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Five Competence Centers approved by the ETH Board: 

CCES Environment & Sustainability CCEM-CH Energy & Mobility CCMX Material Sciences SystemsX.ch Systems Biology NCCBI Bio-Medical Imaging Five Competence Centers approved by the ETH Board

Competence Center Environment & Sustainability: 

Competence Center Environment & Sustainability Participants Vision & mission History Strategic goals Organization Activities www.cces.ethz.ch/

Participants: 

ETHZ S-ENETH D-BAUG WSL EAWAG EPFL ENAC (School of Architecture, Civil & Environmental Engineering) Universities & other ETH units (D-GESS, D-MTEC, PSI, EMPA) Interface to industry, federal offices, SNF, EU Participants

Vision: 

A new thinking and priority setting needs to be established, based on sound scientific and engineering knowledge to integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programs within the next 10 years. CCES aims at providing the scientific basis for this integration in Switzerland and as a global player. Vision

Mission: 

To facilitate the integration of the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programs To identify the relevant questions before they become problems and to provide appropriate answers to foster the sustainable development of our future society while minimizing the impact on the environment To achieve excellence in education and research and focus research and applications on themes crucial for our future, ranging from climate and environment changes to food safety, sustainable land-use, natural resources and the management of natural risks Mission

History I: 

History I March 23, 2001: Postulate National Councillor B. Haering „Evaluation of the Research Institutes“ accepted by the National Assembly 2003: Strategic positioning of the Research Institutes (ending on July 3) and auto-evaluation of the Institutes (starting on Oct. 22) Aug. 25/26, 2004: Convention (Klausur) „Future of the Research Institutes“ (participants of ETH-Domain institutions)  involve also ETH’s to strengthen the entire Domain and to evolve Competence Centers  CCES proposed by Eawag, WSL and D-UWIS: 1 out of 4 areas of interest Nov. 24, 2004: First meeting of the Steering Panel of CCES Dec. 16, 2004: 4 Competence Centers formally approved by the Board of the ETH Domain. First phase 2006-2007, funding 45 MCHF. ETHZ designated Leading House of CCES March 23/24, 2005: Project organization, and principles for research area-oriented funding formally approved by the Board of the ETH Domain March-May 2005: Planning Panel of the CCES develops a first version of the business plan including Joint Research Areas

History II: 

History II June 28/29, 2005: The Board of the ETH Domain approves the structural principles of the CCs and requests revisions Sept. 8/9, 2005: Approves final structures of 3 CCs and requests business plans describing their implementation and financial plans Nov. 3, 2005: Business plan including resource planning and concepts for 5 ERUs submitted to the Board of the ETH Domain Dec. 13/14, 2005: Approval of the business plan and financial decisions by the Board of the ETH Domain Jan. 1, 2006: CCES starts !! Feb. 22, 2007: Report 2006 submitted to ETH Board March 23-24, 2007: ETH Board approves CCs for 2008-2011 June 14, 2007: CCs apply for funding 2008-2011 July 3-4, 2007: ETH Board approves funding to CCs for 2008-2011

Strategic goals overview: 

Achieve a visible societal impact with a focus on socio-economic implementation Establish the CCES partners as international and national focal point for environment and sustainability Achieve a long-term structuring effect lasting beyond the completion of the CCES Establish a strong Education & Outreach program Strategic goals overview

Goal 1: Achieve a visible societal impact with a focus on socio-economic implementation: 

Identify key societal benefit areas Increase the significance of the North-South dialog Unify initiatives in sustainability in the ETH Domain Establish strategic alliances (i.e. China, India, Singapore) Establish cooperation with institutions with similar mandate (i.e. Earth Institute) Focus on technology transfer and capacity building for developing countries Focus on implementation and solutions Involve industry and finance sectors Involve federal and cantonal offices Goal 1: Achieve a visible societal impact with a focus on socio-economic implementation

Goal 2: Establish the CCES partners as international and national focal point for environment and sustainability: 

Foster major advancements in research Start large-scale collaborative projects Achieve a leading presence in EU FP7 Increase overall critical mass on key themes Secure third-party funding Foster passion and personal engagement Promote the ETH Domain institutions better Make optimal use of existing strengths Goal 2: Establish the CCES partners as international and national focal point for environment and sustainability

