 258 199 154 120 93 17195 14321 12268 10729 8901 7201 5943 4986 4242 3651 3174 2784 2461 2190 F v F v F v F v F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b L/100 ---- ---- 11865 8246 5939 4405 3349 2599 2053 1647 1339 1100 913 765 L/150 ---- 11870 7894 5482 3944 2921 2217 1717 1353 1082 877 718 593 494 L/180 15678 9884 6571 4561 3279 2426 1840 1423 1120 894 723 591 487 404 L/240 11747 7401 4916 3409 2447 1808 1368 1056 828 659 530 431 353 291 L/360 7816 4918 3262 2257 1616 1190 896 688 537 424 338 272 220 179 The part weight has been deducted in the above table. A w Wt. 1270mm 2 4.76kg/m 9302772mm 4 122084mm 3 I S Span m 1.52 1.83 2.13 2.44 2.74 3.05 3.35 3.66 3.96 4.27 4.57 4.88 5.18 5.49 Maximum Load N/m No Lateral Suppport M ax. L o a d N/m Defection N/m Span m 1.52 1.83 2.13 2.44 2.74 3.05 3.35 3.66 3.96 4.27 4.57 5307 2689 1524 936 610 415 292 210 154 114 84 12008 10001 8568 7493 6321 5114 4221 3542 3013 2594 2255 F v F v F v F v F v F b F b F b F b F b F b L/100 ---- ---- 8403 5844 4211 3124 2376 1845 1458 1170 951 L/150 ---- 8400 5591 3885 2796 2072 1573 1219 961 769 623 L/180 11083 6995 4654 3232 2325 1721 1306 1011 796 636 514 L/240 8304 5238 3483 2416 1736 1283 971 750 589 469 377 L/360 5525 3481 2311 1600 1146 845 637 489 382 302 241 Maximum Load N/m The part weight has been deducted in the above table. A w Wt. 887.1mm 2 3.27kg/m 7071772mm 4 92751mm 3 I S Defection N/m No Lateral Suppport M ax. L o a d N/m Part: 152.4 x 76.2 x 6.4mm I-Beam Part Number: F-P-IS152/76/6.4 Part: 152.4 x 76.2 x 9.5mm I-Beam Part Number: F-P-IS152/76/9.5 152.4mm 76.2mm 6.4mm 152.4mm 76.2mm 9.5mm

slide 53:

TM 52 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 53 treadwellgroup.com.au Beams - Allowable Uniform Loads Span m 1.22 1.52 1.83 2.13 2.44 2.74 3.05 3.35 3.66 3.96 4.27 4.57 4.88 5.18 5.49 5.79 6.10 29698 23746 12217 6880 4210 2741 1872 1327 969 724 551 426 332 261 206 163 129 29698 23746 19778 16943 14818 13164 11841 10759 9321 7933 6831 5943 5216 4613 4108 3680 3315 F v F v F v F v F v F v F v F v F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b L/100 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- 10289 7915 6205 4945 3998 3273 2709 2265 1910 1623 1389 L/150 ---- ---- ---- ---- 12400 9093 6838 5256 4116 3276 2644 2161 1785 1489 1252 1061 905 L/180 ---- ---- ---- 14506 10323 7567 5688 4370 3420 2720 2193 1790 1477 1230 1033 874 744 L/240 ---- ---- 15815 10864 7727 5659 4250 3261 2549 2024 1629 1327 1092 907 759 640 542 L/360 25452 15970 10522 7222 5130 3752 2813 2153 1678 1328 1065 864 707 584 485 406 341 Maximum Load N/m The part weight has been deducted in the above table. A w Wt. 1754mm 2 6.4kg/m 23121656mm 4 227616mm 3 I S Defection N/m No Lateral Suppport M ax. L o a d N/m Part: 203.2 x 101.6 x 9.5mm I-Beam Part Number: F-P-IS203/102/9.5 203.2mm 101.6mm 9.5mm

slide 54:

54 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 55 treadwellgroup.com.au Beams - Allowable Uniform Loads Span m 1.83 2.13 2.44 2.74 3.05 3.35 3.66 3.96 4.27 4.57 4.88 5.18 5.49 5.79 6.10 17993 10346 6455 4280 2972 2140 1586 1203 929 728 577 462 372 301 244 25456 21808 19071 16943 15240 13847 11847 10083 8682 7552 6628 5862 5219 4676 4212 F v F v F v F v F v F v F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b L/100 ---- ---- ---- ---- 13101 10075 7896 6291 5084 4161 3444 2878 2426 2061 1763 L/150 ---- ---- 15802 11581 8706 6689 5236 4166 3362 2746 2268 1891 1590 1346 1148 L/180 ---- 18497 13154 9637 7241 5560 4350 3458 2788 2275 1876 1562 1311 1108 943 L/240 20182 13852 9845 7207 5410 4149 3241 2573 2070 1685 1386 1151 962 810 686 L/360 13427 9207 6536 4777 3579 2738 2133 1687 1352 1096 896 739 614 512 430 Maximum Load N/m The part weight has been deducted in the above table. A w Wt. 2258mm 2 8.48kg/m 29394263mm 4 289396mm 3 I S Defection N/m No Lateral Suppport M ax. L o a d N/m Part: 203.2 x 101.6 x 12.7mm I-Beam Part Number: F-P-IS203/102/12.7 203.2mm 101.6mm 12.7mm

slide 55:

TM 54 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 55 treadwellgroup.com.au Beams - Allowable Uniform Loads Span m 2.13 2.44 2.74 3.05 3.35 3.66 3.96 4.27 4.57 4.88 5.18 5.49 5.79 6.10 6.40 6.71 7.01 7.32 7.62 15066 9026 5761 3863 2694 1939 1432 1080 828 644 506 401 319 255 203 162 128 100 77 21613 18900 16791 15104 13723 12572 11599 10764 9570 8401 7432 6620 5933 5346 4842 4404 4022 3687 3391 F v F v F v F v F v F v F v F v F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b L/100 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- 11793 9478 7719 6359 5294 4449 3770 3218 2766 2393 2081 1819 1598 1409 L/150 ---- ---- 16652 12717 9898 7834 6291 5118 4211 3501 2938 2485 2117 1816 1567 1359 1185 1037 911 L/180 ---- 18543 13860 10583 8235 6514 5228 4251 3496 2904 2434 2057 1750 1499 1292 1119 973 850 745 L/240 19046 13886 10374 7916 6155 4864 3900 3167 2601 2157 1804 1521 1292 1103 948 818 709 616 538 L/360 12669 9229 6888 5249 4075 3215 2572 2083 1706 1410 1175 986 833 708 604 517 444 383 330 Maximum Load N/m The part weight has been deducted in the above table. A w Wt. 2237mm 2 8.6kg/m 46463914mm 4 365923mm 3 I S Defection N/m No Lateral Suppport M ax. L o a d N/m Part: 254 x 127 x 9.5mm I-Beam Part Number: F-P-IS254/127/9.5 254mm 127mm 9.5mm

slide 56:

56 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 57 treadwellgroup.com.au Beams - Allowable Uniform Loads Span m 2.13 2.44 2.74 3.05 3.35 3.66 3.96 4.27 4.57 4.88 5.18 5.49 5.79 6.10 6.40 6.71 7.01 7.32 7.62 21472 13050 8452 5752 4070 2973 2228 1705 1327 1048 837 675 548 448 367 301 247 202 165 28040 24522 21786 19597 17806 16313 15050 13968 12287 10786 9542 8500 7618 6865 6217 5656 5165 4735 4356 F v F v F v F v F v F v F v F v F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b L/100 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- 15165 12187 9924 8175 6806 5719 4846 4137 3557 3076 2676 2339 2055 1812 L/150 ---- ---- 21429 16363 12733 10075 8090 6581 5415 4502 3777 3196 2723 2336 2016 1749 1525 1335 1173 L/180 ---- 23879 17840 13618 10594 8378 6724 5466 4495 3734 3130 2645 2252 1929 1662 1440 1253 1095 960 L/240 24542 17883 13354 10188 7919 6258 5017 4074 3345 2774 2322 1958 1663 1421 1221 1054 913 795 694 L/360 16326 11887 8868 6757 5244 4137 3309 2681 2195 1815 1513 1270 1073 912 779 667 574 495 428 Maximum Load N/m The part weight has been deducted in the above table. A w Wt. 2903mm 2 10.71kg/m 59641801mm 4 469653mm 3 I S Defection N/m No Lateral Suppport M ax. L o a d N/m Part: 254 x 127 x 12.7mm I-Beam Part Number: F-P-IS254/127/12.7 254mm 127mm 12.7mm

slide 57:

56 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 57 treadwellgroup.com.au TM Beams - Allowable Uniform Loads Span m 2.13 2.44 2.74 3.05 3.35 3.66 3.96 4.27 4.57 4.88 5.18 5.49 5.79 6.10 6.40 6.71 7.01 7.32 7.62 7.92 8.23 8.53 8.84 9.14 34273 24706 15757 10567 7377 5322 3945 2990 2310 1812 1441 1159 940 768 631 521 431 357 296 245 201 165 133 106 34273 29973 26629 23953 21764 19940 18396 17073 15926 14923 14038 12583 11280 10168 9211 8381 7658 7022 6462 5965 5522 5126 4770 4449 F v F v F v F v F v F v F v F v F v F v F v F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b L/100 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- 16746 13886 11627 9820 8360 7168 6187 5372 4690 4115 3627 3211 2853 2545 2277 2044 1839 L/150 ---- ---- ---- ---- 20929 16739 13564 11121 9215 7709 6504 5531 4736 4082 3539 3084 2701 2376 2098 1860 1654 1476 1320 1184 L/180 ---- ---- ---- 22105 17420 13928 11282 9247 7658 6403 5399 4588 3926 3381 2928 2549 2230 1959 1727 1529 1357 1208 1079 965 L/240 ---- 28049 21350 16547 13033 10414 8430 6903 5712 4770 4018 3409 2913 2504 2164 1880 1640 1437 1264 1115 986 875 777 692 L/360 25029 18657 14191 10989 8646 6901 5578 4560 3766 3138 2636 2230 1899 1627 1400 1211 1051 916 800 701 615 541 476 419 Maximum Load N/m The part weight has been deducted in the above table. A w Wt. 3548mm 2 12.95kg/m 105706133mm 4 693664mm 3 I S Defection N/m No Lateral Suppport M ax. L o a d N/m Part: 304.8 x 152.4 x 12.7mm I-Beam Part Number: F-P-IS305/152/12.7 304.8mm 152.4mm 12.7mm

slide 58:

58 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 59 treadwellgroup.com.au Beams - Allowable Uniform Loads Span m 1.83 2.13 2.44 2.74 3.05 3.35 3.66 3.96 4.27 4.57 4.88 5.18 5.49 5.79 6.10 6.40 6.71 7.01 7.32 7.62 7.92 8.23 8.53 8.84 9.14 41793 22848 13571 8585 5705 3942 2810 2055 1535 1165 896 696 545 428 337 264 206 159 121 89 62 39 20 ---- ---- 46391 39746 34762 30885 27784 25247 23132 21343 19809 18480 17317 16291 15379 14563 13335 12083 10998 10052 9221 8488 7838 7259 6741 6276 5856 F v F v F v F v F v F v F v F v F v F v F v F v F v F v F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b L/100 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- 15975 13712 11846 10293 8993 7897 6967 6173 5491 4904 4394 3950 3562 3221 L/150 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- 21106 17750 14723 12451 10608 9099 7855 6820 5953 5222 4602 4073 3619 3227 2887 2591 2332 2105 L/180 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- 21333 17567 14604 12248 10354 8818 7562 6524 5662 4940 4331 3814 3373 2994 2668 2385 2138 1922 1733 L/240 ---- ---- ---- 30585 24334 19601 15968 13143 10921 9154 7734 6582 5639 4862 4215 3673 3216 2829 2498 2214 1969 1757 1572 1410 1268 L/360 44253 33580 25940 20348 16180 13025 10603 8720 7239 6060 5114 4346 3717 3199 2768 2406 2102 1843 1623 1434 1270 1129 1006 898 803 Maximum Load N/m The part weight has been deducted in the above table. A w Wt. 4112mm 2 12.95kg/m 207345685mm 4 907024mm 3 I S Defection N/m No Lateral Suppport M ax. L o a d N/m Part: 457.2 x 9.5 x 114.3 x 12.7mm I-Beam Part Number: F-P-IS457/9.5/114/12.7 457.2mm 114.3mm 12.7mm 9.5mm

slide 59:

TM 58 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 59 treadwellgroup.com.au Beams - Allowable Uniform Loads Span m 3.05 3.35 3.66 3.96 4.27 4.57 4.88 5.18 5.49 5.79 6.10 6.40 6.71 7.01 7.32 Span m 7.62 7.92 8.23 8.53 8.84 9.14 9.45 9.75 10.06 10.36 10.67 10.97 11.28 11.58 11.89 12.19 36730 33371 24071 17569 13127 10006 7760 6108 4870 3926 3196 2624 2170 1806 1511 1269 1069 903 764 647 547 462 389 325 271 223 181 144 112 83 58 36730 33371 30571 28203 26172 24413 22873 21514 20307 19226 18254 17374 16574 15844 15174 14559 13990 13464 12975 12520 12095 11698 11326 10976 10646 10336 10043 9765 9502 9253 9016 F v F v F v F v F v F v F v F v F v F v F v F v F v F v F v F v F v F v F v F v F v F v F v F v F v F v F v F v F v F v F v L/100 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- L/100 ---- ---- ---- ---- 12049 10996 10056 9216 8463 7787 7177 6627 6129 5677 5267 4893 L/150 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- 16314 14598 13104 L/150 11798 10651 9641 8749 7959 7256 6630 6070 5568 5117 4711 4344 4012 3711 3437 3188 L/180 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- 17111 15205 13558 12128 10883 L/180 9794 8839 7997 7254 6596 6010 5488 5022 4603 4227 3889 3583 3306 3055 2827 2620 L/240 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- 21330 18651 16378 14439 12778 11348 10113 9041 8107 L/240 7290 6574 5943 5385 4891 4452 4061 3711 3397 3115 2861 2632 2424 2236 2065 1909 L/360 35335 29887 25450 21804 18782 16262 14146 12360 10844 9552 8445 7492 6668 5953 5331 L/360 4786 4309 3888 3516 3187 2894 2633 2400 2191 2003 1834 1681 1542 1417 1303 1199 Maximum Load N/m Maximum Load N/m The part weight has been deducted in the above table. The part weight has been deducted in the above table. A w Wt. 5445mm 2 22.62kg/m A w Wt. 5445mm 2 22.62kg/m 781266386mm 4 2563265mm 3 I S 781266386mm 4 2563265mm 3 I S Defection N/m Defection N/m No Lateral Suppport M ax. L o a d N/m No Lateral Suppport M ax. L o a d N/m Part: 609.6 x 9.5 x 190.5 x 19.1mm I-Beam Part Number: F-P-IS610/9.5/191/19 Part: 609.6 x 9.5 x 190.5 x 19.1mm I-Beam Part Number: F-P-IS610/9.5/191/19 609.6mm 190.5mm 19.1mm 609.6mm 190.5mm 19.1mm 9.5mm 9.5mm

slide 60:

