The Present Simple ppt

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pRESENT SIMPLE

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English Practicing

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TENSES THE

The Present Simple:

The Present Simple

The Usages of the Present Simple:

USE 1: Repeated Actions USE 2: Facts or Generalizations The Usages of the Present Simple

Use 1:

Use 1 Use the Present Simple to express the idea that an action is repeated or usual . The action can be a habit, a hobby, a daily event, a scheduled event or something that often happens. It can also be something a person often forgets or usually does not do. USE 1: Repeated Actions

Examples:

Examples - I tennis. - She play tennis. - The train every morning at 8 am. - The train leave at 9am. Subject + (Verb ) + (s, es) + Object play does not leaves does not

USE 2: Facts or Generalizations      :

USE 2: Facts or Generalizations The Present Simple can also indicate the speaker believes that a fact was true before, is true now, and will be true in the future. It is not important if the speaker is correct about the fact . It is also used to make generalizations about people or things.

Examples:

. - Cats milk. - Birds like milk. - Windows made of glass. - Windows made of wood. Examples Subject + ( Verb ) + ( s, es ) + Object like do not are are not

Grammatical View:

Present Simple, third person singular Note: he, she, it in the third person singular the verb, always ends in : s he want s she need s Grammatical View A :

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Add es to verbs ending in: ss x sh ch he pa ss she cat ch he fi x it pu sh B . o es es es es He g o es

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Verbs ending in y ;the third person changes the to ies fly fl cry C: y ies cr ies Exception : If there is a vowel before the : y s pray play play pray s

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§ Negative and question forms use DO or DOES (=the third person of the auxiliary ' DO ' ) + the infinitive of the verb. He want s . Does he want? He does not want.

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. 1.Third person singular with s or es a. He goes to school every morning. b. She understands English. c. It mixes the sand and the water. d. He tries very hard. e. She enjoys playing the piano. Examples:

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Affirmative Interrogative Negative I think Do I think? I do not think You think Do you think? You don't think t hinks He, She, It Does he, she, it think? He, she, it doesn't think We think Do we think? We don't think You think Do you think? You don't think 2. Present Simple, form: Example: to think , present simple

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The present simple is used : A .to express habits , general truths , repeated actions or unchanging situations, emotions and wishes: § I smoke (habit); I work in London (unchanging situation); London is a large city (general truth) . . -He drinks tea at breakfast -She only eats fish. -They watch television regularly

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§ You walk for two hundred metres, then you turn left. B . to give instructions or directions : § - You take the No.6 bus to Watney and then the No.10 to Bedford. - Open the packet and pour the contents into hot water.

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-Your exam starts at 09:00. c . to express fixed arrangements , present or future : -The bell rings at 8:00. The bus arrives at 7:00

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D .to express future time , after some conjunctions: after, when , before, as soon as , until : - He'll give it to you when you come next Saturday -His mother arrives tomorrow. § -Our holiday starts on the 26th March. -She'll see you before she leaves .

Time expressions:

Time expressions 1. Every day, every Friday , every week, every month , every summer, every month , every year, always, usually, etc. . 2. All the time There are time expressions that we use only with the Present Simple and they are: I go to school every day. He visits me every summer.

Activities:

1. Ask your friends questions about what they do at different times. Also ask about their families. - "What time do you get up? " - "When do your brothers go to bed?" Write down the questions and give them to your teacher for checking. Activities

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Write the questions for the following answers. (Present Simple) . ? __________________________________ 1. I work in a bank. ?_____________________________________ 2. My brother is an engineer. 3.___________________________________? He lives in an apartment building.

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. Put in : do/don't/does/doesn't 1.Excuse me, _____________ you speak English? . .Where's Ann? I _____________ know. 2 3.George is a good tennis player but he ___________ play very often.

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The End