Goal 3: Achieve a long-term structuring effect lasting beyond the completion of the CCES: 

Integrate the research activities of ETHZ, EPFL, WSL and EAWAG Focus the research profile of the participating institutions Identify strengths and weaknesses Provide input for future strategic planning and restructuring Align with the strategic planning of the institutions Shift to new mechanism of large-scale, targeted research Promote interdisciplinary work at the interfaces Goal 3: Achieve a long-term structuring effect lasting beyond the completion of the CCES

Goal 4: Establish a strong Education & Outreach program: 

Master curricula on main CCES themes, e.g. “Natural Hazards and Risk Management”, “Forest- and Landscape Management” Course blocks on the fundamentals of sustainability for Bachelor and Master levels Focus on capacity building for developing countries Graduate School on Environment and Sustainability Program for visiting scholars Thematic workshops Education to elementary and high-school level Corporate communication strategy Sustainability Forum, with involvement of exponents from politics and business Goal 4: Establish a strong Education & Outreach program

Organization: Activities : 

Education & Research Units (ERU) Sustainable Land Use Climate and Environmental Change Food, Environment and Health Natural Resources Natural Hazards and Risks Integrative Elements Education and Outreach Research Platforms, Swiss Experiment and Center for Genetic Diversity Optimization of environmental services Strategic planning Policy support and decision making Organization: Activities

Slide14: 

Organization: Organization Chart

Organization: Funding and resources: 

Target duration 10 years, 2006-2015 Funding approved by the ETH Board: 2006-2007: 10 MCHF (engaged in 2007) 2008: 5 MCHF Three-part funding scheme secured from (1) the ETH-Board, (2) dedicated resources by the participating institutions, (3) third-party funding (industry, SNF, EU, federal offices) Target budget: ~25 MCHF / yr overall budget Re-orientation and focusing of the critical mass and excellence in science and engineering already existing at ETHZ, EPFL, EAWAG and WSL Strong potential for external fund-raising Organization: Funding and resources

Organization: Management Committee: 

Director Giardini D-ERDW ERU Leaders SULU Ghazoul D-UWIS; Kienast WSL CLENCH Peter D-UWIS; Buchmann D-AGRL FEH Eggen EAWAG NatuRe Wüest EAWAG; Barry EPFL HazRi Parlange EPFL; Springman D-ERDW; Lehning WSL Social Sci. Bernauer D-GESS Economics Bretschger D-MTEC North-South Kinzelbach D-BAUG Executive Manager Gotsch ETHZ Organization: Management Committee

Activities: Research Projects I: 

High relevance for sustainability Building the ERU profile High scientific excellence No business-as-usual: large-scale collaborative projects, more than 1 CCES institution Duration 3-5 years, Budget 2-5 MCHF Comprehensive proposals, with three-part funding scheme Clear milestones, deliverables, management plan, risk assessment Expected 15-20 projects for 5 ERUs after 1-2 yr Expected ~200 dedicated CCES FTE (of which 150 new) Activities: Research Projects I

Activities: Research Projects II: 

Consistency screening by Management Committee Research Commission (enlarged ETHZ FoK) conducts rigorous international peer-review MC builds a comprehensive implementation plan for each ERU: research projects + E&O + IEs Approval by Steering Board Periodical evaluation by Advisory Board 3 deadlines for projects per year: April 15, Sept 1, Jan 15 Activities: Research Projects II

Projects running: 

Projects running Starting date in parentheses CLENCH BIGLINK (May 1, 2007): Biosphere geosphere interactions: linking climate change, weathering, soil formation and ecosystem evolution BIOCHANGE (April 1, 2007): Genetic diversity, contemporary evolution and the maintenance of biodiversity in changing alpine environments HazRi EXTREMES (July 1, 2007): Spatial extremes and environmental sustainability TRAMM (Nov. 1, 2006): Triggering of Rapid Mass Movements in Steep Terrain NatuRe ADAPT (Oct. 1, 2006): African Dams Project (1 yr pilot phase) RECORD (April 1, 2007): Assessment and Modeling of Coupled Ecological and Hydrological Dynamics in the Restored Corridor of a River

BIGLINK: Biosphere geosphere interactions: linking climate change, weathering, soil formation and ecosystem evolution: 

BIGLINK: Biosphere geosphere interactions: linking climate change, weathering, soil formation and ecosystem evolution Global change has important implications for weathering, soil formation and soil organic matter accumulation, but these interactions are not well understood. We propose a unique multidisciplinary approach aimed at a better understanding of the processes driving soil and ecosystem development. We will study the processes associated with initial weathering in previously glaciated mountain areas. The work will be conducted on the forefield of the Damma glacier in Switzerland, which provides a useful chrono-sequence and is logistically conveniently located.

