mehmood ghaznavi

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Date of Birth:

Date of Birth He was Born in 979, Mahmood became the Sultan of Ghazni in 998. He inherited the small state of Ghazni from his father Sebuktigin, and turned it into an empire that lasted for about a century. He was a brave man and use to take part in all the battles his forces fought.


Family Yusuf Sebüktigin was his younger brother. Sultan Mahmood's twin sons succeeded him in succession: Muhammad Ghaznavi and Ma'sud Ghaznavi I. Maw'dud Ghaznavi was his grandson by his son Mas'ud Ghaznavi.According to Buzurg of Shahriyar, Sultan Mahmood had 9 wives and close to 56 children with up to 32 women. The name of his wife is Kausari Jahan.


Reign He was the most prominent ruler of the Ghaznavid dynasty who ruled from 997 until his death in 1030 in the eastern Iranian lands and in 994:he Gained the title of Saif-ud-daula and became Governor of Khorasane northwestern Indian subcontinent .

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Destruction of Krishna Janmabhoomi Temple Mahmood of Ghazni destroyed important Hindu shrine- Krishna Janmabhoomi Temple (known as Kesava Deo Temple) in 1017 AD along with several other Hindu and Buddhist temples in the holy city of Mathura.

Destruction of Somnath Temple:

Destruction of Somnath Temple Ghaznavi destroyed and looted one of the most sacred temple of Hindus- Somnath Temple in 1025 AD,killing over 50,000 people who tried to defend it.The defenders included the 90-year-old clan leader Ghogha Rana

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“ Somnath : celebrated city of India, situated on the shore of the sea, and washed by its waves. Among the wonders of that place was the temple in which was placed the idol called Somnath. This idol was in the middle of the temple without anything to support it from below, or to suspend it from above


Victories He came to South Asia seventeen times and went back to Ghazni every time with a great victory. He fought against the strong forces of Jaipal, Annadpal, Tarnochalpal, Kramta and the joint forces of Hindu Rajas and Maharajas but all of them were forced to flee away from the battlefield due to Mahmood's war strategy as a general. After the conquest of Multan and Lahore, Mahmud made Punjab a part of his empire in 1021. He was also called the founder of Lahore


Establishments He established law and order in the areas that he ruled, giving special attention to the people he ruled. The department of police and post were efficient. His judicial system was very good as everybody was equal before the law and justice Mahmood was also a great patron of learning. His court was full of scholars including giants like Firdosi the poet, Behqi the historian and Al- Beruni the versatile scholar. It is said that he used to spend four hundred thousand golden Dinars on scholars. He invited the scholars from all over the world and was thus known as an abductor of scholars.

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Under Mahmood, Ghazni became one of the most important and beautiful cities of the Islamic world. It was the city of mosques, madrasas and libraries. He also established a Museum in Ghazni. During his rule, Lahore also became a great center of learning and culture. Lahore was called 'Small Ghazni'. Saad Salman, a poet of those times, has written about the academic and cultural life of Lahore. Image of Mahmood in his court

Religious man:

Religious man Mahmood was also a deeply religious man. He himself wrote a book on Fiqh. He had respect for other religions. A large number of Hindus lived in Ghazni, and they enjoyed religious freedom. One of his commanders named Tilak was a Hindu. A number of soldiers in his army were also Hindus. Mahmood attacked the Hindu Temples in India because of political and not religious reasons.

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On April 30, 1030, Sultan Mahmood died in Ghazni, at the age of 59. Sultan Mahmood had contracted malaria during his last invasion. The medical complication from malaria had caused lethal tuberculosis. During his rule, universities were founded to study various subjects such as mathematics, religion, the humanities, and medicine. Islam was the main religion of his kingdom. Persian spoken in the empire was made to the official language. DEATH

A Painting of the tomb of Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni, in 1839–40:

A Painting of the tomb of Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni, in 1839–40

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