60 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 61 treadwellgroup.com.au

slide 61:

TM 60 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 61 treadwellgroup.com.au Beams - Allowable Uniform Loads 6817 3278 1741 1028 654 439 306 6817 5449 4537 3885 3183 2510 2029 F v F v F v F v F b F b F b L/100 ---- 4707 2840 1831 1242 877 639 L/150 5674 3130 1885 1213 820 577 418 L/180 4724 2604 1567 1007 679 477 344 L/240 3537 1947 1169 749 504 351 252 L/360 2350 1290 772 491 328 226 160 The part weight has been deducted in the above table. A w Wt. 403.2mm 2 2.44kg/m 1319454mm 4 34577mm 3 I S Span m 1.22 1.52 1.83 2.13 2.44 2.74 3.05 Maximum Load N/m No Lateral Suppport M ax. L o a d N/m Defection N/m Span m 1.22 1.52 1.83 2.13 2.44 2.74 3.05 3.35 3.66 3.96 4.27 4.57 9546 7630 4219 2396 1477 967 663 471 344 256 194 149 9546 7630 6353 5441 4757 4156 3360 2772 2324 1976 1699 1476 F v F v F v F v F v F b F b F b F b F b F b F b L/100 ---- ---- ---- 4342 2993 2140 1578 1193 920 723 576 465 L/150 ---- 7062 4386 2884 1985 1417 1041 785 603 471 373 299 L/180 ---- 5879 3650 2398 1649 1175 863 649 497 388 306 244 L/240 7630 4402 2729 1791 1229 874 639 479 365 283 222 175 L/360 5076 2924 1809 1183 809 572 416 309 233 178 137 106 Maximum Load N/m The part weight has been deducted in the above table. A w Wt. 564.5mm 2 3.20kg/m 3304878mm 4 65057mm 3 I S No Lateral Suppport M ax. L o a d N/m Part: 76.2 x 76.2 x 6.4mm WF-Beam Part Number: F-P-WF76/76/6.4 Part: 101.6 x 101.6 x 6.4mm WF-Beam Part Number: F-P-WF102/102/6.4 Defection N/m 76.2mm 76.2mm 6.4mm 101.6mm 101.6mm 6.4mm

slide 62:

62 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 63 treadwellgroup.com.au Beams - Allowable Uniform Loads 21480 17170 14296 12244 9783 6306 4272 3011 2191 1636 1249 970 21480 17170 14296 12244 10704 9507 8549 7765 7112 6560 5765 5013 F v F v F v F v F v F v F v F v F v F v F b F b L/100 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- 7416 5699 4462 3550 2865 2341 L/150 ---- ---- ---- ---- 8943 6551 4920 3775 2951 2343 1886 1537 L/180 ---- ---- ---- 10468 7441 5447 4088 3134 2447 1941 1560 1269 L/240 ---- ---- 11415 7833 5563 4067 3048 2333 1817 1438 1152 934 L/360 18393 11529 7586 5198 3685 2688 2008 1531 1188 935 744 599 Span m 1.22 1.52 1.83 2.13 2.44 2.74 3.05 3.35 3.66 3.96 4.27 4.57 Maximum Load N/m The part weight has been deducted in the above table. A w Wt. 1270mm 2 7.29kg/m 16720016mm 4 219423mm 3 I S No Lateral Suppport M ax. L o a d N/m 11990 9896 7258 5545 3790 2522 1746 1248 915 685 522 11990 9896 7258 5545 4371 3531 2909 2437 2069 1777 1542 F v F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b L/100 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- L/150 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- 3460 2656 2076 1649 1328 1082 L/180 ---- ---- ---- 5230 3830 2875 2205 1722 1366 1098 893 L/240 ---- 8016 5504 3910 2860 2144 1641 1279 1012 811 658 L/360 8091 5328 3652 2590 1890 1413 1078 836 658 524 422 Span m 1.52 1.83 2.13 2.44 2.74 3.05 3.35 3.66 3.96 4.27 4.57 Maximum Load N/m A w Wt. 887.1mm 2 5.06kg/m 11771025mm 4 154530mm 3 I S No Lateral Suppport M ax. L o a d N/m The part weight has been deducted in the above table. 152.4mm 152.4mm 6.4mm Part: 152.4 x 152.4 x 6.4mm WF-Beam Part Number: F-P-WF152/152/6.4 Part: 152.4 x 152.4 x 9.5mm WF-Beam Part Number: F-P-WF152/152/9.5 Defection N/m Defection N/m 152.4mm 152.4mm 9.5mm

slide 63:

TM 62 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 63 treadwellgroup.com.au Beams - Allowable Uniform Loads Span m 1.22 1.52 1.83 2.13 2.44 2.74 3.05 3.35 3.66 3.96 4.27 4.57 4.88 5.18 5.49 5.79 6.10 29666 23714 19746 16911 14786 13132 11716 8108 5800 4265 3210 2463 1922 1521 1219 986 805 29666 23714 19746 16911 14786 13132 11810 9755 8182 6958 5986 5202 4561 4029 3584 3207 2885 F v F v F v F v F v F v F v F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b L/100 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- 3888 3295 2813 2417 L/150 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- 10968 8566 6797 5469 4455 3669 3052 2561 2165 1844 1580 L/180 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- 11898 9125 7123 5648 4541 3696 3042 2527 2118 1789 1521 1301 L/240 ---- ---- ---- 16139 11849 8900 6820 5318 4212 3382 2749 2258 1872 1565 1318 1117 952 L/360 ---- 21636 15008 10727 7868 5902 4515 3514 2777 2223 1801 1474 1216 1012 847 713 603 Maximum Load N/m The part weight has been deducted in the above table. A w Wt. 1754mm 2 9.66kg/m 41285995mm 4 406399mm 3 I S Defection N/m No Lateral Suppport M ax. L o a d N/m Part: 203.2 x 203.2 x 9.5mm WF-Beam Part Number: F-P-WF203/203/9.5 203.2mm 203.2mm 9.5mm

slide 64:

64 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 65 treadwellgroup.com.au Beams - Allowable Uniform Loads Span m 1.83 2.13 2.44 2.74 3.05 3.35 3.66 3.96 4.27 4.57 4.88 5.18 5.49 5.79 6.10 6.40 6.71 7.01 7.32 7.62 25412 21764 19028 16899 15197 11596 8378 6222 4730 3667 2890 2311 1870 1529 1262 1049 878 738 623 528 25412 21764 19028 16899 15197 13804 12643 11660 10818 10089 9450 8887 8242 7385 6652 6022 5476 4999 4581 4212 F v F v F v F v F v F v F v F v F v F v F v F v F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b L/100 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- 10563 8614 7104 5918 4974 4214 3597 3090 2670 2319 2025 1775 1563 L/150 ---- ---- ---- ---- 14052 10972 8703 7000 5701 4694 3903 3273 2767 2355 2017 1738 1504 1308 1141 999 L/180 ---- ---- ---- 15247 11689 9122 7231 5812 4729 3890 3231 2707 2285 1942 1660 1427 1232 1068 930 812 L/240 ---- 20696 15189 11404 8735 6810 5391 4327 3515 2886 2392 1998 1682 1425 1213 1038 892 770 666 577 L/360 19254 13755 10083 7560 5781 4497 3552 2843 2301 1882 1552 1290 1079 907 767 650 553 471 401 342 Maximum Load N/m The part weight has been deducted in the above table. A w Wt. 2258mm 2 12.95kg/m 52844742mm 4 520125mm 3 I S Defection N/m No Lateral Suppport M ax. L o a d N/m Part: 203.2 x 203.2 x 12.7mm WF-Beam Part Number: F-P-WF203/203/12.7 203.2mm 203.2mm 12.7mm

slide 65:

TM 64 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 65 treadwellgroup.com.au Beams - Allowable Uniform Loads Span m 2.13 2.44 2.74 3.05 3.35 3.66 3.96 4.27 4.57 4.88 5.18 5.49 5.79 6.10 6.40 6.71 7.01 7.32 7.62 21569 18857 14953 12088 9968 8355 7100 6105 5301 4288 3375 2690 2169 1765 1448 1197 996 832 698 21569 18857 14953 12088 9968 8355 7100 6105 5301 4644 4099 3643 3256 2926 2642 2396 2182 1993 1827 F v F v F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b L/100 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- L/150 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- 2339 2048 1800 1588 L/180 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- 4075 3467 2970 2558 2216 1928 1685 1479 1302 L/240 ---- ---- ---- ---- 9600 7718 6278 5161 4283 3585 3024 2569 2195 1887 1630 1414 1232 1077 945 L/360 17668 13349 10266 8022 6357 5103 4143 3398 2813 2348 1974 1670 1421 1215 1044 900 779 676 587 Maximum Load N/m The part weight has been deducted in the above table. A w Wt. 2237mm 2 13.01kg/m 82634425mm 4 650730mm 3 I S Defection N/m No Lateral Suppport M ax. L o a d N/m Part: 254 x 254 x 9.5mm WF-Beam Part Number: F-P-WF254/254/9.5 254mm 254mm 9.5mm

slide 66:

66 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 67 treadwellgroup.com.au Beams - Allowable Uniform Loads Span m 2.13 2.44 2.74 3.05 3.35 3.66 3.96 4.27 4.57 4.88 5.18 5.49 5.79 6.10 6.40 6.71 7.01 7.32 7.62 7.92 8.23 8.53 8.84 9.14 27986 24468 21732 19543 17752 16259 13552 10190 7819 6105 4839 3886 3157 2591 2145 1789 1502 1268 1076 917 783 671 576 495 27986 24468 21732 19543 17752 16259 14996 13914 12294 10786 9536 8489 7603 6846 6195 5630 5138 4705 4324 3986 3684 3415 3173 2954 F v F v F v F v F v F v F v F v F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b L/100 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- 8197 7039 6083 5287 4618 4054 3574 3163 2810 2505 2240 2009 1806 L/150 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- 16062 13083 10772 8956 7513 6353 5411 4640 4002 3471 3026 2650 2330 2056 1820 1617 1440 1286 1151 L/180 ---- ---- ---- ---- 16603 13358 10876 8950 7437 6234 5268 4483 3840 3309 2866 2495 2181 1915 1687 1491 1321 1174 1045 933 L/240 ---- ---- 19999 15642 12413 9979 8117 6673 5538 4636 3911 3323 2840 2442 2110 1832 1596 1396 1225 1078 951 841 744 660 L/360 22865 17270 13280 10375 8222 6600 5358 4396 3639 3038 2554 2162 1841 1575 1354 1168 1011 878 764 666 581 507 443 387 Maximum Load N/m The part weight has been deducted in the above table. A w Wt. 2903mm 2 16.22kg/m 106638491mm 4 839673mm 3 I S Defection N/m No Lateral Suppport M ax. L o a d N/m Part: 254 x 254 x 12.7mm WF-Beam Part Number: F-P-WF254/254/12.7 254mm 254mm 12.7mm

slide 67:

TM 66 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 67 treadwellgroup.com.au Beams - Allowable Uniform Loads Span m 2.13 2.44 2.74 3.05 3.35 3.66 3.96 4.27 4.57 4.88 5.18 5.49 5.79 6.10 6.40 6.71 7.01 7.32 7.62 7.92 8.23 8.53 8.84 9.14 9.45 9.75 10.06 10.36 10.67 34207 29907 26563 23887 21698 19702 16759 14424 12540 10998 9363 7485 6055 4950 4084 3398 2847 2401 2036 1736 1486 1277 1100 951 823 713 619 537 465 34207 29907 26563 23887 21698 19702 16759 14424 12540 10998 9720 8649 7743 6969 6304 5726 5223 4781 4391 4045 3737 3461 3214 2990 2788 2605 2438 2286 2146 F v F v F v F v F v F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b L/100 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- 2389 2176 1986 L/150 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- 6827 5654 5218 4593 4059 3600 3205 2861 2562 2300 2070 1868 1688 1529 1387 1260 L/180 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- 12261 10367 8827 7566 6524 5657 4930 4316 3795 3350 2968 2638 2352 2103 1885 1693 1524 1375 1242 1123 1018 L/240 ---- ---- ---- ---- 19544 15938 13128 10913 9148 7727 6572 5626 4845 4194 3649 3189 2798 2465 2178 1931 1716 1529 1366 1222 1095 983 883 794 715 Maximum Load N/m The part weight has been deducted in the above table. A w Wt. 3548mm 2 19.64kg/m 188323909mm 4 1236404mm 3 I S Defection N/m No Lateral Suppport M ax. L o a d N/m Part: 304.8 x 304.8 x 12.7mm WF-Beam Part Number: F-P-WF305/305/12.7 304.8mm 304.8mm 12.7mm

slide 68:

68 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 69 treadwellgroup.com.au

slide 69:

TM 68 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 69 treadwellgroup.com.au Beams - Allowable Uniform Loads Span m 3824 3181 2729 2379 2116 1897 1722 1445 F v F b F b F b F b F b F b F b ---- ---- 2350 1620 1153 846 642 496 3794 2364 1562 1065 759 555 423 321 3167 1970 1299 890 628 467 350 263 2364 1474 963 657 467 336 248 190 1562 963 628 423 306 219 161 117 L/100 L/150 L/180 L/240 L/360 Maximum Load N/m The part weight has been deducted in the above table. A w Wt. 283mm 2 2.17kg/m 1823093mm 4 35887mm 3 I S Defection N/m 1.52 1.83 2.13 2.44 2.74 3.05 3.35 3.66 101.6mm 50.8mm 6.4mm 3.2mm Part: 101.6 x 3.2 x 50.8 x 6.4mm Rectangular Hollow Section Part Number: F-P-RHS102/3.2/51/6.4

slide 70:

