Coppens TEC 0307

Category: Education

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MEA Enforcement: 

MEA Enforcement Strengthen Capacity to Control ODS Trade at National Level Regional Enforcement Networking Green Customs Initiative Regional Partners Forum on Combating Environmental Crime UNODC-UNEP Cooperation on Cross-Border Control Project Sky-Hole-Patching


Background Many environmental problems are trans-boundary and global in impact, and they can only be addressed effectively through international co-operation and shared responsibility Customs and border-protection officers responsible for controlling trade across borders have an important role in protecting the national and global environment

The Ozone Layer: 

The Ozone Layer Ozone (O3) gas composed of 3 atoms of Oxygen Created through photo chemical reactions with oxygen molecules 90% is in the stratosphere, 20 - 40 km high Ozone Layer acts as a filter for UV-B

Ozone Depleting Substances: 

Ozone Depleting Substances Ozone-depleting substances (ODS) are chemical substances that have the potential to react with ozone molecules in the stratosphere The ability to deplete the ozone layer is referred to as the Ozone Depletion Potential (ODP) CFC-11 CFC-12

International Response: 

International Response “precautionary principle” – “common but differentiated responsibilities” – “flexible” The Vienna Convention (1985) The Montreal Protocol (1987), 4 Amendments and 5 adjustments Production & Consumption of Ozone Depleting Substances to be progressively reduced Financial Mechanism to assist developing countries: the Multilateral Fund Delayed Compliance period for developing countries

Major compliance targets DC: 

Major compliance targets DC

Licensing System: 

Licensing System Article 4B of the Montreal Protocol – Montreal Amendment Parties should establish and implement a system for licensing the import and export of new, used, recycled and reclaimed substances in Annexes A, B, C, and E by 2000

Chief Officer Multilateral Fund at 24th GC UNEP: 

Chief Officer Multilateral Fund at 24th GC UNEP “The co-existence of legal versus controlled uses of some of the substances controlled under the Montreal Protocol, specifically CCl4 and methyl bromide, means that there is a real risk of a cross over from legal to illegal use  … Increasing stockpiles of ODS could also be a source of unauthorized trade in these substances across borders …”

Strengthen Capacity to Control ODS Trade at National Level: 

Strengthen Capacity to Control ODS Trade at National Level ODS licensing system National customs handbooks National Train-the-Trainer Workshops Customs ODS part of the customs training curricula ODS checking as part of inspection procedure Checkpoints have access to a refrigerant identifier National guideline/procedure on handling seizures, and confiscation of illegal ODS Public awareness raising

SA-SEAP Ozone-Customs Cooperation on Combating illegal ODS trade: 

Workshops Info/intelligence exchange Enforcement management tools Desk study Ozone & Customs Officers Outputs iPIC Info Sheets Regional/International Partners WCO RILO AP / ROCB Interpol - EIA Lessons learned Future: Chemical MEAs SA-SEAP Ozone-Customs Cooperation on Combating illegal ODS trade Implementing Agency UNEP

Lessons learned: 

Lessons learned Project implementation and participation Follow-up C & R essential and labour intensive One pillar of success: same officers attend all workshops Deeper understanding of the specific problems Created a big capacity building of those officers Allowed for a mutual search for solutions Officers take a very active role Outreach Bring certain problems to the Meeting of the Parties Other regions - Other MEA secretariats show interest N Lessons Learned

Lessons learned: 

Lessons learned Interaction Other Agencies Expertise, extend activities Two-way awareness raising within organisations (WCO, Interpol), puts environmental crime on agenda Scope Need to broaden the scope include other MEAs full enforcement chain N Lessons Learned

MEA Regional Enforcement Networking – Project Proposal: 

MEA Regional Enforcement Networking – Project Proposal Aims at integration of the MEA work with regards to control of transboundary movements of those chemicals By integrating control strategies Optimising the use of resources within the countries Minimising the loss of political attention and capacity built for the MP

MEA Regional Enforcement Networking: 

MEA Regional Enforcement Networking Multilateral Environmental Agreements (MEAs) to be addressed Montreal Protocol Basel Convention Rotterdam Convention Stockholm Convention SAICM - Strategic Approach to International Chemicals Common: chemicals and trade controls

Green Customs Initiative: 

Green Customs Initiative Series of collaborative activities carried out by its partner organizations Aimed at raising the awareness of Customs and border control officers to several trade-related MEAs and relevant treaties Activities to date: Awareness-raising workshops Guide to Multilateral Environmental Agreements and other related treaties

Key Partners Green Customs: 

Key Partners Green Customs Montreal Protocol Ozone-depleting substances Basel Hazardous wastes Stockholm Persistent Organic Pollutants Rotterdam Chemicals Trade and Customs are key tools to implement these treaties Chemical Weapons Chemicals CITES Endangered species Cartagena Protocol GMO WCO – UNEP - Interpol

Green Customs Initiative - Planned: 

Green Customs Initiative - Planned Publication and distribution of the GreenCustoms Guide GreenCustoms awareness-raising workshops Train-the-trainer workshops for Customs On-line training, e-learning Specialized skills training by GreenCustoms partners One-stop source for reference materials for Customs on the GreenCustoms website

Regional Partner’s Forum on Combating Environmental Crime: 

Regional Partner’s Forum on Combating Environmental Crime Facilitate mutual consultation Policy and matters of common interest. To develop programmes or activities in the region Reciprocal representation at partner’s meetings Awareness raising decision makers Promote exchange of information Intelligence / info exchange on environment crime Cooperate closely with RILO - Interpol Coordinate technical cooperation RILO AP WCO ROCB INTERPOL TRAFFIC SEA EIA IUCN WildAid UNODC BCRC UNEP ROAP


Coordination with related International Organizations WCO, Basel Convention Secretariat, CITES Secretariat, Basel Convention Regional Centers and Interpol Other regional UNEP offices Capacity Building for the Project Adoption Action Plan Include in National / Sub-regional Customs Training Workshops Fact Sheets Information and Intelligence Exchange Assessment report: Illegal ODS Trade in Asia and Pacific Region Info Sheets Licensing-Registered Importers/ exporters Facilitation intelligence collection (EIA: list suspicious companies) Project Sky-Hole-Patching

UNODC-UNEP Cooperation on Cross-Border Control: 

UNODC-UNEP Cooperation on Cross-Border Control UN Office on Drugs and Crime Project centred around Border Liaison Offices (BLO), located at various high-risk border areas Place where officers from different domestic agencies & different countries meet to share intelligence info UNEP facilitated discussions between Thailand, Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam on illegal ODS trade UNODC-UNEP cooperation proposal to include ODS To give BLO authority to exchange ODS related information Regular scheduled meetings at BLO include ODS Provide regional training on basic intelligence techniques

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