BIOCHANGE: Genetic diversity, contemporary evolution and the maintenance of biodiversity in changing alpine environments: 

BIOCHANGE: Genetic diversity, contemporary evolution and the maintenance of biodiversity in changing alpine environments This project stems from the interface of ecology, evolutionary biology, and research on environmental change in alpine ecosystems Our goal is to develop sustainable biodiversity management practices and guidelines which is threatened by climate change, habitat fragmentation, and invasive species. To manage the biodiversity crisis and maintain vital ecosystem function we need to understand the processes promoting and eroding genetic diversity and adaptive potential at the local and global levels of populations and species. We develop integrative biodiversity management models to build predictive models of biodiversity change.

EXTREMES: Spatial extremes and environmental sustainability: 

EXTREMES: Spatial extremes and environmental sustainability To enable scientists from a variety of disciplines to work together to improve our understanding of extreme environmental events, with emphasis on avalanches, precipitation, temperature extremes, earthquake risk, and stratospheric ozone. The intention is to undertake methodological development in spatiotemporal statistical analysis of extremes, and to apply the results to these different domains of application, in order to obtain the best predictive models achievable. Work will also be undertaken on the limits of predictability of extreme events.

TRAMM: Triggering of Rapid Mass Movements in Steep Terrain : 

TRAMM: Triggering of Rapid Mass Movements in Steep Terrain This project investigates the release and transition to flow of shallow landslides, debris flows and snow avalanches. In that context the objectives are: - To study the roles of heterogeneity and criticality of hydro-mechanical hill-slope processes - To formulate a framework that capitalizes on similarities between these different mass movements. - To develop experimental, statistical and analytical methods which can be used for risk management.

ADAPT: The African Dams Project: 

ADAPT: The African Dams Project Develop an integrated set of analytical tools that helps in systematically and comprehensively assessing the ecological and socio-economic effects of: (i) existing dams in the Zambezi Basin and deriving options for improved dam operation; (ii) projects for new dams and water transfers in the Zambezi Basin and (iii) possible alternative designs that might provide a more preferable balance of ecological and socio-economic benefits and costs.

RECORD: Assessment and Modeling of Coupled Ecological and Hydrological Dynamics in the Restored Corridor of a River: 

RECORD: Assessment and Modeling of Coupled Ecological and Hydrological Dynamics in the Restored Corridor of a River River restoration to achieve “good ecological status” How does the near-river corridor function in terms of River-groundwater exchange? Biogeochemical transformations? Ecology? Effects of river restoration on water quality in rivers and pumping wells? Comprehensive field studies: Geophysical surveys Well transects Physical & Chemical Monitoring Ecological surveys Development of coupled models (hydrology + reactions + ecology)

Projects approved: 

Projects approved CLENCH CLIMPOL: Climate Policy Design for Enhanced Technological Innovation IMBALANCE: Impact of Biomass Burning Aerosol on Air Quality and Climate IMBALANCE: Impact of Biomass Burning Aerosol on Air Quality and Climate MAIOLICA: Modelling and experiments on land-surface interactions with atmospheric chemistry and climate FEH BactFlow: Impact of environmental "stealth" pathogens on food safety and human health GEDIHAP: The role of genetic diversity in host-pathogen interactions in dynamic environments HazRi APUNCH: Advanced Process Understanding and Prediction of Hydrological Extremes and Complex Hazards COGEAR: Coupled seismogenic GeoHazards in Alpine Regions NatuRe GEOTHERM: geothermal reservoir processes - research towards the creation and sustainable use of enhanced geothermal systems SuLu MOUNTLAND: Sustainable land-use practices in mountain regions ENHANCE: Enhancing ecosystem connectivity – a benefit for nature and society?