70 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 71 treadwellgroup.com.au Beams - Allowable Uniform Loads Maximum Load N/m A w Wt. 846.7mm 2 2.22kg/m 3071788mm 4 Major Axis N/m 43917mm 3 I S A w I 993mm 2 5032237mm 4 Wt. 5.66 kg/m 99141mm 3 S Defection Span m 1.83 2.13 2.44 2.74 3.05 3.35 3.66 3.96 4.27 4.57 4.88 Span m 1.83 2.13 2.44 2.74 3.05 3.35 3.66 3.96 4.27 4.57 4.88 14652 15076 11544 9107 7370 6071 5093 4334 3721 3240 2846 9311 7968 6961 6188 5560 4801 4028 3430 2948 2554 2247 F v F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F v F v F v F v F v F b F b F b F b F b F b L/100 ---- 12478 8625 6173 4568 3459 2685 2116 1693 1372 1124 L/100 ---- 6728 4612 3284 2423 1824 1401 1095 876 701 569 L/150 12580 8304 5721 4101 3021 2291 1766 1386 1109 890 730 L/150 6830 4466 3050 2175 1591 1197 919 715 555 452 365 L/180 10478 6903 4758 3400 2510 1897 1459 1153 919 730 598 L/180 5677 3707 2539 1795 1313 992 759 584 452 365 292 L/240 7837 5166 3561 2539 1868 1401 1080 846 671 540 438 L/240 4247 2773 1883 1343 978 730 555 423 336 263 204 L/360 5210 3430 2350 1678 1226 919 701 540 423 336 263 L/360 2817 1824 1240 876 628 467 350 263 204 146 117 Maximum Load N/m The part weight has been deducted in the above table. A w Wt. 1561mm 2 5.66kg/m Minor Axis N/m 9527537mm 4 125033mm 3 I S I Defection N/m Defection N/m Part: 152.4 x 101.6 x 6.4mm Rectangular Hollow Section Part Number: F-P-RHS152/102/6.4 152.4mm 6.4mm 101.6mm

slide 71:

70 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 71 treadwellgroup.com.au

slide 72:

72 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 73 treadwellgroup.com.au Beams - Allowable Uniform Loads Span m 13645 9019 6246 4583 3503 2758 2218 1824 1532 F v F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b 10362 5546 3269 2072 1401 978 701 525 394 6888 3678 2175 1372 919 628 452 336 248 5735 3065 1795 1138 759 525 365 263 204 4291 2277 1343 846 555 379 263 190 131 2846 1503 876 540 350 234 161 117 73 L/100 L/150 L/180 L/240 L/360 The part weight has been deducted in the above table. A w Wt. 806mm 2 3.08kg/m 1456810mm 4 38182mm 3 I S Defection N/m 1.22 1.52 1.83 2.13 2.44 2.74 3.05 3.35 3.66 Span m F v F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b 16243 8829 5268 3741 2277 1605 1168 876 657 511 409 10814 5867 3503 2233 1503 1051 759 569 423 321 248 9004 4889 2904 1853 1240 876 628 467 350 263 204 6742 3649 2175 1386 919 642 467 336 248 190 146 4480 2423 1430 905 598 409 292 204 146 117 88 L/100 L/150 L/180 L/240 L/360 The part weight has been deducted in the above table. A w Wt. 967mm 2 3.71kg/m 2385006mm 4 53585mm 3 I S Defection N/m 1.22 1.52 1.83 2.13 2.44 2.74 3.05 3.35 3.66 3.96 4.27 16374 12682 8786 6451 4933 3882 3138 2583 2160 1839 1576 76.2mm 6.4mm 88.9mm 6.4mm Part: 76.2 x 6.4mm Square Hollow Section Part Number: F-P-SHS76/76/6.4 Part: 88.9 x 6.4mm Square Hollow Section Part Number: F-P-SHS89/89/6.4 Maximum Load N/m Maximum Load N/m

slide 73:

TM 72 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 73 treadwellgroup.com.au Beams - Allowable Uniform Loads Span m L/100 L/150 L/180 L/240 L/360 The part weight has been deducted in the above table. A w Wt. 1129.032mm 2 50.5388kg/m 3671157.42mm 4 72266.58mm 3 I S Defection N/m 101.6mm 6.4mm Part: 101.6 x 6.4mm Square Hollow Section Part Number: F-P-SHS102/102/6.4 0.91 1.22 1.52 1.83 2.13 2.44 2.74 3.05 3.35 3.66 3.96 4.27 4.57 4.88 5.18 5.49 5.79 6.10 6.40 6.71 7.01 7.32 7.62 7.92 44296 24917 15947 11074 8136 6229 4922 3987 3295 2769 2359 2034 1772 1557 1379 1230 1104 997 904 824 754 288 638 590 F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b −−− −−− 12241 7408 4798 3274 2330 1714 1297 1004 793 637 520 429 358 302 257 221 191 166 146 128 114 101 30110 14750 8161 4939 3198 2183 1553 1143 865 670 529 425 346 286 239 202 172 147 127 111 97 86 76 67 25092 12291 6800 4116 2665 1819 1294 952 721 558 441 354 289 238 199 168 143 123 106 92 81 71 63 56 18819 9219 5100 3087 1999 1364 971 714 540 419 331 266 216 179 149 126 107 92 80 69 61 53 47 42 12546 6146 3400 2058 1333 910 647 476 360 220 8075 177 144 119 100 84 72 61 53 46 40 36 32 28 Maximum Load N/m

slide 74:

74 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 75 treadwellgroup.com.au Beams - Allowable Uniform Loads Span m 51756 41541 34504 29644 25878 23045 20702 18849 17252 F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b 250774 161553 111455 82270 62694 49717 40124 33259 27864 167183 107702 74304 54847 41796 33144 26749 22173 18576 139319 89752 61920 45706 34830 27620 22291 18477 15480 104489 67314 46440 34279 26122 20715 16718 13858 11610 69660 44876 30960 22853 17415 13810 11146 9239 7740 L/100 L/150 L/180 L/240 L/360 A w Wt. 2995.2mm 2 5.32kg/m 4E+06mm 4 86720.8668mm 3 I S Defection N/m 1.22 1.52 1.83 2.13 2.44 2.74 3.05 3.35 3.66 101.6mm 8mm Part: 101.6 x 8mm Square Hollow Section Part Number: F-P-SHS102/102/8 The part weight has been deducted in the above table. Maximum Load N/m

slide 75:

TM 74 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 75 treadwellgroup.com.au Beams - Allowable Uniform Loads A w Wt. 1574mm 2 6.31kg/m 5007264mm 4 98486mm 3 I S Span m 21293 16170 11865 9063 7151 5779 4758 3984 3386 2904 2525 2204 1956 1737 1547 1386 1.52 1.83 2.13 2.44 2.74 3.05 3.35 3.66 3.96 4.27 4.57 4.88 5.18 5.49 5.79 6.10 F v F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b 17951 10829 6976 4743 3357 2452 1839 1401 1095 861 686 555 452 365 306 248 11938 7195 4626 3138 2204 1605 1197 905 701 555 438 350 277 219 175 146 9939 5984 3853 2598 1824 1328 992 744 569 452 350 277 219 175 131 102 7443 4466 2860 1926 1357 978 715 540 409 321 248 190 146 117 88 58 4933 2948 1883 1270 876 628 452 336 248 190 146 102 73 44 29 15 L/100 L/150 L/180 L/240 L/360 The part weight has been deducted in the above table. Defection N/m Part: 101.6 x 9.5mm Square Hollow Section Part Number: F-P-SHS102/102/9.5 101.6mm 9.5mm Maximum Load N/m

slide 76:

76 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 77 treadwellgroup.com.au Beams - Allowable Uniform Loads Span m 81250 65214 54167 46538 40625 36177 32500 29590 27083 F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b 513918 331075 228408 168599 128479 101885 82227 68159 57102 342612 220717 152272 112399 85653 67924 54818 45439 38068 285510 183931 126893 93666 71377 56603 45682 37866 31723 214132 137948 95170 70249 53533 42452 34261 28400 23792 142755 91965 63447 46833 35689 28302 22841 18933 15862 L/100 L/150 L/180 L/240 L/360 A w Wt. 3808mm 2 6.48kg/m 9E+06mm 4 142175.328mm 3 I S Defection N/m 1.22 1.52 1.83 2.13 2.44 2.74 3.05 3.35 3.66 127mm 8mm Part: 127 x 8mm Square Hollow Section Part Number: F-P-SHS127/127/8 The part weight has been deducted in the above Maximum Load N/m

slide 77:

TM 76 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 77 treadwellgroup.com.au Beams - Allowable Uniform Loads Span m 1.52 1.83 2.13 2.44 2.74 3.05 3.35 3.66 3.96 4.27 4.57 4.88 5.18 5.49 5.79 6.10 27428 22839 19562 17104 15192 13663 11563 9700 8250 7099 6171 5411 4782 4254 3808 3426 F v F v F v F v F v F v F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b F b ---- ---- ---- 16090 11578 8581 6518 5055 3991 3198 2597 2132 1768 1479 1246 1056 ---- ---- 15416 10693 7685 5686 4311 3336 2626 2098 1697 1387 1145 952 796 670 ---- 19325 12829 8894 6387 4722 3576 2763 2172 1731 1397 1139 937 776 647 541 23009 14469 9597 6645 4765 3516 2656 2047 1603 1273 1022 829 677 556 459 381 15305 9612 6364 4396 3142 2310 1737 1330 1035 815 648 518 417 337 272 220 L/100 L/150 L/180 L/240 L/360 The part weight has been deducted in the above Defection N/m A w Wt. 2535mm 2 9.73kg/m 9302772mm 4 122083mm 3 I S Part: 152.4 x 9.5mm Square Hollow Section Part Number: F-P-SHS152/152/9.5 152.4mm 9.5mm Maximum Load N/m

slide 78:

78 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 79 treadwellgroup.com.au

slide 79:

TM 78 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 79 treadwellgroup.com.au A w Wt. 4.48 kg/m 765865mm 4 20811mm 3 I S Span m 0.5 ---- 0.75 --- 1 ---- 1.25 ---- 1.5 ---- 1.75 ---- 2 ---- U C U C U C U C U C U C U C 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.7 0.8 1.2 1.2 1.9 1.8 2.8 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.8 1.0 1.4 1.6 2.4 2.4 3.7 3.5 5.5 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.2 1.4 2.2 2.4 3.6 3.6 5.6 5.3 8.3 0.2 0.3 0.5 0.7 1.1 1.6 1.9 2.9 3.2 4.8 4.9 7.5 7.1 11.0 0.3 0.4 0.8 1.1 1.6 2.4 2.9 4.3 4.7 7.2 7.3 11.2 10.6 16.6 0.5 0.6 1.1 1.5 2.2 3.1 3.9 5.8 6.3 9.6 9.7 15.0 14.2 22.1 0.9 1.2 2.2 3.0 4.3 6.3 7.7 11.6 12.6 ---- 19.4 ---- ---- ---- 1.4 1.8 3.2 4.5 6.5 ---- 11.6 ---- 19.0 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- Load N/m 250 500 750 1000 1500 2000 4000 6000 U Millimeters defection for Uniform Load C Millimeters defection for Concentrated Load LOAD Total Newtons uniformly loaded load across width of one deckboard or Total Newtons Concentrated Center Defection N/m Part: 304.8mm Interlocking Deckboard Part Number: F-P-ID305 304.8mm Interlocking Deckboard 3.0mm 53.9mm 95.3mm 88.9mm 95.3mm 46.7mm 304.8mm

slide 80:

80 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 81 treadwellgroup.com.au 609.6 X 28.6mm Interlocking Deckboard A w Wt. 5.66 kg/m 183142mm 4 8357mm 3 I S Span m 0.5 ---- 0.75 ---- 1 ----- 1.25 ---- 1.5 ---- 1.75 ---- 2 ---- U C U C U C U C U C U C U C 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.5 0.8 1.2 1.5 2.3 2.5 3.9 3.9 6.2 5.8 9.3 0.2 0.3 0.7 1 1.5 2.4 2.9 4.6 5 7.9 7.8 12.5 11.7 18.5 0.3 0.5 1 1.6 2.3 3.6 4.4 6.9 7.5 11.8 11.8 18.7 17.5 27.8 0.5 0.7 1.4 2.1 3.1 4.8 5.8 9.2 10 15.8 15.7 ---- 23.3 ---- 0.7 1 2 3.1 4.6 7.2 8.8 13.8 14.9 ---- 23.5 ---- ---- ---- 0.9 1.3 2.7 4.2 6.1 9.6 11.7 ---- 19.9 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- 1.8 2.7 5.4 8.3 12.2 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ----- ---- 2.3 3.4 6.8 10.4 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ----- ---- ---- Load N/m 250 500 750 1000 1500 2000 4000 5000 U Millimeters defection for Uniform Load C Millimeters defection for Concentrated Load LOAD Total Newtons uniformly loaded across length of span and width of one deckboard or Total Newtons Concentrated Center load across width of one deckboard. Defection N/m Part: 609.6 x 28.6mm Interlocking Deckboard Part Number: F-P-ID610/29 609.6mm 4.5mm 3.2mm 28.6mm 5mm 70mm 85.3mm 85.3mm 74mm

slide 81:

