EU Constitution

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The European Constitution: 

The European Constitution Presented by Eveline Prelipceanu AIVb (2004/05) constitution = Verfassung

HISTORY of TREATIES: 

HISTORY of TREATIES Treaty of Paris 1951 Treaties of Rome 1957 Single European Act 1986 Maastricht Treaty 1992 Amsterdam Treaty 1997 Nice Treaty 2001 The European Constitution 2004 treaty=(Staats)vertrag

WHY DO WE NEED A CONSTITUTION?: 

Proposing a better division of Member State competences Establishing a simplification and incorporation of Fundamental Rights Proposing measures to increase democracy, transparency and efficiency WHY DO WE NEED A CONSTITUTION? to establish= aufstellen, errichten

3 PHASES: 

3 PHASES PREPARATION STAGE NEGOTIATION STAGE RATIFICATION STAGE Stage= Stadium

PREPARATION STAGE: 

European Convention on the Future of Europe 28th February 02 – 20th June 03 PROCEEDINGS Dates, topics and documents were collected Contributions by members of the Convention CONVENTION RESULTS Draft Treaty of a Constitution PREPARATION STAGE Convention=Versammlung, Draft = Ausarbeitung

Slide6: 

Convention

NEGOTIATION STAGE: 

Intergovernmental Conference under Italian EU Presidency Rome 4th Oct. – Brussels 13th Dec. 03 Push by Irish Presidency inaugurated on 1 January – June 2004 Official Enlargement of EU 25 member states on 1 May 2004 NEGOTIATION STAGE

RATIFICATION STAGE (1): 

Approvment by the EU at the European Council Brussels: 18th June 2004 signed in Rome: 29th October 2004 Candidate countries only signed Final Act Bulgaria, Romania, Turkey observer nation Croatia participated as an observer, as it had not been represented in the Convention RATIFICATION STAGE (1) to approve of s.th. = etw. genehmigen

Slide9: 

Heads of state and government took signed the EU Constitution in the same room where the Treaty of Rome was signed in 1957.

RATIFICATION STAGE (2): 

RATIFICATION STAGE (2) Member States need Ratification by referendum in: Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Ireland, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Spain, UK by Parliament in: Austria, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Greece, Italy, Lithuania, Malta, Slovenia, Sweden No decision has been made yet concerning the ratification process in: Hungary, Latvia, Slovakia

DRAFT TREATY OF EUROPEAN CONSTITUTION: 

DRAFT TREATY OF EUROPEAN CONSTITUTION Articles

DEFINITION AND OBJECTIVES OF THE UNION : 

DEFINITION AND OBJECTIVES OF THE UNION „Reflecting the will of the citizens and States of Europe to build a common future“ „The Union shall be open to all European States“

COMPETENCIES: 

COMPETENCIES trade issues currency policy for Euro zone members environment and energy policy

FOREIGN POLICY: 

FOREIGN POLICY EU Foreign Minister selected by the EUROPEAN COUNCIL security policy

MAJORITY VOTING: 

MAJORITY VOTING Elimination of veto rights Replaced with QUALIFIED MAJORITY VOTING EU member states vote represent 60% of the European population

THE RIGHT TO SUE: 

THE RIGHT TO SUE Parliaments of member states challenge EU decisions EXIT CLAUSE Constitution lays out process country could leave the EU Sue = verklagen, Exit Clause = Austritt

Thanks For Your Attention!: 

Thanks For Your Attention! http://www.unizar.es/euroconstitucion/Home.htm

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