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Portfolio Analysis: 

Portfolio Analysis BCG Tool for Analyzing Opportunities & Ability to Compete

Types of Portfolio Analysis: 

Types of Portfolio Analysis Growth Share Matrix (Boston Consulting Group) Industry Attractiveness/Business Position Matrix (General Electric)

Growth Share Matrix (Boston Consulting Group) : 

Growth Share Matrix (Boston Consulting Group) Classification of SBUs/products into four cell matrix based on Market Attractiveness Indicator – Industry’s annual growth rate 10% traditional cutoff Business Strength Indicator – Company’s Market Share Relative to Largest Competitor

The Boston Consulting Group’s Growth-Share Matrix: 

The Boston Consulting Group’s Growth-Share Matrix

Star Strategies: 

Star Strategies Leader expanding industry Generates large profits Requires substantial investments to sustain growth Farthest down on experience curve relative to competition Increase sales – e.g. new markets, new channels of distribution Increase market share

Problem Child or ?: 

Problem Child or ? Low market share in expanding industry Needs substantial cash to improve its position Slow progress on experience curve Increase sales (limit to niche or increase market share (limit to niche) Leave market

Cash Cow: 

Cash Cow Leader in mature or declining industry Can generate funds for other SBUs Maintain market share e.g. ensure quality, build customer loyalty, develop substitute brands Maximize Cash Flow e.g. increase usage rate, rate of replacement, modify expense structure, raise prices

Dogs: 

Dogs Low market share in a mature or declining industry Slow progress on experience curve Cost disadvantages and few growth opportunities Harvest or Divest Concentrate on niches requiring limited effort

The Boston Consulting Group’s Growth-Share Matrix: 

The Boston Consulting Group’s Growth-Share Matrix

Strategy Implications BCG: 

Strategy Implications BCG Star – Leader in Expanding Industry BUILD - Continue to increase market share – if necessary at expense of short-term earnings Problem Child – Low market share in Expanding Industry HARVEST if weak, BUILD if strong. Assess chances of dominating segment. If good, go after share. If bad, redefine business or withdraw.

Strategy Implications BCG: 

Strategy Implications BCG Cash Cow – Leader in mature or declining industry HOLD - Maintain share and cost leadership until further investment becomes marginal Maximize cash flow Dogs – Low market share in a mature or declining industry DIVEST Plan an orderly withdrawal so as to maximize cash flow or concentrate on niches that require limited effort

Assumptions of Growth /Share Matrix: 

Assumptions of Growth /Share Matrix High market share generates cash revenues ? High Market growth uses more cash resources ?

Issues with Growth/Share Matrix: 

Issues with Growth/Share Matrix Market growth is not the only factor related to cash usage. Market growth is not necessarily related to cash usage. Market share is not necessarily related cash generation. Multiple factors lead to profitability. Cash is not the only factor in evaluating a portfolio.

Issues With Growth/Share Matrix: 

Issues With Growth/Share Matrix Limited to industries where experience curve is relevant Appropriate for volume industries Overlooks perils of growth Measurement problems Product-market definition problems Difficult to implement strategies

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