TM 80 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 81 treadwellgroup.com.au 609.6 X 38.1mm Interlocking Deckboard A w Wt. 7.02 kg/m 428718mm 4 14421mm 3 I S Span m 0.5 ---- 0.75 ---- 1 ---- 1.25 ---- 1.5 ---- 1.75 ---- 2 ---- U C U C U C U C U C U C U C 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.5 0.6 1.0 1.1 1.7 1.7 2.7 2.5 4 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.5 0.7 1.1 1.3 2.0 2.2 3.4 3.4 5.4 5.0 8.0 0.2 0.2 0.5 0.7 1.0 1.6 1.9 3.0 3.3 5.1 5.1 8.1 7.6 12.0 0.2 0.3 0.6 0.9 1.4 2.1 2.6 4.0 4.3 6.8 6.8 10.7 10.1 15.9 0.3 0.5 0.9 1.4 2.0 3.2 3.9 6.0 6.5 10.2 10.2 16.1 15.1 23.9 0.4 0.6 1.2 1.9 2.7 4.2 5.1 8.0 8.7 13.6 13.6 21.5 ---- ---- 0.9 1.3 2.5 3.7 5.5 8.4 10.3 ---- 17.4 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- 1.1 1.6 3.1 4.7 6.8 ---- 12.8 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- 250 500 750 1000 1500 2000 4000 5000 U Millimeters defection for Uniform Load C Millimeters defection for Concentrated Load LOAD Total Newtons uniformly loaded across length of span and width of one deckboard or Total Newtons Concentrated Center load across width of one deckboard. 610.0mm 3.2mm 38.1mm 5mm 70mm 85.3mm 85.3mm 74mm 4.4mm Defection N/m Part: 609.6 x 38.1mm Interlocking Deckboard Part Number: F-P-ID610/38 Load N/m ----

slide 82:

82 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 83 treadwellgroup.com.au

slide 83:

TM 82 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 83 treadwellgroup.com.au SPAN Lengthwise direction of the Flat Sheet For span in the crosswise direction of the Flat Sheet multiply load by 0.70 Maximum loads shown are for defections of the lesser of t/2 or L/100 Span m U C Load U C Load U C 200 0.55 1.78 100 1.40 3.01 50 2.21 3.57 300 0.83 2.68 125 1.75 3.76 75 3.31 ---- 400 1.1 3.57 200 2.8 ---- ---- ---- ---- 500 1.38 ---- 250 3.49 ---- ---- ---- ---- 750 2.07 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- 1000 2.76 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- 1200 3.31 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- Defection N/m LOAD N/m. 2 for Uniform Load or N/m. of Width for Concentrated Center Load. U mm. Defection for Uniform Load C mm. Defection for Concentrated Load Part: 6.4mm Flat Sheet Part Number: F-P6.4 6.4mm Flat Sheet 0.5 0.75 1 Load N/m

slide 84:

84 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 85 treadwellgroup.com.au 9.5mm Flat Sheet SPAN Lengthwise direction of the Flat Sheet For span in the crosswise direction of the Flat Sheet multiply load by 0.70 Maximum loads shown are for defections of the lesser of t/2 or L/100 Span m U C Load U C Load U C Load U C Load U C 500 0.03 0.17 200 0.16 0.53 100 0.41 0.89 100 1.31 2.11 50 1.60 2.07 1000 0.05 0.33 500 0.41 1.32 200 0.83 1.78 200 2.62 4.23 100 3.20 4.13 2000 0.10 0.66 1000 0.82 2.64 400 1.66 3.57 225 2.95 4.76 120 3.84 4.96 4000 0.2 1.32 1500 1.23 3.97 550 2.28 4.91 300 3.93 ---- 150 4.79 ---- 6000 0.31 1.98 1800 1.47 4.76 600 2.49 ---- 360 4.71 ---- ---- ---- ---- 9500 0.49 3.14 3000 2.45 ---- 800 3.31 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- 15000 0.77 ---- 4000 3.27 ---- 1000 4.14 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- 20000 1.02 ---- 5000 4.09 ---- 1200 4.97 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- 30000 1.53 ---- 6000 4.91 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- 40000 2.05 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- 60000 3.07 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- Defection N/m LOAD N/m. 2 for Uniform Load or N/m. of Width for Concentrated Center Load. U mm. Defection for Uniform Load C mm. Defection for Concentrated Load Part: 9.5mm Flat Sheet Part Number: F-P9.5 0.5 0.75 1 0.75 1 Load N/m

slide 85:

TM 84 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 85 treadwellgroup.com.au 12.7mm Flat Sheet SPAN Lengthwise direction of the Flat Sheet For span in the crosswise direction of the Flat Sheet multiply load by 0.70 Maximum loads shown are for defections of the lesser of t/2 or L/100 Span m 0.25 0.5 0.75 1 1.25 U C Load U C Load U C Load U C Load U C 5000 0.02 0.14 1000 0.35 1.12 500 0.87 1.88 200 1.10 1.78 50 0.67 0.87 10000 0.11 0.70 2000 0.69 2.23 1000 1.75 3.76 300 1.66 2.68 100 1.35 1.74 20000 0.22 1.39 4000 1.38 4.46 1500 2.62 5.65 500 2.76 4.46 200 2.70 3.48 30000 0.43 2.79 4500 1.55 5.02 1700 2.97 6.40 715 3.95 6.38 300 4.04 5.23 40000 0.86 ---- 6000 2.07 ---- 2000 3.49 ---- 800 4.42 ---- 370 4.99 6.45 50000 1.08 ---- 7000 2.42 ---- 2500 4.37 ---- 900 4.97 ---- 400 5.39 ---- 60000 1.29 ---- 8000 2.76 ---- 3000 5.24 ---- 1000 5.52 ---- 475 6.40 ---- 70000 1.51 ---- 9000 3.11 ---- 3500 6.12 ---- 1100 6.07 ---- ---- ---- ---- 80000 1.73 ---- 10000 3.45 ---- 3650 6.38 ---- 1150 6.35 ---- ---- ---- ---- 90000 1.94 ---- 12000 4.14 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- 100000 1.94 ---- 15000 5.18 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- Defection N/m LOAD N/m. 2 for Uniform Load or N/m. of Width for Concentrated Center Load. U mm. Defection for Uniform Load C mm. Defection for Concentrated Load Part: 12.7mm Flat Sheet Part Number: F-P12.7 Load N/m

slide 86:

86 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 87 treadwellgroup.com.au 15.9mm Flat Sheet SPAN Lengthwise direction of the Flat Sheet For span in the crosswise direction of the Flat Sheet multiply load by 0.70 Maximum loads shown are for defections of the lesser of t/2 or L/100 Span m U C Load U C Load U C Load U C Load U C Load U C Load U C 5000 0.06 0.36 1000 0.18 0.57 1000 0.89 1.93 500 1.41 2.28 200 1.38 1.78 200 2.86 3.08 200 5.30 4.90 10000 0.11 0.71 2000 0.35 1.14 2000 1.79 3.85 600 1.70 2.74 400 2.76 3.57 300 4.29 4.62 300 7.96 7.34 15000 0.17 1.07 4000 0.71 2.28 3000 2.68 5.78 800 2.26 3.65 600 4.14 5.35 400 5.73 6.17 310 ---- 7.59 20000 0.22 1.43 6000 1.06 3.43 3900 3.49 7.52 1000 2.83 4.57 800 5.52 7.14 500 7.16 7.71 ---- ---- ---- 30000 0.33 2.14 8800 1.56 5.02 5000 4.47 ---- 1500 4.24 6.85 850 5.87 7.58 530 7.59 ---- ---- ---- ---- 35000 0.39 2.50 10000 1.77 ---- 6000 5.37 ---- 1650 4.67 7.54 1000 6.9 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- 40000 0.44 ---- 15000 2.65 ---- 7000 6.26 ---- 2000 5.66 ---- 1100 7.59 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- 50000 0.55 ---- 20000 3.53 ---- 8400 7.52 ---- 2500 7.07 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- 100000 1.10 ---- 25000 4.42 ---- ---- ---- ---- 2700 7.63 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- 200000 2.21 ---- 28000 4.95 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- 230000 2.54 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- Defection N/m LOAD N/m. 2 for Uniform Load or N/m. of Width for Concentrated Center Load. U mm. Defection for Uniform Load C mm. Defection for Concentrated Load Part: 15.9mm Flat Sheet Part Number: F-FP15.9 0.25 0.5 0.75 1 1.25 1.5 1.75 Load N/m

slide 87:

TM 86 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 87 treadwellgroup.com.au 19.0mm Flat Sheet SPAN Lengthwise direction of the Flat Sheet For span in the crosswise direction of the Flat Sheet multiply load by 0.70 Maximum loads shown are for defections of the lesser of t/2 or L/100 Span m Defection N/m LOAD N/m. 2 for Uniform Load or N/m. of Width for Concentrated Center Load. U mm. Defection for Uniform Load C mm. Defection for Concentrated Load Part: 19.0mm Flat Sheet Part Number: F-FP19 U C Load U C Load U C Load U C Load U C Load U C 5000 0.03 0.21 1000 0.1 0.33 1000 0.52 1.12 1000 1.64 2.64 1000 3.99 5.16 400 3.31 3.57 10000 0.06 0.41 2000 0.2 0.66 2000 1.04 2.23 2000 3.27 5.29 1200 4.79 6.20 600 4.97 5.35 20000 0.13 0.83 5000 0.51 1.65 3000 1.55 3.35 2500 4.09 6.61 1500 5.99 7.74 700 5.80 6.24 30000 0.19 1.24 8000 0.82 2.64 4000 2.07 4.46 3000 4.91 7.93 1850 7.39 9.55 800 6.63 7.14 40000 0.26 1.65 10000 1.02 3.30 5000 2.59 5.58 3600 5.89 9.52 2000 7.99 ---- 900 7.46 8.03 50000 0.32 2.07 12000 1.23 3.97 6000 3.11 6.69 4000 6.55 ---- 2200 8.79 ---- 1000 8.28 8.92 61000 0.39 2.52 15000 1.53 4.96 6800 3.52 7.58 4500 7.36 ---- 2300 9.19 ---- 1150 9.53 10.26 100000 0.64 ---- 20000 2.05 6.61 8000 4.14 ---- 5000 8.18 ---- 2400 9.59 ---- ---- ---- ---- 150000 0.96 ---- 25000 2.56 8.26 10000 5.18 ---- 5500 9 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- 200000 1.28 ---- 30000 3.07 9.91 12000 6.21 ---- 5900 9.65 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- 0.25 0.5 0.75 1 1.25 1.5 Load N/m

slide 88:

88 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 89 treadwellgroup.com.au 25.4mm Flat Sheet SPAN Lengthwise direction of the Flat Sheet For span in the crosswise direction of the Flat Sheet multiply load by 0.70 Maximum loads shown are for defections of the lesser of t/2 or L/100 Span m U C Load U C Load U C Load U C Load U C Load U C Load U C 100 0.22 0.70 1000 0.22 0.47 1000 0.69 1.12 1000 1.69 2.18 1000 3.49 3.76 1000 6.47 5.98 1000 11.05 8.92 200 0.43 1.39 5000 1.09 2.35 2000 1.38 2.23 2000 3.37 4.36 2000 6.99 7.53 1500 9.71 8.96 1150 12.70 10.26 500 0.65 2.09 7500 1.64 3.53 5000 3.45 5.58 3000 5.06 6.53 3000 10.48 11.29 2000 12.95 11.95 1450 16.02 12.94 800 0.86 2.79 10000 2.18 4.70 7500 5.18 8.36 4000 6.74 8.71 3400 11.88 12.80 2100 ---- 12.55 ---- ---- ---- 1000 1.08 3.48 15000 3.28 7.06 9000 6.21 10.04 5000 8.43 10.89 3600 12.58 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- 2000 1.29 4.18 16000 3.49 7.53 10000 6.90 ---- 6000 10.11 13.07 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- 3000 1.55 5.02 20000 4.37 ---- 12000 8.28 ---- 7000 11.80 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- 4000 2.16 ---- 25000 5.46 ---- 14000 9.66 ---- 7500 12.64 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- 5000 3.24 ---- 30000 6.55 ---- 14500 10.01 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- 6640 4.31 ---- 34500 7.54 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- 8000 5.00 --- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- Defection N/m LOAD N/m. 2 for Uniform Load or N/m. of Width for Concentrated Center Load. U mm. Defection for Uniform Load C mm. Defection for Concentrated Load Part: 25.4mm Flat Sheet Part Number: F-FP25.4 0.5 0.75 1 1.25 1.5 1.75 2 Load N/m

slide 89:

88 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 89 treadwellgroup.com.au

slide 90:

90 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 91 treadwellgroup.com.au K r E/ π 2 2 ≤ v A b t r l K F a P a area mm. 2 width of fange/leg/wall mm. thickness of fange mm. minimum radius gyration mm. length m. effective column length factor allowable column concentric axial stress MPa allowable column centric axial load N. Notation b/t 6 b/t 8 b/t 10.7 b/t 12 b/t 16 b/t 12 b/t 13.3 b/t 16 b/t 20 b/t 21.3 b/t 24 b/t 26.7 b/t ≤ 16 68.9MPa 41.3MPa 33.5MPa 24.1MPa 19.5MPa 12.6MPa 68.9MPa 68.9MPa 50.5MPa 32.3MPa 28.4MPa 22.4MPa 18.1MPa Maximum allowable stress WF- I-Beam Angle Square Hollow Section 6.35mm wall Maximum allowable stress Maximum allowable stress Columns Columns Full section column testing was conducted on Treadwell Group’s Equal Leg Angles I-Beams WF-Beams and Square Hollow Section. Ultimate stress vs. slenderness ratio curves were developed from the testing. The curves developed are based on the Euler Buckling Stress Equation and a straight line transition from Euler Buckling to ultimate stress The allowable concentric axial load tables were generated from these curves. The tables are based on a safety factor of three. ≤

slide 91:

90 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 91 treadwellgroup.com.au

slide 92:

92 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 93 treadwellgroup.com.au

slide 93:

TM 92 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 93 treadwellgroup.com.au Columns – Allowable Concentric Axial Stresses and Loads A r 593.5mm 2 9.65mm 0.30 0.46 0.61 0.76 0.91 1.07 1.22 1.37 1.52 1.68 1.83 24207 19550 14892 10234 7077 5199 3981 3145 2548 2105 1769 14368 11604 8839 6075 4200 3086 2363 1867 1512 1250 1050 Effective Length m F a kPa P a N A r 916.1mm 2 14.99mm 0.30 0.46 0.61 0.76 0.91 1.07 1.22 1.37 1.52 1.68 1.83 1.98 2.13 2.29 2.44 2.59 2.74 2.90 16852 15511 14171 12830 11490 10149 8809 7468 6141 5075 4265 3634 3133 2729 2399 2125 1895 1701 15438 14210 12982 11754 10526 9298 8070 6842 5626 4650 3907 3329 2871 2501 2198 1947 1736 1559 Effective Length m F a kPa P a N 50.8mm 6.4mm 76.2mm 6.4mm Part: 50.8 x 50.8 x 6.4mm Angle Part Number: F-P-ELA51/51/6.4 Part: 76.2 x 76.2 x 6.4mm Angle Part Number: F-P-ELA76/76/6.4

slide 94:

