Instruments of the Orchestra

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Instruments of the Orchestra : 

Instruments of the Orchestra By Amanda Thoms ED 205-11

The Instrument Families : 

The Instrument Families The instruments of the orchestra are organized into groups. Click on an instrument to learn more about its family. Author Slide Resources Quit

Strings : 

Strings To produce a sound on a string instrument, the musician pulls a bow across the strings. These instruments are made of wood. The string family includes the following instruments. Violin Viola Cello Double Bass Click on each instrument to learn more. Quit

Woodwinds : 

Woodwinds Woodwinds are instruments that are blown into to create a sound. Also, either now or in the past, they were constructed out of wood. In the orchestra, the woodwind family includes the following instruments. Flute Oboe Clarinet Bassoon Click on each instrument to learn more. Quit

Brass : 

Brass Brass instruments are blown into to make a sound. They are made from brass. The brass family includes the following instruments. French horn Trumpet Trombone Tuba Click on each instrument to learn more. Quit

Percussion : 

Percussion Percussion instruments in an orchestra include both drums and melody instruments. Drums Melody percussion Click on each instrument to learn more. Quit

Piano and Harp : 

Piano and Harp Piano and harp fall into their own category. They are struck to produce sound, which would make them percussion. They also have strings, which would make them a part of the string family. Instead they get their own category. Piano Harp Click on each instrument to learn more. Quit

Violin : 

Violin The Concertmaster plays this instrument. It uses the treble clef in its music. It is the highest sounding string instrument. Click the Violin to hear it played. Quit Strings

Viola : 

Viola While held like a violin, this instrument is larger than that instrument. It sounds lower than the violin but higher than the cello. It uses the treble and alto clefs in its music. Click on the viola to hear it played. Quit Strings

Cello : 

Cello The cello is always played sitting down. It sounds lower than the viola but higher than the double bass. It uses the bass and tenor clefs in its music. Click on the cello to hear it played. Quit Strings

Double Bass : 

Double Bass This instrument is played either standing up or sitting on a stool. It is the largest and lowest sounding string instrument. It uses the bass clef in its music. Click on the double bass to hear it played. Quit Strings

Flute : 

Flute The flute is considered a woodwind because it used to be made of wood. It is related to the bass flute and the piccolo. The musician must blow across the hole at the top of the flute to produce a sound. Click on the flute to hear it played. Quit Woodwinds

Oboe : 

Oboe It is a double-reed instrument. The oboe’s closest musical relative is the English horn. To make a sound, the musician blows into the double-reed until both reeds vibrate. Click on the oboe to hear it played. Quit Woodwinds

Clarinet : 

Clarinet The clarinet uses a single reed. It was not used in orchestras until the late 1700s. The musician blows into a mouthpiece that has a reed attached to produce a sound. Click on the clarinet to hear it played. Quit Woodwinds

Bassoon : 

Bassoon The bassoon is a double-reed instrument. The bassoon’s big brother, the contrabassoon is also used in orchestras. The musician blows into the double-reed to produce a sound. Click on the bassoon to hear it played. Quit Woodwinds

French Horn : 

French Horn The French horn is made of approximately 12 feet of brass tubing. The musician must keep his or her hand in the bell to control the sound. The musician must buzz his or her lips into the mouthpiece to produce a sound. Click on the French horn to hear it played. Quit Brass

Trumpet : 

Trumpet It has three valves that can be pressed down in different combinations for different notes. The musician must buzz his or her lips into the mouthpiece to produce a sound. Click on the trumpet to hear it played. Quit Brass

Trombone : 

Trombone It uses a moveable slide to hit the notes instead of valves or keys. The musician must buzz his or her lips into the mouthpiece to produce a sound. Click on the trombone to hear it played. Quit Brass

Tuba : 

Tuba It is the lowest sounding brass instrument. Tubas can be made with 3 or 4 valves. The musician must buzz his or her lips into the mouthpiece to produce a sound. Click on the tuba to hear it played. Quit Brass

Drums : 

Drums Drums are instruments that are struck with a mallet or the hand to produce a sound. They are used to add effect to orchestral music. Click on the drums on to hear them played. Quit Percussion

Melody Percussion : 

Melody Percussion Melody percussion, such as the xylophone, have bars that have specific pitches. These bars are hit with a mallet to produce sound. Click on the image to hear a marimba, which is another melody percussion instrument, played. Quit Percussion

Piano : 

Piano The piano is made of keys that are attached to little hammers. When a key is hit, the hammer hits a string, and a sound is produced. Click on the piano to hear it played. Quit Piano and Harp

Harp : 

Harp The harp has a different string for almost every note. The pitch of the strings can be adjusted while playing by using the pedals. Click on the harp to hear it played. Quit Piano and Harp

The Conductor : 

The Conductor The conductor makes decisions about how a piece will sound. He or she decides how loud or soft or how fast or slow everyone should play. The conductor uses a baton to show the entire group the beat. Click on the conductor to see him work. Quit

Author Slide : 

Author Slide My name is Amanda Thoms, and I am a music education major at Grand Valley State University. My specialty is beginning string education. I have played the violin for fourteen years, and I hope to one day teach in the orchestral setting. Send me an email. Quit

Resources : 

Resources http://www.musicwithease.com/music-instrument-pictures.html http://www.u.arizona.edu/~yshigena/clarinet.jpg http://media-2.web.britannica.com/eb-media/56/6456-004-C26AE00E.jpg http://www.beloitjanesvillesymphony.org/Timpani_6100-2.jpg http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rS5b5_V3pcY http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X_Rv83px6FU http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LU_QR_FTt3E&feature=related http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eqx143-xU4o&feature=related http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n25mDmcBC6E http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SapV2xkjwxo http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rckwsGRa--Q&feature=related http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dH24TFss5po http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=68tuMge6Fio http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2LhgpflBpAw http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zLfhRM6G0OU http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y75ryZC8LB0 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uuqH06sP0Bc http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FSDTQXK9jds&feature=related http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0epYgL0Baqk http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BBrSypv7y_E http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2pypUXtDgX0 Quit

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