Unit 1 Disaster Preparedness

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Citizen Corps: 

Citizen Corps The President has encouraged Americans to volunteer to improve and safeguard the nation. Areas of emphasis for volunteer efforts: Crime Natural Disasters Terrorism

Course Preview: 

Course Preview The scope of this course includes: Disaster Preparedness Fire safety Emergency medical operations Light search and rescue CERT organization Disaster psychology CERTs and terrorism

Unit 1 DISASTER PREPAREDNESS: 

Unit 1 DISASTER PREPAREDNESS Presented by COUNTY OF LOS ANGELES FIRE DEPARTMENT

Unit Objectives: 

Unit Objectives Describe the types of hazards to which your community is vulnerable Describe the functions of CERTs Identify preparedness steps

What is a Disaster?: 

What is a Disaster? “Any event that overwhelms existing resources to deal with the event” -- Webster’s Dictionary

Key Elements of Disasters: 

Key Elements of Disasters They are relatively unexpected. Emergency personnel may be overwhelmed. Lives, health, and the environment are endangered.

Effects on Infrastructure: 

Effects on Infrastructure Damage to transportation: Inability to assess damage accurately Ambulances prevented from reaching victims Police prevented from reaching areas of civil unrest Fire departments prevented from getting to fires Interruption to the flow of needed supplies

Effects on Infrastructure: 

Effects on Infrastructure Damage to structures: Damaged hospitals unable to function normally Increased risk of damage from falling debris

Effects on Infrastructure: 

Effects on Infrastructure Disrupted communication: Victims unable to call for help Coordination of services hampered

Effects on Infrastructure: 

Effects on Infrastructure Damage to utilities: Loss of utilities Increased risk of fire or electrical shock Loss of contact between victims and service providers Inadequate water supply Increased risk to public health

Effects on Infrastructure: 

Effects on Infrastructure Damage to fuel supplies: Increased risk of fire or explosion from fuel line rupture Risk of asphyxiation

Types of Disasters: 

Types of Disasters Natural Manmade Technological

An Earthquake Is . . .: 

An Earthquake Is . . . A sudden slipping or movement of a portion of the Earth’s crust, caused by a sudden release of stresses, usually less than 25 miles below the surface.

Likelihood of an Earthquake: 

Likelihood of an Earthquake The greatest likelihood of a major earthquake is in: The Western United States. The New Madrid Fault Zone in Missouri. A few pockets on the east coast.

Earthquake Statistics: 

Earthquake Statistics 15% of the population lives in zones of potential major disaster. Residents of California face the highest risk. Four million people along the New Madrid Fault Zone are at great risk. Residents of Massachusetts, North Carolina, and South Carolina are also at risk.

Richter Scale: 

Richter Scale Small: 5.0 to 5.9 Moderate: 6.0 to 6.9 Major: 7.0 to 7.9 Great: 8.0 or greater

Damage Caused by Earthquakes: 

Damage Caused by Earthquakes Collapsed buildings Damage to utilities, structures, and roads Fires and explosions Structural instability

Northridge Earthquake: 

Northridge Earthquake 6.7 magnitude Thousands of aftershocks - 4.0 to 5.0 magnitude 57 fatalities; more than 1,500 seriously injured Structural instability 12,500 structures moderately to severely damaged 11 major roads affected 442 CERT members

During an Earthquake: 

During an Earthquake Drop, cover, and hold. If indoors, stay there! If outdoors, find a spot away from buildings, trees, streetlights and power lines, and overpasses. If in a vehicle, drive to a clear spot and stop.

After an Earthquake: 

After an Earthquake Extinguish small fires. Clean up spills. Inspect home for damage. Help neighbors. Tune to Emergency Alert System (EAS). Expect aftershocks.

Preparing for an Emergency: 

Preparing for an Emergency CERTs should prepare by: Identifying potential hazards in their homes and workplaces. Reducing hazards, where possible. Developing a disaster supply kit.