94 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 95 treadwellgroup.com.au Columns – Allowable Concentric Axial Stresses and Loads A r 1348.4mm 2 14.99mm 76.2 x 76.2 x 9.5mm Angle 0.30 0.46 0.61 0.76 0.91 1.07 1.22 1.37 1.52 1.68 1.83 1.98 2.13 2.29 2.44 2.59 2.74 2.90 27523 24523 21523 18523 15523 12524 9596 7582 6141 5075 4265 3634 3133 2729 2399 2125 1895 1701 37111 33066 29021 24976 20932 16887 12939 10223 8281 6844 5751 4900 4225 3680 3235 2865 2556 2294 Effective Length m F a kPa P a N A r 1741.9mm 2 14.99mm 0.30 0.46 0.61 0.76 0.91 1.07 1.22 1.37 1.52 1.68 1.83 1.98 2.13 2.29 2.44 2.59 2.74 2.90 33326 29304 25283 21262 17059 12533 9596 7582 6141 5075 4265 3634 3133 2729 2399 2125 1895 1701 58051 51046 44041 37036 29716 21832 16715 13207 10698 8841 7429 6330 5458 4755 4179 3702 3302 2963 Effective Length m F a kPa P a N 76.2mm 9.5mm 76.2mm 12.7mm Part: 76.2 x 76.2 x 9.5mm Angle Part Number: F-P-ELA76/76/9.5 Part: 76.2 x 76.2 x 12.7mm Angle Part Number: F-P-ELA76/76/12.7

slide 95:

TM 94 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 95 treadwellgroup.com.au Columns – Allowable Concentric Axial Stresses and Loads A r 1225.8mm 2 20.32mm 0.30 0.46 0.61 0.76 0.91 1.07 1.22 1.37 1.52 1.68 1.83 1.98 2.13 2.29 2.44 2.59 2.74 2.90 3.05 11610 11095 10581 10067 9553 9039 8524 8010 7496 6982 6467 5953 5439 4925 4411 3907 3485 3128 2823 14381 13744 13107 12470 11833 11196 10559 9922 9285 8648 8011 7374 6737 6100 5463 4840 4317 3874 3497 Effective Length m F a kPa P a N 101.6mm 6.4mm Part: 101.6 x 101.6 x 6.4mm Angle Part Number: F-P-ELA102/102/6.4

slide 96:

96 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 97 treadwellgroup.com.au Columns – Allowable Concentric Axial Stresses and Loads A r 1832.3mm 2 20.07mm 0.30 0.46 0.61 0.76 0.91 1.07 1.22 1.37 1.52 1.68 1.83 1.98 2.13 2.29 2.44 2.59 2.74 2.90 3.05 3.20 3.35 3.51 3.66 3.81 21388 20013 18637 17262 15887 14511 13136 11761 10385 9010 7646 6515 5618 4894 4301 3810 3398 3050 2753 2497 2275 2081 1912 1762 39188 36668 34148 31628 29108 26588 24068 21549 19029 16509 14010 11937 10293 8966 7881 6981 6227 5588 5044 4575 4168 3814 3502 3228 Effective Length m F a kPa P a N 101.6mm 9.5mm Part: 101.6 x 101.6 x 9.5mm Angle Part Number: F-P-ELA102/102/9.5

slide 97:

TM 96 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 97 treadwellgroup.com.au Columns – Allowable Concentric Axial Stresses and Loads A r 2387.1mm 2 19.81mm 0.30 0.46 0.61 0.76 0.91 1.07 1.22 1.37 1.52 1.68 1.83 1.98 2.13 2.29 2.44 2.59 2.74 2.90 3.05 3.20 3.35 3.51 3.66 28984 26715 24446 22177 19908 17639 15370 13101 10831 8871 7454 6351 5476 4770 4193 3714 3313 2973 2683 2434 2218 2029 1863 69188 63771 58355 52938 47522 42105 36689 31272 25856 21175 17793 15161 13072 11388 10009 8866 7908 7098 6406 5810 5294 4843 4448 Effective Length m F a kPa P a N 101.6mm 12.7mm Part: 101.6 x 101.6 x 12.7mm Angle Part Number: F-P-ELA102/102/12.7

slide 98:

98 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 99 treadwellgroup.com.au Columns – Allowable Concentric Axial Stresses and Loads v A r 2794mm 2 28.96mm 152.4 x 152.4 x 9.4mm Angle 0.30 0.46 0.61 0.76 0.91 1.07 1.22 1.37 1.52 1.68 1.83 1.98 2.13 2.29 2.44 2.59 2.74 2.90 3.05 3.20 3.35 3.51 3.66 3.81 3.96 4.12 4.27 4.42 4.57 4.72 4.88 5.03 5.18 5.33 5.49 5.64 5.79 11916 11556 11195 10834 10473 10112 9751 9390 9030 8669 8308 7947 7586 7225 6864 6504 6143 5782 5421 5060 4699 4334 3981 3668 3392 3145 2924 2726 2548 2386 2239 2105 1983 1872 1769 1675 1588 33289 32281 31273 30265 29257 28249 27241 26232 25224 24216 23208 22200 21192 20184 19176 18168 17160 16152 15144 14136 13128 12108 11120 10248 9475 8786 8170 7616 7117 6665 6255 5882 5541 5229 4942 4679 4436 Effective Length m F a kPa P a N 152.4mm 9.4mm

slide 99:

TM 98 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 99 treadwellgroup.com.au Columns – Allowable Concentric Axial Stresses and Loads v A r 3677.4mm 2 30.2mm 152.4 x 152.4 x 12.7mm Angle 0.30 0.46 0.61 0.76 0.91 1.07 1.22 1.37 1.52 1.68 1.83 1.98 2.13 2.29 2.44 2.59 2.74 2.90 3.05 3.20 3.35 3.51 3.66 3.81 3.96 4.12 4.27 4.42 4.57 4.72 4.88 5.03 5.18 5.33 5.49 5.64 5.79 18204 17539 16874 16210 15545 14881 14216 13551 12887 12222 11557 10893 10228 9564 8899 8234 7570 6905 6246 5665 5162 4723 4337 3997 3696 3427 3187 2971 2776 2600 2440 2294 2161 2039 1928 1825 1730 66942 64498 62054 59610 57166 54722 52278 49834 47390 44945 42501 40057 37613 35169 32725 30281 27837 25393 22968 20833 18982 17367 15950 14700 13591 12603 11719 10924 10208 9560 8972 8437 7948 7500 7089 6711 6362 Effective Length m F a kPa P a N 152.4mm 12.7mm

slide 100:

100 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ |101 treadwellgroup.com.au

slide 101:

TM 100 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ |101 treadwellgroup.com.au Columns – Allowable Concentric Axial Stresses and Loads v A r 890mm 2 8mm 76.2 x 38.1 x 6.4mm I-Beam 0.30 0.46 0.61 0.76 0.91 1.07 1.22 1.37 1.52 1.68 1.83 1.98 2.13 2.29 2.44 2.59 2.74 2.90 3.05 3.20 3.35 3.51 3.66 3.81 3.96 4.12 4.27 4.42 4.57 4.72 4.88 5.03 5.18 5.33 5.49 5.64 5.79 5.94 6.10 36164 20073 11291 7226 5018 3687 2823 2230 1807 1493 1255 1069 922 803 706 625 558 500 452 410 373 342 314 289 267 248 230 215 201 188 176 166 156 147 139 132 125 119 113 32198 17871 10053 6434 4468 3283 2513 1986 1608 1329 1117 952 821 715 628 557 496 446 402 365 332 304 279 257 238 221 205 191 179 167 157 148 139 131 124 117 111 106 101 Effective Length m F a kPa P a N 76.2mm 6.4mm

slide 102:

1 02 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ |103 treadwellgroup.com.au Columns – Allowable Concentric Axial Stresses and Loads A r 1213mm 2 11mm 101.6 x 50.8 x 6.4mm I-Beam 0.30 0.46 0.61 0.76 0.91 1.07 1.22 1.37 1.52 1.68 1.83 1.98 2.13 2.29 2.44 2.59 2.74 2.90 3.05 3.20 3.35 3.51 3.66 3.81 3.96 4.12 4.27 4.42 4.57 4.72 4.88 5.03 5.18 5.33 5.49 5.64 5.79 5.94 6.10 44551 32352 20388 13408 9061 6657 5097 4027 3262 2696 2265 1930 1664 1450 1274 1129 1007 904 816 740 674 617 566 522 483 447 416 388 362 339 319 300 282 266 252 238 226 214 204 54036 39240 24728 15823 10990 8075 6182 4885 3957 3270 2748 2341 2019 1758 1546 1369 1221 1096 989 897 817 748 687 633 585 543 505 470 440 412 386 363 342 323 305 289 274 260 247 Effective Length m F a kPa P a N 101.6mm 6.4mm

slide 103:

TM 1 02 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ |103 treadwellgroup.com.au Columns – Allowable Concentric Axial Stresses and Loads A r 1858mm 2 16mm 152.4 x 76.2 x 6.4mm I-Beam 0.30 0.46 0.61 0.76 0.91 1.07 1.22 1.37 1.52 1.68 1.83 1.98 2.13 2.29 2.44 2.59 2.74 2.90 3.05 3.20 3.35 3.51 3.66 3.81 3.96 4.12 4.27 4.42 4.57 4.72 4.88 5.03 5.18 5.33 5.49 5.64 5.79 5.94 6.10 44551 32352 20388 13048 9061 6657 5097 4027 3262 2696 2265 1930 1664 1450 1274 1129 1007 904 816 740 674 617 566 522 483 447 416 388 362 339 319 300 282 266 252 238 226 214 204 54036 39240 24728 15823 10990 8075 6182 4885 3957 3270 2748 2341 2019 1758 1546 1369 1221 1096 989 897 817 748 687 633 585 543 505 470 440 412 386 363 342 323 305 289 274 260 247 Effective Length m F a kPa P a N 152.4mm 6.4mm

slide 104:

10 4 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ |105 treadwellgroup.com.au Columns – Allowable Concentric Axial Stresses and Loads A r 2729mm 2 16mm 152.4 x 76.2 x 9.5mm I-Beam 0.30 0.46 0.61 0.76 0.91 1.07 1.22 1.37 1.52 1.68 1.83 1.98 2.13 2.29 2.44 2.59 2.74 2.90 3.05 3.20 3.35 3.51 3.66 3.81 3.96 4.12 4.27 4.42 4.57 4.72 4.88 5.03 5.18 5.33 5.49 5.64 5.79 5.94 6.10 52556 44360 36164 27969 20073 14748 11291 8921 7226 5972 5018 4276 3687 3212 2823 2500 2230 2002 1807 1639 1493 1366 1255 1156 1069 991 922 859 803 752 706 664 625 590 558 528 500 475 452 143427 121060 98694 76327 54780 40246 30814 24347 19721 16298 13695 11669 10062 8765 7703 6824 6087 5463 4930 4472 4075 3728 3424 3155 2917 2705 2515 2345 2191 2052 1926 1811 1706 1610 1522 1441 1366 1297 1233 Effective Length m F a kPa P a N 152.4mm 9.5mm

slide 105:

TM 10 4 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ |105 treadwellgroup.com.au Columns – Allowable Concentric Axial Stresses and Loads A r 3697mm 2 21mm 203.2 x 101.6 x 9.5mm I-Beam 0.30 0.46 0.61 0.76 0.91 1.07 1.22 1.37 1.52 1.68 1.83 1.98 2.13 2.29 2.44 2.59 2.74 2.90 3.05 3.20 3.35 3.51 3.66 3.81 3.96 4.12 4.27 4.42 4.57 4.72 4.88 5.03 5.18 5.33 5.49 5.64 5.79 5.94 6.10 56459 50214 43970 37726 31481 25237 19451 15368 12448 10288 8645 7366 6351 5533 4863 4307 3842 3448 3112 2823 2572 2353 2161 1992 1841 1708 1588 1480 1383 1295 1216 1143 1077 1016 961 909 862 818 778 208715 185631 162547 139462 116378 93294 71904 56813 46019 38032 31958 27230 23479 20453 17976 15923 14203 12748 11505 10435 9508 8699 7989 7363 6808 6313 5870 5472 5113 4789 4494 4226 3981 3757 3551 3361 3187 3026 2876 Effective Length m F a kPa P a N 203.2mm 9.5mm

slide 106:

106 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ |107 treadwellgroup.com.au Columns – Allowable Concentric Axial Stresses and Loads A r 4845mm 2 22mm 203.2 x 101.6 x 12.7mm I-Beam 0.30 0.46 0.61 0.76 0.91 1.07 1.22 1.37 1.52 1.68 1.83 1.98 2.13 2.29 2.44 2.59 2.74 2.90 3.05 3.20 3.35 3.51 3.66 3.81 3.96 4.12 4.27 4.42 4.57 4.72 4.88 5.03 5.18 5.33 5.49 5.64 5.79 5.94 6.10 56606 50435 44264 38093 31922 25751 19916 15736 12747 10534 8852 7542 6503 5665 4979 4411 3934 3531 3187 2890 2634 2410 2213 2039 1886 1748 1626 1516 1416 1326 1245 1170 1103 1041 984 931 883 838 797 274263 244364 214465 184566 154666 124767 96498 76246 61759 51040 42888 36544 31510 27448 24125 21370 19061 17108 15440 14004 12760 11675 10722 9881 9136 8472 7877 7344 6862 6427 6031 5671 5342 5042 4765 4511 4277 4060 3860 Effective Length m F a kPa P a N 203.2mm 12.7mm

slide 107:

