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Norway: The Nation of Peace: 

Norway: The Nation of Peace A TID Scholarship Project by Harry “Tor” Merickel Click for next slide

The Man Behind the Prize: 

The Man Behind the Prize Alfred Bernhard Nobel was born on October 21, 1833 in Stockholm, Sweden. Died on December 10, 1896. Alfred went into the explosives business when he was 28, starting an explosives factory near his house. His younger brother was killed at the plant in an explosion. He was made rich and famous by creating and patenting the explosive dynamite. Promoted and researched how to safely use and manufacture explosives.

Creating the Prize: 

Creating the Prize In his will, Alfred Nobel instructed that his estate of nearly $9 million be put into a fund controlled by what would later become known as the Nobel Foundation. The first set of Nobel Peace Prize was first awarded in 1901. It was awarded to Jean Henri Dunant and Frederic Passy. Alfred Nobel stated in his will that the prize should be awarded "to the person who shall have done the most or the best work for fraternity between the nations, for the abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the holding and promotion of peace congresses". When receiving this award, laureates are giving a monetary prize that is in the range of $1 million American dollars.

Past Laureates: 

Past Laureates 1906: Former U.S. President Theodore “Teddy” Roosevelt. 1922: Fritjodf Nansen of Norway. 1979: Mother Teresa of India. 1994: Former PLO chairman Yasser Arafat 2002: Former U.S. President Jimmy Carter

Norway’s Role : 

Norway’s Role At the time of Nobel’s death, Norway and Sweden were still in a union. Since Norway’s government could only deal with domestic issues, Nobel requested that the Norwegian’s award the prize for peace. This was done to avoid having foreign countries pressure the committee to present the award to someone from their country. Today the Norwegian Nobel committee is appointed by the Norwegian Storting (Parliament).

“The Team” Norwegian Nobel Committee : 

“The Team” Norwegian Nobel Committee Chairman: Dr. Ole Danbolt Mjøs Deputy Chairman: Berge Furre Sissel Marie Rønbeck Inger-Marie Ytterhorn Kacy Kullman Five Dr. Ole Mjøs

Norway = Peace: 

Norway = Peace Norway has been involved in peacemaking since WWII. After WWII, Norway was a key figure in creating the charter of the United Nations in 1945. Norway also provided the first Secretary- General of the UN, Trygve Lie. Norway was also very influential in the founding of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, or NATO.

Oslo Accords: 

Oslo Accords Although Norway has been involved in peacemaking since the 1950’s, its breakthrough as a peacemaker came in 1993 during the Oslo Accords. A meeting was held in Oslo and was attended by US President Bill Clinton, Israeli PM Yitzhak Rabin, and Palestinian PM Ariel Sharon. Norway acted as the mediator in the meetings, which laid out the basic principles for peace between Israel and the Palestinians.

The Mediator: 

The Mediator Norway has now become a very involved peacemaker round the world. Bogota, Colombia: Norway acts as a peacemaker between the Columbian government and FARC (Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia.) Sri Lanka: Norway mediates a cease-fire between the Tamil Tigers and the Sri Lankan government. The talk for peace continues still today.

TSUNAMI RELIEF: 

TSUNAMI RELIEF The tsunami that struck the Bande Ache region of the Indian Ocean severely affected Norway. Many Norwegian lives were lost in the ordeal and the effect was felt through out Norway. The Norwegian government gave over $175, 000, 000 USD in relief to the tsunami victims, while the Norwegian public contributed $89,000,000 USD to the cause. The total put Norway 4th in terms of money donated as a percentage of GDP. This is very impressive since Norway has a large GDP compared to the three in front of it on the list.

Bibliography: 

Bibliography “Humanitarian response to the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake.” http://www. Wikipedia.com. 8.8.2005. “Alfred Nobel.” http://www. Wikipedia.com. 8.8.2005. “Nobel Peace Prize.” http://www.encarta.msn.com. 15.7.2005 Seabol, Lydia. “The Power of Peace.” Viking Magazine. 6.2005. HEIA NORGE!

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