CLIMPOL: Climate Policy Design for Enhanced Technological and Institutional Innovation: 

CLIMPOL: Climate Policy Design for Enhanced Technological and Institutional Innovation Today we have knowledge of a great variety of technological and institutional innovations being able to reduce future CO2 emissions and to reduce climate change induced societal damages. However, most of these technological and institutional innovations are far from getting any chance of implementation. This project tries to bridge the gap between availability and implementation of technologies and institutions which could reduce or mitigate climate change problems. We will identify adequate incentives and policy structures so that the implementation of new technologies as well as institutions can be expected and a higher degree of sustainability can be reached.

IMBALANCE: Impact of Biomass Burning Aerosol on Air Quality and Climate: 

IMBALANCE: Impact of Biomass Burning Aerosol on Air Quality and Climate Wood combustion and other biomass burning are renewable energy sources, and means to reduce global CO2-emissions. At the same time, biomass burning produces high emissions of particulate matter. Aerosol particles exert a climate forcing and have adverse health effects affecting population morbidity and mortality. In this project physical and chemical properties of emissions caused by biomass burning will be characterized. The aging processes in the atmosphere and their effects on hygroscopic growth and cloud formation will be studied. An economic model will assess the external costs of wood combustion versus those of other sources of energy production.

MAIOLICA: Modelling and experiments on land-surface interactions with atmospheric chemistry and climate: 

MAIOLICA: Modelling and experiments on land-surface interactions with atmospheric chemistry and climate This project aims at improving our understanding of fundamental processes that contribute to greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from temperate, mid-latitude terrestrial and lake ecosystems and at investigating the interactions and feedbacks among the terrestrial biosphere, atmospheric composition and climate using various experimental and modeling approaches at local, regional and global scales. In addition to continuous stationary measurements, an aircraft campaign will provide an integrated assessment of CO2 and non-CO2 GHG emissions over heterogeneous landscapes. A central feature of the project is the close cooperation between field experimentalists and modelers.

BactFlow: Impact of environmental "stealth" pathogens on food safety and human health: 

BactFlow: Impact of environmental "stealth" pathogens on food safety and human health Transmission of pathogens from the environmental to the human body via food or water represents an important pathway posing obvious threats to human health. The key objectives of this project are: evaluation of the environmental reservoirs of food-borne pathogens; strategies and mechanisms pathogens pursue to become ‘invisible’, allowing an incognito transfer from the environment to food and humans; horizontal gene transfer within the human gut microbiota or protozoa; impact of ‘stealth pathogens’ on the human health, gut microbiology and the immune system. Environmental amoeba which have ingested green fluorescent protein-labeled Listeria cells

GEDIHAP: The role of genetic diversity in host-pathogen interactions in dynamic environments: 

GEDIHAP: The role of genetic diversity in host-pathogen interactions in dynamic environments Infectious diseases have major adverse effects on the environment, food supplies, and human and societal health. Genetic diversity has a major influence on the impact of infectious diseases, and infectious diseases can have a major impact on genetic diversity. Several research groups work on the interplay between genetic diversity and infectious diseases, and between genetic diversity and the influence of dynamic environments. The proposed project offers the binding agent that could lead to development of a world leading competence center in the arena of ecology and evolution of infectious diseases. Plasmodium falciparum, causal agent of malaria.

APUNCH: Advanced Process Understanding and Prediction of Hydrological Extremes and Complex Hazards: 

APUNCH: Advanced Process Understanding and Prediction of Hydrological Extremes and Complex Hazards Recent flood events in Switzerland and across Europe have pointed out several deficiencies of the planning and prediction methods used for flood risk mitigation. The goal of this project is to gain a comprehensive and process chain based insight into the response of Alpine watersheds hit by storm rainfall events. Acombination of targeted laboratory with comprehensive and concurrent multiprocess field monitoring is expected to provide the new insights into the interaction mechanisms of the process chain, thus allowing the formulation of improved or new process models.

COGEAR: Coupled seismogenic GeoHazards in Alpine Regions: 

COGEAR: Coupled seismogenic GeoHazards in Alpine Regions This is interdisciplinary natural hazard project investigates the hazard chain induced by earthquakes. We will study non-linear wave propagation phenomena, liquefaction and the triggering of landslides in soils and rocks as well as the potential of earthquake-induced snow avalanches. Our focus will be on the physics of non-linear processes in relation to topography, geological disposition and slope stability. The Valais, and parts of the Rhone, Visper and Matter valleys specifically have been selected as study areas.