TM 106 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ |107 treadwellgroup.com.au Columns – Allowable Concentric Axial Stresses and Loads A r 4658mm 2 26mm 254 x 127 x 9.5mm I-Beam 0.30 0.46 0.61 0.76 0.91 1.07 1.22 1.37 1.52 1.68 1.83 1.98 2.13 2.29 2.44 2.59 2.74 2.90 3.05 3.20 3.35 3.51 3.66 3.81 3.96 4.12 4.27 4.42 4.57 4.72 4.88 5.03 5.18 5.33 5.49 5.64 5.79 5.94 6.10 58860 53817 48773 43730 38686 33643 28599 23556 19082 15770 13251 11291 9736 8481 7454 6603 5889 5286 4770 4327 3943 3607 3313 3053 2823 2618 2434 2269 2120 1986 1863 1752 1651 1558 1472 1394 1321 1255 1193 274175 250682 227189 203696 180202 156709 133216 109723 88885 73458 61725 52594 45349 39504 34721 30756 27434 24622 22221 20155 18365 16802 15431 14222 13149 12193 11337 10569 9876 9249 8680 8162 7689 7256 6858 6493 6155 5844 5555 Effective Length m F a kPa P a N 254mm 9.5mm

slide 108:

108 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ |109 treadwellgroup.com.au Columns – Allowable Concentric Axial Stresses and Loads A r 6135mm 2 26mm 254 x 127 x 12.7mm I-Beam 0.30 0.46 0.61 0.76 0.91 1.07 1.22 1.37 1.52 1.68 1.83 1.98 2.13 2.29 2.44 2.59 2.74 2.90 3.05 3.20 3.35 3.51 3.66 3.81 3.96 4.12 4.27 4.42 4.57 4.72 4.88 5.03 5.18 5.33 5.49 5.64 5.79 5.94 6.10 58860 53817 48773 43730 38686 33643 28599 23556 19082 15770 13251 11291 9736 8481 7454 6603 5889 5286 4770 4327 3943 3607 3313 3053 2823 2618 2434 2269 2120 1986 1863 1752 1651 1558 1472 1394 1321 1255 1193 361137 330192 299247 268303 237358 206413 175469 144524 117076 96757 81303 69276 59733 52034 45733 40511 36135 32431 29269 26548 24189 22132 20326 18732 17319 16060 14933 13921 13008 12183 11433 10751 10128 9557 9034 8552 8108 7697 7317 Effective Length m F a kPa P a N 254mm 12.7mm

slide 109:

108 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ |109 treadwellgroup.com.au TM Columns – Allowable Concentric Axial Stresses and Loads A r 7426mm 2 32mm 304.8 x 152.4 x 12.7mm I-Beam 0.30 0.46 0.61 0.76 0.91 1.07 1.22 1.37 1.52 1.68 1.83 1.98 2.13 2.29 2.44 2.59 2.74 2.90 3.05 3.20 3.35 3.51 3.66 3.81 3.96 4.12 4.27 4.42 4.57 4.72 4.88 5.03 5.18 5.33 5.49 5.64 5.79 5.94 6.10 60622 56459 52296 48133 43970 39807 35644 31481 27318 23148 19451 16573 14290 12448 10941 9692 8645 7759 7002 6351 5787 5295 4863 4481 4143 3842 3573 3330 3112 2915 2735 2572 2423 2286 2161 2046 1940 1841 1751 450164 419251 388338 357425 326512 295598 264685 233772 202859 171891 144436 123070 106116 92439 81245 71968 64194 57614 51997 47163 42973 39317 36109 33278 30767 28531 26529 24731 23110 21643 20311 19099 17992 16979 16048 15193 14404 13674 12999 Effective Length m F a kPa P a N 304.8mm 12.7mm

slide 110:

110 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 111 treadwellgroup.com.au

slide 111:

110 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 111 treadwellgroup.com.au Columns – Allowable Concentric Axial Stresses and Loads TM Columns – Allowable Concentric Axial Stresses and Loads A r 1374.19mm 2 18.54mm 76.2 x 76.2 x 6.4mm WF-Beam 0.30 0.46 0.61 0.76 0.91 1.07 1.22 1.37 1.52 1.68 1.83 1.98 2.13 2.29 2.44 2.59 2.74 2.90 3.05 3.20 3.35 3.51 3.66 54577 47392 40206 33021 25835 19187 14690 11607 9402 7770 6529 5563 4797 4178 3672 3253 2902 2604 2350 2132 1942 1777 1632 74999 65125 55251 45377 35503 26366 20187 15950 12920 10677 8972 7645 6592 5742 5047 4470 3988 3579 3230 2930 2669 2442 2243 Effective Length m F a kPa P a N 76.2mm 6.4mm

slide 112:

112 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 113 treadwellgroup.com.au Columns – Allowable Concentric Axial Stresses and Loads A r 1864.51mm 2 24.38mm 101.6 x 101.6 x 6.4mm WF-Beam 0.30 0.46 0.61 0.76 0.91 1.07 1.22 1.37 1.52 1.68 1.83 1.98 2.13 2.29 2.44 2.59 2.74 2.90 3.05 3.20 3.35 3.51 3.66 3.81 3.96 4.12 4.27 4.42 4.57 4.72 4.88 43630 40217 36804 33390 29977 26564 23151 19738 16325 13437 11291 9621 8295 7226 6351 5626 5018 4504 4065 3687 3359 3074 2823 2601 2405 2230 2074 1933 1807 1692 1588 81348 74984 68621 62257 55893 49529 43166 36802 30438 25054 21052 17938 15467 13473 11842 10490 9357 8398 7579 6874 6264 5731 5263 4850 4485 4158 3867 3605 3368 3155 2960 Effective Length m F a kPa P a N 101.6mm 6.4mm

slide 113:

TM 112 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 113 treadwellgroup.com.au Columns – Allowable Concentric Axial Stresses and Loads A r 2832.25mm 2 36.32mm 152.4 x 152.4 x 6.4mm WF-Beam 0.30 0.46 0.61 0.76 0.91 1.07 1.22 1.37 1.52 1.68 1.83 1.98 2.13 2.29 2.44 2.59 2.74 2.90 3.05 3.20 3.35 3.51 3.66 3.81 3.96 4.12 4.27 4.42 4.57 4.72 4.88 5.03 5.18 5.33 5.49 5.64 5.79 5.94 6.10 21067 20387 19706 19025 18345 17664 16983 16303 15622 14941 14261 13580 12899 12219 11538 10857 10177 9496 8815 8135 7454 6820 6263 5772 5337 4949 4602 4290 4009 3754 3523 3313 3121 2945 2784 2635 2498 2372 2255 59668 57740 55812 53884 51957 50029 48101 46173 44245 42317 40390 38462 36534 34606 32678 30750 28823 26895 24967 23039 21111 19315 17739 16349 15115 14016 13033 12150 11353 10633 9978 9383 8839 8341 7884 7464 7076 6718 6386 Effective Length m F a kPa P a N 152.4mm 6.4mm

slide 114:

114 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 115 treadwellgroup.com.au Columns – Allowable Concentric Axial Stresses and Loads A r 4180.64mm 2 36.58mm 0.30 0.46 0.61 0.76 0.91 1.07 1.22 1.37 1.52 1.68 1.83 1.98 2.13 2.29 2.44 2.59 2.74 2.90 3.05 3.20 3.35 3.51 3.66 3.81 3.96 4.12 4.27 4.42 4.57 4.72 4.88 5.03 5.18 5.33 5.49 5.64 5.79 5.94 6.10 45905 43630 41354 39079 36804 34528 32253 29977 27702 25427 23151 20876 18600 16325 14290 12658 11291 10134 9146 8295 7558 6916 6351 5853 5412 5018 4666 4350 4065 3807 3573 3359 3165 2986 2823 2672 2533 2405 2286 152.4 x 152.4 x 9.5mm WF-Beam 191912 182400 172887 163375 153862 144350 134837 125324 115812 106299 96787 87274 77762 68249 59742 52921 47204 42366 38235 34680 31599 28911 26552 24470 22624 20979 19508 18186 16993 15915 14936 14044 13230 12485 11801 11172 10591 10055 9559 Effective Length m F a kPa P a N 152.4mm 9.5mm

slide 115:

TM 114 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 115 treadwellgroup.com.au Columns – Allowable Concentric Axial Stresses and Loads A r 5632.25mm 2 48.77mm 203.2 x 203.2 x 9.5mm WF-Beam 0.30 0.46 0.61 0.76 0.91 1.07 1.22 1.37 1.52 1.68 1.83 1.98 2.13 2.29 2.44 2.59 2.74 2.90 3.05 3.20 3.35 3.51 3.66 3.81 3.96 4.12 4.27 4.42 4.57 4.72 4.88 5.03 5.18 5.33 5.49 5.64 5.79 5.94 6.10 26943 26222 25501 24780 24059 23338 22616 21895 21174 20453 19732 19011 18289 17568 16847 16126 15405 14684 13962 13241 12520 11799 11078 10356 9621 8921 8295 7733 7226 6768 6351 5972 5626 5309 5018 4751 4504 4276 4065 151752 147690 143628 139566 135505 131443 127381 123319 119257 115196 111134 107072 103010 98948 94887 90825 86763 82701 78639 74578 70516 66454 62392 58330 54187 50247 46722 43556 40700 38117 35772 33637 31687 29902 28264 26757 25367 24083 22894 Effective Length m F a kPa P a N 203.2mm 9.5mm

slide 116:

116 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 117 treadwellgroup.com.au Columns – Allowable Concentric Axial Stresses and Loads A r 7425.79mm 2 49.02mm 0.30 0.46 0.61 0.76 0.91 1.07 1.22 1.37 1.52 1.68 1.83 1.98 2.13 2.29 2.44 2.59 2.74 2.90 3.05 3.20 3.35 3.51 3.66 3.81 3.96 4.12 4.27 4.42 4.57 4.72 4.88 5.03 5.18 5.33 5.49 5.64 5.79 5.94 6.10 47060 45363 43665 41967 40270 38572 36874 35177 33479 31781 30083 28386 26688 24990 23293 21595 19897 18200 16502 14902 13578 12423 11409 10515 9721 9015 8382 7814 7302 6838 6418 6035 5685 5365 5071 4800 4551 4321 4107 203.2 x 203.2 x 12.7mm WF-Beam 349461 336854 324248 311641 299034 286427 273821 261214 248607 236000 223394 210787 198180 185573 172967 160360 147753 135146 122540 110656 100825 92248 84721 78079 72188 66940 62244 58025 54221 50780 47655 44811 42214 39836 37654 35646 33794 32084 30499 Effective Length m F a kPa P a N 203.2mm 12.7mm

slide 117:

TM 116 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 117 treadwellgroup.com.au Columns – Allowable Concentric Axial Stresses and Loads A r 7135.47mm 2 60.45mm 254.0 x 254.0 x 9.5mm WF-Beam 0.30 0.46 0.61 0.76 0.91 1.07 1.22 1.37 1.52 1.68 1.83 1.98 2.13 2.29 2.44 2.59 2.74 2.90 3.05 3.20 3.35 3.51 3.66 3.81 3.96 4.12 4.27 4.42 4.57 4.72 4.88 5.03 5.18 5.33 5.49 5.64 5.79 5.94 6.10 17572 17274 16976 16678 16380 16082 15785 15487 15189 14891 14593 14295 13997 13699 13401 13103 12806 12508 12210 11912 11614 11316 11018 10720 10422 10125 9827 9529 9231 8933 8635 8337 8039 7741 7444 7146 6848 6550 6246 125384 123258 121133 119007 116881 114756 112630 110504 108379 106253 104128 102002 99876 97751 95625 93500 91374 89248 87123 84997 82871 80746 78620 76495 74369 72243 70118 67992 65867 63741 61615 59490 57364 55239 53113 50987 48862 46736 44567 Effective Length m F a kPa P a N 254.0mm 9.5mm

slide 118:

118 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ |119 treadwellgroup.com.au Columns – Allowable Concentric Axial Stresses and Loads A r 9361.27mm 2 60.96mm 0.30 0.46 0.61 0.76 0.91 1.07 1.22 1.37 1.52 1.68 1.83 1.98 2.13 2.29 2.44 2.59 2.74 2.90 3.05 3.20 3.35 3.51 3.66 3.81 3.96 4.12 4.27 4.42 4.57 4.72 4.88 5.03 5.18 5.33 5.49 5.64 5.79 5.94 6.10 30894 30193 29493 28792 28091 27391 26690 25989 25289 24588 23887 23187 22486 21786 21085 20834 19684 18983 18282 17582 16881 16181 15480 14779 14079 13378 12677 11977 11276 10574 9924 9331 8791 8295 7841 7423 7037 6681 6351 254.0 x 254.0 x 12.7mm WF-Beam 289205 282646 276088 269529 262970 256411 249852 243294 236735 230176 223617 217058 210500 203941 197382 190823 184264 177706 171147 164588 158029 151471 144912 138353 131794 125235 118677 112118 105559 98989 92899 87354 82291 77656 73402 69488 65879 62544 59456 Effective Length m F a kPa P a N 254.0mm 12.7mm

slide 119:

TM 118 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ |119 treadwellgroup.com.au Columns – Allowable Concentric Axial Stresses and Loads A r 11296.75mm 2 72.90mm 304.8 x 304.8 x 12.7mm WF-Beam 0.30 0.46 0.61 0.76 0.91 1.07 1.22 1.37 1.52 1.68 1.83 1.98 2.13 2.29 2.44 2.59 2.74 2.90 3.05 3.20 3.35 3.51 3.66 3.81 3.96 4.12 4.27 4.42 4.57 4.72 4.88 5.03 5.18 5.33 5.49 5.64 5.79 5.94 6.10 21750 21411 21072 20733 20394 20055 19715 19376 19037 18698 18359 18020 17681 17341 17002 16663 16324 15985 15646 15307 14967 14628 14289 13950 13611 13272 12932 12593 12254 11915 11576 11237 10898 10558 10219 9980 9541 9202 8863 245708 241877 238046 234214 230383 226552 222721 218889 215058 211227 207395 203564 199733 195902 192070 188239 184408 180576 176745 172914 169083 165251 161420 157589 153757 149926 146095 142264 138432 134601 130770 126938 123107 119276 115445 111613 107782 103951 100119 Effective Length m F a kPa P a N 304.8mm 12.7mm

slide 120:

120 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ |121 treadwellgroup.com.au

slide 121:

