Haluk AHI GDLN4

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Slide1: 

GDLN Seminar on HPAI Vaccination , 17 Oct Ankara-Türkiye REPUBLIC OF TURKEY MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE AND RURAL AFFAIRS GENERAL DIRECTORATE PROTECTION AND CONTROL SITUATION IN TURKEY and LESSONS LEARNED By H.Haluk AŞKAROĞLU WB Project Coordinator

Vaccination Policy: 

Vaccination Policy At present, vaccination is not being implemented against AI in Turkey Determination of alternative vaccination strategies and programmes for worst case scenarios A decision has been taken at Ministerial level for the stocking of a certain amount of vaccine to be used in emergency cases

Slide3: 

MIGRATION ROUTES OF WILD BIRDS

PREPARATIONS AGAINST AI: 

PREPARATIONS AGAINST AI Preparations against possible AI outbreaks in Turkey were initiated in 2000. Legislative Framework (2000-2005) The AI contingency plan was enforced in 2005 Laboratory activities Identified to the Reference laboratories Strengthening Diagnostic Capacity A surveillance programme and epidemiological studies were initiated in 2002. 18,669 units of serum from 320 of 7848 establishments examined, No AI agent

PREPARATIONS AGAINST AI: 

PREPARATIONS AGAINST AI Training Activities Meetings held with Sector, Universities and the persons concerned News letter for producers , Published on website , Sent to provinces (2003) Data Base established Poultry data base updated (2002) Coordinates of Poultry establishments determined (2004) Import restrictions and checks frequencies increased Simuluation exersize carried out (4-9 September 2005)

Latest Outbreaks Information: 

Not reported until October 2005 2002 sero-survey: 18,669 units of serum from 320 of 7848 establishments examined, No AI agent First reported on 07-Oct-2005, single outbreak in free range turkeys in the west on the Aegean coast in Kızıksa, Manyas, Balıkesir provinces Successfully controlled without any local or long-distance spread Latest Outbreaks Information

Outbreaks Information (2006): 

Outbreaks Information (2006) A.I. Backyards and wild bird outbreaks in Turkey (01.05.2006) 200 Backyards outbreaks 30 Wild Birds outbreaks

Outbreaks Information(2007): 

Outbreaks Information(2007) On 05-Feb-07, report of mortality in village in Batman Further 17 outbreaks to date Limited to two provinces in the south east of the country Outbreak area roughly 60 km north south and 50km east west Ended of outbreaks 28-Feb-2007

Slide11: 

07001 Bogazkoy

GENERAL MEASURES IN OUTBREAKS: 

GENERAL MEASURES IN OUTBREAKS Activation of National and Local Disease Centres, Coordination with related Ministries and Units, Movement restrictions Restrictions on poultry dispatch, Hunt Ban, “Road checks” frequency increased in outbreak regions, Prohibiton of sales of live poultry in local markets, Checks frequency increased at Border gates,

GENERAL MEASURES IN OUTBREAKS: 

GENERAL MEASURES IN OUTBREAKS Support of Outbreak area Personnel, Protective clothes, Disinfection materials and instruments. Strengthening diagnosis capacity of Veterinary Laboratories Close cooperation with OIE, FAO, WHO and EU Dissemination of posters, leaflets and other printed material

GENERAL MEASURES IN OUTBREAKS: 

GENERAL MEASURES IN OUTBREAKS Scientific Committee on AI established, Surveillance and Monitoring Activities; Active clinical surveys conducted on backyard poultry,(1-28 March 2006) Clinical screenings in commercial poultry establishments, H5, H7 and H9 antibodies detected in Samsun

MEASURES IN OUTBREAK AREAS: 

MEASURES IN OUTBREAK AREAS Quick arrival in the outbreak/suspect area, inspection, observation, collection of samples Determination of sick and dead animals Sending of collected samples to the laboratory Temporary quarantine measures Restriction of movements Cleaning, disinfection and bio-security measures Provision of information 1

MEASURES IN OUTBREAK AREAS: 

MEASURES IN OUTBREAK AREAS Re-visits to the outbreak/suspect area until laboratory results are confirmed Regular reporting on the current situation Permanent quarantine measures and culling-destruction Payment of compensation for culled animals Strict road controls Permit of the transport of live animals only after the issuing of a veterinary health certificate

Slide18: 

PROTECTION ZONE Declaration of an infected zone of 3 km radius from the foci of infection. Stamping out of birds within the protection zone according to risk assessment. Strict quarantine measures. SURVEILLANCE ZONE Control zone of 7 km radius from the perimeter of the infected zone. Restriction of movement of poultry, animals and livestock product in the surveillance zone. Conduction of intensive surveys in holdings located within the surveillance zone.

ECONOMIC MEASURES (I): 

ECONOMIC MEASURES (I) Discussion of the issue in the meeting of the Evaluation Committee for Economic Problems Compensated culling and disposal of spent hens Slaughter and rendering of spent hens Deferment of tax dues and Social Security Organisation premiums of the sector

ECONOMIC MEASURES (II): 

ECONOMIC MEASURES (II) Forward sales of raw feed materials by the Turkish Grain Board Provision of low-interest long-term operating loans Deferment of electricity bills Increase of the poultry meat consumption of public organisations Poultry meat and egg subsidies to owners whose poultry have been culled

MEASURES AFTER OUTBREAK: 

MEASURES AFTER OUTBREAK Strategic Communication Working Group is established Posters, brochures and leaflets prepared TV spots prepared and revised KAP survey carried out Intersectorals and interagencies coordination provided Communication Strategy Implementation Plan prepared Amendments to Regulations Case decriptions changed

MEASURES AFTER OUTBREAK: 

MEASURES AFTER OUTBREAK Outbreaks Research Forms updated. Measures increased Province Governorships Regional Veterinary Control and Research Institutes Directorates Customs and Warehouse Directorates International Projects prepared (WB,EU,FAO)

MEASURES AFTER OUTBREAK (SURVEY STUDIES): 

MEASURES AFTER OUTBREAK (SURVEY STUDIES) Passive survey Active clinical surveys on backyard poultry Active clinical survey on commercial poultry Serological survey on backyard poultry Wild life survey studies

MEASURES AFTER OUTBREAK: 

MEASURES AFTER OUTBREAK “Ring test” studies between laboratories Training and information exchange meetings On Avian Influenza and Bio-security in Bolu ve Balıkesir Serologic survey in Sinop, Tokat, Elazığ and Kütahya H3, H5, H6, H7 ve H9 antibodies detected

Slide25: 

Contingency plans existed in MARA and MOH Provincial authorities were informed about Contingency plans previously Initial public awareness campaign was rapid and strong which minimised panic Collaboration established between MOH and MARA Co-operation with NGOs developed and strengthened What were the strengths?

Slide26: 

Communication not well established at local level. Different TV spots produced by MARA and MOH: some messages targeted differently What were the weaknesses?

EXPERIENCES (I): 

EXPERIENCES (I) Increase in public awareness has led to increase in disease notification Decrease has occurred in the consumption of poultry meat and eggs The flow of samples to laboratories has increased The bio-safety of laboratories may be at risk

EXPERIENCES (II): 

EXPERIENCES (II) The social status of veterinarians has evolved Commercial establishments may take advantage Emergency funds must be put in place to compensate for the economic loss of the poultry sector

CONCLUSION: 

CONCLUSION Struggle with disease is also possible without vaccination Compansation fund should be established Cooperation between National and International organizations should be strengthened More effective monitoring and surveillance should be obtained Diagnostic services have been strengthened Special culling teams should be established depending on the culling strategies Necessary resources should be provided

THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION: 

THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION

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