GEOTHERM: geothermal reservoir processes - research towards the creation and sustainable use of enhanced geothermal systems: 

GEOTHERM: geothermal reservoir processes - research towards the creation and sustainable use of enhanced geothermal systems The proposed work will contribute to understanding and developing an alternative and sustainable energy resource free of CO2-emission. Novel observation techniques and new process-simulation tools will be developed, partly building on data provided as a major ‘in-kind’ contribution by the industrial developers of a project started in Basle in 2006. The overall aim of the project is to better understand the relevant processes and improve the predictability of enhanced geothermal systems for more extensive use in Switzerland and worldwide.

MOUNTLAND: Sustainable land-use practices in mountain regions: 

MOUNTLAND: Sustainable land-use practices in mountain regions The primary goal of this project is to contribute to the development of adapted land use practices for mountain regions that warrant the life-supporting services required for sustainable development, and that are economically and ecologically efficient, and socially and politically feasible. The proposed study considers changes in both climate and land use simultaneously, and explicitly investigates feedback effects from changing socio-economic and political conditions to land use and adaptation to climate change. The project integrates research in various fields of ecosystem dynamics, economics and political science.

ENHANCE: enhancing ecosystem connectivity – a benefit for nature and society?: 

ENHANCE: enhancing ecosystem connectivity – a benefit for nature and society? ENHANCE tests and evaluates ecosystem connectivity with state-of-the art molecular genetic experiments and population-dynamic analysis to quantify species-specific population viability in aquatic and terrestrial habitats prior and after structural connectivity is enhanced with experimental interventions. Since enhancing ecosystem connectivity is a nature conservation and management issue of highest priority we will provide a societal and economic assessment of recently performed and future interventions that aim at increasing structural connectivity. Special emphasis is given to evaluating people’s attitudes and perception towards ecosystem enhancement.

Projects under evaluation: 

CLENCH TerraWat: Terrestrial Water and Climate Change in Central Europe NatuRe GUNS: Governance of uncertainties within creeping, human-induced developments SuLu ILUMod: Integrated Land-Use Modeling Projects under evaluation

TerraWat: Terrestrial Water and Climate Change in Central Europe: 

TerraWat: Terrestrial Water and Climate Change in Central Europe Water as a valuable human and ecological resource will be affected by climate change. TerraWat seeks to estimate the effects of climate and climate variability on the provision, use and fate of terrestrial water, and to determine the most relevant land (sub)surface feedbacks to the atmospheric water cycle and the climate system on a range of temporal and spatial scales. The project wants (i) to synthesize observational information on terrestrial water storage and ecosystem processes; (ii) to use regional and global climate models to investigate the relevant interactions; (iii) to assess the likely impact of climate change on the future quality and quantity of water resources.

GUNS: Governance of uncertainties within creeping, human-induced developments: 

GUNS: Governance of uncertainties within creeping, human-induced developments Humanity and environment are facing a set of creeping risks: potential, highly negatively evaluated outcomes or system states, which emerge form slow or unexpected, somewhat covert human induced developments. The project targets to analytically investigate source and nature of creeping risk in human induced developments and incorporated uncertainties. An important part of the project is to define and to classify different management and intervention strategies such as prevention, mitigation, and adaptation. The goal of the project research is to make creeping risk better accessible, comprehensible and thus contribute to societal risk literacy.