Home/Workplace Preparedness: 

Home/Workplace Preparedness Structural and nonstructural hazard mitigation Individual preparedness: Assemble disaster supplies. Develop an emergency plan. Develop a safe room.

Earthquake Preparedness: 

Earthquake Preparedness Develop a home earthquake plan. Conduct earthquake drills. Develop a plan for reuniting family members. Identify an out-of-state family contact. Keep supplies on hand.

Earthquake Preparedness: 

Earthquake Preparedness Store heavy and breakable objects on low shelves. Secure bookshelves and water heaters. Install flexible pipe. Move beds away from windows. Move or secure hanging objects over beds, sofas, or chairs. Keep shoes and a flashlight under the bed.

Sample Structural Hazard Mitigation: 

Sample Structural Hazard Mitigation Bolt older houses to the foundations. Strap propane tanks. Raise utilities. Strap mobile homes to their slabs. Ask a professional to check foundation, roof connectors, chimney, etc.

Nonstructural Hazard Mitigation: 

Nonstructural Hazard Mitigation Anchor heavy furniture. Secure appliances and office equipment. Secure cabinet doors with childproof fasteners. Locate and label gas, electricity, and water shutoffs. Secure water heaters and have flexible gas lines installed.

Hazards From Home Fixtures: 

Hazards From Home Fixtures Gas line ruptures from displaced water heaters or ranges Damage from falling books, dishes, and other cabinet contents Electric shock from displaced appliances Fire from faulty wiring, overloaded plugs, or frayed electric cords

Responding To an Emergency: 

Responding To an Emergency CERTs should respond by: Locating and turning off utilities, if safe. Extinguishing small fires. Treating injuries. Conducting light search and rescue. Helping to relieve survivor stress.

Personal Safety: 

Personal Safety Personal safety measures vary depending on: The type of event. The amount of warning available. Location during the event (i.e., inside, outside, driving).

Sheltering In Place: 

Sheltering In Place Evacuation is not always the best way to stay safe. Staying inside the home, workplace, or other building can be a viable option. If citizens are not in immediate danger, they should listen to the Emergency Alert System (EAS) for instructions.

Planning to Shelter-In-Place: 

Planning to Shelter-In-Place Select an interior room (if possible, with a toilet, water, and phone). Ensure that the room is large enough for family or coworkers. Have disaster supply kit ready. Have snacks and books to make the situation more comfortable.

Procedures for Sheltering in Place: 

Procedures for Sheltering in Place Lock all doors and windows. Take disaster supply kit to the safe room. Tune to EAS for additional instructions.

Shelter-In-Place DON’TS: 

Shelter-In-Place DON’TS Don’t call the school or try to pick up children. Don’t leave your home or workplace until directed by the EAS. Don’t risk personal safety to save pets. STAY IN PLACE UNTIL TOLD THAT IT IS SAFE TO GO OUTSIDE!

The Emergency Operations Plan (EOP): 

The Emergency Operations Plan (EOP) Assigns responsibility to organizations and individuals Sets forth lines of authority Describes how people and property will be protected Identifies personnel, equipment, facilities, supplies, and other resources

CERTs: 

CERTs Assist existing first responders Assume many of the same functions as response personnel: Fire safety Light search and rescue Disaster medical operations

Nonemergency CERT Roles: 

Nonemergency CERT Roles CERT members can: Distribute preparedness materials. Staff first aid booths at special events. Assist with installation of smoke alarms.

Additional CERT Training Opportunities: 

Additional CERT Training Opportunities Shelter management Community relations Donations management Special needs concerns Debris removal Utilities control Advanced first aid Automated External Defibrillator use CPR Skills

Unit Summary : 

Unit Summary CERTs are among a variety of agencies and personnel who cooperate to provide assistance in the aftermath of a disaster or emergency. CERTs have proven themselves invaluable in the areas in which they were tested. CERTs have become a key component of the Citizen Corps program.

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