Baroque

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Baroque Architecture: 

Baroque Architecture Proportional but extravagant Fancy and pretty details A lot of columns, arches, domes and rounded shapes The scroll is especially baroque (like a cinnamon roll swirl)

Architecture of Baroque: 

Architecture of Baroque Luxurious chateaux Decorative motifs of Italian Renaissance Love of and emphasis on decoration Graceful, harmonious

Versailles: 

Versailles Hunting camp for Louis XIII Louis XIV made it a castle 2000 windows - Private zoo with elephants 700 rooms - Chinese carousel 1250 fireplaces - Gondolas on canal 67 staircases 1800 acres of park

Entrance to the Versailles Palace: 

Entrance to the Versailles Palace

Hall of Mirrors-Versailles: 

Hall of Mirrors-Versailles

Bedchamber-Versailles: 

Bedchamber-Versailles

The Cathedral of the Smolney Convent: 

The Cathedral of the Smolney Convent

Francesco Borromini : 

Francesco Borromini Rebellious, emotionally disturbed Bernini’s rival Concave & convex surfaces created motion Suicide – how? Fell on a sword

Borromini: 

Borromini

Borromini San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane : 

Borromini San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane

Sir Christopher Wren St. Paul’s Cathedral (London): 

Sir Christopher Wren St. Paul’s Cathedral (London)

Details & Proportion: 

Details & Proportion

Scroll: 

Scroll

Gianlorenzo Bernini : 

Gianlorenzo Bernini      More decorative than Renaissance    Painter, playwright, composer     Worked for Louis XIV     Considered greatest sculptor David in motion Created a bronze canopy/altar for St. Peter’s    -Taller than a 10 story building       -Columns with carved vines, leaves, bees

Gianlorenzo Bernini: 

Gianlorenzo Bernini Also an architect Fountains Palaces Churches Piazza in front of St. Peter’s Basilica

Apollo & Daphne: 

Apollo & Daphne

Bernini altar: 

Bernini altar

Bernini Top of the altar at St. Peter’s: 

Bernini Top of the altar at St. Peter’s

Bernini Ecstasy of St. Theresa: 

Bernini Ecstasy of St. Theresa She believed she had been pierced by an angel’s dart infusing her with divine love.

Bernini’s David: 

Bernini’s David

Baroque Art: 

Baroque Art Ornate and decorative No clear central figure Distorted origin of light Religious and secular Funded by popes and monarchs Baroque is sometimes used negatively to mean gaudy and over-decorative.

Caravaggio : 

Caravaggio Intentionally sought to shock and offend “evil genius” and “anti-Christ of painting” Went from city to city fleeing the law “Death of a Virgin” causes a problem Daring innovator

Caravaggio Death of the Virgin: 

Caravaggio Death of the Virgin

Caravaggio: Sacrifice: 

Caravaggio: Sacrifice Caravaggio Sacrifice of Isaac

Peter Paul Rubens : 

Peter Paul Rubens Worked throughout Europe with many people “Fat is beautiful,” many nudes Painted suggestive rape scenes Portraits with sentimental looks Work is said to be vulgar and insincere Admired but disliked

Rubens The Descent from the Cross: 

Rubens The Descent from the Cross

Rubens The Three Graces: 

Rubens The Three Graces

Rembrandt van Rijn : 

Rembrandt van Rijn Light and dark color contrasts Paintings looked like photos Almost 100 self-portraits Early works: detailed, physical action, many subjects Late works: done quickly, psychological, single subjects

Rembrandt The Nightwatch: 

Rembrandt The Nightwatch

Rembrandt Self-portrait: 

Rembrandt Self-portrait

Jans Vermeer: 

Jans Vermeer Indoor paintings as if you were there Subject is always holding something Use of indirect lighting Used texture to give depth

Vermeer Lady writing letter with her maid: 

Vermeer Lady writing letter with her maid

Vermeer Woman Sleeping: 

Vermeer Woman Sleeping

William Hogarth: 

William Hogarth English artist as a social critic Created the comic strip First political cartoonist Overcome England’s inferiority complex

Hogarth John Wilkes, Esquire : 

Hogarth John Wilkes, Esquire

Bedlam Hogarth: 

Bedlam Hogarth

El Greco – Domenikos Theotokopoulos: 

El Greco – Domenikos Theotokopoulos Emphasis on Counter-Reformation Mannerism Elongation of bodies Use of color – intense & unusual

Madonna & Child: 

Madonna & Child

Holy Trinity: 

Holy Trinity

Diego Velazquez: 

Diego Velazquez Spanish master Lifelike portraits Natural poses , no props Very influential and loved

Velazquez: 

Velazquez Pope Innocent X Juan de Pareja

Velazquez Venus at her mirror: 

Velazquez Venus at her mirror

Velazquez, Las Meninas: 

Velazquez, Las Meninas

Chardrin’s Silver Goblet: 

Chardrin’s Silver Goblet

Gentileschi’s Judith Beheading Holofernes : 

Gentileschi’s Judith Beheading Holofernes

Self Portrait: 

Self Portrait

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