TM 120 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ |121 treadwellgroup.com.au Columns – Allowable Concentric Axial Stresses and Loads v A r 1122.58mm 2 18.54mm 50.8 x 50.8 x 6.4mm Square Hollow Section 0.30 0.46 0.61 0.76 0.91 1.07 1.22 1.37 1.52 1.68 1.83 1.98 2.13 2.29 2.44 2.59 2.74 2.90 3.05 3.20 3.35 3.51 3.66 54577 47395 40206 33021 25835 19187 14690 11607 9402 7770 6529 5563 4797 4178 3672 3253 2902 2604 2350 2132 1942 1777 1632 61267 53201 45135 37068 29002 21539 16491 13030 10554 8722 7329 6245 5385 4691 4123 3652 3257 2924 2639 2393 2181 1995 1832 Effective Length m F a kPa P a N 50.8mm 6.4mm

slide 122:

122 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ |123 treadwellgroup.com.au Columns – Allowable Concentric Axial Stresses and Loads A r 800.0mm 2 13.21mm 38.1 x 38.1 x 6.4mm Square Hollow Section 0.30 0.46 0.61 0.76 0.91 1.07 1.22 1.37 1.52 1.68 1.83 1.98 2.13 2.29 2.44 2.59 48773 38686 28599 19082 13251 9736 7454 5889 4770 3943 3313 2823 2434 2120 1863 1651 39019 30949 22879 15265 10601 7789 5963 4712 3816 3154 2650 2258 1947 1696 1491 1321 Effective Length m F a kPa P a N 38.1mm 6.4mm A r 961.29mm 2 15.75mm 44.5 x 44.5 x 6.4mm Square Hollow Section 0.30 0.46 0.61 0.76 0.91 1.07 1.22 1.37 1.52 1.68 1.83 1.98 2.13 2.29 2.44 2.59 2.74 2.90 3.05 52027 43367 35107 26647 18838 13840 10596 8372 6782 5605 4710 4013 3460 3014 2649 2347 2093 1879 1695 50015 41881 33748 25615 18109 13304 10186 8048 6519 5388 4527 3857 3326 2897 2547 2256 2012 1806 1630 Effective Length m F a kPa P a N 44.5mm 6.4mm

slide 123:

TM 122 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ |123 treadwellgroup.com.au Columns – Allowable Concentric Axial Stresses and Loads A r 1445.16mm 2 23.37mm 67.2 x 67.2 x 6.4mm Square Hollow Section 0.30 0.46 0.61 0.76 0.91 1.07 1.22 1.37 1.52 1.68 1.83 1.98 2.13 2.29 2.44 2.59 2.74 2.90 3.05 3.20 3.35 3.51 3.66 3.81 3.96 4.12 4.27 4.42 4.57 57545 51843 46142 40440 34739 29038 23332 18435 14932 12341 10370 8836 7619 6637 5833 5167 4609 4136 3733 3386 3085 2823 2592 2389 2209 2048 1905 1776 1659 83161 74922 66682 58443 50203 41964 33718 26642 21580 17834 14986 12769 11010 9591 8430 7467 6660 5978 5395 4893 4459 4079 3746 3453 3192 2960 2753 2566 2398 Effective Length m F a kPa P a N 67.2mm 6.4mm

slide 124:

12 4 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ |125 treadwellgroup.com.au Columns – Allowable Concentric Axial Stresses and Loads A r 1767.74mm 2 28.70mm 76.2 x 76.2 x 6.4mm Square Hollow Section 0.30 0.46 0.61 0.76 0.91 1.07 1.22 1.37 1.52 1.68 1.83 1.98 2.13 2.29 2.44 2.59 2.74 2.90 3.05 3.20 3.35 3.51 3.66 3.81 3.96 4.12 4.27 4.42 4.57 4.72 4.88 5.03 5.18 5.33 5.49 5.64 59964 55022 50380 45738 41096 36455 31813 27171 22527 18618 15644 13330 11494 10012 8800 7795 6953 6240 5632 5108 4654 4258 3911 3604 3332 3090 2873 2679 2503 2344 2200 2069 1949 1839 1738 1646 105470 97264 89059 80853 72648 64442 56236 48031 39823 32911 27655 23564 20318 17699 15556 13779 12291 11031 9956 9030 8228 7528 6914 6372 5891 5463 5079 4735 4425 4144 3889 3657 3445 3251 3073 2909 Effective Length m F a kPa P a N 76.2mm 6.4mm

slide 125:

TM 12 4 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ |125 treadwellgroup.com.au Columns – Allowable Concentric Axial Stresses and Loads A r 1767.74mm 2 28.70mm 88.9 x 88.9 x 6.4mm Square Hollow Section 0.30 0.46 0.61 0.76 0.91 1.07 1.22 1.37 1.52 1.68 1.83 1.98 2.13 2.29 2.44 2.59 2.74 2.90 3.05 3.20 3.35 3.51 3.66 3.81 3.96 4.12 4.27 4.42 4.57 4.72 4.88 5.03 5.18 5.33 5.49 5.64 5.79 5.94 6.10 61000 57026 53053 49079 45105 41132 37158 33184 29210 25237 21347 18189 15684 13662 12008 10637 9488 8515 7685 6971 6351 5811 5337 4918 4547 4217 3921 3655 3416 3199 3002 2823 2659 2509 2372 2245 2129 2021 1921 127510 119203 110897 102591 94284 85978 77672 69365 61059 52753 44622 38021 32784 28558 25100 22234 19832 17800 16064 14571 13276 12147 11156 10281 9505 8814 8196 7640 7140 6686 6275 5900 5558 5245 4958 4694 4450 4225 4016 Effective Length m F a kPa P a N 88.9mm 6.4mm

slide 126:

126 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ |127 treadwellgroup.com.au Columns – Allowable Concentric Axial Stresses and Loads A r 2412.90mm 2 38.86mm 0.30 0.46 0.61 0.76 0.91 1.07 1.22 1.37 1.52 1.68 1.83 1.98 2.13 2.29 2.44 2.59 2.74 2.90 3.05 3.20 3.35 3.51 3.66 3.81 3.96 4.12 4.27 4.42 4.57 4.72 4.88 5.03 5.18 5.33 5.49 5.64 5.79 5.94 6.10 62091 58663 55234 51806 48378 44949 41521 38093 34665 31236 27808 24380 21071 18355 16132 14290 12747 11440 10325 9365 8533 7807 7170 6608 6109 5665 5268 4911 4589 4297 4033 3792 3573 3371 3187 3017 2860 2715 2581 149819 141547 133275 125003 116731 108458 100186 91914 83642 75370 67098 58826 50842 44289 38926 34481 30756 27604 24912 22596 20589 18837 17300 15944 14741 13669 12710 11849 11072 10369 9731 9151 8620 8135 7689 7279 6901 6552 6228 Effective Length m F a kPa P a N 101.6 x 101.6 x 6.4mm Square Hollow Section 101.6mm 6.4mm

slide 127:

TM 126 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ |127 treadwellgroup.com.au Columns – Allowable Concentric Axial Stresses and Loads v 0.30 0.61 0.91 1.22 1.52 1.83 2.13 2.44 2.74 3.05 3.35 3.66 3.96 4.27 4.57 91014 91014 91014 91014 86198 59860 43979 33671 26604 21550 17810 14965 12751 10995 9578 272605 272605 272605 272605 258181 179292 131725 100852 79685 64545 53343 44823 38192 32931 28687 A r 2995.2mm 2 38.351358mm 101.6 x 101.6 x 8mm Square Hollow Section Effective Length m F a kPa P a N 101.6mm 8mm

slide 128:

128 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ |129 treadwellgroup.com.au Columns – Allowable Concentric Axial Stresses and Loads A r 3503.22mm 2 37.59mm 101.6 x 101.6 x 9.5mm Square Hollow Section 0.30 0.46 0.61 0.76 0.91 1.07 1.22 1.37 1.52 1.68 1.83 1.98 2.13 2.29 2.44 2.59 2.74 2.90 3.05 3.20 3.35 3.51 3.66 3.81 3.96 4.12 4.27 4.42 4.57 4.72 4.88 5.03 5.18 5.33 5.49 5.64 5.79 5.94 6.10 61589 58315 54771 51227 47683 44139 40595 37050 33506 29962 26418 22866 19716 17175 15095 13372 11927 10705 9661 8763 7985 7305 6709 6183 5717 5301 4929 4595 4294 4021 3774 3549 3343 3155 2982 2823 2676 2541 2415 216707 204291 191875 179459 167043 154628 142212 129796 117830 104964 92548 80105 69070 60168 52882 46843 41783 37501 33844 30698 27971 25591 23503 21660 20026 18570 17268 16097 15042 14087 13220 12431 11711 11051 10446 9889 9375 8901 8461 Effective Length m F a kPa P a N 101.6mm 9.5mm

slide 129:

TM 128 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ |129 treadwellgroup.com.au Columns – Allowable Concentric Axial Stresses and Loads v 0.30 0.61 0.91 1.22 1.52 1.83 2.13 2.44 2.74 3.05 3.35 3.66 3.96 4.27 4.57 91014 227535 227535 227535 215495 149650 109947 84178 66511 53874 44524 37412 31878 27487 23944 346581 866453 866453 866453 820606 569866 418677 320549 253274 205152 169547 142466 121391 104669 91178 A r 3808mm 2 48.691204mm 127 x 127 x 8mm Square Hollow Section Effective Length m F a kPa P a N 127mm 8mm

slide 130:

1 30 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 131 treadwellgroup.com.au Columns – Allowable Concentric Axial Stresses and Loads A r 5335.47mm 2 58.17mm 0.30 0.46 0.61 0.76 0.91 1.07 1.22 1.37 1.52 1.68 1.83 1.98 2.13 2.29 2.44 2.59 2.74 2.90 3.05 3.20 3.35 3.51 3.66 3.81 3.96 4.12 4.27 4.42 4.57 4.72 4.88 5.03 5.18 5.33 5.49 5.64 5.79 5.94 6.10 51967 50371 48775 47179 45584 43988 42392 40797 39201 37605 36009 34414 32818 31222 29626 28031 26435 24839 23129 20979 19115 17489 16062 14803 13686 12691 11801 11001 10280 9627 9035 8496 8003 7552 7139 6758 6407 6083 5782 277266 26873 260239 251725 243211 234697 226183 217669 209155 200641 192127 183613 175099 166585 158071 149557 141043 132529 123407 111934 101989 93313 85699 78980 73022 67713 62963 58695 54847 51366 48206 45328 42701 40296 38089 36057 34185 32454 30852 152.4 x 153.4 x 9.5mm Square Hollow Section Effective Length m F a kPa P a N 152.4mm 9.5mm

slide 131:

1 30 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 131 treadwellgroup.com.au

slide 132:

1 32 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ |133 treadwellgroup.com.au Columns – Allowable Concentric Axial Stresses and Loads A r 3019.3mm 2 40.89mm 0.30 0.46 0.61 0.76 0.91 1.07 1.22 1.37 1.52 1.68 1.83 1.98 2.13 2.29 2.44 2.59 2.74 2.90 3.05 3.20 3.35 3.51 3.66 3.81 3.96 4.12 4.27 4.42 4.57 4.72 4.88 5.03 5.18 5.33 5.49 5.64 5.79 5.94 6.10 34263 33000 31736 30473 29209 27946 26682 25419 24155 22892 21628 20365 19101 17838 16574 15311 14047 12668 11433 10370 9448 8645 7939 7317 6765 6273 5833 5438 5081 4759 4466 4199 3956 3733 3529 3340 3167 3007 2858 152.4 x 101.6 x 6.4mm Rectangular Hollow Section 103453 99638 95823 92008 88193 84378 80563 76748 72933 69118 65303 61488 57673 53858 50043 46228 42413 38248 34519 31310 28528 26101 23972 22092 20426 18941 17612 16418 15342 14368 13484 12679 11944 11272 10654 10086 9562 9078 8630 Effective Length m F a kPa P a N 152.4mm 6.4mm 101.6mm

slide 133:

TM 1 32 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ |133 treadwellgroup.com.au SPACE GASS Input Guide With the increasing popularity of SPACE GASS with the engineering and planning community at large Treadwell is aware that it essential to aid users and make usage of this multi-purpose 3D analysis and design program simpler with our product guide. Instructions are tabulated step by step below on how to use our tables with the program. Instructions Under the Section segment: On the second line: 1. A refers to Cross Section al Area found in all products under Sectional Properties. 2. J refers to Torsion Cons tant found in all products under Sectional Properties. 3. I y refers to moment of inertia about the Y axis found in all products under Sectional Properties. 4. I z refers to moment of inertia about the X axis found in all products under Sectional Properties. 5. A y refers to shear area. This can be lef as zero. 6. A z refers to shear area. This can be lef as zero. 7. Alpha does not need to be altered. 8. Mark refers to section mark. This is not important for design. Under the Material segment: 1. The frst box refers to the material number. 2. The second box refers to the material n ame. 3. E refers to the Modulus of Elas ticity found on pages 10 12 under Coupon Properties. 4. Poisson’s refers to the Poisson’s Ratio of FRP which is 0.23. 5. Mass Density refers t o Density found on pages 10 12 under Coupon Properties. 6. Temp. Coefcient refers to the Coefcient of Thermal Expansion LW found on pages 10 12 under Coupon Properties. 7. F’c refers to the compressive st rength of concrete which is 0. SPACE GASS Input Guide

slide 134:

1 34 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ |135 treadwellgroup.com.au

slide 135:

