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Safety and Security Effective Practices: 

Safety and Security Effective Practices Prepared by: The Safety and Security Research Team Leadership APTA – Class of 2005

Safety and Security Research Team Members: 

Safety and Security Research Team Members Al Davis, Motor Coach Supervisor, Santa Monica’s Big Blue Bus, Santa Monica, CA Cathy Hendrix, Senior Management Analyst-Protective Services, Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority, San Jose, CA Pam Rivera, Manager of Security, Capital Metropolitan Transportation Authority, Austin, TX

Recognition: 

Recognition APTA William Grizzard Manager, Safety and Security, Linda Grabis Administrative Assistant, Office of Operations, Safety and Security, Joe Niegoski, Director, Educational Services Leadership APTA Class of 2005 Over 50 Public Transportation Agency Participants Nationwide

Funding for Surface Transportation Security : 

Funding for Surface Transportation Security Proposed FY2006 Department of Homeland Security Budget 1. Targeted Infrastructure Protection (TIP) Program- $600 Million in Federal Grants for public transportation, railways, seaports and energy facilities. 2. Urban Area Security Initiative (UASI) provides $1 billion in discretionary grants to urban areas and regions. Transit properties have received little of this funding National Preparedness provides $1 billion for priorities identified in State homeland Security plans.

Funding for Surface Transportation Security : 

Funding for Surface Transportation Security 4. US Department of Homeland Security Office of State and Local Government Coordination and Preparedness Office for Domestic Preparedness Fiscal Year 2005 Transit Security Grant Program providing $107,900,000 Discretionary Funds for Rail Transit, $22,357,076 Discretionary funding for Intra-City Bus and $ 5,000,000 Competitive for Ferry.

Dividing up Homeland Security Grants : 

Dividing up Homeland Security Grants 40% of $1.1 billion divided equally among the states ($8 million) Plus the per capita share = each state’s share Divided once again and distributed to the counties Top 5 states New York $288 million, California $264 million, Texas $126 million, Illinois $96.1 million, and Florida $91.9 million

After the London Bombings, Funding for Transit Security Should Have Become a Top Priority : 

After the London Bombings, Funding for Transit Security Should Have Become a Top Priority DHS Appropriations Act (HR 2360) funds homeland security investments for the upcoming federal fiscal year Funding commitments to transit security grants were reduced from current spending of $150 million to $100 million in FY2006 even though the total bill is being increased by $1.4 billion above what Congress approved last year The Shelby/Sarbanes Amendment sought to increase transit security funding to $1.166 billion fails the Senate by 7 votes Transit agencies need $6 billion to better protect riders

Federal Priorities -- Aviation Industry vs. the Transit Industry: 

Federal Priorities -- Aviation Industry vs. the Transit Industry Aviation has received $18.1 billion from 9-11-01 to 5-31-05 while transit has only been allocated $250 million since 9-11-01 Public transportation riders use the systems 32 million times per day, 16 times more than the airlines Aviation industry receives $8.00 per passenger on security related investments while transit security related investments total one cent per passenger Remarks by Michael Chertoff, Homeland Security Secretary, indicates transit agencies will not receive a substantial amount of federal assistance any time soon as he has stated that attacks that can produce the highest number of casualties will continue to be his highest priority “…a commercial airliner has the capacity to kill 3,000 people….A bomb in a subway car may kill 30 people”

Survey Instrument Content: 

Survey Instrument Content Demographic Information Fleet Size Budget – Operating and Capital General Information - Safety and Security Effective Practices

Survey Results: 

Survey Results Survey sent out to 350 public transportation providers in the USA 60 transit properties responded resulting in a 18% return rate Of the respondents – 50 properties have have a dedicated operating budget for security while 37 have a dedicated security funding for capital projects.

Effective Practices: 

Effective Practices Employee Background checks Employee Badge and Visitor Badge Programs Employee Training Security Awareness Threat/Vulnerability Assessments In house Consultant Passenger Education and Behavior

Effective Practices : 

Effective Practices Customer Service Get to know your passengers Marketing Campaigns Youth Outreach Program Transit Watch (Employee and Passenger Awareness) Tabletops/Drills/Exercises Passenger Exclusion Policy Bus/Rail/Ferry Operators Pre and Post trip inspections of equipment

Effective Practices: 

Effective Practices Technology GPS CCTV and Video on Demand Intrusion Systems Public Announcements (Audio and Visual) Facility Security Enhancements Lighting and Fencing Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED) Relocate/Remove/Install Bomb Resistant Receptacles Relocate or Remove Bike Lockers

Effective Practices: 

Effective Practices Security Personnel Law Enforcement and Private Security In house police departments Communication Systems Radios Interagency Communication Emergency Operations Center (EOC) Warning Systems and Emergency Response K-9 Units IEDs (Improvised Explosive Device) and CBRNEs (Chemical/Biological/Radiological/ Nuclear Explosive systems)

Security Handbook Template: 

Security Handbook Template Template for agencies to customize security information to their needs. Introduction and Purpose Offences (Part I, Part II and Part III Crimes) Security Department Structure Crime Triangle Homeland Security Advisory System

Security Handbook Template : 

Security Handbook Template Security Incident Reporting Report, Act, Testify How to Report a Security Incident How to Provide a Good Description Persons Vehicles General Security Policy Procedures Badge Programs (Employee and Visitor) Lost and Found Program

Security Handbook Template : 

Security Handbook Template Violence in the Workplace Harassment Illegal Weapons Bomb Threat Bio/Chemical Agents Suspicious Packages Suspicious Persons

Security Handbook Template : 

Security Handbook Template Security Programs Transit Watch Crime Watch Committee Crime Stoppers Safety and Security Tips Personal Safety Travel Dealing with Conflict Parking Lots Crime Prevention Assault Prevention Robbery and Theft Prevention

Security Handbook Template : 

Security Handbook Template Physical Assault Verbal Assault Robbery Alcohol/Drunkenness Disorderly Conduct Fighting Vandalism Fare Evasion

Law Enforcement Officers Trained to Drive Buses – Capital Metro: 

Law Enforcement Officers Trained to Drive Buses – Capital Metro

Whose bag? - BART: 

Whose bag? - BART

ACT - BART: 

ACT - BART

Communication to Employees - BART: 

Communication to Employees - BART

Communication to Employees - BART: 

Communication to Employees - BART

Suspicious Behavior/Packages BART: 

Suspicious Behavior/Packages BART

Security Awareness Pocket Guide - VTA: 

Security Awareness Pocket Guide - VTA

Security Incident Report - VTA: 

Security Incident Report - VTA

Car Card – Suspicious Behavior and Packages - VTA: 

Car Card – Suspicious Behavior and Packages - VTA

Slide29: 

Safe Riding Tips – Port Authority

Resources : 

Resources APTA Survey of United States Transit Systems Security Needs and Funding Priorities – Summary of Findings, April 2004 Passenger Transport Transit Corporative Research Program (TRCP) Federal Transit Administration (FTA)

Resources - Continued: 

Resources - Continued National Transit Institute (NTI) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) US Department of Transportation (DOT) Mineta Transportation Institute United States General Accounting Office (GAO) US Department of Homeland Security Transportation Security Administration (TSA)

London, England July 7, 2005 : 

London, England July 7, 2005

Terrorist Attacks cannot be completely eliminated but steps can be taken to better protect riders. Is your transit system prepared? Imagine if it were.: 

Terrorist Attacks cannot be completely eliminated but steps can be taken to better protect riders. Is your transit system prepared? Imagine if it were.

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