ENHANCE: Enhancing ecosystem connectivity – a benefit for nature and society?: 

ENHANCE: Enhancing ecosystem connectivity – a benefit for nature and society? Molecular genetics: Evaluation of landscape connectivity with/without experimental intervention Molecular genetic methods and population-dynamics Landscape modelling: Linking structural connectivity measures with species- specific responses Calibrating models to up-scale local empirical findings Various biotic and spatial scales Societal and economic evaluation: Enhancing ecosystem connectivity is a nature conservation and management issue of highest priority Societal and economic assessment of recent and future connectivity interventions that aim at increasing structural connectivity Evaluating people’s attitudes and perception towards ecosystem enhancement Habitats Molecular genetics Landscape modelling: scenarios, experimental interventions Societal and economic evaluation

ILUMOD: Integrated Land-Use Modeling: 

ILUMOD: Integrated Land-Use Modeling Previous research in land-use land-cover change indicates that there are a few high-level symptoms that are driving land use change. This project aims at scanning and evaluating possible pathways of future development that transforms area-specific land-use systems in a way that maintains or improves the provision of ecosystem goods and services while minimizing the rate at which we alter the land-use system. It will follow and integrated assessment modeling approach that couples socio-economic with biophysical system models. Modeling of the socio-economic system will be based on agent-based modeling.

Activities: Research Platforms: 

Common needs and requirements identified by ERUs Working groups to produce a strategy document, identifying needs, resources and implementation plan Examples of platforms under discussion: Scientific and environmental services High-Performance Computing Access to analytical labs and research infrastructures Swiss Experiment Center for Genetic Diversity GIS / geodata / remote sensing data Singapore-ETH Platform Activities: Research Platforms

Activities: Research Platform Swiss Experiment: 

Select sites to provide long-term continuity and technical development in environmental monitoring Infrastructure development New backbone for data acquisition Innovative monitoring sensors and networks Data mining and data visualization Focus on natural hazards and environmental change Identify key scientific questions 10-years CCES build-up plan Support and involvement of Cantons and Bund Link to alert and monitoring services A Euro-class infrastructure for FP7 TA support Activities: Research Platform Swiss Experiment

Activities: Research Platform Center for Genetic Diversity (seed funding): 

The analysis of genetic diversity is essential for understanding and predicting the consequences of environmental change for natural populations, for developing sustainable silviculture and agriculture, and for improving food production. Research on genetic diversity forms a central part of the CCES research projects GEDIHAP and BioChange. Therefore CCES supports the establishment of the research platform Center for Genetic Diversity (CGD) with seed funding. Activities: Research Platform Center for Genetic Diversity (seed funding)

Activities: Education & Outreach – Background : 

Development of joint education and outreach (E&O) activities is mandated as a strategic task of CCES Work group on education and outreach established in September 2006 Meetings with numerous stakeholders from all CCES institutions Business plan prepared Decision on implementation postponed until financial situation of CCES is clarified Activities: Education & Outreach – Background

Activities: Education & Outreach – goals and planned activities: 

Activities: Education & Outreach – goals and planned activities Goals: Transfer knowledge and know-how on all levels from basic training to advanced programs Promote exchange and communication within CCES Offer an integral program by harmonizing existing offers and fill gaps with new activities and optimally co-ordinate and complement existing education and outreach activities in a subsidiary way Activities: Graduate program Continuing education program Common communication strategy Primary and secondary education

Activities: Coordinating and restructuring Hazards & Risks activities in the ETH Domain: 

Coordination of Teaching and Continued Education Scientific Exchange / Communication Transfer of ETH Knowledge to Private Industry and Administration Strengthen the Visibility on the National Level International Representation of the ETH Domain Natural Hazard Community Activities: Coordinating and restructuring Hazards & Risks activities in the ETH Domain

Activities: Pilot project for a public private partnership in natural hazards – background: 

Increasing demand of property insurers and providers of financial services for sound methods and instruments to identify, handle and assess natural hazards they cover in their portfolio Thematic and methodological know-how to develop and advance natural hazards, risk-management methods and instruments exists in the ETH Domain but are scattered Steering Board approved 2 year pilot project Activities: Pilot project for a public private partnership in natural hazards – background

Activities: Pilot project for a public private partnership in natural hazards – goals: 

To develop selective risk-management products according to the needs of the financial industry as well as the cantonal buildings insurances based on the know-how of the ETH Domain as well as on the expertise of financial service providers; To test suggested work-flow organization and process Activities: Pilot project for a public private partnership in natural hazards – goals

Activities: Pilot project for a public private partnership in natural hazards – next steps: 

Kick-off workshop in autumn 2007 Implementation of the project organization Start of first projects Activities: Pilot project for a public private partnership in natural hazards – next steps Further information: Dr. Christoph Hegg, project manager, WSL, e-mail: christoph.hegg@wsl.ch

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