TM 1 34 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ |135 treadwellgroup.com.au Corrosion Guide Information contained in this guide is based on data collected from several years of actual industrial applications. Recommendations are based on conservative evaluations of the changes which occur in certain properties of replicate laminates afer exposures of one year or longer both in the laboratory and the feld. Temperatures are neither the minimum nor the maximum but represent standard test conditions Room Temperature 70˚C. The products may be suitable at higher temperatures but individual test data should be required to establish such suitability. Contact Treadwell for any special applications that you may have. The recommendations • : resistant: – :not resistant contained in this specifcation sheet are made without guarantee or representation as to results. We suggest that you evaluate these recommendations and suggestions in your own laboratory oractual feld trial prior to use. Our responsibility for claims arising from breach of warranty negligence or otherwise is limited to the purchase price of the material. Acetaldehyde Acetic Acid 0-25 Acetic Acid 25-50 Acetic Anhydride Acetone Acrylonitrile Alcohol Butyl Alcohol Ethyl 10 Alcohol Ethyl 100 Alcohol Isopropyl 10 Alcohol Isopropyl 10O Alcohol Methyl 10 Alcohol Methyl 100 Alcohol Methyl Isobutyl Alcohol Secondary Butyl Alum Aluminium Chloride Aluminium Hydroxide Aluminium Nitrate Aluminium Potassium Sulfate Ammonia Aqueous 0-10 Ammonia Gas Ammonium Bicarbonate Ammonium Bisulfte Ammonium Carbonate Ammonium Citrate Ammonium Fluoride Ammonium Hydroxide 5 Ammonium Hydroxide 10 Ammonium Hydroxide 20 Ammonium Nitrate Ammonium Persulfate Ammonium Phosphate Ammonium Sulfate Arsenious Sulfate O-Benzoyl Benzoic Acid Barium Carbonate Barium Chloride Barium Hydroxide Barium Sulfate Barium Sulfde Beer Benzene 5 Benzene in Kerosene Benzene Sulfonic Acid Benzoic Acid Benzyl Alcohol Benzyl Chloride Brass Plating Solution: – 3 Copper Cyanide – 6 Sodium Cyanide – 1 Zinc Cyanide – 3 Sodium Carbonate Butyl Acetate Butyric Acid 0-50 Butylene Glycol Cadmium Chloride Cadmium Cyanide Plating Soln: – 3 Cadmium Oxide – 6 Sodium Cyanide – 1 Caustic Soda Calcium Bisulfate Calcium Carbonate Calcium Chlorate Calcium Chloride Calcium Hydroxide Calcium Hypochlorite Calcium Nitrate Calcium Sulfate Calcium Sulfte Caprylic Acid Carbon Dioxide Chemical I-Series Room Temp Room Temp 70°C 70°C V-Series Chemical I-Series Room Temp Room Temp 70°C 70°C V-Series – ∙ ∙ – – – – – – – – – – – – ∙ ∙ ∙ ∙ ∙ ∙ – ∙ – ∙ – ∙ ∙ ∙ – – – – – – – ∙ ∙ ∙ – – – ∙ ∙ ∙ ∙ ∙ ∙ ∙ ∙ ∙ ∙ ∙ ∙ – – ∙ – – ∙ – ∙ ∙ – ∙ – – ∙ ∙ – – – – ∙ – – – – ∙ – – – – – – – – – ∙ – – – – ∙ – ∙ ∙ – – ∙ ∙ ∙ – ∙ ∙ ∙ 49 ∙ ∙ 49 – ∙ ∙ ∙ – – ∙ ∙ ∙ ∙ – ∙ ∙ ∙ 49 49 49 ∙ ∙ ∙ ∙ 49 49 ∙ ∙ ∙ ∙ ∙ ∙ ∙ ∙ ∙ ∙ ∙ – ∙ ∙ ∙ ∙ – ∙ ∙ ∙ ∙ – ∙ ∙ ∙ ∙ ∙ ∙ ∙ ∙ ∙ ∙ ∙ ∙ ∙ ∙ ∙ ∙ ∙ – ∙ – – – – – – – – – – – – – ∙ ∙ – ∙ ∙ – – – – – – – – – – ∙ – – ∙ – – – ∙ ∙ – – – ∙ ∙ ∙ ∙ ∙ ∙ – ∙ ∙ ∙ ∙ ∙ ∙ ∙ ∙ ∙ ∙ ∙ ∙ ∙ ∙ ∙ ∙ ∙ ∙ ∙ ∙ ∙ ∙ ∙ – ∙ ∙ – – – – 66 – 66 – 66 – 66 66 ∙ ∙ 49 ∙ ∙ 38 38 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 ∙ ∙ ∙

slide 136:

1 36 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ |137 treadwellgroup.com.au Corrosion Guide Chemical Chemical I-Series I-Series Room Temp Room Temp Room Temp Room Temp 70°C 70°C 70°C 70°C V-Series V-Series Carbon Disulfde Carbon Monoxide Carbon Tetrachloride Carbon Acid Castor Oil Carbon Methyl Cellulose Chlorinated Wax Chlorine Doixide/Air Chlorine Dioxide Wet Gas Chlorine Dry Gas Chlorine Wet Gas Chlorine Liquid Chlorine Water Chloroacetic Acid 0-50 Chlorobenzene Chloroform Chlorosulfonic Acid Chromic Acid 20 Chromic Acid 30 Chromium Sulfate Citric Acid Coconut Oil Copper Chloride Copper Cyanide Copper Fluoride Copper Nitrate Copper Plating Solution: – Copper Cyanide – 10.5 Copper – 4 Copper Cyanide – 6 Rochelle Salts Copper Brite Plating: – Caustic Cyanide Copper Plating Solution: – 45 Copper Fluorobrate – 19 Copper Sulfate – 8 Sulfuric Acid Copper Matte Dipping Bath: – 30 Ferric Chloride – 19 Hydrochloric Copper Pickling Bath: – 10 Ferric Sulfate – 10 Sulfuric Acid Copper Sulfate Corn Oil Corn Starch-Slurry Corn Sugar Cottonseed Oil Crude Oil Sour Crude Oil Sweet Cyclohexane Detergents Sulfonated Di-Ammonium Phosphate Dibromophenol Dibutyl Ether Dichloro Benzene Dichloroethylene Diesel Fuel Diethylene Glycol Dimenthyl Phthalate Dioctyl Phthalate Diprophylene Gylcol Dodecyl Alcohol Esters Fatty Acids Ethyl Acetate Ethyl Benzene Ethyl Ether Ethylene Gylcol Ethylene Dichloride Fatty Acids Ferric Chloride Ferric Nitrate Ferric Sulfate Ferrous Chloride Ferrous Nitrate Ferrous Sulfate 8-8-8 Fertiliser Fertiliser: – Urea Ammoium Nitrate Fuel Gas Fluoboric Acid Fluosilicic Acid 0-20 Formaldehyde Formic Acid Fuel Oil Gas Natural Gasoline Auto Gasoline Aviation Gasoline Ethyl Gluconic Acid Gasoline Sour Glucose • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 38 49 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – • • • – • • – • • • • – • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – • • • • • • • • • • • • – – – – – – – – – – – – – – • • • • • • • • • • • • • • – – – – – – – – – – – – – – • • 38 49 38 • – • – • – • • – – • – • • – – – • • – • • • • • • • • • • • • • • – – – – – – – – – – – – 49 49 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • – – – – – – • • • • • • • – – – • • • • – – – • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 49 49 49 – – – • • – – –

slide 137:

TM 1 36 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ |137 treadwellgroup.com.au TM Corrosion Guide Chemical Chemical I-Series I-Series Room Temp Room Temp Room Temp Room Temp 70°C 70°C 70°C 70°C V-Series V-Series Glycerine Glycol Ethylene Glycol Propylene Glycolic Acid Gold Plating Solution: – 63 Potassium Ferrocyanide – 2 Potassium Gold Cyanide – 8 Sodium Cyanide Heptane Hexane Hexylene Glycol Hydraulic Fluid Hydrobromic Acid 0-25 Hydrochloric Acid 0-37 Hydrocyanic Acid Hydrofluoric Acid 10 Hydrofluosilicic Acid 10 Hydrogen Bromide Wet Gas Hydrogen Chloride Dry Gas Hydrogen Chloride Wet Gas Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Sulfde Dry Hydrogen Sulfde Aqueous Hydrogen Fluoride Vapour Hydrosulfte Bleach Hydrochlorus Acid 0-10 Iron Plating Solution: – 45 Fecl: 15 Cacl – 20 Fecl: 11 Nh42 So4 Iron And Steel Claeaning Bath: –9 Hydrochloric: 23 Sulfuric Isopropyl Amine Isopropyl Palmitate Jet Fuel Kerosene Lactic Acid Lauroryl Chloride Lauric Acid Lead Acetate Lead Chloride Lead Nitrate Lead Plating Solution: –.8 Fluoboric 0.4 Boric Acid Levulinic Acid Linseed Oil Lithium Bromide Lithium Sulfate Magnesium Bisulfte Magnesium Carbonate Magnesium Chloride Magnesium Hydroxide Magnesium Nitrate Magnesium Sulfate Maleic Acid Mercuric Chloride Mercurous Chloride Methylene Chloride Methyl Ethyl Ketone Methyl Isobutyl Carbitol Methanol See Alcohol Methyl Isobutyl Ketone Methyl Styrene Mineral Oils Molybdenum Disulfde Monochloro Acetic Acid Monoethyanolamine Motor Oil Myristic Acid Naptha Napthalene Nickel Chloride Nickel Nitrate Nickel Plating: – 8 Lead 0.8 Flouboric Acid – 0.4 Boric Acid Nickel Plating: – 11 Nickel Sulfate – 2 Nickel Chloride – 1 Boric Acid Nickel Plating: – 44 Nickel Sulfate – 4 Ammonium Chloride – 4 Boric Acid Nickel Sulfate Nitric Acid 0-5 Nitric Acid 20 Nitric Acid Fumes Nibrobenzene Octanoci Acid Oil Sour Crude Oil Sweet Crude Oleic Acid • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • – • • • • • – – – – – – – – – • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • – – – – – – – – – – – • • • • • • • – – – • • • • • • • • – – – • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 49 49 38 – – • • – • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 60 • • • • • – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • – – – – – • – • – – • – – • • – • – – • • • • – – – • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 49 – – – – – – – – – – – –

slide 138:

13 8 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ |139 treadwellgroup.com.au Corrosion Guide Chemical Chemical I-Series I-Series Room Temp Room Temp Room Temp Room Temp 70°C 70°C 70°C 70°C V-Series V-Series Oleum Fuming Sulfuric Olive Oil Oxalic Acid Peroxide Bleach: – 25 Peroxide 95 – 0.025 Epsom Salts – 5 Sodium Silicate 42.Be – 1.4 Sulfuric Acid 66.Be Phenol Phenol Sulfonic Acid Phosphoric Acid Phosphoric Acid Fumes Phosphorous Pentoxide Phosphorous Trichloride Phthalic Acid Pickling Acids Sulfuric Hydrochloric Picric Acid Alcoholic Polyvinyl Acetate Latex Polyvinyl Alcohol Polyvinyl Chloride Latex W/35 Parts Dop Potassium Aluminium Sulfate Potassium Bicarbonate Potassium Bromide Potassium Carbonate Potassium Chloride Potassium Dichromate Potassium Ferricyanide Potassium Ferrocyanide Potassium Hydroxide Potassium Nitrate Potassium Permanganate Potassium Persulfate Potassium Sulfate Propionic Acid 1-50 Propionic Acid 50-100 Propylene Glycol Pulp Paper Mill Efluent Pyridine Salicylic Acid Sebacic Acid Selenious Acid Silver Nitrate Silver Plating Solution: – 44 Silver Cyanide – 7 Potassium Cyanide – 5 Sodium Cyanide – 2 Potassium Carbonate Soaps Sodium Acetate Sodium Benzoate Sodium Bicarbonate Sodium Bifluoride Sodium Bisulfate Sodium Bisulfte Sodium Bromate Sodium Bromide Sodium Carbonate 0-25 Sodium Chlorate Sodium Chloride Sodium Chlorite Sodium Chromite Sodium Cyanide Sodium Dichromate Sodium Di-Phosphate Sodium Ferricyanide Sodium Fluoride Sodium Fluoro Silicate Sodium Hexametaphosphates Sodium Hydroxide 0-5 Sodium Hydroxide 5-25 Sodium Hydroxide 50 Sodium Hydrosulfide Sodium Hypochlorite Sodium Lauryl Sulfate Sodium Mono-Phosphate Sodium Nitrate Sodium Silicate Sodium Sulfate Sodium Sulfide Sodium Sulfite Sodium Tetra Borate Sodium Thiocyanate Sodium Thiosulfate Sodium Tripolyphosphate Sodium Xylene Sulfonate Sodium Solutions Sodium Crude Oil Soya Oil Stannic Chloride Stannous Chloride Stearic Acid Styrene • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • – – – – • • • • • • • • • • • • – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • – – – • 49 – 38 • • • • • • • • – – – – – – – – • • • • • – – • • • • • • • – – – – • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • – – – – – – – – – – – 60 60 66 60 60 49 38 60 • • • • • • • • – – – – – – • • – – – – • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • – – • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 60 49 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – • – • – • – • – • – • – • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • – – – – 49 49 38 66 66 66 66

slide 139:

TM 13 8 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ |139 treadwellgroup.com.au Corrosion Guide Chemical Chemical I-Series I-Series Room Temp Room Temp Room Temp Room Temp 70°C 70°C 70°C 70°C V-Series V-Series Sugar Beet And Cane Liquor Sugar Sucrose Sulfamic Acid Sulfanilic Acid Sulfated Detergents Sulfur Dioxide Dry Or Wet Sulfur Trioxide/Air Sulfuric Acid 0-30 Sulfuric Acid 30-50 Sulfuric Acid 50-70 Sulfurous Acid Superphosphoric Acid 76 P2 05 Tall Oil Tannic Acid Tartaric Acid Thionyl Chloride Tin Plating: – 18 Stannous Fluorborate – 7 Tin – 9 Fluoroboric Acid – 2 Boric Acid Toluene Toluene Sulfonic Acid Transformer Oils: – Mineral Oil Types – Chloro-Phenyl Types Trichlor Acetic Acid Trichlorethylene Trichloropenol Tricresyl Phosphate Tridecylbenzene Sulfonate Trisodium Phosphate Turpentine Urea Vegetable Oils Vinegar Vinyl Acetate Water: – Deionised – Demineralised – Distilled – Fresh – Salt – Sea White Liquor Pulp Mill Xylene Zinc Chlorate Zinc Nitrate Zinc Plating Solution: – 9 Zinc Cyanide – 4 Sodium Cyanide –9 Sodium Hydroxide Zinc Plating Solution: – 49 Zinc Fluoroborate – 5 Ammonium Chloride – 6 Ammonium Fluoroborate Zinc Sulfate • – • – • – • – – – – – – – – – – – • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 49 38 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 60 49 66 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 38 38 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • – – – – – – • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 49 49 49 – – – –

slide 140:

140 | TREADWELL ArchitEX ™ | 141 treadwellgroup.com.au Notes

slide 142:

V

authorStream Live Help